The Reading / Listening - Indonesia - Level 6

Indonesia has embarked on the task of counting its islands in order to better protect its territory and marine resources. It hopes to locate and name an additional 1,700 islands in time for the UN Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names in August. Indonesia wants to claim sovereignty and fishing rights in the waters surrounding the islands, many of which its neighbors also claim. The Indonesian government says illegal fishing in its waters is costing billions of dollars in lost revenue each year. A fisheries spokeswoman told the BBC: "Sixty per cent of islands in Indonesia don't have a name or officially have legal status, so they can easily be taken or claimed by another country."



Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago. At the last UN conference on geographical names in 2012, Indonesia registered 13,466 islands. A law in 1996 estimated that the number of islands was 17,508. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea defines an island as, "a naturally formed area of land, surrounded by water, which is still exposed at high tide". A spokesman from Indonesia's Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries explained the scale of the task the counting team had. He said: "We have to visit every one of these islands, and then we note the coordinates, the name, the meaning of the name, the history of the land and describe the landscape and its geographical history…all that in great detail."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Indonesia - Level 4  or  Indonesia - Level 5

Sources
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-40168981
  • https://www.ft.com/content/3acc43f0-45f5-11e7-8519-9f94ee97d996
  • http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/how-many-islands-does-indonesia-have-asia-pacific-nation-tries-get-exact-count-1625142


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. INDONESIA: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about Indonesia. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       task / islands / marine / resources / sovereignty / fishing / billions / legal status /
       archipelago / conference / geographical / surrounded / high tide / counting / detail

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. NEAREST: Students A strongly believe all islands should belong to the country nearest to them; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. MARINE RESOURCES: How can we look after these marine resources better? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What

How can we look after them?

Fish

 

 

Shellfish

 

 

Reefs

 

 

Oil

 

 

Minerals

 

 

Sand

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. COUNTING: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "counting". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. ISLANDS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best things about islands at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • views
  • peace and quiet
  • romance
  • safety
  • the sea
  • sunsets
  • fish
  • beaches

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Indonesia wants to name 1,700 extra islands as their own.     T / F
  2. Many of Indonesia's neighbors also claim islands Indonesia wants.     T / F
  3. Indonesia says illegal fishing costs the country billions of dollars.     T / F
  4. Sixty per cent of islands in Indonesia have an official name.     T / F
  5. Indonesia registered over 13,000 islands at a 2012 conference.     T / F
  6. A UN law says land must only be exposed at low tide to be an island.     T / F
  7. A spokesman suggested the counting team had a fairly easy task.     T / F
  8. The counting team has to give very rough details to the UN.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. embarked
  2. protect
  3. sovereignty
  4. surrounding
  5. status
  6. registered
  7. defines
  8. scale
  9. note
  10. detail
  1. standing
  2. encircling
  3. precision
  4. control
  5. explains
  6. started
  7. write down
  8. recorded
  9. safeguard
  10. size

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. counting its islands in order to better
  2. marine
  3. locate and name an
  4. illegal
  5. legal
  6. Indonesia is the world's largest
  7. a naturally formed area
  8. surrounded
  9. the meaning
  10. in great
  1. of land
  2. fishing
  3. status
  4. of the name
  5. resources
  6. by water
  7. protect its territory
  8. detail
  9. archipelago
  10. additional 1,700 islands

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
surrounding
locate
status
claim
task
revenue
territory
officially

Indonesia has embarked on the (1) ____________ of counting its islands in order to better protect its (2) ____________ and marine resources. It hopes to (3) ____________ and name an additional 1,700 islands in time for the UN Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names in August. Indonesia wants to (4) ____________ sovereignty and fishing rights in the waters (5) ____________ the islands, many of which its neighbors also claim. The Indonesian government says illegal fishing in its waters is costing billions of dollars in lost (6) ____________ each year. A fisheries spokeswoman told the BBC: "Sixty per cent of islands in Indonesia don't have a name or (7) ____________ have legal (8) ____________, so they can easily be taken or claimed by another country."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
coordinates
tide
estimated
detail
archipelago
landscape
defines
scale

Indonesia is the world's largest (9) ____________. At the last UN conference on geographical names in 2012, Indonesia registered 13,466 islands. A law in 1996 (10) ____________ that the number of islands was 17,508. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (11) ____________ an island as, "a naturally formed area of land, surrounded by water, which is still exposed at high (12) ____________". A spokesman from Indonesia's Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries explained the (13) ____________ of the task the counting team had. He said: "We have to visit every one of these islands, and then we note the (14) ____________, the name, the meaning of the name, the history of the land and describe the (15) ____________ and its geographical history…all that in great (16) ____________."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Indonesia has embarked on the task of counting its islands in order to better ______
     a.  protects its territory
     b.  protect it's territory
     c.  protect its territory
     d.  protect its territories

2)  It hopes to locate and name an additional 1,700 islands ______ UN Conference
     a.  on time for the
     b.  in time for the
     c.  in times for the
     d.  in timely for the

3)  Indonesia wants to claim sovereignty and fishing rights in the waters ______
     a.  surround in the islands
     b.  surround in the islands
     c.  surrounding in the islands
     d.  surrounding the islands

4)  illegal fishing in its waters is costing billions of dollars ______
     a.  in lost revenue
     b.  in last revenue
     c.  in loss revenue
     d.  in least revenue

5)  Sixty per cent of islands in Indonesia don't have a name or officially ______
     a.  have legally status
     b.  have legal status
     c.  had legal status
     d.  have legal state us

6)  A law in 1996 estimated that the number ______ 17,508
     a.  off islands was
     b.  of islands was
     c.  of island was
     d.  off island was

7)  a naturally formed area of land, surrounded by water, which is still exposed ______
     a.  at height tide
     b.  at hi tied
     c.  at high tide
     d.  at high tied

8) Indonesia's Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries explained the ______
     a.  scales of the task
     b.  scaled of the task
     c.  scale of the task
     d.  shale of the task

9)  We have to visit every one of these islands, and then ______ coordinates
     a.  we not the
     b.  we note the
     c.  we nod the
     d.  we node the

10)  describe the landscape and its geographical history…all that ______
     a.  on grate detail
     b.  in great details
     c.  on great detail
     d.  in great detail

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Indonesia has embarked (1) ___________________ counting its islands in order to better protect its territory and (2) ___________________. It hopes to locate and (3) ___________________ 1,700 islands in time for the UN Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names in August. Indonesia wants to claim sovereignty (4) ___________________ in the waters surrounding the islands, many of which its neighbors also claim. The Indonesian government says illegal fishing in its waters is costing billions of dollars (5) ___________________ each year. A fisheries spokeswoman told the BBC: "Sixty per cent of islands in Indonesia don't have a name or officially (6) ___________________, so they can easily be taken or claimed by another country."

Indonesia is the world's (7) ___________________. At the last UN conference on geographical names in 2012, Indonesia registered 13,466 islands. A law in 1996 estimated that (8) ___________________ islands was 17,508. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (9) ___________________, "a naturally formed area of land, surrounded by water, which is (10) ___________________ high tide". A spokesman from Indonesia's Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries explained the scale of the task the counting team had. He said: "We have to visit every one of these islands, and (11) ___________________ coordinates, the name, the meaning of the name, the history of the land and describe the landscape and its geographical history…(12) ___________________ detail."

Comprehension questions

  1. What resources does Indonesia want to protect?
  2. How many extra islands does Indonesia want to locate and name?
  3. What kind of rights does Indonesia want to claim?
  4. What is costing Indonesia billions of dollars in lost revenue?
  5. What percentage of islands in Indonesia does not have legal status?
  6. When did Indonesia register 13,466 islands?
  7. How many islands did a 1996 law say Indonesia had?
  8. When must an island be exposed for it to officially be an island?
  9. How many of the islands does the counting team have to visit?
  10. In what kind of detail does the counting team have to report?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What resources does Indonesia want to protect?
a) island resources
b) marine resources
c) time resources
d) oil resources

2)  How many extra islands does Indonesia want to locate and name?
a) 11,000
b) 17,000
c) 7,100
d) 1,700

3) What kind of rights does Indonesia want to claim?
a) fishing rights
b) legal rights
c) water rights
d) lost rights

4) What is costing Indonesia billions of dollars in lost revenue?
a) claims
b) oil prices
c) illegal fishing
d) inflation

5) What percentage of islands in Indonesia does not have legal status?
a) 6%
b) 60%
c) 66%
d) 16%

6) When did Indonesia register 13,466 islands?
a) 2012
b) 1996
c) 1912
d) 2006

7) How many islands did a 1996 law say Indonesia had?
a) 18,508
b) 17,805
c) 17,508
d) 18, 805

8) When must an island be exposed for it to officially be an island?
a) at high tide
b) at low tide
c) at noon
d) at midnight

9) How many of the islands does the counting team have to visit?
a) all of them
b) three-quarters of them
c) at least half of them
d) a third of them or more

10) In what kind of detail does the counting team have to report?
a) intimate detail
b) brief detail
c) rough detail
d) great detail

Role play

Role  A – The Sea

You think the sea is the best thing about islands. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least alluring of these (and why): fish, beaches or peace and quiet.

Role  B – Fish

You think fish is the best thing about islands. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least alluring of these (and why): the sea, beaches or peace and quiet.

Role  C – Beaches

You think beaches is the best thing about islands. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least alluring of these (and why): fish, the sea or peace and quiet.

Role  D – Peace and Quiet

You think peace and quiet is the best thing about islands. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least alluring of these (and why):  fish, beaches or the sea.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'island'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'marine'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • largest
    • 13,466
    • naturally
    • high
    • note
    • great
    • task
    • 1,700
    • rights
    • illegal
    • 60
    • easily




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Indonesia attempts to count all its islands

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What springs to mind when you hear the word 'island'?
    3. Why doesn't Indonesia know how many islands it has?
    4. How will registering islands help Indonesia protect its territory?
    5. How can countries resolve territorial disputes?
    6. Should islands belong to the country they are nearest to?
    7. Should Indonesia get back the billions of dollars in lost fishing revenue?
    8. How will Indonesia name the islands it claims?
    9. What do you know about Indonesia?
    10. What are the benefits of a country having many islands?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'marine'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What other archipelagos do you know of?
    5. What is your favourite island?
    6. What are the disadvantages for a country of having many islands?
    7. What do people like islands so much?
    8. What would it be like to work on the counting team?
    9. What would it be like to live on a small island?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the head of the counting team?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Indonesia has (1) _____ on the task of counting its islands in order to better protect its territory and (2) _____ resources. It hopes to locate and name an additional 1,700 islands in time for the UN Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names in August. Indonesia wants to (3) _____ sovereignty and fishing rights in the waters (4) _____ the islands, many of which its neighbors also claim. The Indonesian government says illegal fishing in its waters is costing billions of dollars in (5) _____ revenue each year. A fisheries spokeswoman told the BBC: "Sixty per cent of islands in Indonesia don't have a name or officially have legal (6) _____, so they can easily be taken or claimed by another country."

    Indonesia is the world's largest (7) _____. At the last UN conference on geographical names in 2012, Indonesia (8) _____ 13,466 islands. A law in 1996 estimated that the number of islands was 17,508. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (9) _____ an island as, "a naturally formed area of land, surrounded by water, which is still exposed at (10) _____ tide". A spokesman from Indonesia's Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries explained the scale of the task the counting team had. He said: "We have to visit every one of these islands, and then we (11) _____ the coordinates, the name, the meaning of the name, the history of the land and describe the landscape and its geographical history…(12) _____ that in great detail."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     embarked     (b)     earmarked     (c)     embraced     (d)     embankment    
    2. (a)     marinated     (b)     margin     (c)     marine     (d)     margarine    
    3. (a)     clam     (b)     clamber     (c)     claim     (d)     calm    
    4. (a)     surrounded     (b)     surround     (c)     surrounds     (d)     surrounding    
    5. (a)     loss     (b)     losses     (c)     lost     (d)     losing    
    6. (a)     statues     (b)     status     (c)     astute     (d)     assets    
    7. (a)     archive     (b)     archipelago     (c)     architrave     (d)     acappella    
    8. (a)     register     (b)     registered     (c)     registration     (d)     registering    
    9. (a)     definitions     (b)     definite     (c)     defines     (d)     deafens    
    10. (a)     heighten     (b)     height     (c)     heightening     (d)     high    
    11. (a)     stave     (b)     score     (c)     memo     (d)     note    
    12. (a)     every     (b)     entire     (c)     whole     (d)     all

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. amdkebre on the task of counting its islands
    2. protect its rtoyritre
    3. marine csurosree
    4. claim vsngoeierty and fishing rights
    5. in the waters ngorsurniud the islands
    6. alicffiyol have legal status

    Paragraph 2

    1. the world's largest gcapearoihl
    2. Indonesia eirtsgedre 13,466 islands
    3. iatmedets that the number of islands…
    4. which is still oepxsde at high tide
    5. then we note the iedcornsato
    6. iedsercb the landscape

    Put the text back together

    (    )     registered 13,466 islands. A law in 1996 estimated that the number of islands

    (    )     spokeswoman told the BBC: "Sixty per cent of islands in Indonesia don't have a name or officially have legal

    (    )     illegal fishing in its waters is costing billions of dollars in lost revenue each year. A fisheries

    (    )     status, so they can easily be taken or claimed by another country."

    (    )     of land, surrounded by water, which is still exposed at high tide". A spokesman from Indonesia's Ministry

    (    )     was 17,508. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea defines an island as, "a naturally formed area

    1  )     Indonesia has embarked on the task of counting its islands in order to better protect its territory and marine

    (    )     Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago. At the last UN conference on geographical names in 2012, Indonesia

    (    )     on the Standardization of Geographical Names in August. Indonesia wants to claim sovereignty and fishing

    (    )     resources. It hopes to locate and name an additional 1,700 islands in time for the UN Conference

    (    )     of the land and describe the landscape and its geographical history…all that in great detail."

    (    )     every one of these islands, and then we note the coordinates, the name, the meaning of the name, the history

    (    )     rights in the waters surrounding the islands, many of which its neighbors also claim. The Indonesian government says

    (    )     of Marine Affairs and Fisheries explained the scale of the task the counting team had. He said: "We have to visit

    Put the words in the right order

    1. of   task   the   on   embarked  has   Indonesia   islands   its  counting  .
    2. additional   an   name   and    locate    to   hopes   It   islands   1,700   .
    3. the and in  surrounding Sovereignty rights waters  islands  fishing  the .
    4. is   of   fishing   waters   billions   Illegal   its   costing   dollars   in   .
    5. They   be   claimed   country   easily   or   another   can   taken   by   .
    6. conference  names   At   UN   geographical   2012   last   on   in   the   .
    7. ,   water   formed   land   by   naturally   of   surrounded   A   area   .
    8. task   team   the   the   counting   Explained   of   the   had   scale   .
    9. islands"   visit   these   to   said:   of   have   He   one   "We      .   every
    10. the   and   geographical   Describe   landscape   its   history   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Indonesia has embarked / earmarked on the task of counting its islands in / on order to better protect its territory and marinated / marine resources. It hopes to locate and name an additional / addition 1,700 islands in time / timely for the UN Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names in August. Indonesia wants to claim sovereignty / sovereign and fishing rights on / in the waters surrounding the islands, many of which its neighbors also clam / claim. The Indonesian government says illegal fishing in its waters is costed / costing billions of dollars in lost revenue each year. A fisheries spokeswoman told the BBC: "Sixty per cent of islands in Indonesia don't have a name or officially have / be legal status, so they can easily be taken or claimed by another country."

    Indonesia is the world's largest archive / archipelago. At the last UN conference on geographical names in 2012, Indonesia registration / registered 13,466 islands. A law in 1996 estimation / estimated that the number of islands was / were 17,508. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea defines an island as, "a naturally formed / farmed area of land, surrounded by water, which is still exposed at height / high tide". A spokesman from Indonesia's Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries explained the scale of the tusk / task the counting team had. He said: "We have to visit every one of them / these islands, and then we note the coordinates, the name, the meaning of the name, the history of the land and describe the landscape / portrait and its geographical history…all that in great / grate detail."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    _nd_n_s__ h_s _mb_rk_d _n th_ t_sk _f c__nt_ng _ts _sl_nds _n _rd_r t_ b_tt_r pr_t_ct _ts t_rr_t_ry _nd m_r_n_ r_s__rc_s. _t h_p_s t_ l_c_t_ _nd n_m_ _n _dd_t__n_l 1,700 _sl_nds _n t_m_ f_r th_ _N C_nf_r_nc_ _n th_ St_nd_rd_z_t__n _f G__gr_ph_c_l N_m_s _n __g_st. _nd_n_s__ w_nts t_ cl__m s_v_r__gnty _nd f_sh_ng r_ghts _n th_ w_t_rs s_rr__nd_ng th_ _sl_nds, m_ny _f wh_ch _ts n__ghb_rs _ls_ cl__m. Th_ _nd_n_s__n g_v_rnm_nt s_ys _ll_g_l f_sh_ng _n _ts w_t_rs _s c_st_ng b_ll__ns _f d_ll_rs _n l_st r_v_n__ __ch y__r. _ f_sh_r__s sp_k_sw_m_n t_ld th_ BBC: "S_xty p_r c_nt _f _sl_nds _n _nd_n_s__ d_n't h_v_ _ n_m_ _r _ff_c__lly h_v_ l_g_l st_t_s, s_ th_y c_n __s_ly b_ t_k_n _r cl__m_d by _n_th_r c__ntry."

    _nd_n_s__ _s th_ w_rld's l_rg_st _rch_p_l_g_. _t th_ l_st _N c_nf_r_nc_ _n g__gr_ph_c_l n_m_s _n 2012, _nd_n_s__ r_g_st_r_d 13,466 _sl_nds. _ l_w _n 1996 _st_m_t_d th_t th_ n_mb_r _f _sl_nds w_s 17,508. Th_ _N C_nv_nt__n _n th_ L_w _f th_ S__ d_f_n_s _n _sl_nd _s, "_ n_t_r_lly f_rm_d _r__ _f l_nd, s_rr__nd_d by w_t_r, wh_ch _s st_ll _xp_s_d _t h_gh t_d_". _ sp_k_sm_n fr_m _nd_n_s__'s M_n_stry _f M_r_n_ _ff__rs _nd F_sh_r__s _xpl__n_d th_ sc_l_ _f th_ t_sk th_ c__nt_ng t__m h_d. H_ s__d: "W_ h_v_ t_ v_s_t _v_ry _n_ _f th_s_ _sl_nds, _nd th_n w_ n_t_ th_ c__rd_n_t_s, th_ n_m_, th_ m__n_ng _f th_ n_m_, th_ h_st_ry _f th_ l_nd _nd d_scr_b_ th_ l_ndsc_p_ _nd _ts g__gr_ph_c_l h_st_ry…_ll th_t _n gr__t d_t__l."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    indonesia has embarked on the task of counting its islands in order to better protect its territory and marine resources it hopes to locate and name an additional 1700 islands in time for the un conference on the standardization of geographical names in august indonesia wants to claim sovereignty and fishing rights in the waters surrounding the islands many of which its neighbors also claim the indonesian government says illegal fishing in its waters is costing billions of dollars in lost revenue each year a fisheries spokeswoman told the bbc "sixty per cent of islands in indonesia don't have a name or officially have legal status so they can easily be taken or claimed by another country"

    indonesia is the world's largest archipelago at the last un conference on geographical names in 2012 indonesia registered 13466 islands a law in 1996 estimated that the number of islands was 17508 the un convention on the law of the sea defines an island as "a naturally formed area of land surrounded by water which is still exposed at high tide" a spokesman from indonesia's ministry of marine affairs and fisheries explained the scale of the task the counting team had he said "we have to visit every one of these islands and then we note the coordinates the name the meaning of the name the history of the land and describe the landscape and its geographical history…all that in great detail"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Indonesiahasembarkedonthetaskofcountingitsislandsinordertobett
    erprotectitsterritoryandmarineresources.Ithopestolocateandname
    anadditional1,700islandsintimefortheUNConferenceontheStandard
    izationofGeographicalNamesinAugust.Indonesiawantstoclaimsover
    eigntyandfishingrightsinthewaterssurroundingtheislands,manyofw
    hichitsneighborsalsoclaim.TheIndonesiangovernmentsaysillegalfis
    hinginitswatersiscostingbillionsofdollarsinlostrevenueeachyear.Afis
    heriesspokeswomantoldtheBBC:"SixtypercentofislandsinIndonesia
    don'thaveanameorofficiallyhavelegalstatus,sotheycaneasilybetake
    norclaimedbyanothercountry."Indonesiaistheworld'slargestarchipe
    lago.AtthelastUNconferenceongeographicalnamesin2012,Indonesi
    aregistered13,466islands.Alawin1996estimatedthatthenumberofisl
    andswas17,508.TheUNConventionontheLawoftheSeadefinesanisla
    ndas,"anaturallyformedareaofland,surroundedbywater,whichisstill
    exposedathightide".AspokesmanfromIndonesia'sMinistryofMarineA
    ffairsandFisheriesexplainedthescaleofthetaskthecountingteamhad.
    Hesaid:"Wehavetovisiteveryoneoftheseislands,andthenwenotethec
    oordinates,thename,themeaningofthename,thehistoryofthelandan
    ddescribethelandscapeanditsgeographicalhistory…inthatingreatdet
    ail."

    Free writing

    Write about Indonesia for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    An island should belong to the nearest country. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. INDONESIA: Make a poster about Indonesia and its islands. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. NEAREST COUNTRY: Write a magazine article about all islands belonging to the nearest country. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on islands. Ask him/her three questions about Indonesia claiming an extra 1,700 islands. Give him/her three of your opinions on this. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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