The Reading / Listening - Screen Time - Level 3

New research shows that it is bad for children to watch TV, tablet or mobile phone screens before bedtime. Researchers from the University of Colorado found that "screen time" before sleeping damages children's health. The researchers looked at over 60 different studies on how screen time affects children. They said: "Of more than five dozen studies looking at children aged from 5 to 17 around the world, 90 per cent have found that more screen time is associated with delayed bedtime, fewer hours of sleep, and poorer sleep quality." Screens are becoming smaller and smaller, so children can look at them in bed. More than 75 per cent of children in the study had some kind of screen in their bedroom.



Children need a lot more sleep than adults. Pre-school children need 10 to 13 hours, pre-teens should get between nine and 12 hours, and teenagers should be getting between eight and 10 hours a night. The researchers highlighted three main reasons how screens affect children's sleep. First, the light from screens upsets a child's body clock. The light from screens getting into children's eyes before they sleep tricks their body into thinking it is still daytime. Second, children often watch videos of things that excite them or interest them. This keeps their brain active, so they take longer to sleep. Finally, when children are watching screens, they are not exercising. Children need physical activity to make them tired.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Screen Time - Level 0 Screen Time - Level 1   or  Screen Time - Level 2

Sources
  • https://qz.com/1120797/the-paradise-papers-data-leak-is-about-growing-inequality/
  • https://www.romper.com/p/too-much-screen-time-before-bed-is-affecting-how-much-sleep-kids-get-its-hurting-their-health-3227415
  • https://www.treehugger.com/health/screen-time-bed-hard-kids.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. SCREEN TIME: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about screen time. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       research / mobile phone / sleeping / damages / dozen / delayed / smaller / bedroom /
       adults / pre-teens / teenagers / reasons / body clock / tricks / daytime / excite / tired

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. BEDTIME BAN: Students A strongly believe parents should ban children from looking at screens after 6pm; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. HARMFUL: How harmful are these things to children? How can we reduce this damage? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Harm

How to reduce the damage

Screen  light

 

 

No exercise

 

 

No reading time

 

 

Adult content

 

 

No talking to others

 

 

Eyesight

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. CHILDREN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "children". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. ACTIVITIES: Rank these with your partner. Put the best activities for children at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • watching documentaries
  • computer games
  • YouTube videos
  • Lego
  • playing in the park
  • playing board games
  • watching TV
  • reading comics

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. damages a. How good or bad something is.
      2. studies b. Makes a difference to someone of something.
      3. affects c. Connected with something else.
      4. dozen d. A group or set of twelve things or people.
      5. associated e. Made some happen slower or later than usual.
      6. delayed f. Research that is put into books, magazines or journals.
      7. quality g. Does something to someone or something so they / it does not work or function well.

    Paragraph 2

      8. adults h. Causes the order or function of something to be wrong.
      9. pre-teens i. Children just under the age of thirteen.
      10. highlighted j. Pointed to something so everyone would look at or think about it.
      11. upsets k. A person's natural way of understanding when day and night is, and when it is time to sleep and wake up.
      12. body clock l. Makes someone believe something that is not real or not true.
      13. tricks m. About the human body.
      14. physical n. People who are fully grown or developed.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A study says watching TV before bedtime is bad for children.     T / F
  2. Researchers looked at more than 60 studies in their research.     T / F
  3. Researchers said 90% of studies found screen time was bad for children.  T / F
  4. Around 75% of children had no screen in their bedroom.     T / F
  5. The article said pre-teens needed up to 12 hours sleep a night.     T / F
  6. The researchers mentioned four reasons why screens are bad.     T / F
  7. The researchers said screens trick children into thinking it's night time.     T / F
  8. The researchers said screens encourage children to exercise.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. shows
  2. damages
  3. found
  4. associated
  5. kind
  6. teenagers
  7. highlighted
  8. upsets
  9. excite
  10. finally
  1. youths
  2. discovered
  3. lastly
  4. harms
  5. focused on
  6. disrupts
  7. reveals
  8. thrill
  9. sort
  10. connected

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. New research shows that it
  2. "screen time" before sleeping damages
  3. The researchers looked at
  4. more than five
  5. more screen time is associated
  6. Children need a lot
  7. teenagers should be getting between
  8. light from screens upsets a child's
  9. children often watch videos of
  10. Children need physical activity
  1. with delayed bedtime
  2. over 60 different studies
  3. things that excite them
  4. more sleep than adults
  5. children's health
  6. body clock
  7. dozen studies
  8. to make them tired
  9. is bad for children
  10. eight and 10 hours

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
studies
bedtime
dozen
kind
damages
quality
tablet
associated

New research shows that it is bad for children to watch TV, (1) ____________ or mobile phone screens before (2) ____________. Researchers from the University of Colorado found that "screen time" before sleeping (3) ____________ children's health. The researchers looked at over 60 different (4) ____________ on how screen time affects children. They said: "Of more than five (5) ____________ studies looking at children aged from 5 to 17 around the world, 90 per cent have found that more screen time is (6) ____________ with delayed bedtime, fewer hours of sleep, and poorer sleep (7) ____________." Screens are becoming smaller and smaller, so children can look at them in bed. More than 75 per cent of children in the study had some (8) ____________ of screen in their bedroom.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
clock
getting
physical
adults
interest
light
main
daytime

Children need a lot more sleep than (9) ____________. Pre-school children need 10 to 13 hours, pre-teens should get between nine and 12 hours, and teenagers should be (10) ____________ between eight and 10 hours a night. The researchers highlighted three (11) ____________ reasons how screens affect children's sleep. First, the (12) ____________ from screens upsets a child's body (13) ____________. The light from screens getting into children's eyes before they sleep tricks their body into thinking it is still (14) ____________. Second, children often watch videos of things that excite them or (15) ____________ them. This keeps their brain active, so they take longer to sleep. Finally, when children are watching screens, they are not exercising. Children need (16) ____________ activity to make them tired.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  it is bad for children to watch TV, tablet or mobile phone screens ______
     a.  be four bedtime
     b.  afore bedtime
     c.  be for bedtime
     d.  before bedtime

2)  researchers looked at over 60 different studies on how screen time ______
     a.  effects children
     b.  affects children
     c.  infects children
     d.  reflects children

3)  screen time is associated with delayed bedtime, fewer hours of sleep, and ______
     a.  poorer sleep qualify
     b.  poor a sleep qualify
     c.  poor a sleep quality
     d.  poorer sleep quality

4)  Screens are becoming smaller and smaller, so children can look ______ bed
     a.  at them in
     b.  at them on
     c.  at them at
     d.  at them to

5)  More than 75 per cent of children in the study had ______ screen
     a.  some kinds of
     b.  some kindly of
     c.  some kinder of
     d.  some kind of

6)  Children need a lot more sleep ______
     a.  than adult
     b.  than adulthood
     c.  than adults
     d.  than adultery

7)  teenagers should be getting between eight and 10 ______
     a.  hours a night
     b.  hours the night
     c.  hours for night
     d.  hours one night

8)  The researchers highlighted three main reasons how screens affect ______
     a.  children's sleepy
     b.  children's sleepier
     c.  children's sleeps
     d.  children's sleep

9)  The light from screens getting into children's eyes before they sleep ______
     a.  ticks their body
     b.  thickens their body
     c.  tracks their body
     d.  tricks their body

10)  Children need physical activity to make ______
     a.  them tired
     b.  them tried
     c.  them tiring
     d.  them tire

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

New research shows that it (1) ___________________ children to watch TV, tablet or mobile phone screens before bedtime. Researchers from the University of Colorado found that "screen time" (2) ___________________ children's health. The researchers (3) ___________________ 60 different studies on how screen time affects children. They said: "Of more than five dozen studies looking at children aged from 5 to 17 around the world, 90 per cent have found that more screen time (4) ___________________ delayed bedtime, fewer hours of sleep, and poorer sleep quality." Screens are becoming smaller and smaller, so children (5) ___________________ them in bed. More than 75 per cent of children in the study had some (6) ___________________ in their bedroom.

Children need a lot more sleep than adults. Pre-school children need 10 to 13 hours, pre-teens (7) ___________________ nine and 12 hours, and teenagers should be getting between eight and 10 hours a night. The researchers highlighted (8) ___________________ how screens affect children's sleep. First, the light from screens (9) ___________________ body clock. The light from screens getting into children's eyes before they sleep (10) ___________________ into thinking it is still daytime. Second, children often watch videos of things that excite them or interest them. This keeps (11) ___________________, so they take longer to sleep. Finally, when children are watching screens, they are not exercising. Children need physical activity to (12) ___________________.

Comprehension questions

  1. What three screens did the article mention in the first sentence?
  2. How many studies did the researchers look at?
  3. What ages were the children that were looked at in the study?
  4. What did the article say is happening to screen sizes?
  5. What percentage of children in the study had a screen in their bedroom?
  6. How much sleep do pre-teens need?
  7. How many reasons did researchers highlight?
  8. What upsets a child's body clock?
  9. What do videos keep active in children?
  10. What do children need to make sure they become tired?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What three screens did the article mention in the first sentence?
a) TV, iPod or mobile phone
b) TV, tablet or PlayStation
c) computer, tablet or mobile phone
d) TV, tablet or mobile phone

2) How many studies did the researchers look at?
a) around 60
b) more than 60
c) 60
d) fewer than 60

3) What ages were the children that were looked at in the study?
a) 8 to 18
b) 4 to 16
c) 5 to 17
d) 6 to 15

4) What did the article say is happening to screen sizes?
a) they are getting smaller
b) they have reached their limit
c) nothing
d) they are getting bigger

5) What percentage of children in the study had a screen in their bedroom?
a) exactly 75%
b) about 75%
c) more than 75%
d) less than 75%

6) How much sleep do pre-teens need?
a) between 10 and 13 hours
b) between 9 and 12 hours
c) between 8 and 10 hours
d) between 10 and 12 hours

7) How many reasons did researchers highlight?
a) 6
b) 5
c) 4
d) 3

8) What upsets a child's body clock?
a) light
b) ticking
c) no batteries
d) websites

9) What do videos keep active in children?
a) their friends
b) their eyes
c) their brain
d) their hands

10) What do children need to make sure they become tired?
a) sleep
b) physical activity
c) a mobile screen
d) a bed

Role play

Role  A – Playing in the Park

You think playing in the park is the best activity for children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their activities. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): watching TV, reading comics or watching YouTube videos.

Role  B – Watching TV

You think watching TV is the best activity for children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their activities. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): playing in the park, reading comics or watching YouTube videos.

Role  C – Reading Comics

You think reading comics is the best activity for children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their activities. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): watching TV, playing in the park or watching YouTube videos.

Role  D – Watching YouTube Videos

You think watching YouTube videos is the best activity for children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their activities. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why):  watching TV, reading comics or playing in the park.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'bed'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'bad'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • lot
    • 12
    • main
    • eyes
    • excite
    • tired
    • mobile
    • 60
    • 17
    • fewer
    • smaller
    • 75




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Screen time before bed is bad for children

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'screen'?
    3. How important are tablets and mobile phones?
    4. What's the best time for children to go to bed?
    5. What should children do before they sleep?
    6. What happens if children do not sleep enough?
    7. Should screens be banned from bedrooms?
    8. What are the dangers of screens for children?
    9. How important are bedtime stories for children?
    10. What advice do you have for parents?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'bedtime'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How much sleep do you need?
    5. What do you know about your body clock?
    6. Can you sleep after watching TV?
    7. Do you need your mobile phone next to your bed?
    8. Why do children love TV and digital devices?
    9. What would life be like with no TV or mobile devices?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    New research shows that it is bad for children to watch TV, (1) ____ or mobile phone screens before bedtime. Researchers from the University of Colorado found that "screen time" before sleeping (2) ____ children's health. The researchers looked at over 60 different studies (3) ____ how screen time affects children. They said: "Of more than five dozen studies looking at children aged from 5 to 17 around the world, 90 per cent have found that more screen time is associated (4) ____ delayed bedtime, fewer hours of sleep, and poorer sleep quality." Screens are (5) ____ smaller and smaller, so children can look at them in bed. More than 75 per cent of children in the study had some (6) ____ of screen in their bedroom.

    Children need a lot more sleep than (7) ____. Pre-school children need 10 to 13 hours, (8) ____ -teens should get between nine and 12 hours, and teenagers should be (9) ____ between eight and 10 hours a night. The researchers highlighted three main reasons how screens (10) ____ children's sleep. First, the light from screens upsets a child's body clock. The light from screens getting into children's eyes before they sleep (11) ____ their body into thinking it is still daytime. Second, children often watch videos of things that excite them or interest them. This keeps their brain active, so they take longer to sleep. Finally, when children are watching screens, they are not exercising. Children need physical (12) ____ to make them tired.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     tablet     (b)     pill     (c)     lozenge     (d)     medicine    
    2. (a)     damage     (b)     damaging     (c)     damages     (d)     dammed    
    3. (a)     in     (b)     at     (c)     on     (d)     by    
    4. (a)     of     (b)     in     (c)     at     (d)     with    
    5. (a)     become     (b)     becomes     (c)     becoming     (d)     became    
    6. (a)     kinder     (b)     kind     (c)     kindly     (d)     kindle    
    7. (a)     adulthood     (b)     adults     (c)     adultery     (d)     adult    
    8. (a)     pro     (b)     pre     (c)     par     (d)     per    
    9. (a)     gotten     (b)     gets     (c)     getting     (d)     got    
    10. (a)     inflect     (b)     effect     (c)     reflect     (d)     affect    
    11. (a)     tracks     (b)     thick     (c)     ticks     (d)     tricks    
    12. (a)     actively     (b)     activate     (c)     active     (d)     activity

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. bomiel phone
    2. deasgma children's health
    3. how screen time asftfec children
    4. five odnze studies
    5. iodastscae with delayed bedtime
    6. poorer sleep iuqalyt

    Paragraph 2

    1. gneteears should be
    2. highlighted three main sanosre
    3. tuessp a child's body clock
    4. things that eicxet them
    5. This keeps their ibarn active
    6. Children need scyalhpi activity

    Put the text back together

    (    )     daytime. Second, children often watch videos of things that excite them or interest them. This keeps their brain

    (    )     nine and 12 hours, and teenagers should be getting between eight and 10 hours a night. The researchers highlighted

    (    )     quality." Screens are becoming smaller and smaller, so children can look at them in

    (    )     active, so they take longer to sleep. Finally, when children are watching screens, they are not

    (    )     than five dozen studies looking at children aged from 5 to 17 around the world, 90 per cent have

    (    )     clock. The light from screens getting into children's eyes before they sleep tricks their body into thinking it is still

    (    )     three main reasons how screens affect children's sleep. First, the light from screens upsets a child's body

    (    )     Children need a lot more sleep than adults. Pre-school children need 10 to 13 hours, pre-teens should get between

    (    )     found that more screen time is associated with delayed bedtime, fewer hours of sleep, and poorer sleep

    (    )     health. The researchers looked at over 60 different studies on how screen time affects children. They said: "Of more

    (    )     bed. More than 75 per cent of children in the study had some kind of screen in their bedroom.

    1  )     New research shows that it is bad for children to watch TV, tablet or mobile phone screens before

    (    )     exercising. Children need physical activity to make them tired.

    (    )     bedtime. Researchers from the University of Colorado found that "screen time" before sleeping damages children's

    Put the words in the right order

    1. children  for  bad   is  it  that  shows   research   New   TV   watch   to   .
    2. health   time   sleeping   children's   Screen   before   damages   .
    3. studies   Different   children   affects   time   screen   how   on   .
    4. 5   from   children   looking   17   to   Five   studies   at   aged   dozen   .
    5. the   a   their   in   had   in   Children   study   screen   bedroom   .
    6. need   Children   adults   than   sleep   more   lot   a   .
    7. should   and   be   10   getting   hours   between   Teenagers   eight   .
    8. a   light   child's   from   body   screens   clock   upsets   The   .
    9. excite   things   videos   often   them   that   of   watch   Children   .
    10. activity   physical   need   Children   tired   them   make   to   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    New research shows that it is bad for children to watch TV, tablet or mobile phone screens before bedding / bedtime. Researchers from the University of Colorado found that "screen time" before sleeping damaging / damages children's health. The researchers looked at over 60 different studies / studious on how screen time effects / affects children. They said: "Of more than five dozen studies looking at / to children aged from 5 to 17 around the world, 90 per cent have found that many / more screen time is associated with delayed / delays bedtime, fewer hours of sleep, and poorer sleep quality / qualify." Screens are becoming smaller and smaller, so children can look at them / it in bed. More than 75 per cent of children in the study had some kind of screen in / at their bedroom.

    Children need a lot / loads more sleep than adults. Pre-school children need 10 to 13 hours, pre-teens should get among / between nine and 12 hours, and teenagers should be gotten / getting between eight and 10 hours a night. The researchers highlighted three main / mainly reasons how screens affect children's sleep. First, the light from screens upsets a child's body watch / clock. The light from screens getting into children's eyes before they sleep tricks / ticks their body into thinking it is still / yet daytime. Second, children often watch videos of things that excite them or interest / interests them. This keeps their brain actively / active, so they take longer to sleep. Finally, when children are watching screens, they are not exercising. Children need physical activity to make them tired / tried.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    N_w r_s__rch sh_ws th_t _t _s b_d f_r ch_ldr_n t_ w_tch TV, t_bl_t _r m_b_l_ ph_n_ scr__ns b_f_r_ b_dt_m_. R_s__rch_rs fr_m th_ _n_v_rs_ty _f C_l_r_d_ f__nd th_t "scr__n t_m_" b_f_r_ sl__p_ng d_m_g_s ch_ldr_n's h__lth. Th_ r_s__rch_rs l__k_d _t _v_r 60 d_ff_r_nt st_d__s _n h_w scr__n t_m_ _ff_cts ch_ldr_n. Th_y s__d: "_f m_r_ th_n f_v_ d_z_n st_d__s l__k_ng _t ch_ldr_n _g_d fr_m 5 t_ 17 _r__nd th_ w_rld, 90 p_r c_nt h_v_ f__nd th_t m_r_ scr__n t_m_ _s _ss_c__t_d w_th d_l_y_d b_dt_m_, f_w_r h__rs _f sl__p, _nd p__r_r sl__p q__l_ty." Scr__ns _r_ b_c_m_ng sm_ll_r _nd sm_ll_r, s_ ch_ldr_n c_n l__k _t th_m _n b_d. M_r_ th_n 75 p_r c_nt _f ch_ldr_n _n th_ st_dy h_d s_m_ k_nd _f scr__n _n th__r b_dr__m.

    Ch_ldr_n n__d _ l_t m_r_ sl__p th_n _d_lts. Pr_-sch__l ch_ldr_n n__d 10 t_ 13 h__rs, pr_-t__ns sh__ld g_t b_tw__n n_n_ _nd 12 h__rs, _nd t__n_g_rs sh__ld b_ g_tt_ng b_tw__n __ght _nd 10 h__rs _ n_ght. Th_ r_s__rch_rs h_ghl_ght_d thr__ m__n r__s_ns h_w scr__ns _ff_ct ch_ldr_n's sl__p. F_rst, th_ l_ght fr_m scr__ns _ps_ts _ ch_ld's b_dy cl_ck. Th_ l_ght fr_m scr__ns g_tt_ng _nt_ ch_ldr_n's _y_s b_f_r_ th_y sl__p tr_cks th__r b_dy _nt_ th_nk_ng _t _s st_ll d_yt_m_. S_c_nd, ch_ldr_n _ft_n w_tch v_d__s _f th_ngs th_t _xc_t_ th_m _r _nt_r_st th_m. Th_s k__ps th__r br__n _ct_v_, s_ th_y t_k_ l_ng_r t_ sl__p. F_n_lly, wh_n ch_ldr_n _r_ w_tch_ng scr__ns, th_y _r_ n_t _x_rc_s_ng. Ch_ldr_n n__d phys_c_l _ct_v_ty t_ m_k_ th_m t_r_d.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    new research shows that it is bad for children to watch tv tablet or mobile phone screens before bedtime researchers from the university of colorado found that "screen time" before sleeping damages children's health the researchers looked at over 60 different studies on how screen time affects children they said "of more than five dozen studies looking at children aged from 5 to 17 around the world 90 per cent have found that more screen time is associated with delayed bedtime fewer hours of sleep and poorer sleep quality" screens are becoming smaller and smaller so children can look at them in bed more than 75 per cent of children in the study had some kind of screen in their bedroom

    children need a lot more sleep than adults pre-school children need 10 to 13 hours pre-teens should get between nine and 12 hours and teenagers should be getting between eight and 10 hours a night the researchers highlighted three main reasons how screens affect children's sleep first the light from screens upsets a child's body clock the light from screens getting into children's eyes before they sleep tricks their body into thinking it is still daytime second children often watch videos of things that excite them or interest them this keeps their brain active so they take longer to sleep finally when children are watching screens they are not exercising children need physical activity to make them tired

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    NewresearchshowsthatitisbadforchildrentowatchTV,tabletormobilep
    honescreensbeforebedtime.ResearchersfromtheUniversityofColora
    dofoundthat"screentime"beforesleepingdamageschildren'shealth.T
    heresearcherslookedatover60differentstudiesonhowscreentimeaffe
    ctschildren.Theysaid:"Ofmorethanfivedozenstudieslookingatchildre
    nagedfrom5to17aroundtheworld,90percenthavefoundthatmorescre
    entimeisassociatedwithdelayedbedtime,fewerhoursofsleep,andpoor
    ersleepquality."Screensarebecomingsmallerandsmaller,sochildrenc
    anlookattheminbed.Morethan75percentofchildreninthestudyhadso
    mekindofscreenintheirbedroom.Childrenneedalotmoresleepthanadu
    lts.Pre-schoolchildrenneed10to13hours,pre-teensshouldgetbetwee
    nnineand12hours,andteenagersshouldbegettingbetweeneightand1
    0hoursanight.Theresearchershighlightedthreemainreasonshowscre
    ensaffectchildren'ssleep.First,thelightfromscreensupsetsachild'sbod
    yclock.Thelightfromscreensgettingintochildren'seyesbeforetheyslee
    ptrickstheirbodyintothinkingitisstilldaytime.Second,childrenoftenwa
    tchvideosofthingsthatexcitethemorinterestthem.Thiskeepstheirbrai
    nactive,sotheytakelongertosleep.Finally,whenchildrenarewatchings
    creens,theyarenotexercising.Childrenneedphysicalactivitytomaketh
    emtired.

    Free writing

    Write about screen time for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Children should not be allowed to use mobile devices or watch TV after 7pm. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. SCREEN TIME: Make a poster about screen time. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. CHILDREN: Write a magazine article about tablets and mobile phones being bad for children. Argue for a ban on pre-teens using them. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against it.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on screen time. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how parents can get children to use devices in a healthier way. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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