The Reading / Listening - Level 5

Researchers have found there could be a good reason why women spend so long in the morning getting ready – they get paid more if they wear makeup and do their hair. Two sociologists concluded that attractive people get paid around 20 per cent more than "average" people. Both physically attractive men and women tended to earn more. One sociologist said: "For men, only about half of the effect of attractiveness is due to grooming….I think that we more readily judge women, and so presentation becomes important to them."



The study was from universities in Chicago and California. It will be in the journal Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. Researchers analysed data from 14,000 people who spoke about their salary, job, education, personality, behaviour and other things. The interviewers also rated each person on how attractive and well groomed they were. Researchers said people were biased about beauty because of a 'halo effect'. People think someone who is attractive on the outside is also beautiful on the inside. The idea that humans are influenced by beauty bias is not new.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Level 4 or  Level 6

Sources
  • http://www.cosmopolitan.com/style-beauty/beauty/news/a58728/income-of-attractive-people-versus-well groomed/
  • http://www.medicaldaily.com/attractive-women-well groomed-getting-ready-387163
  • http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3600296/Women-care-appearance-ahead-office-study-shows-men-s-naturally-good-looking-are.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. there could be a good reason
  2. women spend so long
  3. getting
  4. do their
  5. get paid around 20 per cent
  6. Both physically attractive
  7. tended to
  8. attractiveness is due
  1. hair
  2. men and women
  3. to grooming
  4. in the morning
  5. earn more
  6. why
  7. more
  8. ready

Paragraph 2

  1. Researchers analysed data
  2. The interviewers also rated
  3. how attractive and well
  4. Researchers said people were
  5. because of a
  6. someone who is attractive
  7. beautiful on
  8. humans are influenced
  1. on the outside
  2. from 14,000 people
  3. by beauty
  4. each person
  5. groomed they were
  6. the inside
  7. biased
  8. 'halo effect'

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Researchers have found (1) ___________________ a good reason why women spend so long in the morning (2) ___________________ – they get paid more if they wear makeup (3) ___________________. Two sociologists concluded that attractive people get paid around 20 per cent more than "average" people. Both (4) ___________________ men and women tended to earn more. One sociologist said: "For men, only (5) _________________ effect of attractiveness is due to grooming….I think that we more readily judge women, and (6) ___________________ becomes important to them."

The (7) ___________________ universities in Chicago and California. It will be in the journal Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. Researchers (8) ___________________ 14,000 people who spoke about their salary, job, education, (9) ___________________ and other things. The interviewers also rated each person (10) ___________________ and well groomed they were. Researchers said people were biased about beauty because (11) ___________________. People think someone who is attractive on the outside is also beautiful on the inside. The idea that humans are influenced (12) ___________________ is not new.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Researchershavefoundtherecouldbeagoodreasonwhywomenspend
solonginthemorninggettingready–theygetpaidmoreiftheywearmak
eupanddotheirhair.Twosociologistsconcludedthatattractivepeopleg
etpaidaround20percentmorethan"average"people.Bothphysicallyat
tractivemenandwomentendedtoearnmore.Onesociologistsaid:"For
men,onlyabouthalfoftheeffectofattractivenessisduetogrooming….It
hinkthatwemorereadilyjudgewomen,andsopresentationbecomesim
portanttothem."ThestudywasfromuniversitiesinChicagoandCaliforn
ia.ItwillbeinthejournalResearchinSocialStratificationandMobility.Re
searchersanalyseddatafrom14,000peoplewhospokeabouttheirsalar
y,job,education,personality,behaviourandotherthings.Theintervie
wersalsoratedeachpersononhowattractiveandwellgroomedtheywer
e.Researcherssaidpeoplewerebiasedaboutbeautybecauseofa'haloef
fect'.Peoplethinksomeonewhoisattractiveontheoutsideisalsobeautif
ulontheinside.Theideathathumansareinfluencedbybeautybiasisnot
new.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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