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international team of scientists has discovered huge coral reef in Amazon River. The team from universities of Georgia in USA and Rio de Janeiro in Brazil was on expedition to learn more about Amazon River plumes when it made discovery. Plumes are areas close to where river meets the sea and river's freshwater mixes with saltwater of ocean. The reef system spans area of 5,800 square kilometres, stretching from the coast of French Guiana to rainforest of the Brazilian state of Maranhao. The finding has surprised marine biologists because reefs are rarely found in large rivers as water is usually too muddy and dark, and does not contain enough salt.

scientists only explored 10 per cent of reef. They said there were many sponges, creatures and other marine life that had adapted to life in darker waters. They also recorded 73 species of reef fish, many of them carnivorous. Researcher Dr. Patricia Yager enthused about what she had seen. She said: "We brought up most amazing and colorful animals I have ever seen on expedition." Sadly, not all news about reef is good. The whole area has been earmarked for oil exploration. Dr Yager warned that: "From ocean acidification and ocean warming to plans for offshore oil exploration right on top of these new discoveries, whole system is at risk from human impacts."

 
 

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