The Reading / Listening - Sleep - Level 6

This news might not come as a great surprise to mothers, but a new study confirms that moms (and mums) get less sleep than fathers. Researchers at Georgia Southern University in the USA analyzed data on the sleeping habits and patterns of nearly 3,000 women and 3,000 men. They wanted to get to the bottom of what affects adults' sleep. The researchers discovered that having children in the house leads to sleep deprivation in many mothers. Motherhood significantly reduced the number of hours a mother slept each night. Unsurprisingly, this had an adverse effect on mothers' energy levels and tiredness during the day. The study found that fathers' sleep remained largely unaffected by having kids in the house.



The study reveals that children were the biggest cause of mothers being sleep deprived. Dr Kelly Sullivan, co-author of the report, said each child increased a woman's risk of getting insufficient sleep by 46 per cent. In addition, 48 per cent of mothers under 45 reported getting an average of seven hours of sleep a night, compared with 62 per cent of women of the same age who did not have children at home. Dr Sullivan said a lack of sleep negatively impacts physical and mental well-being. It increases the risk of diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and depression. She added: "It's important to learn what is keeping people from getting the rest they need so we can help them work towards better health."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Sleep - Level 4  or  Sleep - Level 5

Sources
    http://www.livescience.com/58026-moms-get-less-sleep.html http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/316076.php http://www.foxnews.com/health/2017/02/27/living-with-children-really-can-affect-your-sleep-if-youre-woman.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. SLEEP: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about sleep. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       news / surprise / study / habits / patterns / sleep deprivation / adverse / energy levels
       risk / insufficient / average / seven hours / same age / physical / well-being / rest

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. SHARED: Students A strongly believe mothers and fathers should split parenting duties 50-50; Students B strongly believe they shouldn't. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. SLEEPLESSNESS: What can be done to overcome these things that keep us awake? Complete this table and share what you wrote with your partner(s).

 

Your experiences

qqqqqqq

Worry

 

 

Light

 

 

Noisy neighbours

 

 

Too hot / cold

 

 

Noise pollution

 

 

Scary noises

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. HABIT: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "habit". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. SLEEPING AIDS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best things to get to sleep quickly at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • exercise
  • sleeping pills
  • a big meal
  • no phone in room
  • hot milk
  • counting sheep
  • reading
  • deep breathing

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article says there is news that will be a big surprise to mothers.     T / F
  2. Researchers looked at data on over 6,000 mothers.     T / F
  3. Researchers found that motherhood energizes women during the day.     T / F
  4. Men's sleep was not affected by children in the house.     T / F
  5. Children are the biggest cause of mothers not sleeping.     T / F
  6. A child increased the chance of a mother not sleeping by 46%.     T / F
  7. Insufficient sleep can lead to overeating and being overweight.     T / F
  8. A doctor said women should take lessons on how to sleep.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. surprise
  2. confirms
  3. get to the bottom of
  4. adverse
  5. unaffected by
  6. reveals
  7. insufficient
  8. compared
  9. risk
  10. keeping
  1. immune to
  2. find out why
  3. unfavourable
  4. holding back
  5. verifies
  6. inadequate
  7. possibility
  8. shows
  9. revelation
  10. contrasted

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. This news might not come as a great
  2. get to the bottom of
  3. sleep
  4. this had an adverse effect
  5. fathers' sleep remained largely
  6. The study reveals that children
  7. a woman's risk of getting
  8. negatively impacts physical and mental
  9. cardiovascular
  10. getting the rest
  1. were the biggest cause
  2. unaffected by having kids
  3. they need
  4. insufficient sleep
  5. what affects adults' sleep
  6. surprise to mothers
  7. disease
  8. deprivation
  9. on mothers' energy levels
  10. well-being

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
deprivation
effect
surprise
unaffected
bottom
levels
significantly
habits

This news might not come as a great (1) ____________ to mothers, but a new study confirms that moms (and mums) get less sleep than fathers. Researchers at Georgia Southern University in the USA analyzed data on the sleeping (2) ____________ and patterns of nearly 3,000 women and 3,000 men. They wanted to get to the (3) ____________ of what affects adults' sleep. The researchers discovered that having children in the house leads to sleep (4) ____________ in many mothers. Motherhood (5) ____________ reduced the number of hours a mother slept each night. Unsurprisingly, this had an adverse (6) ____________ on mothers' energy (7) ____________ and tiredness during the day. The study found that fathers' sleep remained largely (8) ____________ by having kids in the house.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
risk
lack
average
rest
cause
obesity
addition
compared

The study reveals that children were the biggest (9) ____________ of mothers being sleep deprived. Dr Kelly Sullivan, co-author of the report, said each child increased a woman's (10) ____________ of getting insufficient sleep by 46 per cent. In (11) ____________, 48 per cent of mothers under 45 reported getting an (12) ____________ of seven hours of sleep a night, (13) ____________ with 62 per cent of women of the same age who did not have children at home. Dr Sullivan said a (14) ____________ of sleep negatively impacts physical and mental well-being. It increases the risk of diabetes, (15) ____________, cardiovascular disease, and depression. She added: "It's important to learn what is keeping people from getting the (16) ____________ they need so we can help them work towards better health."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  This news might not come as a great ______ mothers
     a.  surprised two
     b.  surprise too
     c.  surprised to
     d.  surprise to

2)  Researchers at Georgia Southern University in the USA analyzed data on ______
     a.  the sleeping habitats
     b.  the sleeping habits
     c.  the sleeping rabbits
     d.  the sleeping half bits

3)  They wanted to get to the ______ affects adults' sleep
     a.  bottom if that
     b.  top of what
     c.  bottom of that
     d.  bottom of what

4)  The researchers discovered that having children in the house leads to ______
     a.  sleep declaration
     b.  sleep destination
     c.  sleep devolution
     d.  sleep deprivation

5)  The study found that fathers' sleep remained ______
     a.  largely un-afflicted
     b.  largely unfaltering
     c.  largely unflattering
     d.  largely unaffected

6)  The study reveals that children were the biggest cause of mothers ______ deprived
     a.  been sleep
     b.  being sleep
     c.  be in sleep
     d.  benign sleep

7) … co-author of the report, said each child increased a woman's risk of ______ sleep
     a.  getting in sufficiently
     b.  get in non-sufficient
     c.  getting insufficient
     d.  get in insufficient

8)  a lack of sleep negatively impacts physical and ______
     a.  mentally well-being
     b.  mental well-bean
     c.  men tall well been
     d.  mental well-being

9)  It increases the risk of diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, ______
     a.  and depressive
     b.  and depressing
     c.  and depressions
     d.  and depression

10)  getting the rest they need so we can help them work ______ health
     a.  toward better
     b.  towards better
     c.  two wards better
     d.  too wards better

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

This news might (1) ___________________ great surprise to mothers, but a new study confirms that moms (and mums) get less sleep than fathers. Researchers at Georgia Southern University in the USA analyzed data on the sleeping (2) ___________________ of nearly 3,000 women and 3,000 men. They wanted (3) ___________________ bottom of what affects adults' sleep. The researchers discovered that having children in the house leads to sleep deprivation in many mothers. Motherhood (4) ___________________ the number of hours a mother slept each night. Unsurprisingly, this had an (5) ___________________ mothers' energy levels and tiredness during the day. The study found that fathers' sleep remained (6) ___________________ by having kids in the house.

The (7) ___________________ children were the biggest cause of mothers being sleep deprived. Dr Kelly Sullivan, co-author of the report, said each child increased a woman's (8) ___________________ insufficient sleep by 46 per cent. In addition, 48 per cent of mothers under 45 reported getting (9) ___________________ seven hours of sleep a night, compared with 62 per cent of women (10) ___________________ who did not have children at home. Dr Sullivan said a lack of sleep (11) ___________________ physical and mental well-being. It increases the risk of diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and depression. She added: "It's important to learn what is keeping people from getting (12) ___________________ so we can help them work towards better health."

Comprehension questions

  1. To whom did the article say this news might not be a surprise?
  2. How many men's data did the researchers look at?
  3. What did researchers want to get to the bottom of?
  4. What levels did a lack of sleep affect in mothers?
  5. What was fathers' sleep largely unaffected by?
  6. What was the biggest cause of mothers not sleeping?
  7. By how much did a child increase the risk of sleeplessness in mothers?
  8. What percentage of mothers under 45 got an average of 7 hours' sleep?
  9. How many diseases were named as being at risk from sleeplessness?
  10. What did a doctor say we needed to work towards?




Multiple choice quiz

1) To whom did the article say this news might not be a surprise?
a) doctors
b) children
c) mothers
d) fathers

2) How many men's data did the researchers look at?
a) nearly 3,000
b) over 3,000
c) about 3,000
d) exactly 3,000

3) What did researchers want to get to the bottom of?
a) what affects adults' sleep
b) the deep blue sea
c) questions
d) education funding

4) What levels did a lack of sleep affect in mothers?
a) sugar levels
b) energy levels
c) power levels
d) blood levels

5) What was fathers' sleep largely unaffected by?
a) a study
b) mothers
c) sugar levels
d) children in the house

6) What was the biggest cause of mothers not sleeping?
a) fathers
b) children
c) a study
d) deprived

7) By how much did a child increase the risk of sleeplessness in mothers?
a) 46%
b) 62%
c) 48%
d) 45%

8) What percentage of mothers under 45 got an average of 7 hours' sleep?
a) 46%
b) 45%
c) 48%
d) 62%

9) How many diseases were named as being at risk from sleeplessness?
a) 3
b) 2
c) 5
d) 4

10) What did a doctor say we needed to work towards?
a) better health
b) sleep
c) rest
d) learning

Role play

Role A — Hot Milk

You think hot milk is the best way to get to sleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their methods. Also, tell the others which is the most useless of these (and why): reading, sleeping pills or counting sheep.

Role B — Reading

You think reading is the best way to get to sleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their methods. Also, tell the others which is the most useless of these (and why): hot milk, sleeping pills or counting sheep.

Role C — Sleeping Pills

You think sleeping pills are the best way to get to sleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their methods. Also, tell the others which is the most useless of these (and why): reading, hot milk or counting sheep.

Role D — Counting Sheep

You think counting sheep is the best way to get to sleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their methods. Also, tell the others which is the most useless of these (and why): reading, sleeping pills or hot milk.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'mother'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'father'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • biggest
    • each
    • 46
    • 62
    • mental
    • better
    • great
    • data
    • bottom
    • leads
    • each
    • remained




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Mothers get less sleep than fathers

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What springs to mind when you hear the word 'mother'?
    3. How surprised are you at this news?
    4. What can you say about your sleeping habits?
    5. How do children affect a parent's sleep?
    6. What do you do if you cannot sleep?
    7. What things affect people's sleep?
    8. How does a lack of sleep affect you?
    9. What's the longest you've ever gone without sleep?
    10. Why doesn't having children in the house affect fathers sleep?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'sleep'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What are the reasons you cannot sleep?
    5. What can mothers do to make sure they sleep well?
    6. How do our sleeping habits change as we get older?
    7. What would you do if we didn't need sleep?
    8. Should we receive better education on the importance of sleep?
    9. What lifestyle changes do you need to make to get more sleep?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    This news might not come (1) ____ a great surprise to mothers, but a new study (2) ____ that moms (and mums) get less sleep than fathers. Researchers at Georgia Southern University in the USA analyzed data (3) ____ the sleeping habits and patterns of nearly 3,000 women and 3,000 men. They wanted to get to the (4) ____ of what affects adults' sleep. The researchers discovered that having children in the house leads to sleep deprivation in many mothers. Motherhood significantly reduced the number of hours a mother slept each night. Unsurprisingly, this had an adverse effect (5) ____ mothers' energy levels and tiredness during the day. The study found that fathers' sleep remained (6) ____ unaffected by having kids in the house.

    The study reveals that children were the biggest cause (7) ____ mothers being sleep deprived. Dr Kelly Sullivan, co-author of the report, said each child increased a woman's risk of (8) ____ insufficient sleep by 46 per cent. In addition, 48 per cent of mothers under 45 reported getting an average of seven hours of sleep a night, (9) ____ with 62 per cent of women of the same age who did not have children at home. Dr Sullivan said a (10) ____ of sleep negatively impacts physical and mental well-being. It increases the risk of diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and (11) ____. She added: "It's important to learn what is keeping people from getting the rest they need so we can help them work (12) ____ better health."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     as     (b)     has     (c)     is     (d)     was    
    2. (a)     conforms     (b)     confounds     (c)     confirms     (d)     confines    
    3. (a)     in     (b)     at     (c)     on     (d)     as    
    4. (a)     boon     (b)     beneath     (c)     below     (d)     bottom    
    5. (a)     on     (b)     in     (c)     at     (d)     by    
    6. (a)     largest     (b)     largely     (c)     largesse     (d)     larger    
    7. (a)     on     (b)     at     (c)     by     (d)     of    
    8. (a)     got     (b)     getting     (c)     gotten     (d)     gets    
    9. (a)     comparison     (b)     compares     (c)     compared     (d)     comparative    
    10. (a)     lick     (b)     flock     (c)     slack     (d)     lack    
    11. (a)     depressed     (b)     depressive     (c)     depress     (d)     depression    
    12. (a)     forwards     (b)     towards     (c)     advances     (d)     ahead

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. a new study ocnsrmif that
    2. dnyaazle (USA) / nsdaeyla (UK) data
    3. leads to sleep oirnpdaveit
    4. Motherhood atinygslnific reduced the number of hours
    5. this had an evrdsea effect
    6. remained largely deuntfcefa

    Paragraph 2

    1. The study esavrel that
    2. getting efisncuintfi sleep
    3. getting an eeaarvg of seven hours
    4. tvaneilegy impacts physical and mental well-being
    5. It increases the risk of sbdaeeti
    6. ostyeib, cardiovascular disease, and depression

    Put the text back together

    (    )     night. Unsurprisingly, this had an adverse effect on mothers' energy levels and tiredness

    (    )     bottom of what affects adults' sleep. The researchers discovered that having children in the house leads to sleep

    (    )     sleep than fathers. Researchers at Georgia Southern University in the USA analyzed data on the sleeping

    1  )     This news might not come as a great surprise to mothers, but a new study confirms that moms (and mums) get less

    (    )     habits and patterns of nearly 3,000 women and 3,000 men. They wanted to get to the

    (    )     from getting the rest they need so we can help them work towards better health."

    (    )     disease, and depression. She added: "It's important to learn what is keeping people

    (    )     addition, 48 per cent of mothers under 45 reported getting an average of seven hours of sleep a night, compared

    (    )     negatively impacts physical and mental well-being. It increases the risk of diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular

    (    )     with 62 per cent of women of the same age who did not have children at home. Dr Sullivan said a lack of sleep

    (    )     during the day. The study found that fathers' sleep remained largely unaffected by having kids in the house.

    (    )     deprivation in many mothers. Motherhood significantly reduced the number of hours a mother slept each

    (    )     of the report, said each child increased a woman's risk of getting insufficient sleep by 46 per cent. In

    (    )     The study reveals that children were the biggest cause of mothers being sleep deprived. Dr Kelly Sullivan, co-author

    Put the words in the right order

    1. might   not   come  as   a   great  surprise   to   mothers   This   news   .
    2. less   mums)   moms  study   sleep  confirms   A  get  (and  that  new  .
    3. the   adults'   bottom   sleep   of   Get   what   to   affects   .
    4. in   sleep   the   deprivation   house   Having   leads   children   to   .
    5. remained   sleep   Fathers'   kids   having   by   unaffected   largely   .
    6. The   were   study   the   reveals   biggest   that   cause   children   .
    7. woman's   a   Increased   sleep   insufficient   getting   of   risk   .
    8. of  Women  home   at   children  have  not  did  who   age  same   the  .
    9. Negatively   being   -   well   mental   and   physical   impacts   .
    10. is   from   rest   What   people   the   need   keeping   getting   they   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    This news might not come was / as a great surprise to mothers, but a new study conforms / confirms that moms (and mums) get less sleep than fathers. Researchers at Georgia Southern University in the USA analyzed data in / on the sleeping habits / habitats and patterns of nearly 3,000 women and 3,000 men. They wanted to get to the bottom / top of what affects adults' sleep. The researchers discovered that have / having children in the house leads to sleep deprivation / declaration in many mothers. Motherhood significance / significantly reduced the number of hours a mother slept each night. Unsurprisingly, this had an adverse affect / effect on mothers' energy levels and tiredness during the day. The study found that fathers' sleep remained largely / largesse unaffected by having kids in the house.

    The study reveals / revels that children were the biggest cause of mothers being sleep deprived. Dr Kelly Sullivan, co-author of the report, said all / each child increased a woman's risk of getting / gotten insufficient sleep by 46 per cent. In addition / additionally, 48 per cent of mothers under 45 reported getting an / on average of seven hours of sleep the / a night, compared with 62 per cent of women of the same age who did not have children at / in home. Dr Sullivan said a lack of sleep negatively compacts / impacts physical and mental well-being. It increases the risk of diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and depressive / depression. She added: "It's important to learn what is keeping people from getting the rest they need so / such we can help them work towards better health."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Th_s n_ws m_ght n_t c_m_ _s _ gr__t s_rpr_s_ t_ m_th_rs, b_t _ n_w st_dy c_nf_rms th_t m_ms (_nd m_ms) g_t l_ss sl__p th_n f_th_rs. R_s__rch_rs _t G__rg__ S__th_rn _n_v_rs_ty _n th_ _S_ _n_lyz_d d_t_ _n th_ sl__p_ng h_b_ts _nd p_tt_rns _f n__rly 3,000 w_m_n _nd 3,000 m_n. Th_y w_nt_d t_ g_t t_ th_ b_tt_m _f wh_t _ff_cts _d_lts' sl__p. Th_ r_s__rch_rs d_sc_v_r_d th_t h_v_ng ch_ldr_n _n th_ h__s_ l__ds t_ sl__p d_pr_v_t__n _n m_ny m_th_rs. M_th_rh__d s_gn_f_c_ntly r_d_c_d th_ n_mb_r _f h__rs _ m_th_r sl_pt __ch n_ght. _ns_rpr_s_ngly, th_s h_d _n _dv_rs_ _ff_ct _n m_th_rs' _n_rgy l_v_ls _nd t_r_dn_ss d_r_ng th_ d_y. Th_ st_dy f__nd th_t f_th_rs' sl__p r_m__n_d l_rg_ly _n_ff_ct_d by h_v_ng k_ds _n th_ h__s_.

    Th_ st_dy r_v__ls th_t ch_ldr_n w_r_ th_ b_gg_st c__s_ _f m_th_rs b__ng sl__p d_pr_v_d. Dr K_lly S_ll_v_n, c_-__th_r _f th_ r_p_rt, s__d __ch ch_ld _ncr__s_d _ w_m_n's r_sk _f g_tt_ng _ns_ff_c__nt sl__p by 46 p_r c_nt. _n _dd_t__n, 48 p_r c_nt _f m_th_rs _nd_r 45 r_p_rt_d g_tt_ng _n _v_r_g_ _f s_v_n h__rs _f sl__p _ n_ght, c_mp_r_d w_th 62 p_r c_nt _f w_m_n _f th_ s_m_ _g_ wh_ d_d n_t h_v_ ch_ldr_n _t h_m_. Dr S_ll_v_n s__d _ l_ck _f sl__p n_g_t_v_ly _mp_cts phys_c_l _nd m_nt_l w_ll-b__ng. _t _ncr__s_s th_ r_sk _f d__b_t_s, _b_s_ty, c_rd__v_sc_l_r d_s__s_, _nd d_pr_ss__n. Sh_ _dd_d: "_t's _mp_rt_nt t_ l__rn wh_t _s k__p_ng p__pl_ fr_m g_tt_ng th_ r_st th_y n__d s_ w_ c_n h_lp th_m w_rk t_w_rds b_tt_r h__lth."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    this news might not come as a great surprise to mothers but a new study confirms that moms (and mums) get less sleep than fathers researchers at georgia southern university in the usa analyzed data on the sleeping habits and patterns of nearly 3000 women and 3000 men they wanted to get to the bottom of what affects adults' sleep the researchers discovered that having children in the house leads to sleep deprivation in many mothers motherhood significantly reduced the number of hours a mother slept each night unsurprisingly this had an adverse effect on mothers' energy levels and tiredness during the day the study found that fathers' sleep remained largely unaffected by having kids in the house

    the study reveals that children were the biggest cause of mothers being sleep deprived dr kelly sullivan co-author of the report said each child increased a woman's risk of getting insufficient sleep by 46 per cent in addition 48 per cent of mothers under 45 reported getting an average of seven hours of sleep a night compared with 62 per cent of women of the same age who did not have children at home dr sullivan said a lack of sleep negatively impacts physical and mental well-being it increases the risk of diabetes obesity cardiovascular disease and depression she added "it's important to learn what is keeping people from getting the rest they need so we can help them work towards better health"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Thisnewsmightnotcomeasagreatsurprisetomothers,butanewstudyc
    onfirmsthatmoms(andmums)getlesssleepthanfathers.Researchers
    atGeorgiaSouthernUniversityintheUSAanalyzeddataonthesleeping
    habitsandpatternsofnearly3,000womenand3,000men.Theywanted
    togettothebottomofwhataffectsadults'sleep.Theresearchersdiscove
    redthathavingchildreninthehouseleadstosleepdeprivationinmanym
    others.Motherhoodsignificantlyreducedthenumberofhoursamother
    slepteachnight.Unsurprisingly,thishadanadverseeffectonmothers'e
    nergylevelsandtirednessduringtheday.Thestudyfoundthatfathers'sl
    eepremainedlargelyunaffectedbyhavingkidsinthehouse.Thestudyre
    vealsthatchildrenwerethebiggestcauseofmothersbeingsleepdeprive
    d.DrKellySullivan,co-authorofthereport,saideachchildincreasedawo
    man'sriskofgettinginsufficientsleepby46percent.Inaddition,48perc
    entofmothersunder45reportedgettinganaverageofsevenhoursofsle
    epanight,comparedwith62percentofwomenofthesameagewhodidno
    thavechildrenathome.DrSullivansaidalackofsleepnegativelyimpacts
    physicalandmentalwell-being.Itincreasestheriskofdiabetes,obesity
    y,cardiovasculardisease,anddepression.Sheadded:"It'simportantto
    learnwhatiskeepingpeoplefromgettingtheresttheyneedsowecanhel
    pthemworktowardsbetterhealth."

    Free writing

    Write about sleep for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    It is not fair that mothers get less sleep than fathers. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. SLEEP: Make a poster about sleep. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. WELL-BEING: Write a magazine article about mothers and fathers sharing parental duties at night. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on sleep deprivation. Ask him/her three questions about sleep. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to get better sleep. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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