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My 1,000
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Date: Jun 28, 2005

Level: Harder (Try the easier lesson.)

Downloads: Word Doc | PDF Doc | Listening

Audio: (1:49 - 213.7 KB - 16kbps)

THE ARTICLE

French Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy has called for a freeze on European Union (EU) enlargement until it can get its house in order. He said any expansion should be put on ice until internal institutions have been reformed. He feels the inner workings of the EU are too slow at keeping pace with plans to incorporate new members. This is particularly pertinent in light of the French and Dutch rejection of the European Constitution. Mr. Sarkozy intimated that plans for Romania and Bulgaria to join the Union in 2007 should proceed as their entry process is at too advanced a stage.

Mr. Sarkozy’s designs would have huge ramifications for Turkey, with which accession has yet to be decided and whose acceptance is still in the balance. He stopped short of saying Turkey, a candidate country, should never be allowed to join. Croatia might feel justifiably aggrieved at his comments, as it is already in line to join the Euro elite. He declared the EU was not a free-for-all political experiment and not all countries had a “vocation” to be a member of the 25-nation bloc. Mr. Sarkozy is a likely candidate for the 2007 French presidential elections and is in the running to play a major role in the future shaping of the EU.

WARM-UPS

1. EU LEADER: The European Union has decided to have a permanent new leader. Choose your favourite European country (EU or non-EU) to become that leader. The country must be different from your own. Talk with other classmates about why you think your chosen country should be permanent leader.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, decide which of these topics or words are most interesting and which are most boring.

Nicolas Sarkozy / French politicians / European Union / enlargement / Romania / Bulgaria / Turkey / Croatia / elitism / the future / the shape of Europe

Have a chat about the topics you liked. For more conversation, change topics and partners frequently.

3. EUROPE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with Europe. Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

4. CONTINENTS: Is Europe the greatest continent? Talk with your partner(s) about which continent is the best in the world. What are the truly great and wonderful things about Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America and South America? Can you think of five superlative merits for each continent? Change partners and share your positive comments.

5. MEMBER STATES QUIZ: In pairs / groups, take turns in asking each other questions about the 25 member states of the European Union. Write down the questions for which you do not know the answers. Ask these questions to the class after you have finished in your pairs / groups.

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • The Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom

 
 

BEFORE READING / LISTENING

1. TRUE / FALSE: Look at the article’s headline and guess whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F):

a.

A French politician wants France to join the European Union.

T / F

b.

The politician wants EU expansion frozen until the EU works properly.

T / F

c.

He made light of France and Holland rejecting the EU constitution.

T / F

d.

He said Bulgaria and Romania have to wait to join the EU.

T / F

e.

The politician said Turkey could never join the EU.

T / F

f.

Croatia will fully support the politician’s comments.

T / F

g.

He said the EU was a giant political experiment.

T / F

h.

The politician may be the French president in two years’ time.

T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article:

a.

freeze

mechanism

b.

put on ice

perplexed

c.

workings

apt

d.

pertinent

consequences

e.

intimated

has a good chance

f.

ramifications

halt

g.

in the balance

calling

h.

aggrieved

undecided

i.

vocation

tabled

j.

is in the running

asserted

3. PHRASE MATCH: Match the following phrases from the article (sometimes more than one combination is possible):

a.

called for a

on ice

b.

until it can get

play a major role

c.

expansion should be put

for Turkey

d.

too slow at

balance

e.

their entry process is at

freeze on EU enlargement

f.

huge ramifications

keeping pace with

g.

still in the

short of saying…

h.

He stopped

too advanced a stage

i.

a free-for-all political

its house in order

j.

is in the running to

experiment

WHILE READING / LISTENING

GAP FILL: Put the words in the column on the right into the correct spaces.

French minister knocks EU expansion

French Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy has called for a ______ on European Union (EU) enlargement until it can get its ______ in order. He said any expansion should be put on ______ until internal institutions have been reformed. He feels the ______ workings of the EU are too slow at keeping ______ with plans to incorporate new members. This is particularly pertinent in ______ of the French and Dutch rejection of the European Constitution. Mr. Sarkozy intimated that plans for Romania and Bulgaria to join the Union in 2007 should ______ as their entry process is at too ______ a stage.

 

 

inner
proceed
house
light
advanced
freeze
pace
ice

Mr. Sarkozy’s designs would have ______ ramifications for Turkey, with which ______ has yet to be decided and whose acceptance is still in the ______. He stopped ______ of saying Turkey, a candidate country, should never be allowed to join. Croatia might feel justifiably ______ at his comments, as it is already in line to join the Euro elite. He declared the EU was not a ______  political experiment and not all countries had a “vocation” to be a member of the 25-nation ______. Mr. Sarkozy is a likely candidate for the 2007 French presidential elections and is in the running to play a major role in the future ______ of the EU.
 

 

accession
free-for-all
short
shaping
balance
bloc
aggrieved
huge


 
 

AFTER READING / LISTENING

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionaries / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words ‘house’ and ‘order’.

  • Share your findings with your partners.
  • Make questions using the words you found.
  • Ask your partner / group your questions.

2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

  • Share your questions with other classmates / groups.
  • Ask your partner / group your questions.

3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the gap fill. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

5. STUDENT EU SURVEY: In pairs / groups, write down questions about the future of the European Union.

  • Ask other classmates your questions and note down their answers.
  • Go back to your original partner / group and compare your findings.
  • Make mini-presentations to other groups on your findings.

6. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall exactly how these were used in the text:

  • freeze
  • ice
  • inner
  • pace
  • light
  • advanced
  • ramifications
  • balance
  • never
  • aggrieved
  • vocation
  • shaping

 DISCUSSION

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

  1. What were your initial thoughts when you read this headline?
  2. Did the headline make you want to read the story?
  3. Do you care about what Mr. Sarkozy says?
  4. Are you interested in stories on the European Union?
  5. Would you rather read stories on the EU or on Peruvian frogs?
  6. Do you think Russia or other former Soviet states should join the European Union?
  7. Many Euroland politicians believe the EU should be exclusively Christian and should not accept Turkey. What do you think?
  8. Do you think Turkey is part of Europe?
  9. What needs to be done to make the EU work better?
  10. Do you think the EU will become more powerful than the USA?

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

  1. Did you like reading this article?
  2. What did you think about what you read?
  3. What do you think of Mr. Sarkozy’s comments?
  4. What do you think about the European Union?
  5. How large do you think the EU will eventually become?
  6. Will the EU always be bullied by France, Germany and the UK?
  7. Do you think there should be just one language in the EU – English?
  8. Do you think the EU could ever collapse or break up?
  9. Should there be an EU army to help police the world’s trouble spots?
  10. Did you like this discussion?

AFTER DISCUSSION: Join another partner / group and tell them what you talked about.

  1. What question would you like to ask about this topic?
  2. What was the most interesting thing you heard?
  3. Was there a question you didn’t like?
  4. Was there something you totally disagreed with?
  5. What did you like talking about?
  6. Do you want to know how anyone else answered the questions?
  7. Which was the most difficult question?

SPEAKING

WORLD UNION: You are on the committee to set the membership requirements of the new political and economic bloc - the World Union (WU). Decide on the minimum requirements for entry to the new entity.

AREA

  MINIMUM MEMBERSHIP REQUIREMENTS

 

Economy

 

 

Human rights

 

 

Nuclear policy

 

 

Friendliness

 

 

Democracy

 

 

Disputes with neighboring countries

 

 

Other

 

 

Decide which of these countries could join the WU under your membership rules: Brazil, France, Japan, USA, Egypt, China, India, Australia, Bhutan, UK, Zimbabwe, others (?).

Change partners and compare your membership rules. Did you agree to accept or reject the same countries?

Discuss what the rejected countries need to do to be able to join the WU. Do you think these countries could make the necessary changes?

LISTENING

Listen and fill in the spaces.

French minister knocks EU expansion

French Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy has ______ ___ __ ______ on European Union (EU) enlargement until it can get ___ _____ __ _____. He said any expansion should __ ___ __ ___ until internal institutions have been reformed. He feels ___ _____ ________ of the EU are too slow at keeping pace with plans to incorporate new members. This is _________ ________ __ _____ of the French and Dutch rejection of the European Constitution. Mr. Sarkozy _________ ____ _____ for Romania and Bulgaria to join the Union in 2007 should proceed as their entry process is __ ___ ________ __ stage.

Mr. Sarkozy’s designs would have ____ _____________ ___ Turkey, with which accession has yet to be decided and whose acceptance is _____ __ ___ ______. He stopped _____ __ _____ Turkey, a candidate country, should never be allowed to join. Croatia might ____ ___________ _________ at his comments, as it is already in line to join the Euro elite. He declared the EU was not a ____-___-___ _________ __________ and not all countries had a “vocation” to be a member of the __-______ ____. Mr. Sarkozy is a likely candidate for the 2007 French presidential elections and is in __ _______ __ ____ a major role in the future shaping of the EU.

HOMEWORK

1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find more information on the candidate countries for EU membership – Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania and Turkey. Share your findings with your class in the next lesson.

3. THE EU’S WORLD ROLE: Create a poster describing the role the EU should have in the world. Should it have an army? Should it play a bigger role in enforcing human rights? Should it be a check against the superpowers – the USA and China? Should it exert more pressure on countries in the troubled areas of the world to create conditions for peace? Should it lead by example in abandoning nuclear weapons? Etc. Show and explain your fact posters to your classmates in your next lesson.

4. LETTER: Write a letter to French Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy about his idea to put a freeze on European expansion. Read your letter to your classmates in your next lesson. Did you all write about similar things?

ANSWERS

TRUE / FALSE:

a. F

b. T

c. F

d. F

e. F

f. F

g. F

h. T

SYNONYM MATCH:

a.

freeze

halt

b.

put on ice

tabled

c.

workings

mechanism

d.

pertinent

apt

e.

intimated

asserted

f.

ramifications

consequences

g.

in the balance

undecided

h.

aggrieved

perplexed

i.

vocation

calling

j.

is in the running has a good chance

PHRASE MATCH:

a.

called for a

freeze on EU enlargement

b.

until it can get

its house in order

c.

expansion should be put

on ice

d.

too slow at

keeping pace with

e.

their entry process is at

too advanced a stage

f.

huge ramifications

for Turkey

g.

still in the

balance

h.

He stopped

short of saying…

i.

a free-for-all political

experiment

j.

is in the running to

play a major role

GAP FILL:

French minister knocks EU expansion

French Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy has called for a freeze on European Union (EU) enlargement until it can get its house in order. He said any expansion should be put on ice until internal institutions have been reformed. He feels the inner workings of the EU are too slow at keeping pace with plans to incorporate new members. This is particularly pertinent in light of the French and Dutch rejection of the European Constitution. Mr. Sarkozy intimated that plans for Romania and Bulgaria to join the Union in 2007 should proceed as their entry process is at too advanced a stage.

Mr. Sarkozy’s designs would have huge ramifications for Turkey, with which accession has yet to be decided and whose acceptance is still in the balance. He stopped short of saying Turkey, a candidate country, should never be allowed to join. Croatia might feel justifiably aggrieved at his comments, as it is already in line to join the Euro elite. He declared the EU was not a free-for-all political experiment and not all countries had a “vocation” to be a member of the 25-nation bloc. Mr. Sarkozy is a likely candidate for the 2007 French presidential elections and is in the running to play a major role in the future shaping of the EU.

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