The Reading / Listening - Level 6

Many of India's big cities are experiencing such hazardous air pollution that it almost defies belief. The standard measurement for healthy, normal, breathable air is set at a level of 50 according to the Air Quality Index (AQI). A level of 300 means the air is hazardous to breathe. The AQI website says 300 represents a health alert and the city should be put under emergency conditions. The website says that, "everyone may experience more serious health effects". On November 8, the city of Chandrapur in Maharashtra reached an AQI level of 824, to become India's most polluted city. The capital New Delhi has reached an AQI of 724. Environmentalists say many cities are now like "gas chambers".



A toxic haze shrouds India's capital and residents are being warned to wear masks. Schools were ordered closed for three days. New Delhi generally has its fair share of pollution problems due to the nine million vehicles that clog its streets, most not conforming to emissions standards. The situation has been made worse recently due to a number of factors. These include chemical pollution blowing in from nearby states, farmers setting fire to straw as autumn arrives, and a lack of wind. To alleviate the crisis, city officials have ordered roads to be doused with water to stop dust from rising. They have also banned diesel-powered electricity generators for 10 days, except at hospitals and cellphone towers.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Level 4  or  Level 5

Sources
  • http://qz.com/829182/this-one-chart-shows-delhis-apocalyptic-pollution-compared-to-the-rest-of-india/
  • https://www.bostonglobe.com/news/world/2016/11/07/other-indian-cities-join-delhi-air-pollution-emergency/dcNRuzrY9VyJXMZf8uKroM/story.html
  • http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/delhi-air-pollution-most-polluted-city-air-quality-index-aqi-3830971/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. AIR QUALITY: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about air quality. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       cities / hazardous / pollution / healthy / health alert / emergency / environmentalists /
       toxic / haze / vehicles / emissions / farmers / dust / electricity / hospitals / towers

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. CLEAN AIR: Students A strongly believe all the world will have clean air one day; Students B strongly believe this will never happen.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. POLLUTION: What are the biggest causes of pollution, what damage do they do and how can we reduce them? Discuss this with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

  • Air pollution
  • River pollution
  • Ocean pollution
  • Noise pollution
  • Pollution in space
  • Light pollution
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See a sample

5. AIR: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "air". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. SOLUTIONS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best solutions to reduce pollution at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • plant more trees
  • invest in renewables
  • ban cars
  • ban fossil fuels
  • give cash for recycling
  • tax polluting companies
  • become a vegetarian world
  • convert all homes to solar

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. All of India's cities now have hazardous air quality.     T / F
  2. The standard used to measure air quality is called the Pollution Index.     T / F
  3. A website says everyone's health may suffer with hazardous air quality.   T / F
  4. New Delhi is India's most polluted city.     T / F
  5. Schools in New Delhi closed for three days.     T / F
  6. There are nine million vehicles on the streets of New Delhi.     T / F
  7. Air quality is bad even though there are strong winds over New Delhi.     T / F
  8. Hospitals are exempt from a ban on diesel electricity generators.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. hazardous
  2. standard
  3. alert
  4. effects
  5. reached
  6. shrouds
  7. clog
  8. factors
  9. alleviate
  10. banned
  1. points
  2. consequences
  3. risen to
  4. congest
  5. accepted
  6. prohibited
  7. dangerous
  8. ease
  9. warning
  10. covers

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. hazardous air
  2. it almost defies
  3. set
  4. health
  5. become India's most
  6. A toxic haze
  7. New Delhi generally has its fair
  8. not conforming to emissions
  9. a lack
  10. diesel-powered
  1. at a level of 50
  2. electricity generators
  3. polluted city
  4. shrouds India's capital
  5. belief
  6. standards
  7. pollution
  8. of wind
  9. alert
  10. share of pollution

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
according
alert
reached
hazardous
chambers
breathe
defies
serious

Many of India's big cities are experiencing such (1) ____________ air pollution that it almost (2) ____________ belief. The standard measurement for healthy, normal, breathable air is set at a level of 50 (3) ____________ to the Air Quality Index (AQI). A level of 300 means the air is hazardous to (4) ____________. The AQI website says 300 represents a health (5) ____________ and the city should be put under emergency conditions. The website says that, "everyone may experience more (6) ____________ health effects". On November 8, the city of Chandrapur in Maharashtra (7) ____________ an AQI level of 824, to become India's most polluted city. The capital New Delhi has reached an AQI of 724. Environmentalists say many cities are now like "gas (8) ____________ ".

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
ordered
clog
dust
haze
factors
except
fair
fire

A toxic (9) ____________ shrouds India's capital and residents are being warned to wear masks. Schools were (10) ___________ closed for three days. New Delhi generally has its (11) _________ share of pollution problems due to the nine million vehicles that (12) ____________ its streets, most not conforming to emissions standards. The situation has been made worse recently due to a number of (13) ____________. These include chemical pollution blowing in from nearby states, farmers setting (14) ___________ to straw as autumn arrives, and a lack of wind. To alleviate the crisis, city officials have ordered roads to be doused with water to stop (15) ____________ from rising. They have also banned diesel-powered electricity generators for 10 days, (16) ____________ at hospitals and cellphone towers.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  big cities are experiencing such hazardous air pollution that it almost ______
     a.  defines belief
     b.  defiles belief
     c.  refines belief
     d.  defies belief

2)  300 represents a health alert and the city should be put ______ conditions
     a.  under emergencies
     b.  over emergency
     c.  under emergency
     d.  over emergent

3)  The website says that, "everyone may experience more ______"
     a.  seriously health affects
     b.  serious health effects
     c.  serious healthy effects
     d.  serious health affects

4)  reached an AQI level of 824, to become India's ______
     a.  most polluted city
     b.  most pollute it city
     c.  most pollutant city
     d.  most pollution city

5)  Environmentalists say many cities are now like "______"
     a.  gas timbers
     b.  gas chambers
     c.  gas chimers
     d.  gas changes

6)  A toxic haze shrouds India's capital and residents are being warned ______
     a.  to wear casks
     b.  to wear tasks
     c.  to wear masks
     d.  to wear basks

7)  pollution problems due to the nine million vehicles that ______
     a.  log its streets
     b.  clog its streets
     c.  blog its streets
     d.  flog its streets

8)  The situation has been made worse recently due to a ______
     a.  number of fictions
     b.  number of factions
     c.  number of factories
     d.  number of factors

9)  To alleviate the crisis, city officials have ordered roads to be ______
     a.  doused with water
     b.  ousted with water
     c.  doubted with water
     d.  danced with water

10)  They have also banned diesel-powered ______
     a.  electric generator
     b.  electricity generator
     c.  electrical generator
     d.  electricity generators

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Many of India's (1) ___________________ experiencing such hazardous air pollution that it almost defies belief. The standard measurement for healthy, normal, breathable (2) ___________________ a level of 50 according to the Air Quality Index (AQI). A level of 300 means (3) ___________________ to breathe. The AQI website says 300 represents a health alert and the city should (4) ___________________ emergency conditions. The website says that, "everyone may experience more serious health effects". On November 8, the city of Chandrapur in Maharashtra (5) ___________________ level of 824, to become India's most polluted city. The capital New Delhi has reached an AQI of 724. Environmentalists (6) ___________________ now like "gas chambers".

A toxic haze shrouds India's (7) ___________________ are being warned to wear masks. Schools were (8) ___________________ three days. New Delhi generally has its fair share of pollution problems due to the nine million vehicles that (9) ___________________, most not conforming to emissions standards. The situation has been made worse recently due to a number of factors. These include chemical (10) ___________________ from nearby states, farmers setting fire to straw as autumn arrives, and a lack of wind. To alleviate the crisis, city officials have ordered roads to be (11) ___________________ to stop dust from rising. They have also banned diesel-powered electricity generators for 10 (12) ___________________ hospitals and cellphone towers.

Comprehension questions

  1. What do levels of air pollution in many Indian cities defy?
  2. What is the name of the standard measurement for air pollution?
  3. What numerical level of air pollution represents a health alert?
  4. What did a website say everyone might experience?
  5. What numerical level did New Delhi reach?
  6. What is shrouding New Delhi?
  7. How many vehicles are on the streets of India's capital city?
  8. What do many vehicles in New Delhi not conform to?
  9. What are farmers setting fire to?
  10. What are people being encouraged to douse with water?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What do levels of air pollution in many Indian cities defy?
a) laws
b) parents
c) logic
d) belief

2) What is the name of the standard measurement for air pollution?
a) Pollution Count Index
b) Air Quality Index
c) the Chandrapur Gauge
d) Breathable Air Count

3) What numerical level of air pollution represents a health alert?
a) 8
b) 824
c) 50
d) 300

4) What did a website say everyone might experience?
a) a blocked nose
b) dirty skin
c) serious health effects
d) eyesight problems

5) What numerical level did New Delhi reach?
a) 427
b) 274
c) 472
d) 724

6) What is shrouding New Delhi?
a) a mystery
b) a cloth
c) a toxic haze
d) secrecy

7) How many vehicles are on the streets of India's capital city?
a) 9,000,000
b) 9,000,000,000
c) 900,000
d) 90,000,000

8) What do many vehicles in New Delhi not conform to?
a) clogged streets
b) society
c) emissions standards
d) driving rules

9) What are farmers setting fire to?
a) tractors
b) straw
c) cars
d) trees

10) What are people being encouraged to douse with water?
a) roads
b) their face
c) cars
d) hospitals

Role play

Role A — Give cash for recycling

You think giving cash for recycling is the best way to tackle pollution. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): planting more trees, banning cars or taxing polluting companies.

Role B — Plant more trees

You think planting more trees is the best way to tackle pollution. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): giving cash for recycling, banning cars or taxing polluting companies.

Role C — Ban cars

You think banning cars is the best way to tackle pollution. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): planting more trees, giving cash for recycling or taxing polluting companies.

Role D — Tax polluting companies

You think taxing polluting companies is the best way to tackle pollution. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why):  planting more trees, banning cars or giving cash for recycling.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'air'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'quality'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • capital
    • fair
    • worse
    • fire
    • water
    • 10
    • big
    • normal
    • alert
    • serious
    • 624
    • gas




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - India cities experiencing hazardous air quality

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What springs to mind when you hear the word 'pollution'?
    3. What is pollution like in your city?
    4. How serious are world leaders about reducing pollution?
    5. What damage does pollution do?
    6. How can Indian cities cut their pollution?
    7. How can pollution levels in a city get so high?
    8. What actions do people need to take with hazardous air quality?
    9. What would you do if air in your town was hazardous to breathe?
    10. Who is to blame for high levels of pollution?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. Who should people in India be angry with over poor air quality?
    3. What lessons should cities learn from this new crisis?
    4. What is happening with climate change treaties?
    5. In reality, is profit more important than air quality?
    6. What advice do you have for residents of India's cities?
    7. What clean energies can India use?
    8. How effective is dousing streets with water?
    9. Will the actions of city officials in New Delhi help?
    10. What questions would you like to ask air quality experts?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Many of India's big cities are (1) ____ such hazardous air pollution that it almost defies belief. The standard measurement for healthy, normal, (2) ____ air is (3) ____ at a level of 50 according to the Air Quality Index (AQI). A level of 300 means the air is hazardous to breathe. The AQI website says 300 represents a health alert and the city should be put (4) ____ emergency conditions. The website says that, "everyone may experience more serious health (5) ____ ". On November 8, the city of Chandrapur in Maharashtra reached an AQI level of 824, to become India's most polluted city. The capital New Delhi has reached an AQI of 724. Environmentalists say many cities are now (6) ____ "gas chambers".

    A toxic haze (7) ____ India's capital and residents are being warned to wear masks. Schools were ordered closed for three days. New Delhi generally has its (8) ____ share of pollution problems due to the nine million vehicles that (9) ____ its streets, most not conforming to emissions standards. The situation has been made worse recently due to a (10) ____ of factors. These include chemical pollution blowing in from nearby states, farmers setting fire to straw as autumn arrives, and a lack of wind. To alleviate the crisis, city officials have ordered roads to (11) ____ doused with water to stop dust from rising. They have also banned diesel-powered electricity generators for 10 days, (12) ____ at hospitals and cellphone towers.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     experimenting     (b)     experiential     (c)     experiencing     (d)     exponential    
    2. (a)     breathable     (b)     breathe     (c)     breathing     (d)     breathy    
    3. (a)     set     (b)     let     (c)     met     (d)     wet    
    4. (a)     under     (b)     in     (c)     at     (d)     over    
    5. (a)     efforts     (b)     affects     (c)     afflicts     (d)     effects    
    6. (a)     compare     (b)     same     (c)     similar     (d)     like    
    7. (a)     shrouds     (b)     shreds     (c)     shrubs     (d)     shrills    
    8. (a)     for     (b)     fore     (c)     fare     (d)     fair    
    9. (a)     clog     (b)     blog     (c)     flog     (d)     log    
    10. (a)     figure     (b)     number     (c)     numeral     (d)     amount    
    11. (a)     have     (b)     be     (c)     do     (d)     give    
    12. (a)     except     (b)     expect     (c)     excerpt     (d)     expert

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. air optilunol
    2. it almost difees belief
    3. The standard aeemernsmut
    4. put under eycrgenme conditions
    5. more serious health fctesef
    6. nrtsnsoviieelnmta say…

    Paragraph 2

    1. A toxic haze rsudosh India's capital
    2. most not cmingofnro
    3. inssemiso standards
    4. To aieaetlvl the crisis
    5. roads to be eusddo with water
    6. ceptex at hospitals

    Put the text back together

    (    )     conditions. The website says that, "everyone may experience more serious health effects". On November 8, the city

    (    )     of Chandrapur in Maharashtra reached an AQI level of 824, to become India's most polluted

    (    )     to the Air Quality Index (AQI). A level of 300 means the air is hazardous to breathe. The AQI website says 300

    (    )     represents a health alert and the city should be put under emergency

    (    )     closed for three days. New Delhi generally has its fair share of pollution problems due to the nine million

    (    )     powered electricity generators for 10 days, except at hospitals and cellphone towers.

    (    )     officials have ordered roads to be doused with water to stop dust from rising. They have also banned diesel-

    (    )     city. The capital New Delhi has reached an AQI of 724. Environmentalists say many cities are now like "gas chambers".

    (    )     worse recently due to a number of factors. These include chemical pollution blowing in from nearby states, farmers

    (    )     A toxic haze shrouds India's capital and residents are being warned to wear masks. Schools were ordered

    1  )     Many of India's big cities are experiencing such hazardous air pollution that it almost defies

    (    )     belief. The standard measurement for healthy, normal, breathable air is set at a level of 50 according

    (    )     vehicles that clog its streets, most not conforming to emissions standards. The situation has been made

    (    )     setting fire to straw as autumn arrives, and a lack of wind. To alleviate the crisis, city

    Put the words in the right order

    1. it   hazardous   almost   air   defies   pollution   belief   that   Such   .
    2. hazardous   to   breathe   A   level   of   300   means   the   air   is   .
    3. under   put   be   should   city   The   conditions   emergency   .
    4. serious   effects   may   more   health   Everyone   experience   .
    5. are  Environmentalists  now   say   like   many  gas   cities   chambers  .
    6. are   India's  being   capital  warned  and   Haze   residents   shrouds   .
    7. share   its   generally   problems   of   fair   has   Delhi   pollution   .
    8. the   vehicles   its   to   million   clog   Due   nine   that   streets   .
    9. roads   doused   City   ordered   be   water   have   to   with   officials   .
    10. -   have  powered  also  electricity   banned  generators  diesel   They   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Many of India's big cities are experiencing much / such hazardous air pollution that it almost defies / defines belief. The standard measurement for healthy, normal, breathable air is set at / by a level of 50 according to / for the Air Quality Index (AQI). A level of 300 means the air is hazardous to breath / breathe. The AQI website says 300 represents a health / healthy alert and the city should be put over / under emergency conditions. The website says that, "everyone may experience more seriously / serious health effects". On November 8, the city of Chandrapur in Maharashtra reached an AQI level of 824, to become India's most pollution / polluted city. The capital New Delhi has reached an AQI of 724. Environmentalists say many cities are now like / similar "gas chambers".

    A toxic haze shrouds / shrouding India's capital and residents are being warned / weaned to wear masks. Schools were ordered closed for three days. New Delhi generally has its fair / fare share of pollution problems due / because to the nine million vehicles that clog / blog its streets, most not conforming to emissions standards. The situation has been made worse recently due to a number / numeral of factors. These include chemical pollution blowing / blew in from nearby / nearly states, farmers setting fire to straw as autumn arrives, and a lack of wind. To alleviate the crisis, city officials have ordered roads to be roused / doused with water to stop dust from rising. They have also banned diesel-powered electricity generators for 10 days, expect / except at hospitals and cellphone towers.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    M_ny _f _nd__'s b_g c_t__s _r_ _xp_r__nc_ng s_ch h_z_rd__s __r p_ll_t__n th_t _t _lm_st d_f__s b_l__f. Th_ st_nd_rd m__s_r_m_nt f_r h__lthy, n_rm_l, br__th_bl_ __r _s s_t _t _ l_v_l _f 50 _cc_rd_ng t_ th_ __r Q__l_ty _nd_x (_Q_). _ l_v_l _f 300 m__ns th_ __r _s h_z_rd__s t_ br__th_. Th_ _Q_ w_bs_t_ s_ys 300 r_pr_s_nts _ h__lth _l_rt _nd th_ c_ty sh__ld b_ p_t _nd_r _m_rg_ncy c_nd_t__ns. Th_ w_bs_t_ s_ys th_t, "_v_ry_n_ m_y _xp_r__nc_ m_r_ s_r___s h__lth _ff_cts". _n N_v_mb_r 8, th_ c_ty _f Ch_ndr_p_r _n M_h_r_shtr_ r__ch_d _n _Q_ l_v_l _f 824, t_ b_c_m_ _nd__'s m_st p_ll_t_d c_ty. Th_ c_p_t_l N_w D_lh_ h_s r__ch_d _n _Q_ _f 724. _nv_r_nm_nt_l_sts s_y m_ny c_t__s _r_ n_w l_k_ "g_s ch_mb_rs".

    _ t_x_c h_z_ shr__ds _nd__'s c_p_t_l _nd r_s_d_nts _r_ b__ng w_rn_d t_ w__r m_sks. Sch__ls w_r_ _rd_r_d cl_s_d f_r thr__ d_ys. N_w D_lh_ g_n_r_lly h_s _ts f__r sh_r_ _f p_ll_t__n pr_bl_ms d__ t_ th_ n_n_ m_ll__n v_h_cl_s th_t cl_g _ts str__ts, m_st n_t c_nf_rm_ng t_ _m_ss__ns st_nd_rds. Th_ s_t__t__n h_s b__n m_d_ w_rs_ r_c_ntly d__ t_ _ n_mb_r _f f_ct_rs. Th_s_ _ncl_d_ ch_m_c_l p_ll_t__n bl_w_ng _n fr_m n__rby st_t_s, f_rm_rs s_tt_ng f_r_ t_ str_w _s __t_mn _rr_v_s, _nd _ l_ck _f w_nd. T_ _ll_v__t_ th_ cr_s_s, c_ty _ff_c__ls h_v_ _rd_r_d r__ds t_ b_ d__s_d w_th w_t_r t_ st_p d_st fr_m r_s_ng. Th_y h_v_ _ls_ b_nn_d d__s_l-p_w_r_d _l_ctr_c_ty g_n_r_t_rs f_r 10 d_ys, _xc_pt _t h_sp_t_ls _nd c_llph_n_ t_w_rs.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    many of india's big cities are experiencing such hazardous air pollution that it almost defies belief the standard measurement for healthy normal breathable air is set at a level of 50 according to the air quality index (aqi) a level of 300 means the air is hazardous to breathe the aqi website says 300 represents a health alert and the city should be put under emergency conditions the website says that "everyone may experience more serious health effects" on november 8 the city of chandrapur in maharashtra reached an aqi level of 824 to become india's most polluted city the capital new delhi has reached an aqi of 724 environmentalists say many cities are now like "gas chambers"

    a toxic haze shrouds india's capital and residents are being warned to wear masks schools were ordered closed for three days new delhi generally has its fair share of pollution problems due to the nine million vehicles that clog its streets most not conforming to emissions standards the situation has been made worse recently due to a number of factors these include chemical pollution blowing in from nearby states farmers setting fire to straw as autumn arrives and a lack of wind to alleviate the crisis city officials have ordered roads to be doused with water to stop dust from rising they have also banned diesel-powered electricity generators for 10 days except at hospitals and cellphone towers

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    ManyofIndia'sbigcitiesareexperiencingsuchhazardousairpollutionth
    atitalmostdefiesbelief.Thestandardmeasurementforhealthy,normal
    ,breathableairissetatalevelof50accordingtotheAirQualityIndex(AQI
    ).Alevelof300meanstheairishazardoustobreathe.TheAQIwebsitesay
    s300representsahealthalertandthecityshouldbeputunderemergenc
    yconditions.Thewebsitesaysthat,"everyonemayexperiencemoreser
    ioushealtheffects".OnNovember8,thecityofChandrapurinMaharasht
    rareachedanAQIlevelof824,tobecomeIndia'smostpollutedcity.Thec
    apitalNewDelhihasreachedanAQIof724.Environmentalistssaymany
    citiesarenowlike"gaschambers".AtoxichazeshroudsIndia'scapitalan
    dresidentsarebeingwarnedtowearmasks.Schoolswereorderedclose
    dforthreedays.NewDelhigenerallyhasitsfairshareofpollutionproble
    msduetotheninemillionvehiclesthatclogitsstreets,mostnotconformi
    ngtoemissionsstandards.Thesituationhasbeenmadeworserecentlyd
    uetoanumberoffactors.Theseincludechemicalpollutionblowinginfro
    mnearbystates,farmerssettingfiretostrawasautumnarrives,andalac
    kofwind.Toalleviatethecrisis,cityofficialshaveorderedroadstobedou
    sedwithwatertostopdustfromrising.Theyhavealsobanneddiesel-po
    weredelectricitygeneratorsfor10days,exceptathospitalsandcellpho
    netowers.

    Free writing

    Write about air quality for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Companies that aren't carbon neutral should pay huge taxes. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about the Air Quality Index. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. AIR QUALITY: Make a poster about air quality in your country. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. FINES: Write a magazine article about giving people and companies big fines for creating pollution. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on air quality. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to improve it. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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