The Reading / Listening - Level 4

A new study says that stressful events affect boys and girls differently. Girls could suffer more after traumatic events and be more likely to get post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Girls and boys should be treated differently for PTSD. The lead researcher said: "It is possible that boys and girls could [have] different trauma symptoms and that they might benefit from different approaches to treatment."



The research was on a part of the brain called the insula. A smaller insula means PTSD is more likely. Researchers said the insula was very small in girls and larger than usual in boys who had experienced trauma. PTSD is a mental disorder that can develop after traumatic events. Sexual assault, war, traffic accidents, or life-threatening experiences can lead to PTSD. Symptoms may include scary or suicidal thoughts, nightmares, and changes in mood.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Level 5 or  Level 6

Sources
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/health-37936514
  • http://med.stanford.edu/news/all-news/2016/11/traumatic-stress-changes-brains-of-boys-girls-differently.html
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. stressful events affect
  2. Girls could suffer
  3. post-traumatic stress
  4. boys should be treated
  5. The lead
  6. different trauma
  7. they might
  8. different approaches
  1. differently
  2. to treatment
  3. symptoms
  4. more
  5. benefit
  6. disorder (PTSD)
  7. boys
  8. researcher

Paragraph 2

  1. a part of the brain
  2. A smaller insula means PTSD
  3. larger than
  4. PTSD is a mental
  5. develop after traumatic
  6. Sexual
  7. life-
  8. suicidal
  1. events
  2. usual in boys
  3. thoughts
  4. called the insula
  5. threatening experiences
  6. assault
  7. disorder
  8. is more likely

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A new study (1) ___________________ events affect boys and girls differently. Girls could (2) ___________________ traumatic events and be more (3) ___________________ post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Girls and boys should be (4) ___________________ PTSD. The lead researcher said: "(5) ___________________ boys and girls could [have] different trauma symptoms and that they (6) ___________________ different approaches to treatment."

The research was (7) ___________________ brain called the insula. A smaller insula means PTSD (8) ___________________. Researchers said the insula was very small in girls and larger (9) ___________________ boys who had experienced trauma. PTSD is a mental disorder (10) ___________________ after traumatic events. Sexual assault, war, traffic accidents, (11) ___________________ experiences can lead to PTSD. Symptoms may include scary (12) ___________________, nightmares, and changes in mood.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Anewstudysaysthatstressfuleventsaffectboysandgirlsdifferently.Gir
lscouldsuffermoreaftertraumaticeventsandbemorelikelytogetpost-
traumaticstressdisorder(PTSD).Girlsandboysshouldbetreateddiffer
entlyforPTSD.Theleadresearchersaid:"Itispossiblethatboysandgirls
could[have]differenttraumasymptomsandthattheymightbenefitfro
mdifferentapproachestotreatment."Theresearchwasonapartofthebr
aincalledtheinsula.AsmallerinsulameansPTSDismorelikely.Researc
herssaidtheinsulawasverysmallingirlsandlargerthanusualinboyswh
ohadexperiencedtrauma.PTSDisamentaldisorderthatcandevelopaft
ertraumaticevents.Sexualassault,war,trafficaccidents,orlife-threa
teningexperiencescanleadtoPTSD.Symptomsmayincludescaryorsui
cidalthoughts,nightmares,andchangesinmood.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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