The Reading / Listening - Brains - Level 4

Researchers have found that astronauts' brains change shape during spaceflight. It is the first study to look into this. Researchers looked at high-tech pictures of the brains of 26 astronauts. Twelve of them spent two weeks on the Space Shuttle, and 14 spent six months on the International Space Station. All of their brains increased and decreased in the size in different parts. The longer an astronaut spent in space, the bigger the size differences were.



The research produced interesting findings. One is that no gravity means fluids float in the body, so the brain changes position and size. The findings could help doctors to treat people with problems caused by long-term bed rest. They could also help those with a build-up of fluid in the brain, which can lead to brain damage. We will understand more about how neurons in the brain connect. The findings will also help future trips to Mars.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Brains - Level 5 or  Brains - Level 6

Sources
  • http://www.futurity.org/astronauts-brains-space-1348942/
  • http://www.nature.com/articles/s41526-016-0001-9
  • https://www.inverse.com/article/27330-astronaut-brain-change-shape-space


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. change
  2. the first study
  3. high-
  4. the brains
  5. on the International
  6. All of their brains increased
  7. The longer an astronaut spent
  8. the bigger the size
  1. and decreased
  2. shape
  3. differences were
  4. tech pictures
  5. in space
  6. of 26 astronauts
  7. to look into this
  8. Space Station

Paragraph 2

  1. The research produced
  2. no gravity means fluids
  3. the brain changes
  4. The findings could help doctors
  5. problems caused by long-
  6. a build-up of
  7. how neurons in the
  8. future trips
  1. to treat people
  2. position
  3. to Mars
  4. brain connect
  5. interesting findings
  6. term bed rest
  7. float in the body
  8. fluid in the brain

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Researchers (1) ___________________ astronauts' brains change shape during spaceflight. It is the first study to (2) ___________________. Researchers looked at high-tech pictures of the brains of 26 astronauts. (3) ___________________ spent two weeks on the Space Shuttle, and 14 spent (4) ___________________ the International Space Station. All of their brains increased and decreased (5) ___________________ different parts. The longer an astronaut spent in space, the bigger the (6) ___________________ were.

The research produced interesting findings. One (7) ___________________ means (8) ___________________ the body, so the brain changes position and size. The findings could help doctors (9) ___________________ with problems (10) ___________________-term bed rest. They could also help those with a (11) ___________________ fluid in the brain, which can lead to brain damage. We will understand more about (12) ___________________ the brain connect. The findings will also help future trips to Mars.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Researchershavefoundthatastronauts'brainschangeshapeduringsp
aceflight.Itisthefirststudytolookintothis.Researcherslookedathigh-
techpicturesofthebrainsof26astronauts.Twelveofthemspenttwowee
ksontheSpaceShuttle,and14spentsixmonthsontheInternationalSpa
ceStation.Alloftheirbrainsincreasedanddecreasedinthesizeindiffere
ntparts.Thelongeranastronautspentinspace,thebiggerthesizediffer
enceswere.Theresearchproducedinterestingfindings.Oneisthatnogr
avitymeansfluidsfloatinthebody,sothebrainchangespositionandsize
.Thefindingscouldhelpdoctorstotreatpeoplewithproblemscausedbyl
ong-termbedrest.Theycouldalsohelpthosewithabuild-upoffluidint
hebrain,whichcanleadtobraindamage.Wewillunderstandmoreabout
howneuronsinthebrainconnect.Thefindingswillalsohelpfuturetripsto
Mars.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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