The Reading / Listening - Household Items - Level 5

Scientists say a massive cause of pollution is right under our noses. Everyday household items such as toothpaste, deodorant, perfume and polish contain volatile compounds that lead to pollution. Dr Brian McDonald, an air-pollution researcher at the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, conducted research into what creates pollution in our homes. He was surprised to find that household items now cause as much pollution as cars, trucks and other vehicles. Dr McDonald said that as "the transportation sector gets cleaner, these other sources...become more important".



The researchers looked at volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in a range of household items. VOCs react with sunlight to form ozone pollution. This goes into the environment and gets trapped in our house or apartment. VOCs interact with other chemicals to form tiny particles in the air that can damage our lungs. Dr McDonald said we should regulate household products more tightly to reduce their impact on our health. He gave a warning, saying: "The things I use in the morning to get ready for work are comparable to emissions that come out of the tailpipe of my car."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Household Items - Level 4 or  Household Items - Level 6

Sources
  • https://news.sky.com/story/household-items-like-perfume-as-bad-as-cars-for-pollution-scientists-say-11252527
  • https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-02132-9
  • https://phys.org/news/2018-02-common-products-perfume-printer-ink.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. a massive cause
  2. right under
  3. contain volatile compounds that
  4. an air-pollution
  5. conducted research into what
  6. cause as much
  7. the transportation sector
  8. become more
  1. lead to pollution
  2. gets cleaner
  3. important
  4. pollution as cars
  5. of pollution
  6. creates pollution
  7. our noses
  8. researcher

Paragraph 2

  1. researchers looked at volatile
  2. a range
  3. VOCs react
  4. This goes into
  5. form tiny particles
  6. reduce their impact
  7. emissions that
  8. the tailpipe
  1. with sunlight
  2. the environment
  3. come out
  4. of household items
  5. of my car
  6. in the air
  7. organic compounds
  8. on our health

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists say a (1) ___________________ pollution is right under our noses. Everyday household items such (2) ___________________, perfume and polish contain volatile compounds that lead to pollution. Dr Brian McDonald, an (3) ___________________ at the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, conducted research into what creates pollution in our homes. He was surprised to find that (4) ___________________ cause as much pollution as cars, trucks (5) ___________________. Dr McDonald said that as "the transportation sector gets cleaner, (6) ___________________...become more important".

The researchers looked at (7) ___________________ (VOCs) in a range of household items. VOCs (8) ___________________ to form ozone pollution. This goes into the environment and gets trapped in our house or apartment. VOCs interact with other chemicals to (9) ___________________ in the air that can damage our lungs. Dr McDonald said (10) ___________________ household products more tightly to (11) ___________________ on our health. He gave a warning, saying: "The things I use in the morning to get ready for work are comparable to (12) ___________________ out of the tailpipe of my car."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Scientistssayamassivecauseofpollutionisrightunderournoses.Every
dayhouseholditemssuchastoothpaste,deodorant,perfumeandpolish
containvolatilecompoundsthatleadtopollution.DrBrianMcDonald,an
air-pollutionresearcherattheUSNationalOceanicandAtmosphericAd
ministration,conductedresearchintowhatcreatespollutioninourhom
es.Hewassurprisedtofindthathouseholditemsnowcauseasmuchpollu
tionascars,trucksandothervehicles.DrMcDonaldsaidthatas"thetrans
portationsectorgetscleaner,theseothersources...becomemoreimpo
rtant".Theresearcherslookedatvolatileorganiccompounds(VOCs)ina
rangeofhouseholditems.VOCsreactwithsunlighttoformozonepolluti
on.Thisgoesintotheenvironmentandgetstrappedinourhouseorapart
ment.VOCsinteractwithotherchemicalstoformtinyparticlesintheairt
hatcandamageourlungs.DrMcDonaldsaidweshouldregulatehouseho
ldproductsmoretightlytoreducetheirimpactonourhealth.Hegaveawa
rning,saying:"ThethingsIuseinthemorningtogetreadyforworkareco
mparabletoemissionsthatcomeoutofthetailpipeofmycar."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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