Word Pairs


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The words
The car company Toyota is [shutting / shut] down two elevators at its global headquarters to save money. The world's largest automaker said on Thursday it will shut down two [of / for] eight elevators at its [mainly / main] Tokyo office. This is to [save / saving] electricity and to cut [up / down] on the costs of operating the building. One reason for this new move is the [strong / strengthening] Japanese yen. The yen has become much stronger [for / since] the UK voted to leave the EU on June the 23rd. One dollar [bring / bought] nearly 120 yen in January; now it buys just above 100. A stronger yen means Toyota cars sold [overseas / overseers] are more expensive and profits go down. Toyota's profit for the year ending March 2016 was a record ¥2.31 trillion, which is [abound / around] $23 billion.

A Toyota spokeswoman said the company [decided / decision] to shut down the elevators several weeks ago because [for / of] the rising yen. The company is also [adjusting / adjusted] the temperature of air conditioners to save money. The spokeswoman said Toyota took [similarly / similar] cost-cutting [measurements / measures] after the financial crisis that happened in September 2008. That also made the yen strengthen [again / against] the dollar. The spokeswoman said: "These policies are not [new / newly] ." She added: "The key [objective / objection] for the stoppage of elevators specifically is to [rise / raise] awareness amongst employees, and to remind them of the commitment that Toyota has towards the idea of increasing competitiveness through staying lean and reducing [wastes / waste] ."

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