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Researchers predicted in a [new / newly] report published in the journal Opthalmology that by 2050, half of the world's population will be short-sighted. The medical [trim / term] for this condition is myopia. It is also [known / knowing] as near-sightedness. It is when we have [difficulty / difficult] focusing [in / on] objects that are far away from us. The researchers say that around 4.8 billion people will [suffering / suffer] from myopia. This is a [seven-fold / seven-eleven] increase in [cases / causes] from 2000 to 2050. Sixty years ago, around 15 per cent of the Chinese population was short-sighted. Now, almost 90 per cent of Chinese teenagers and [youth / young] adults have trouble seeing faraway objects. A [recently / recent] survey found that up to 95 per cent of teenagers in South Korea are near-sighted.

The researchers said they could not [pinpoint / point] definite reasons for this phenomenon and say it could be a combination [for / of] factors. They did say that looking at computer screens and mobile phones could be a [loading / leading] cause. Researchers said the [sudden / suddenly] rise in myopia may be linked to "lifestyle changes resulting [at / from] a combination of [decreased / deceased] time outdoors and [increased / increase] near-work activities". Science journalist Sarah Zhang said, "spending time outdoors, especially in early childhood, reduces the [onset / insert] of myopia". Professor Kovin Naidoo, a co-author of the report, offered [many / some] advice. He said: "You could spend a long time reading computers and screens, but [also / as well] spend two hours outdoors."

 
 

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