The Reading / Listening - Level 2

For the first time, scientists know the secrets to one of the world's most recognizable but least understood fish – the seahorse. Researchers worked out the genome of the tiger tail seahorse. A genome is a map of all the genes and genetic information in a living thing. Scientists can now find out a lot more about seahorses. They can find out why seahorses are so different to other fish. Seahorses have no teeth. Male seahorses carry babies and give birth to them instead of females. Also, seahorses do not swim horizontally like other fish; they swim vertically (up and down).



Seahorses started to change about 100 million years ago. They began to not look like other fish and get their unusual shape. They began to look like the neck and head of a horse. There are 54 different types of seahorse. The scientific name for a seahorse is Hippocampus. This word comes from the Ancient Greek words hippos, which means 'horse' and kampos, which means 'sea monster'. Perhaps we should call them seahorse monsters. The word 'seahorse' can also be written as two separate words (sea horse), or with a dash (sea-horse).

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Level 0 Level 1   or  Level 3

Sources
  • http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2016/1215/What-makes-the-seahorse-so-unusual
  • http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1113416837/sequence-seahorse-genome-121516/
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seahorse


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. the world's most recognizable but
  2. A genome is a map
  3. Scientists can now find
  4. why seahorses are so
  5. Seahorses have no
  6. Male seahorses carry babies and
  7. seahorses do not swim
  8. they swim vertically
  1. out a lot more
  2. give birth to them
  3. least understood fish
  4. (up and down)
  5. of all the genes
  6. horizontally
  7. teeth
  8. different to other fish

Paragraph 2

  1. Seahorses started to change about
  2. get their unusual
  3. look like the neck and
  4. There are 54 different
  5. The scientific name for a seahorse
  6. This word comes from the Ancient
  7. Perhaps we should call them
  8. written as two
  1. is Hippocampus
  2. separate words
  3. seahorse monsters
  4. Greek
  5. 100 million years ago
  6. shape
  7. head of a horse
  8. types of seahorse

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

(1) ___________________, scientists know the secrets to one of the world's most recognizable (2) ___________________ fish – the seahorse. Researchers worked out the genome of the tiger tail seahorse. A genome (3) ___________________ all the genes and genetic information in a living thing. Scientists can now find out a lot more about seahorses. They (4) ___________________ seahorses are so different to other fish. Seahorses have no teeth. Male seahorses carry babies (5) ___________________ to them instead of females. Also, seahorses do not swim horizontally like other fish; they (6) ___________________ (up and down).

Seahorses started (7) ___________________ 100 million years ago. They began to not look like other fish and (8) ___________________ shape. They began to look like the neck and head of a horse. There are 54 (9) ___________________ of seahorse. The scientific name for a seahorse is Hippocampus. This word (10) ___________________ Ancient Greek words hippos, which means 'horse' and kampos, (11) ___________________ 'sea monster'. Perhaps we should call them seahorse monsters. The word 'seahorse' can (12) ___________________ as two separate words (sea horse), or with a dash (sea-horse).

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Forthefirsttime,scientistsknowthesecretstooneoftheworld'smostrec
ognizablebutleastunderstoodfish–theseahorse.Researcherswork
edoutthegenomeofthetigertailseahorse.Agenomeisamapofallthege
nesandgeneticinformationinalivingthing.Scientistscannowfindoutal
otmoreaboutseahorses.Theycanfindoutwhyseahorsesaresodifferen
ttootherfish.Seahorseshavenoteeth.Maleseahorsescarrybabiesand
givebirthtotheminsteadoffemales.Also,seahorsesdonotswimhorizo
ntallylikeotherfish;theyswimvertically(upanddown).Seahorsesstart
edtochangeabout100millionyearsago.Theybegantonotlooklikeothe
rfishandgettheirunusualshape.Theybegantolookliketheneckandhea
dofahorse.Thereare54differenttypesofseahorse.Thescientificnamef
oraseahorseisHippocampus.ThiswordcomesfromtheAncientGreekw
ordshippos,whichmeans'horse'andkampos,whichmeans'seamonste
r'.Perhapsweshouldcallthemseahorsemonsters.Theword'seahorse'
canalsobewrittenastwoseparatewords(seahorse),orwithadash(sea-
horse).

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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