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   amount      common      danger      dirt      diseases      even      extinct      first      fungus      growers      industry      main      millions      news      option      plant      problem      quickly      soil      variety  
There is bad for banana lovers. The most banana in the world is in of becoming extinct. It is called the Cavendish banana and people eat it all over the world. A called Tropical Race 4 (TP4) is killing of banana plants. The fungus blocks small tubes that absorb water inside the . This means the plant cannot get the water it needs and so it dies. Scientists first discovered TP4 in Malaysia in 1990. It spread to other parts of South-East Asia and then to Australia and Africa. TP4 is spread in that is carried by the wind, water, cars and even people's boots. A tiny of TP4 can spread across large areas very quickly. Some scientists believe TP4 could kill the banana .

This is not the time that a variety of banana has become . Before we started eating the Cavendish banana, we ate a called the Gros Michel. Fifty years ago, the Gros Michel banana was the banana grown around the world. However, it was hit by a fungus called Panama Disease. The Gros Michel banana became extinct in 1965 and banana switched to the Cavendish banana. The for the banana industry is that if they burn all their banana plants, the fungus stays in the . This means new plants cannot be grown. Scientists say one is genetically modified (GM) bananas that are resistant to like TP4 and Panama Disease.

 
 

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