The Reading / Listening - Botanic Gardens - Level 3

Many of the world's plants are in danger of dying out. A scientist, Dr Paul Smith, said one in five of the world's plants is in danger of extinction. Botanic gardens contain about 100,000 species, including a third of all the world's endangered plants. Botanic gardens help to protect around 40 per cent of endangered species of plants. They contain many of the rarest plants. Dr Smith said: "This is the first time that we have carried out a global assessment to look at the wide range of plants grown, managed and conserved in botanic gardens. For the first time we know what we have and, perhaps more importantly, what is missing from botanic gardens."



Researcher Dr Samuel Brockington said the world's botanic gardens were the best hope for saving the world's most endangered plants. He said: "Currently, an estimated one-fifth of plant diversity is under threat, yet there is no technical reason why any plant species should become extinct." Dr Brockington warned that if we do not protect endangered plants, people could have trouble finding food and fuel in the future. He said: "If we do not conserve our plant diversity, humanity will struggle to solve the global challenges of food and fuel security…and climate change." Most of the plants are in danger because of humans cutting down forests for farming and cities, and because of pests and climate change.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Botanic Gardens - Level 0 Botanic Gardens - Level 1   or  Botanic Gardens - Level 2

Sources
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-41388144
  • http://www.zmescience.com/science/biology/botanic-garden-endangered-plants-26092017/
  • http://www.mirrordaily.com/botanical-gardens-shelter/211575/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. BOTANIC GARDENS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about botanic gardens. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       scientists / plants / botanic gardens / extinction / endangered / species / global /
       hope / diversity / technical / reason / extinct / solve / global challenges / farming

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. FORESTS: Students A strongly believe forests will survive; Students B strongly believe they won't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. THREATS: How serious are these threats to plant life? How can we reduce them? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How serious?

How we reduce them

Climate change

 

 

Pests

 

 

Logging

 

 

City growth

 

 

Golf course building

 

 

Pollution

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. EXTINCT: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "extinct". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. PLANTS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best plants at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • strawberry plant
  • palm tree
  • grass
  • rice plant
  • bamboo
  • roses
  • moss
  • cactus

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Scientists said most of the world's plants are now extinct.     T / F
  2. The article said one in five of the world's plants are safe from extinction.  T / F
  3. Botanic gardens help to protect 40% of the world's endangered species.  T / F
  4. A scientist does not know what is missing from botanic gardens.     T / F
  5. A researcher said two-fifths of the world's plants are under threat.     T / F
  6. A researcher said there is no technical reason why plants become extinct. T / F
  7. The researcher said we could struggle to find food and fuel.     T / F
  8. The article says plants are under threat from pests.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. dying out
  2. in danger
  3. endangered
  4. protect
  5. missing
  6. hope
  7. diversity
  8. trouble
  9. struggle
  10. farming
  1. lacking
  2. safeguard
  3. problems
  4. at risk
  5. variety
  6. becoming extinct
  7. fight
  8. agriculture
  9. chance
  10. threatened

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. many of the world's plants are in danger
  2. one in five of
  3. They contain many of the
  4. we have carried out a global
  5. plants grown, managed
  6. an estimated one-
  7. under
  8. humanity will
  9. in danger because of humans cutting
  10. because of pests
  1. down forests
  2. and conserved
  3. threat
  4. rarest plants
  5. and climate change
  6. of dying out
  7. struggle
  8. assessment
  9. fifth of plant diversity
  10. the world's plants

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
one
wide
in
what
around
perhaps
third
first

Scientists say that many of the world's plants are (1) ____________ danger of dying out – of becoming extinct. Dr Paul Smith, from Botanic Gardens Conservation International, said (2) ____________ in five of the world's plants is in danger of extinction. The world's botanic gardens contain about 100,000 species, including a (3) ____________ of all the world's endangered plants. Botanic gardens help to protect (4) ____________ 40 per cent of endangered species of plants. They contain many of the rarest plants. Dr Smith said: "This is the (5) ____________ time that we have carried out a global assessment to look at the (6) ____________ range of plants grown, managed and conserved in botanic gardens. For the first time we know what we have and, (7) ____________ more importantly, (8) ____________ is missing from botanic gardens."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
solve
hope
extinct
pests
estimated
down
under
trouble

Researcher Dr Samuel Brockington said the world's botanic gardens were the best (9) ____________ for saving the world's most endangered plants. He said: "Currently, an (10) ____________ one-fifth of plant diversity is (11) ____________ threat, yet there is no technical reason why any plant species should become (12) ____________." Dr Brockington warned that if we do not protect endangered plants, people could have (13) ____________ finding food and fuel in the future. He said: "If we do not conserve our plant diversity, humanity will struggle to (14) ____________ the global challenges of food and fuel security…and climate change." Most of the plants are in danger because of humans cutting (15) ____________ forests for farming and cities, and because of (16) ____________ and climate change.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) many of the world's plants are in danger of dying out – of ______
     a.  becoming extinction
     b.  becoming distinct
     c.  becoming extinct
     d.  becoming reticent

2)  The world's botanic gardens contain about ______
     a.  100,000 specials
     b.  100,000 spacious
     c.  100,000 specs
     d.  100,000 species

3)  They contain many of the ______
     a.  rarest plants
     b.  reddest plants
     c.  rawest plants
     d.  rustier plants

4)  we have carried out a global assessment to look at the wide range ______
     a.  off plants grown
     b.  of plants growing
     c.  of planters grown
     d.  of plants grown

5)  perhaps more importantly, what is missing ______ gardens
     a.  form botanic
     b.  foam botanic
     c.  from botanic
     d.  firm botanic

6)  Researcher Dr Samuel Brockington said the world's botanic gardens were ______
     a.  the best hopes
     b.  the best hope
     c.  the best hoped
     d.  the best nope

7)  He said: "Currently, an estimated one-fifth of plant diversity is ______"
     a.  under treat
     b.  under threat
     c.  under threaten
     d.  under throat

8)  people could have trouble finding food and fuel ______
     a.  on the future
     b.  in the future
     c.  if the future
     d.  of the future

9)  humanity will struggle to solve the global challenges of ______ security
     a.  food for fuel
     b.  food in fuel
     c.  food of fuel
     d.  food and fuel

10)  because of humans cutting down forests for farming and cities, and ______
     a.  because of bests
     b.  because of guests
     c.  because of pests
     d.  because of tests

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists say that many of the world's plants are in (1) ___________________ – of becoming extinct. Dr Paul Smith, from Botanic Gardens Conservation International, said (2) __________________ the world's plants is in danger of extinction. The world's botanic gardens contain about 100,000 species, (3) ___________________ of all the world's endangered plants. Botanic gardens help to protect around 40 per cent of endangered (4) ___________________. They contain many of the rarest plants. Dr Smith said: "This is the first time that we have carried out a global assessment to look at (5) ___________________ of plants grown, managed and conserved in botanic gardens. For the first time we know what we have and, perhaps (6) ___________________, what is missing from botanic gardens."

Researcher Dr Samuel Brockington said the world's botanic gardens were the (7) ___________________ saving the world's most endangered plants. He said: "Currently, an estimated one-fifth of (8) ___________________ under threat, yet there is no technical reason why any plant species should become extinct." Dr Brockington warned that if we (9) ___________________ endangered plants, people could have trouble finding (10) ___________________ in the future. He said: "If we do not conserve our plant diversity, humanity will (11) ___________________ the global challenges of food and fuel security…and climate change." Most of the plants are in danger because of humans cutting down forests for farming and cities, and (12) ___________________ and climate change.

Comprehension questions

  1. What words in the first paragraph mean the same as "dying out"?
  2. What is the ratio of the world's plants that are in danger?
  3. How many different plant species do botanic gardens contain?
  4. What did the article say the botanic gardens contain?
  5. How many times have people carried out a global assessment of plants?
  6. Who is Samuel Brockington?
  7. How much plant life is currently under threat?
  8. What two security challenges did the article mention?
  9. What are humans cutting down?
  10. What other reasons are plants disappearing besides cutting down trees?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What words in the first paragraph mean the same as "dying out"?
a) becoming extinct
b) getting ill
c) going down
d) setting sun

2) What is the ratio of the world's plants that are in danger?
a) one in eight
b) two in three
c) one in five
d) three in five

3) How many different plant species do botanic gardens contain?
a) 200,000
b) 100,000
c) 150,000
d) 50,000

4) What did the article say the botanic gardens contain?
a) dangerous plants
b) black tulips
c) roses
d) many of the rarest plants

5)  How many times have people carried out a global assessment of plants?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 0
d) 3

6) Who is Samuel Brockington?
a) a gardener
b) a botanist
c) a florist
d) a researcher

7) How much plant life is currently under threat?
a) three-quarters
b) one-fifth
c) two-thirds
d) seven-eighths

8) What two security challenges did the article mention?
a) farming and cities
b) road and air safety
c) terrorism and riots
d) food and fuel

9) What are humans cutting down?
a) security
b) calories
c) forests
d) plants

10) What other reasons are plants disappearing besides cutting down trees?
a) florists and weddings
b) pests and climate changes
c) rabbits and deer
d) pollution and factories

Role play

Role  A – Bamboo

You think bamboo is the world's most important plant. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their plants. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): strawberry plants, palm trees or roses.

Role  B – Strawberry plants

You think strawberry plants are the world's most important plants. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their plants. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): bamboo, palm trees or roses.

Role  C – Palm trees

You think palm trees are the world's most important plants. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their plants. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): strawberry plants, bamboo or roses.

Role  D – Roses

You think roses are the world's most important plants. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their plants. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why):  strawberry plants, palm trees or bamboo.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'plant'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'garden'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • hope
    • technical
    • protect
    • humanity
    • challenges
    • pests
    • dying
    • five
    • contain
    • third
    • 40
    • missing




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Botanic gardens 'best hope' for saving plants

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'plant'?
    3. What is your favourite plant?
    4. Why are the world's plants dying out?
    5. What would happen if plants became extinct?
    6. What do you think of botanic gardens?
    7. Why are plants so important?
    8. How can we protect endangered species?
    9. How green is your country?
    10. What do you think when a plant becomes extinct?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'garden'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How important are botanic gardens?
    5. What do you know and think about seed banks?
    6. How many of the world's plants could be endangered in 20 years?
    7. How can we protect endangered plants?
    8. When will humans stop cutting down trees?
    9. How would we survive in a world without plants?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the scientists?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists say that many of the world's plants are in (1) ____ of dying out – of becoming extinct. Dr Paul Smith, from Botanic Gardens Conservation International, said one (2) ____ five of the world's plants is in danger of extinction. The world's botanic gardens contain about 100,000 species, (3) ____ a third of all the world's endangered plants. Botanic gardens help to protect around 40 per cent of endangered (4) ____ of plants. They contain many of the rarest plants. Dr Smith said: "This is the first time that we have carried out a global assessment to look at the (5) ____ range of plants grown, managed and conserved in botanic gardens. For the first time we know (6) ____ we have and, perhaps more importantly, what is missing from botanic gardens."

    Researcher Dr Samuel Brockington said the world's botanic gardens were the best (7) ____ for saving the world's most endangered plants. He said: "Currently, an estimated one-fifth of plant diversity is (8) ____ threat, yet there is no technical reason why any plant species should become extinct." Dr Brockington warned that if we do not protect endangered plants, people could have (9) ____ finding food and fuel (10) ____ the future. He said: "If we do not conserve our plant diversity, humanity will struggle to (11) ____ the global challenges of food and fuel security…and climate change." Most of the plants are in danger because of humans cutting down forests for farming and cities, and because of (12) ____ and climate change.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     danger     (b)     dangerous     (c)     dangers     (d)     endanger    
    2. (a)     of     (b)     on     (c)     in     (d)     at    
    3. (a)     includes     (b)     include     (c)     including     (d)     inclusive    
    4. (a)     specs     (b)     specials     (c)     spaces     (d)     species    
    5. (a)     wide     (b)     widen     (c)     width     (d)     widens    
    6. (a)     that     (b)     what     (c)     which     (d)     how    
    7. (a)     hop     (b)     hopeful     (c)     hoping     (d)     hope    
    8. (a)     behind     (b)     under     (c)     next to     (d)     over    
    9. (a)     troubling     (b)     troubled     (c)     trouble     (d)     troubadour    
    10. (a)     on     (b)     at     (c)     of     (d)     in    
    11. (a)     sieve     (b)     salver     (c)     solution     (d)     solve    
    12. (a)     psst     (b)     pests     (c)     posts     (d)     pasts

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. becoming tnciext
    2. 100,000 sespcie
    3. all the world's gnedeneadr plants
    4. many of the asrter plants
    5. carried out a global easetsssnm
    6. novseecrd in botanic gardens

    Paragraph 2

    1. an eitadtmes one-fifth
    2. plant vriiysedt is under threat
    3. no clietcnah reason
    4. uyaihntm will struggle
    5. global nsheecglal
    6. aleticm change

    Put the text back together

    (    )     diversity is under threat, yet there is no technical reason why any plant species should

    (    )     become extinct." Dr Brockington warned that if we do not protect endangered plants, people could have

    (    )     trouble finding food and fuel in the future. He said: "If we do not conserve our plant diversity, humanity will struggle

    (    )     of all the world's endangered plants. Botanic gardens help to protect around 40 per cent of endangered species of

    (    )     plants. They contain many of the rarest plants. Dr Smith said: "This is the first time that we have carried

    (    )     out a global assessment to look at the wide range of plants grown, managed and conserved in botanic gardens. For the

    (    )     to solve the global challenges of food and fuel security…and climate change." Most of the plants are in danger

    (    )     extinct. Dr Paul Smith, from Botanic Gardens Conservation International, said one in five of the world's plants is in

    1  )     Scientists say that many of the world's plants are in danger of dying out – of becoming

    (    )     first time we know what we have and, perhaps more importantly, what is missing from botanic gardens."

    (    )     for saving the world's most endangered plants. He said: "Currently, an estimated one-fifth of plant

    (    )     because of humans cutting down forests for farming and cities, and because of pests and climate change.

    (    )     danger of extinction. The world's botanic gardens contain about 100,000 species, including a third

    (    )     Researcher Dr Samuel Brockington said the world's botanic gardens were the best hope

    Put the words in the right order

    1. that  world's  Scientists  plants  many   are   of   in   the  danger   say  .
    2. gardens   botanic   species   world's   The   about   contain   100,000   .
    3. plants   40   of  of   around   cent   species   Protect  per   endangered  .
    4. out  a   time  global  that   assessment  we   The  have  first   carried   .
    5. we   For   know   the   what   first   we   time   have   .
    6. saving  The   most  endangered  the   hope   plants  world's   for  best  .
    7. estimated   is   fifth   under   of   threat   plant   An   diversity   one-   .
    8. People   food   could   in   have   the   trouble   future   finding   .
    9. global  food   struggle   the  of   will   solve  challenges  Humanity  to   .
    10. humans   the   in   of   of   are   because   Most   plants   danger   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists say that many of the world's plants are in danger of drying / dying out – of becoming extinct. Dr Paul Smith, from Botanic Gardens Conservation International, said one / once in five of the world's plants is in danger of extinct / extinction. The world's botanic gardens contents / contain about 100,000 species, including a third / thirdly of all the world's endangered plants. Botanic gardens help to protect around 40 per cent of endangered specials / species of plants. They contain many of the rarest plants. Dr Smith said: "This is the first times / time that we have carried out a global assessment to look at the width / wide range of plants grown, managed and conserved / conversed in botanic gardens. For the first time we know what we have and, perhaps more importance / importantly, what is missing from botanic gardens."

    Researcher Dr Samuel Brockington said the world's botanic gardens were the best hoping / hope for saving the world's most / must endangered plants. He said: "Currently, an estimated one-fifth of plant diverse / diversity is under threat, yet there is no technical / technique reason why any plant species should become / becoming extinct." Dr Brockington warned that if we do not protect engendered / endangered plants, people could have trouble finding food and fuel in the future. He said: "If they / we do not conserve our plant diversity, humanity will struggle to solution / solve the global challenges of food and fuel security / secure…and climate change." Most of the plants are in danger because of humans cutting down forests for farming and cities, and because of pests / pasts and climate change.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Sc__nt_sts s_y th_t m_ny _f th_ w_rld's pl_nts _r_ _n d_ng_r _f dy_ng __t – _f b_c_m_ng _xt_nct. Dr P__l Sm_th, fr_m B_t_n_c G_rd_ns C_ns_rv_t__n _nt_rn_t__n_l, s__d _n_ _n f_v_ _f th_ w_rld's pl_nts _s _n d_ng_r _f _xt_nct__n. Th_ w_rld's b_t_n_c g_rd_ns c_nt__n _b__t 100,000 sp_c__s, _ncl_d_ng _ th_rd _f _ll th_ w_rld's _nd_ng_r_d pl_nts. B_t_n_c g_rd_ns h_lp t_ pr_t_ct _r__nd 40 p_r c_nt _f _nd_ng_r_d sp_c__s _f pl_nts. Th_y c_nt__n m_ny _f th_ r_r_st pl_nts. Dr Sm_th s__d: "Th_s _s th_ f_rst t_m_ th_t w_ h_v_ c_rr__d __t _ gl_b_l _ss_ssm_nt t_ l__k _t th_ w_d_ r_ng_ _f pl_nts gr_wn, m_n_g_d _nd c_ns_rv_d _n b_t_n_c g_rd_ns. F_r th_ f_rst t_m_ w_ kn_w wh_t w_ h_v_ _nd, p_rh_ps m_r_ _mp_rt_ntly, wh_t _s m_ss_ng fr_m b_t_n_c g_rd_ns."

    R_s__rch_r Dr S_m__l Br_ck_ngt_n s__d th_ w_rld's b_t_n_c g_rd_ns w_r_ th_ b_st h_p_ f_r s_v_ng th_ w_rld's m_st _nd_ng_r_d pl_nts. H_ s__d: "C_rr_ntly, _n _st_m_t_d _n_-f_fth _f pl_nt d_v_rs_ty _s _nd_r thr__t, y_t th_r_ _s n_ t_chn_c_l r__s_n why _ny pl_nt sp_c__s sh__ld b_c_m_ _xt_nct." Dr Br_ck_ngt_n w_rn_d th_t _f w_ d_ n_t pr_t_ct _nd_ng_r_d pl_nts, p__pl_ c__ld h_v_ tr__bl_ f_nd_ng f__d _nd f__l _n th_ f_t_r_. H_ s__d: "_f w_ d_ n_t c_ns_rv_ __r pl_nt d_v_rs_ty, h_m_n_ty w_ll str_ggl_ t_ s_lv_ th_ gl_b_l ch_ll_ng_s _f f__d _nd f__l s_c_r_ty…_nd cl_m_t_ ch_ng_." M_st _f th_ pl_nts _r_ _n d_ng_r b_c__s_ _f h_m_ns c_tt_ng d_wn f_r_sts f_r f_rm_ng _nd c_t__s, _nd b_c__s_ _f p_sts _nd cl_m_t_ ch_ng_.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists say that many of the world's plants are in danger of dying out – of becoming extinct dr paul smith from botanic gardens conservation international said one in five of the world's plants is in danger of extinction the world's botanic gardens contain about 100000 species including a third of all the world's endangered plants botanic gardens help to protect around 40 per cent of endangered species of plants they contain many of the rarest plants dr smith said "this is the first time that we have carried out a global assessment to look at the wide range of plants grown managed and conserved in botanic gardens for the first time we know what we have and perhaps more importantly what is missing from botanic gardens"

    researcher dr samuel brockington said the world's botanic gardens were the best hope for saving the world's most endangered plants he said "currently an estimated one-fifth of plant diversity is under threat yet there is no technical reason why any plant species should become extinct" dr brockington warned that if we do not protect endangered plants people could have trouble finding food and fuel in the future he said "if we do not conserve our plant diversity humanity will struggle to solve the global challenges of food and fuel security…and climate change" most of the plants are in danger because of humans cutting down forests for farming and cities and because of pests and climate change

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Manyoftheworld'splantsareindangerofdyingout.Ascientist,DrPaulS
    mith,saidoneinfiveoftheworld'splantsisindangerofextinction.Botani
    cgardenscontainabout100,000species,includingathirdofalltheworld
    'sendangeredplants.Botanicgardenshelptoprotectaround40percent
    ofendangeredspeciesofplants.Theycontainmanyoftherarestplants.
    DrSmithsaid:"Thisisthefirsttimethatwehavecarriedoutaglobalasses
    smenttolookatthewiderangeofplantsgrown,managedandconservedi
    nbotanicgardens.Forthefirsttimeweknowwhatwehaveand,perhaps
    moreimportantly,whatismissingfrombotanicgardens."ResearcherD
    rSamuelBrockingtonsaidtheworld'sbotanicgardenswerethebesthop
    eforsavingtheworld'smostendangeredplants.Hesaid:"Currently,ane
    stimatedone-fifthofplantdiversityisunderthreat,yetthereisnotechn
    icalreasonwhyanyplantspeciesshouldbecomeextinct."DrBrockingto
    nwarnedthatifwedonotprotectendangeredplants,peoplecouldhavetr
    oublefindingfoodandfuelinthefuture.Hesaid:"Ifwedonotconserveou
    rplantdiversity,humanitywillstruggletosolvetheglobalchallengesoff
    oodandfuelsecurity…andclimatechange."Mostoftheplantsareindang
    erbecauseofhumanscuttingdownforestsforfarmingandcities,andbec
    auseofpestsandclimatechange.

    Free writing

    Write about botanic gardens for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    There will always be enough plants in the world for humans to survive. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. BOTANIC GARDENS: Make a poster about botanic gardens. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. SURVIVAL: Write a magazine article about governments stopping any more trees being cut down so we can survive. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on botanic gardens. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can protect the world's plants. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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