The Reading / Listening - Flamingos - Level 3

Scientists believe they have found how flamingos stand on one leg. We all love the image of these beautiful birds standing in water on just one leg. The reason why the birds do this has puzzled scientists for decades. Researchers in Atlanta, USA, say they have uncovered this secret of the natural world. Professor Young-Hui Chang says a flamingo can stand on just one leg for many hours because of its skeleton. The flamingo's hips and leg bones are in a special shape and position that give the bird amazing balance. Professor Chang said the flamingo's basic anatomy (bone structure) means it can stand on one leg with ease. Flamingos do not have to use their muscles a lot to do this.



Another researcher, Lena Ting, said the flamingo is very unique because it can stand still for a long time on one leg. He said it would be very difficult for a human to stay still without moving, even for an hour. He said: "Most of us aren't aware that we're moving around all the time." He added that even when we stand still, we actually move and use a lot of energy. The muscles in our body constantly change to keep us straight and stop us from falling over. The position of the bones in a flamingo means the birds do not need to use so many muscles to keep still. This means they save energy. The researchers say that saving energy could also be the reason other birds stand and sleep on one leg.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Flamingos - Level 0 Flamingos - Level 1   or  Flamingos - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.sciencenews.org/article/how-flamingo-balances-one-leg
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-40016816
  • http://www.express.co.uk/news/nature/808240/flamingos-one-leg-Iconic-pose-animal-kingdom-explained-research


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. FLAMINGOS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about flamingos. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       scientists / flamingos / image / decades / secret / natural world / skeleton / anatomy /
       unique / difficult / human / moving / energy / change / muscles / bones / sleep

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. RESEARCH: Students A strongly believe doing research on flamingos is better than doing research on humans; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. BONES: How important are these bones in our body? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

Bone(s)

Function

How useful?

Hip

 

 

Skull

 

 

Ankle

 

 

Vertebrae

 

 

Ribs

 

 

Femur

 

 

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ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
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5. BIRD: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "bird". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. SLEEP: Rank these with your partner. Put the best place to sleep at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • on a water bed
  • on the beach
  • in a 5-star hotel
  • in your own bed
  • on one leg
  • standing up
  • upside down
  • in a tent

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article says scientists know how one-legged flamingos stand.     T / F
  2. Scientists have wondered why flamingos stand on one leg for centuries.  T / F
  3. A professor said a flamingo's skeleton stops it from standing on one leg.  T / F
  4. A flamingo's hips and bone shape help it balance easily.     T / F
  5. A researcher said it is difficult for humans to stay still without moving.     T / F
  6. Most of us are aware that we are moving all the time.     T / F
  7. Flamingos standing on one leg means they can save energy.     T / F
  8. Other birds may stand and sleep on one leg to save energy.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. believe
  2. image
  3. puzzled
  4. balance
  5. basic
  6. unique
  7. all the time
  8. actually
  9. still
  10. save
  1. special
  2. stability
  3. conserve
  4. picture
  5. motionless
  6. in fact
  7. fundamental
  8. think
  9. mystified
  10. constantly

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. We all love the image of
  2. puzzled scientists
  3. uncovered this secret of the
  4. a special shape and position that give the
  5. the flamingo's basic anatomy
  6. the flamingo is very
  7. difficult for a human to stay
  8. we actually move and
  9. the birds do not need to use so many
  10. saving
  1. (bone structure)
  2. bird amazing balance
  3. muscles
  4. still
  5. for decades
  6. use a lot of energy
  7. these beautiful birds
  8. energy
  9. unique
  10. natural world

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
reason
balance
secret
muscles
love
bone
decades
skeleton

Scientists believe they have found how flamingos stand on one leg. We all (1) ____________ the image of these beautiful birds standing in water on just one leg. The (2) ____________ why the birds do this has puzzled scientists for (3) ____________. Researchers in Atlanta, USA, say they have uncovered this (4) ____________ of the natural world. Professor Young-Hui Chang says a flamingo can stand on just one leg for many hours because of its (5) ____________. The flamingo's hips and leg bones are in a special shape and position that give the bird amazing (6) ____________. Professor Chang said the flamingo's basic anatomy ((7) ____________ structure) means it can stand on one leg with ease. Flamingos do not have to use their (8) ____________ a lot to do this.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
time
position
energy
reason
unique
still
straight
even

Another researcher, Lena Ting, said the flamingo is very (9) ____________ because it can stand still for a long (10) ____________ on one leg. He said it would be very difficult for a human to stay still without moving, (11) ____________ for an hour. He said: "Most of us aren't aware that we're moving around all the time." He added that even when we stand still, we actually move and use a lot of (12) ____________. The muscles in our body constantly change to keep us (13) ____________ and stop us from falling over. The (14) ____________ of the bones in a flamingo means the birds do not need to use so many muscles to keep (15) ____________. This means they save energy. The researchers say that saving energy could also be the (16) ____________ other birds stand and sleep on one leg.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  We all love the image of these beautiful birds ______
     a.  standing water
     b.  stand in in water
     c.  standing in water
     d.  standing on water

2)  The reason why the birds do this has puzzled scientists ______
     a.  for decade
     b.  for decadence
     c.  for decades
     d.  for decays

3)  Chang says a flamingo can stand on just one leg for many hours ______
     a.  because for its skeleton
     b.  because of its skeleton
     c.  because off its skeleton
     d.  because if its skeleton

4)  a special shape and position that give the bird ______
     a.  amaze in balance
     b.  amazing balance
     c.  amazed in balance
     d.  a maze in balance

5)  Flamingos do not have to use their muscles ______
     a.  a lot to do this
     b.  a lot to do these
     c.  a lots to do this
     d.  the lot to do this

6)  Another researcher, Lena Ting, said the flamingo ______
     a.  is very unique
     b.  is very uniquely
     c.  is very you nick
     d.  is veryily you nick

7)  He said it would be very difficult for a human ______
     a.  to stay still
     b.  to stayed still
     c.  to staid still
     d.  to stray still

8)  The muscles in our body constantly change to keep us straight and stop ______
     a.  us from falling in
     b.  us from falling other
     c.  us from falling river
     d.  us from falling over

9)  the birds do not need to use so many muscles ______
     a.  to keeps still
     b.  to keeps till
     c.  to keep still
     d.  to keep till

10)  The researchers say that saving energy could also ______
     a.  be this reason
     b.  be the reason
     c.  be a reason
     d.  be then reason

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists believe they have found how flamingos (1) ___________________. We all love the image of these beautiful birds standing in water on just one leg. The (2) ___________________ birds do this has puzzled scientists for decades. Researchers in Atlanta, USA, say they (3) ___________________ this secret of the natural world. Professor Young-Hui Chang says a flamingo can stand on just one leg for many hours because (4) ___________________. The flamingo's hips and leg bones are in a special shape and position that give the bird (5) ___________________. Professor Chang said the flamingo's basic anatomy (bone structure) means it can stand on one (6) ___________________. Flamingos do not have to use their muscles a lot to do this.

Another researcher, Lena Ting, said the flamingo (7) ___________________ because it can stand still for a long time on one leg. He said it would be very difficult (8) ___________________ stay still without moving, even for an hour. He said: "Most of (9) ___________________ that we're moving around all the time." He added that even when we stand still, we actually move and use a lot of energy. The muscles (10) ___________________ constantly change to keep us straight and stop us from falling over. The position of the bones in a flamingo means the birds do not need (11) ___________________ muscles to keep still. This means they save energy. The researchers say that saving energy (12) ___________________ he reason other birds stand and sleep on one leg.

Comprehension questions

  1. What does the article say we all love?
  2. For how long have scientists been puzzled about flamingos?
  3. Where in the U.S.A. are the researchers from?
  4. What bone (apart from leg bones) helps the flamingo stand on one leg?
  5. What do flamingos not have to use a lot of?
  6. What adjective did Lena Ting use to describe the flamingo?
  7. How long would it be difficult for a human not to move for?
  8. What do we use a lot of, even when we stand?
  9. What do the muscles in our body constantly do to keep us straight?
  10. What other creatures did the article say stood and slept on one leg?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What does the article say we all love?
a) water
b) images of flamingos
c) standing on one leg
d) reasons

2) For how long have scientists been puzzled about flamingos?
a) centuries
b) since1879
c) 17 years
d) decades

3) Where in the U.S.A. are the researchers from?
a) New Mexico
b) Albuquerque
c) Atlanta
d) New York

4) What bone (apart from leg bones) helps the flamingo stand on one leg?
a) hip
b) skull
c) femur
d) rib

5) What do flamingos not have to use a lot of?
a) standing
b) muscles
c) flying
d) time

6) What adjective did Lena Ting use to describe the flamingo?
a) unique
b) watery
c) still
d) birdlike

7) How long would it be difficult for a human not to move for?
a) 12 minutes
b) 38 minutes
c) one hour
d) 47 minutes

8) What do we use a lot of, even when we stand?
a) energy
b) money
c) time
d) thought

9) What do the muscles in our body constantly do to keep us straight?
a) flex
b) stay still
c) twitch
d) change

10) What other creatures did the article say stood and slept on one leg?
a) elephants
b) insects
c) other birds
d) bats

Role play

Role  A – In a 5-Star Hotel

You think a 5-star hotel is the best place to sleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their places. Also, tell the others which of these is the worst (and why): a water bed, the beach or your own bed.

Role  B – On a Water Bed

You think a water bed is the best place to sleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their places. Also, tell the others which of these is the worst (and why): a 5-star hotel, the beach or your own bed.

Role  C – On the Beach

You think the beach is the best place to sleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their places. Also, tell the others which of these is the worst (and why): a water bed, a 5-star hotel or your own bed.

Role  D – In Your Own Bed

You think your own bed is the best place to sleep. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their places. Also, tell the others which of these is the worst (and why):  a water bed, the beach or a 5-star hotel.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'one'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'leg'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • unique
    • difficult
    • even
    • change
    • energy
    • sleep
    • love
    • puzzled
    • secret
    • special
    • basic
    • ease




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Scientists find out how flamingos stand on one leg

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'flamingo'?
    3. What do you think of flamingos standing on one leg?
    4. What do you know about flamingos?
    5. What do you think of flamingos?
    6. What natural secrets would you like scientists to unlock?
    7. How good are you at balancing?
    8. Have you ever seen a flamingo?
    9. How long can you stand on one leg for?
    10. What more would you like to know about flamingos?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'secret'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How unique are you?
    5. How much moving around do you do during the day?
    6. When and where do you have to stand or sit still?
    7. How much do you use your muscles every day?
    8. How could the human skeleton be better?
    9. What do you do to save your body's energy?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists (1) ____ they have found how flamingos stand on one leg. We all love the image of these beautiful birds (2) ____ in water on just one leg. The reason why the birds do this has puzzled scientists (3) ____ decades. Researchers in Atlanta, USA, say they have uncovered this secret (4) ____ the natural world. Professor Young-Hui Chang says a flamingo can stand on just one leg for many hours because of its skeleton. The flamingo's hips and leg bones are in a special shape and position (5) ____ give the bird amazing balance. Professor Chang said the flamingo's basic anatomy (bone structure) means it can stand on one leg with (6) ____. Flamingos do not have to use their muscles a lot to do this.

    Another researcher, Lena Ting, said the flamingo is very (7) ____ because it can stand still for a long time on one leg. He said it would be very difficult for a human to stay still (8) ____ moving, even for an hour. He said: "Most of us aren't aware that we're moving around (9) ____ the time." He added that even when we stand still, we actually move and use a lot of energy. The muscles (10) ____ our body constantly change to keep us straight and stop us from falling over. The position of the bones in a flamingo means the birds do not need to use (11) ____ many muscles to keep still. This means they save energy. The researchers say that saving energy could also be the reason (12) ____ birds stand and sleep on one leg.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     belief     (b)     believer     (c)     believing     (d)     believe    
    2. (a)     standard     (b)     standstill     (c)     stood     (d)     standing    
    3. (a)     in     (b)     for     (c)     to     (d)     by    
    4. (a)     at     (b)     on     (c)     of     (d)     to    
    5. (a)     what     (b)     such     (c)     that     (d)     them    
    6. (a)     ease     (b)     easily     (c)     easiest     (d)     easier    
    7. (a)     unclear     (b)     unique     (c)     union     (d)     unequal    
    8. (a)     without     (b)     within     (c)     wither     (d)     with    
    9. (a)     whole     (b)     all     (c)     entire     (d)     really    
    10. (a)     on     (b)     by     (c)     in     (d)     up    
    11. (a)     such     (b)     see     (c)     so     (d)     some    
    12. (a)     the others     (b)     others     (c)     another     (d)     other

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. depulzz scientists for decades
    2. they have uncovered this cteesr
    3. because of its eklosetn
    4. give the bird amazing cnaleab
    5. the flamingo's basic anymaot
    6. use their sumscel a lot

    Paragraph 2

    1. the flamingo is very qinuue
    2. very difficult for a aunmh
    3. we lyuactla move and use a lot of energy
    4. keep us tghiarts
    5. The sonipiot of the bones
    6. the eornsa other birds stand

    Put the text back together

    (    )     decades. Researchers in Atlanta, USA, say they have uncovered this secret of the natural world. Professor

    (    )     birds standing in water on just one leg. The reason why the birds do this has puzzled scientists for

    (    )     on one leg with ease. Flamingos do not have to use their muscles a lot to do this.

    (    )     when we stand still, we actually move and use a lot of energy. The muscles in our body constantly

    1  )     Scientists believe they have found how flamingos stand on one leg. We all love the image of these beautiful

    (    )     skeleton. The flamingo's hips and leg bones are in a special shape and position that give the bird amazing

    (    )     change to keep us straight and stop us from falling over. The position of the bones in a flamingo means the birds do

    (    )     hour. He said: "Most of us aren't aware that we're moving around all the time." He added that even

    (    )     Another researcher, Lena Ting, said the flamingo is very unique because it can stand still for a long

    (    )     time on one leg. He said it would be very difficult for a human to stay still without moving, even for an

    (    )     not need to use so many muscles to keep still. This means they save

    (    )     balance. Professor Chang said the flamingo's basic anatomy (bone structure) means it can stand

    (    )     Young-Hui Chang says a flamingo can stand on just one leg for many hours because of its

    (    )     energy. The researchers say that saving energy could also be the reason other birds stand and sleep on one leg.

    Put the words in the right order

    1. image  the  love  all  We  water  in  standing  birds  beautiful  these  of .
    2. hours   one   many   can   just   for   flamingo   on   leg   A   stand   .
    3. balance  amazing  shape  that  bird  special  position  the  A  and  give .
    4. bone  it  The  anatomy  means  stand  basic  structure  can  flamingo's .
    5. use   a   do   to   muscles   Flamingos   have   their   lot   not   .
    6. because   stand   a   Unique   can   for   time   it   still   long   .
    7. would   be   human   very   to   difficult   stay   for   still   a   It   .
    8. us   moving   aren't   around   aware   Most   that   of   we're   .
    9. many   birds   need   so   The   not   use   muscles   do   to   .
    10. could  the  say   energy  be  Researchers  saving  also   reason   that   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists believe / belief they have found how flamingos stand on one leg. We all love the image of them / these beautiful birds standing in water on just one leg. The reason why the birds do / does this has puzzled scientists for decades. Researchers in Atlanta, USA, say they have uncovered this secret / secrecy of the natural world. Professor Young-Hui Chang says a flamingo can standing / stand on just one leg for many hours / hour because of / for its skeleton. The flamingo's hips and leg bones are on / in a special shape and position that give the bird amaze / amazing balance. Professor Chang said the flamingo's basic anatomy (bone structure) means it can stand on one leg with ease. Flamingos do not have to use their muscles a lot to do / doing this.

    Another researcher, Lena Ting, said the flamingo is very uniquely / unique because it can stand stall / still for a long time on one leg. He said it would be very difficulty / difficult for a human to stay still without moving, even / event for an hour. He said: "Most of us aren't aware what / that we're moving around all the time." He added that even when we stand still, we actually move and use the / a lot of energy. The muscles in our body constantly change / changing to keep us straight and stop us from falling over. The position of the bones in a flamingo means the birds do never / not need to use so much / many muscles to keep still. This means they save energy. The researchers say that saving / save energy could also be the reason other birds stand and sleep on one leg.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Sc__nt_sts b_l__v_ th_y h_v_ f__nd h_w fl_m_ng_s st_nd _n _n_ l_g. W_ _ll l_v_ th_ _m_g_ _f th_s_ b___t_f_l b_rds st_nd_ng _n w_t_r _n j_st _n_ l_g. Th_ r__s_n why th_ b_rds d_ th_s h_s p_zzl_d sc__nt_sts f_r d_c_d_s. R_s__rch_rs _n _tl_nt_, _S_, s_y th_y h_v_ _nc_v_r_d th_s s_cr_t _f th_ n_t_r_l w_rld. Pr_f_ss_r Y__ng-H__ Ch_ng s_ys _ fl_m_ng_ c_n st_nd _n j_st _n_ l_g f_r m_ny h__rs b_c__s_ _f _ts sk_l_t_n. Th_ fl_m_ng_'s h_ps _nd l_g b_n_s _r_ _n _ sp_c__l sh_p_ _nd p_s_t__n th_t g_v_ th_ b_rd _m_z_ng b_l_nc_. Pr_f_ss_r Ch_ng s__d th_ fl_m_ng_'s b_s_c _n_t_my (b_n_ str_ct_r_) m__ns _t c_n st_nd _n _n_ l_g w_th __s_. Fl_m_ng_s d_ n_t h_v_ t_ _s_ th__r m_scl_s _ l_t t_ d_ th_s.

    _n_th_r r_s__rch_r, L_n_ T_ng, s__d th_ fl_m_ng_ _s v_ry _n_q__ b_c__s_ _t c_n st_nd st_ll f_r _ l_ng t_m_ _n _n_ l_g. H_ s__d _t w__ld b_ v_ry d_ff_c_lt f_r _ h_m_n t_ st_y st_ll w_th__t m_v_ng, _v_n f_r _n h__r. H_ s__d: "M_st _f _s _r_n't _w_r_ th_t w_'r_ m_v_ng _r__nd _ll th_ t_m_." H_ _dd_d th_t _v_n wh_n w_ st_nd st_ll, w_ _ct__lly m_v_ _nd _s_ _ l_t _f _n_rgy. Th_ m_scl_s _n __r b_dy c_nst_ntly ch_ng_ t_ k__p _s str__ght _nd st_p _s fr_m f_ll_ng _v_r. Th_ p_s_t__n _f th_ b_n_s _n _ fl_m_ng_ m__ns th_ b_rds d_ n_t n__d t_ _s_ s_ m_ny m_scl_s t_ k__p st_ll. Th_s m__ns th_y s_v_ _n_rgy. Th_ r_s__rch_rs s_y th_t s_v_ng _n_rgy c__ld _ls_ b_ th_ r__s_n _th_r b_rds st_nd _nd sl__p _n _n_ l_g.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists believe they have found how flamingos stand on one leg we all love the image of these beautiful birds standing in water on just one leg the reason why the birds do this has puzzled scientists for decades researchers in atlanta usa say they have uncovered this secret of the natural world professor young-hui chang says a flamingo can stand on just one leg for many hours because of its skeleton the flamingo's hips and leg bones are in a special shape and position that give the bird amazing balance professor chang said the flamingo's basic anatomy (bone structure) means it can stand on one leg with ease flamingos do not have to use their muscles a lot to do this

    another researcher lena ting said the flamingo is very unique because it can stand still for a long time on one leg he said it would be very difficult for a human to stay still without moving even for an hour he said "most of us aren't aware that we're moving around all the time" he added that even when we stand still we actually move and use a lot of energy the muscles in our body constantly change to keep us straight and stop us from falling over the position of the bones in a flamingo means the birds do not need to use so many muscles to keep still this means they save energy the researchers say that saving energy could also be the reason other birds stand and sleep on one leg

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Scientistsbelievetheyhavefoundhowflamingosstandononeleg.Weall
    lovetheimageofthesebeautifulbirdsstandinginwateronjustoneleg.Th
    ereasonwhythebirdsdothishaspuzzledscientistsfordecades.Researc
    hersinAtlanta,USA,saytheyhaveuncoveredthissecretofthenaturalw
    orld.ProfessorYoung-HuiChangsaysaflamingocanstandonjustonele
    gformanyhoursbecauseofitsskeleton.Theflamingo'shipsandlegbone
    sareinaspecialshapeandpositionthatgivethebirdamazingbalance.Pr
    ofessorChangsaidtheflamingo'sbasicanatomy(bonestructure)mean
    sitcanstandononelegwithease.Flamingosdonothavetousetheirmusc
    lesalottodothis.Anotherresearcher,LenaTing,saidtheflamingoisvery
    uniquebecauseitcanstandstillforalongtimeononeleg.Hesaiditwouldb
    everydifficultforahumantostaystillwithoutmoving,evenforanhour.H
    esaid:"Mostofusaren'tawarethatwe'removingaroundallthetime."He
    addedthatevenwhenwestandstill,weactuallymoveandusealotofener
    gy.Themusclesinourbodyconstantlychangetokeepusstraightandsto
    pusfromfallingover.Thepositionofthebonesinaflamingomeansthebir
    dsdonotneedtousesomanymusclestokeepstill.Thismeanstheysavee
    nergy.Theresearcherssaythatsavingenergycouldalsobethereasonot
    herbirdsstandandsleepononeleg.

    Free writing

    Write about flamingos for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Flamingos are the most beautiful birds in the world. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. FLAMINGOS: Make a poster about flamingos. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. NATURE'S SECRETS: Write a magazine article about unlocking all of nature's secrets. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on flamingos. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on which of nature's secrets we should unlock next. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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