The Reading / Listening - Level 2

A study shows that people have more gum disease today than they did 2,000 years ago. The study, from London's King's College, is now in the 'British Dental Journal'. Researchers looked at the teeth of 303 people who lived 2,200-2,400 years ago. They were from skulls found at an old burial site in England. The researchers said only 5 per cent of the skulls had gum disease. Up to 30 per cent of people today have gum disease. Professor Francis Hughes was surprised because people did not have toothbrushes or toothpaste back then. They also did not visit dentists, like we do today.



Smoking is the main reason why people have gum disease today. The study shows that our oral health has become worse over the past 2,000 years. Gum disease could start going down if more people stop smoking. A researcher said: "As smoking declines…we should see a decline in the [numbers of people with] the disease." Gum disease is because bacteria build up in your mouth. The bacteria attack your gums and can make your teeth fall out. People can lower the risk of gum disease by regular brushing, using mouthwash and not smoking.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Level 0 Level 1   or  Level 3

Sources
  • http://www.healthcanal.com/oral-dental-health/56640-romans-had-less-gum-disease-than-modern-britons.html
  • http://www.nature.com/bdj/journal/v217/n8/full/sj.bdj.2014.908.html
  • http://www.nhm.ac.uk/about-us/news/2014/oct/gum-disease-worse-now-than-in-roman-britain133420.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



The Activities

MATCHING

PARAGRAPH ONE:

1.

people have more gum

a.

dentists

2.

Researchers looked at the teeth

b.

skulls

3.

They were from

c.

toothpaste back then

4.

found at an old

d.

today

5.

only 5 per cent of the skulls

e.

of 303 people

6.

people did not have toothbrushes or

f.

burial site

7.

They also did not visit

g.

disease today

8.

like we do

h.

had gum disease



MY e-BOOK
See a sample

PARAGRAPH TWO:

1.

Smoking is the main

a.

brushing

2.

oral

b.

past 2,000 years

3.

become worse over the

c.

fall out

4.

Gum disease could start

d.

mouthwash

5.

bacteria build

e.

reason why

6.

make your teeth

f.

up in your mouth

7.

regular

g.

health

8.

using

h.

going down

LISTEN AND FILL IN THE GAPS

A study shows that (1) ___________________ gum disease today than they did 2,000 years ago. The study, from London's King's College, is now in the 'British Dental Journal'. Researchers looked at the teeth of (2) ___________________ lived 2,200-2,400 years ago. They were from skulls found (3) ___________________ in England. The researchers said only 5 per cent (4) ___________________ gum disease. Up to 30 per cent of people today have gum disease. Professor Francis Hughes (5) ___________________ people did not have toothbrushes or toothpaste back then. They also did not visit dentists, (6) ___________________.

Smoking is (7) ___________________ people have gum disease today. The study shows that (8) ___________________ become worse over the past 2,000 years. Gum disease could start (9) ___________________ people stop smoking. A researcher said: "As smoking declines…we should (10) ___________________ [numbers of people with] the disease." Gum disease is because bacteria (11) ___________________. The bacteria attack your gums and can make your teeth fall out. People can lower the risk of gum disease (12) ___________________, using mouthwash and not smoking.

 





PUT A SLASH ( / ) WHERE THE SPACES ARE

Astudyshowsthatpeoplehavemoregumdiseasetodaythantheydid2,0
00yearsago.Thestudy,fromLondon'sKing'sCollege,isnowinthe'Britis
hDentalJournal'.Researcherslookedattheteethof303peoplewholived
2,200-2,400yearsago.Theywerefromskullsfoundatanoldburialsit
einEngland.Theresearcherssaidonly5percentoftheskullshadgumdis
ease.Upto30percentofpeopletodayhavegumdisease.ProfessorFranc
isHugheswassurprisedbecausepeopledidnothavetoothbrushesortoo
thpastebackthen.Theyalsodidnotvisitdentists,likewedotoday.Smoki
ngisthemainreasonwhypeoplehavegumdiseasetoday.Thestudysho
wsthatouroralhealthhasbecomeworseoverthepast2,000years.Gum
diseasecouldstartgoingdownifmorepeoplestopsmoking.Aresearche
rsaid:"Assmokingdeclines…weshouldseeadeclineinthe[numbersofp
eoplewith]thedisease."Gumdiseaseisbecausebacteriabuildupinyour
mouth.Thebacteriaattackyourgumsandcanmakeyourteethfallout.P
eoplecanlowertheriskofgumdiseasebyregularbrushing,usingmouth
washandnotsmoking.

WRITE QUESTIONS & ASK YOUR PARTNER(S)

Student A: Do not show these to your speaking partner(s).

a)

________________________________________________________

b)

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c)

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d)

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e)

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f)

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g)

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h)

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Student B: Do not show these to your speaking partner(s).

a)

________________________________________________________

b)

________________________________________________________

c)

________________________________________________________

d)

________________________________________________________

e)

________________________________________________________

f)

________________________________________________________

g)

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h)

________________________________________________________





WRITING

Write about teeth and gums for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner's paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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