The Reading / Listening - Heart Disease - Level 5

Researchers have found who has the world's healthiest hearts. The Tsimane people live in Bolivia's Amazon region. They have almost no risk of heart disease because of their plant-based diet and levels of physical activity. They also have low blood pressure, and low levels of cholesterol and blood glucose. This equals a very strong cardiovascular system. The Tsimane avoid many diseases and conditions that kill hundreds of millions of people, like heart attack, stroke and diabetes. A study said an 80-year-old Tsimane person is the same cardiovascular age as an American in their mid-50s.



The study on the Tsimane is published in the journal 'The Lancet'. A researcher said: "Coronary [disease] could be avoided if people adopted some elements of the Tsimane lifestyle, such as keeping their cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar very low, not smoking and being physically active." He said the Tsimane live their life with very little coronary disease. He added: "While difficult to achieve in the industrialized world, we can adopt some aspects of their lifestyle to potentially forestall a condition we thought would eventually effect almost all of us."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Heart Disease - Level 4 or  Heart Disease - Level 6

Sources
  • http://www.healthline.com/health-news/the-tribal-diet-that-could-eliminate-heart-disease
  • https://www.newscientist.com/article/2124999-south-american-group-has-the-healthiest-arteries-ever-seen/
  • http://thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(17)30752-3/abstract


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. who has the world's
  2. The Tsimane people live in Bolivia's
  3. They have almost no risk
  4. because of their plant-
  5. levels of physical
  6. They also have low
  7. a very strong cardiovascular
  8. heart attack, stroke
  1. of heart disease
  2. blood pressure
  3. activity
  4. and diabetes
  5. system
  6. healthiest hearts
  7. based diet
  8. Amazon region

Paragraph 2

  1. published in the
  2. coronary
  3. could be
  4. if people adopted some elements
  5. blood
  6. difficult to achieve in the
  7. we can adopt some aspects of
  8. eventually effect almost
  1. avoided
  2. sugar
  3. their lifestyle
  4. disease
  5. all of us
  6. journal 'The Lancet'
  7. industrialized world
  8. of the Tsimane lifestyle

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Researchers have found who has the world's healthiest hearts. The Tsimane people live in Bolivia's Amazon region. They have (1) ___________________ heart disease because of their plant-based (2) ___________________ physical activity. They also have low blood pressure, and low levels of cholesterol and (3) ___________________. This equals a very strong cardiovascular system. The Tsimane avoid many (4) ___________________ that kill hundreds of millions of people, like heart attack, (5) ___________________. A study said an 80-year-old Tsimane person is the same cardiovascular age as an American (6) ___________________.

The study on the Tsimane (7) ___________________ the journal 'The Lancet'. A researcher said: "Coronary [disease] could (8) ___________________ people adopted some elements of the Tsimane lifestyle, (9) ___________________ their cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar very low, not smoking and being (10) ___________________." He said the Tsimane live their life with very little coronary disease. He added: "While difficult (11) ___________________ the industrialized world, we can adopt some aspects of their lifestyle to potentially forestall a condition we thought would eventually effect (12) ___________________."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Researchershavefoundwhohastheworld'shealthiesthearts.TheTsim
anepeopleliveinBolivia'sAmazonregion.Theyhavealmostnoriskofhe
artdiseasebecauseoftheirplant-baseddietandlevelsofphysicalacti
vity.Theyalsohavelowbloodpressure,andlowlevelsofcholesteroland
bloodglucose.Thisequalsaverystrongcardiovascularsystem.TheTsi
maneavoidmanydiseasesandconditionsthatkillhundredsofmillionsof
people,likeheartattack,strokeanddiabetes.Astudysaidan80-year-
oldTsimanepersonisthesamecardiovascularageasanAmericaninthe
irmid-50s.ThestudyontheTsimaneispublishedinthejournal'TheLa
ncet'.Aresearchersaid:"Coronary[disease]couldbeavoidedifpeoplea
doptedsomeelementsoftheTsimanelifestyle,suchaskeepingtheircho
lesterol,bloodpressureandbloodsugarverylow,notsmokingandbeing
physicallyactive."HesaidtheTsimanelivetheirlifewithverylittlecorona
rydisease.Headded:"Whiledifficulttoachieveintheindustrializedworl
d,wecanadoptsomeaspectsoftheirlifestyletopotentiallyforestallacon
ditionwethoughtwouldeventuallyeffectalmostallofus."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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