The Reading / Listening - Heart Disease - Level 4

The Tsimane people from Bolivia have the world's healthiest hearts. They have almost no risk of heart disease. Their plant-based diet and physical activity mean they also have low blood pressure, and low levels of cholesterol and blood glucose. They have a strong cardiovascular system. This avoids many of the major killers, like heart attack, stroke and diabetes. An 80-year-old Tsimane person is the same cardiovascular age as an American in their mid-50s.



A researcher said: "Coronary [disease] could be avoided if people adopted…elements of the Tsimane lifestyle, such as keeping their cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar very low, not smoking and being physically active." He said the Tsimane have very little coronary disease, but noted this was difficult to achieve in the industrialized world. He advised people to change, "to forestall a condition we thought would eventually effect almost all of us".

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Heart Disease - Level 5 or  Heart Disease - Level 6

Sources
  • http://www.healthline.com/health-news/the-tribal-diet-that-could-eliminate-heart-disease
  • https://www.newscientist.com/article/2124999-south-american-group-has-the-healthiest-arteries-ever-seen/
  • http://thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(17)30752-3/abstract


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. The Tsimane people
  2. the world's
  3. They have almost no risk
  4. plant-
  5. physical
  6. low blood
  7. This avoids many of the major
  8. the same cardiovascular
  1. pressure
  2. of heart disease
  3. age
  4. activity
  5. healthiest hearts
  6. killers
  7. from Bolivia
  8. based diet

Paragraph 2

  1. coronary
  2. adopted elements of
  3. blood
  4. being physically
  5. this was difficult to
  6. in the industrialized
  7. He advised people
  8. effect almost
  1. active
  2. to change
  3. the Tsimane lifestyle
  4. all of us
  5. world
  6. sugar
  7. disease
  8. achieve

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The Tsimane people from Bolivia (1) ___________________ healthiest hearts. They have almost (2) ___________________ heart disease. Their plant-based diet and physical activity mean they also have low blood pressure, and (3) ___________________ cholesterol and blood glucose. They have a strong cardiovascular system. (4) ___________________ of the major killers, like (5) ___________________ and diabetes. An 80-year-old Tsimane (6) ___________________ same cardiovascular age as an American in their mid-50s.

A researcher said: "Coronary [disease] (7) ___________________ if people adopted…elements of the Tsimane lifestyle, (8) ___________________ their cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar very low, not smoking and being (9) ___________________." He said the Tsimane have very little coronary disease, but noted this was (10) ___________________ in the industrialized world. He advised people to change, "(11) ___________________ condition we thought would eventually effect (12) ___________________ ".

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

TheTsimanepeoplefromBoliviahavetheworld'shealthiesthearts.The
yhavealmostnoriskofheartdisease.Theirplant-baseddietandphysica
lactivitymeantheyalsohavelowbloodpressure,andlowlevelsofcholest
erolandbloodglucose.Theyhaveastrongcardiovascularsystem.Thisa
voidsmanyofthemajorkillers,likeheartattack,strokeanddiabetes.An
80-year-oldTsimanepersonisthesamecardiovascularageasanAmer
icanintheirmid-50s.Aresearchersaid:"Coronary[disease]couldbea
voidedifpeopleadopted…elementsoftheTsimanelifestyle,suchaskee
pingtheircholesterol,bloodpressureandbloodsugarverylow,notsmok
ingandbeingphysicallyactive."HesaidtheTsimanehaveverylittlecoro
narydisease,butnotedthiswasdifficulttoachieveintheindustrializedw
orld.Headvisedpeopletochange,"toforestallaconditionwethoughtwo
uldeventuallyeffectalmostallofus".

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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