The Reading / Listening - Necropolis - Level 3

Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered a huge cemetery hidden under the sands south of Cairo. The 2,000-year-old necropolis was found south of Egypt's capital in the Nile Valley city of Minya. The word necropolis is from ancient Greek and means "city of the dead". The necropolis contains thousands of artifacts, including coffins and statues. Archaeologists started excavation work on the site late last year. They found tombs belonging to priests of Thoth. He was the ancient god of the moon and wisdom. Thoth was also believed to be the inventor of writing. Egypt's Antiquities Minister, Khaled al-Anani, said: "We will need at least five years to work on the necropolis. This is only the beginning of a new discovery."



Mostafa Waziri, the head of the archaeological dig, said he was very excited about the contents of the site. He said he and his colleagues have uncovered eight tombs so far. He expects many more to be found soon. The tombs contain a wealth of historic treasures. One tomb includes more than 1,000 statues and four pottery jars that contain the remains of the internal organs of important ancient Egyptians. Mr Waziri also said there were 40 sarcophagi. A sarcophagus is a stone coffin in which dead bodies were placed. Waziri hopes the new site will help to attract more tourists to Egypt. There has been a downturn in tourism since the revolution that took place there in 2011.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Necropolis - Level 0 Necropolis - Level 1   or  Necropolis - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.cbsnews.com/news/ancient-egyptian-necropolis-contains-message-from-the-afterlife/
  • https://www.reuters.com/article/us-egypt-archaeology/egypt-uncovers-ancient-necropolis-south-of-cairo-idUSKCN1G80QI
  • http://www.newsweek.com/ancient-egypt-spectacular-2000-year-old-tomb-complex-discovered-40-sarcophagi-819863


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. ANCIENT EGYPT: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about ancient Egypt. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       archaeologists / cemetery / sand / ancient / statues / excavation / moon / wisdom /
       dig / excited / colleagues / historic / treasures / internal organs / tourists / revolution
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. TOURISM: Students A strongly believe Egypt should be made the world's number-one tourist destination; Students B strongly believe it shouldn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. ANCIENT: What do you know about these ancient places? What do you want to know? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I know

What I want to know

The Pyramids

 

 

Machu Picchu

 

 

Angkor Wat

 

 

Petra

 

 

Stonehenge

 

 

The Colosseum

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. SAND: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "sand". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. ARTIFACTS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best artifacts to find in an archaeological dig at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • pots and jars
  • weapons
  • jewellery
  • farming tools
  • statues
  • manuscript
  • wall paintings
  • mummies

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. archaeologists a. An object made by a human, usually one of cultural or historical interest.
      2. coffins b. The action of finding something new.
      3. cemetery c. A person who studies human history and prehistory by digging sites and looking at artifacts and other old things.
      4. artifacts d. A large burial ground.
      5. tombs e. A long, narrow box in which a dead body is buried.
      6. inventor f. A large, underground room that is used for burying the dead.
      7. discovery g. A person whose job is to make new things, new ways of doing things, or new process.

    Paragraph 2

      8. dig h. The things that are held or included in something.
      9. contents i. A person you work with in the same company.
      10. colleagues j. A person's body after death.
      11. contain k. A site where people remove the earth to find important or historical things underneath.
      12. wealth l. Make or cause to come to a place or join in with something.
      13. remains m. A lot of something that people would really like.
      14. attract n. Have or hold something inside.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A large cemetery was found under the sand north of the city of Cairo.     T / F
  2. The cemetery is about 2,000 years old.     T / F
  3. Archaeologists first started digging on the site in 2011.     T / F
  4. An Archaeologist said he needs 50 years to work on the site.     T / F
  5. The head of the dig said 80 tombs have been discovered.     T / F
  6. There were over 1,000 statues in one tomb.     T / F
  7. Archaeologists found the remains of people's internal organs in jars.     T / F
  8. Tourism is suffering in Egypt because of the 2011 revolution.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. discovered
  2. huge
  3. ancient
  4. excavation
  5. inventor
  6. head
  7. colleagues
  8. placed
  9. attract
  10. took place
  1. very, very old
  2. tempt
  3. creator
  4. very, very big
  5. co-workers
  6. digging
  7. happened
  8. found
  9. put
  10. leader

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. discovered a huge cemetery hidden under
  2. found south
  3. The word necropolis is from
  4. Archaeologists started excavation
  5. We will need at
  6. uncovered eight tombs
  7. The tombs contain a wealth
  8. internal
  9. There has been a downturn
  10. since the revolution
  1. in tourism
  2. work on the site
  3. of historic treasures
  4. least five years
  5. that took place there
  6. the sands
  7. organs
  8. ancient Greek
  9. so far
  10. of Egypt's capital

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
ancient
belonging
least
huge
discovery
statues
capital
inventor

Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered a (1) ____________ cemetery hidden under the sands south of Cairo. The 2,000-year-old necropolis was found south of Egypt's (2) ____________ in the Nile Valley city of Minya. The word necropolis is from (3) ____________ Greek and means "city of the dead". The necropolis contains thousands of artifacts, including coffins and (4) ____________. Archaeologists started excavation work on the site late last year. They found tombs (5) ____________ to priests of Thoth. He was the ancient god of the moon and wisdom. Thoth was also believed to be the (6) ____________ of writing. Egypt's Antiquities Minister, Khaled al-Anani, said: "We will need at (7) ____________ five years to work on the necropolis. This is only the beginning of a new (8) ____________."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
wealth
coffin
far
downturn
contents
attract
head
internal

Mostafa Waziri, the (9) ____________ of the archaeological dig, said he was very excited about the (10) ____________ of the site. He said he and his colleagues have uncovered eight tombs so (11) ____________. He expects many more to be found soon. The tombs contain a (12) ____________ of historic treasures. One tomb includes more than 1,000 statues and four pottery jars that contain the remains of the (13) ____________ organs of important ancient Egyptians. Mr Waziri also said there were 40 sarcophagi. A sarcophagus is a stone (14) ____________ in which dead bodies were placed. Waziri hopes the new site will help to (15) ____________ more tourists to Egypt. There has been a (16) ____________ in tourism since the revolution that took place there in 2011.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered a huge cemetery hidden under ______ of Cairo
     a.  the sounds south
     b.  the thousands south
     c.  the stands south
     d.  the sands south
2)  The word necropolis is from ancient Greek and means "______"
     a.  city of the dead
     b.  city of the deadly
     c.  city of the death
     d.  city of the deed
3)  The necropolis contains thousands of artifacts, including ______
     a.  coughing and atchoos
     b.  cough-ins and stat chews
     c.  coffins and statues
     d.  cuff, fins and statues
4)  He was the ancient god of the moon ______
     a.  and wise dome
     b.  and whizz dome
     c.  and wheeze dome
     d.  and wisdom
5)  This is only the beginning of a ______
     a.  news discovery
     b.  newly discovery
     c.  new discovery
     d.  anew discovery

6)  the head of the archaeological dig said he was very excited about the ______ site
     a.  contains of the
     b.  contents of the
     c.  con tents of the
     d.  content is of the
7)  He said he and his colleagues have uncovered eight ______
     a.  tomes so far
     b.  tunes so far
     c.  chews so far
     d.  tombs so far
8)  One tomb includes more than 1,000 statues and four ______
     a.  pot tally jars
     b.  potter re-jars
     c.  potter e-jars
     d.  pottery jars
9)  A sarcophagus is a stone coffin in which dead bodies ______
     a.  were places
     b.  were placed
     c.  were place
     d.  were paste
10)  Waziri hopes the new site will help to attract ______ Egypt
     a.  more tourists two
     b.  more tourists too
     c.  more tourists to
     d.  more tourists tomb

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered (1) ___________________ hidden under the (2) ___________________ Cairo. The 2,000-year-old necropolis was found south of Egypt's capital in the Nile Valley city of Minya. The word necropolis (3) ___________________ Greek and means "city of the dead". The necropolis contains thousands of artifacts, including coffins and statues. Archaeologists started excavation work on the (4) ___________________ year. They found tombs belonging to priests of Thoth. He was the ancient god of the (5) ___________________. Thoth was also believed to be the inventor of writing. Egypt's Antiquities Minister, Khaled al-Anani, said: "We will need at least five years to work on the necropolis. This is only the beginning of (6) ___________________."

Mostafa Waziri, the head of the archaeological dig, said he was very excited about (7) ___________________ the site. He said he and his colleagues have uncovered (8) ___________________ far. He expects many more to be found soon. The tombs contain (9) ___________________ historic treasures. One tomb includes more than 1,000 statues and four pottery jars that (10) ___________________ of the internal organs of important ancient Egyptians. Mr Waziri also said there were 40 sarcophagi. A sarcophagus is a (11) ___________________ which dead bodies were placed. Waziri hopes the new site will help to attract more tourists to Egypt. There has been a downturn (12) ___________________ the revolution that took place there in 2011.

Comprehension questions

  1. How old is the necropolis?
  2. What ancient language does the word 'necropolis' come from?
  3. When did archaeologists start digging on the site?
  4. What do people believe Thoth invented?
  5. What did a minister say was just beginning?
  6. How many tombs have the archaeologists uncovered so far?
  7. How many statues did archaeologists find in one tomb?
  8. Where did archaeologists find the internal remains of ancient Egyptians?
  9. What is a sarcophagus usually made of?
  10. What has there been a downturn of in Egypt since 2011?




Multiple choice quiz

1) How old is the necropolis?
a) 2,500 years old
b) 2,000 years old
c) 2,800 years old
d) 2,200 years old
2) What ancient language does the word 'necropolis' come from?
a) Aramaic
b) Latin
c) Hebrew
d) Greek
3) When did archaeologists start digging on the site?
a) last century
b) last week
c) last year
d) last month
4) What do people believe Thoth invented?
a) writing
b) coffins
c) tombs
d) pyramids
5) What did a minister say was just beginning?
a) a new dawn
b) a new discovery
c) a new history
d) a new age

6) How many tombs have the archaeologists uncovered so far?
a) 8
b) 9
c) 10
d) 3
7) How many statues did archaeologists find in one tomb?
a) exactly 1,000
b) around 1,000
c) more than 1,000
d) just fewer than 1,000
8) Where did archaeologists find the internal remains of ancient Egyptians?
a) in jars
b) in bottles
c) in urbs
d) in boxes
9) What is a sarcophagus usually made of?
a) clay
b) iron
c) lead
d) stone
10) What has there been a downturn of in Egypt since 2011?
a) archaeology
b) tombs
c) tourism
d) revolutions

Role play

Role  A – Statues
You think statues are the best artifacts to find on an archaeological dig. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their artifacts. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): manuscripts, weapons or jewellery.

Role  B – Manuscripts
You think manuscripts are the best artifacts to find on an archaeological dig. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their artifacts. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): statues, weapons or jewellery.

Role  C – Weapons
You think weapons are the best artifacts to find on an archaeological dig. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their artifacts. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): manuscripts, statues or jewellery.

Role  D – Jewellery
You think items of jewellery are the best artifacts to find on an archaeological dig. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their artifacts. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why):  manuscripts, weapons or statues.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'city'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'dead'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • head
    • eight
    • wealth
    • 1,000
    • 40
    • hopes
    • huge
    • word
    • thousands
    • late
    • writing
    • only




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Egypt archaeologists find large 'city of the dead'

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'Egypt'?
    3. How interested are you in archaeology?
    4. What would it be like to be an archaeologist?
    5. What do you know about ancient Egypt?
    6. What do you know about the ancient history of your country?
    7. Why is the necropolis so important?
    8. How did someone invent writing?
    9. What is your favourite image of Egypt?
    10. What else do you think the archaeologists will find?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'ancient'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How would you feel about entering ancient tombs?
    5. How valuable are the historic treasures?
    6. In which country would you like to dig for ancient treasures?
    7. What should happen to all the treasures?
    8. How good a place is Egypt to visit?
    9. What do you know about Egypt's revolution?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the archaeologists?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Archaeologists in Egypt have (1) ____ a huge cemetery hidden under the sands south of Cairo. The 2,000-year-old necropolis was found south (2) ____ Egypt's capital in the Nile Valley city of Minya. The word necropolis is (3) ____ ancient Greek and means "city of the dead". The necropolis contains thousands of artifacts, including coffins and (4) ____. Archaeologists started excavation work on the site late last year. They found tombs belonging to priests of Thoth. He was the ancient god of the moon and (5) ____. Thoth was also believed to be the inventor of writing. Egypt's Antiquities Minister, Khaled al-Anani, said: "We will need at (6) ____ five years to work on the necropolis. This is only the beginning of a new discovery."

    Mostafa Waziri, the head of the archaeological (7) ____, said he was very excited about the contents of the site. He said he and his colleagues have uncovered eight tombs so (8) ____. He expects many more to be found soon. The tombs contain a (9) ____ of historic treasures. One tomb includes more than 1,000 statues and four pottery jars that contain the remains of the internal (10) ____ of important ancient Egyptians. Mr Waziri also said there were 40 sarcophagi. A sarcophagus is a (11) ____ coffin in which dead bodies were placed. Waziri hopes the new site will help to attract more tourists to Egypt. There has been a downturn in tourism since the revolution that took (12) ____ there in 2011.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     discovered     (b)     discover     (c)     discovery     (d)     discovers    
    2. (a)     by     (b)     off     (c)     of     (d)     at    
    3. (a)     of     (b)     by     (c)     from     (d)     at    
    4. (a)     stat chews     (b)     stats     (c)     states     (d)     statues    
    5. (a)     wise     (b)     wiser     (c)     wisdom     (d)     wisest    
    6. (a)     last     (b)     least     (c)     lost     (d)     lest    
    7. (a)     big     (b)     dig     (c)     fig     (d)     rig    
    8. (a)     tar     (b)     far     (c)     par     (d)     bar    
    9. (a)     valuable     (b)     rich     (c)     wealth     (d)     asset    
    10. (a)     keyboards     (b)     pianos     (c)     harps     (d)     organs    
    11. (a)     shard     (b)     boulder     (c)     pebble     (d)     stone    
    12. (a)     venue     (b)     spot     (c)     location     (d)     place

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. discovered a huge ceytmree
    2. The word necropolis is from nteicna Greek
    3. The necropolis contains thousands of stfarciat
    4. including coffins and ssutaet
    5. the voennrit of writing
    6. the beginning of a new srcioevyd

    Paragraph 2

    1. he and his uleolcgsae
    2. contain a haletw of historic treasures
    3. the internal nrosga
    4. the new site will help to craattt more
    5. There has been a downturn in iorutms
    6. since the ivtlouoern

    Put the text back together

    (...)  Greek and means "city of the dead". The necropolis contains thousands of artifacts, including coffins
    (...)  and statues. Archaeologists started excavation work on the site late last year. They found tombs
    (...)  statues and four pottery jars that contain the remains of the internal organs of important ancient
    (...)  belonging to priests of Thoth. He was the ancient god of the moon and wisdom. Thoth was also
    (...)  tourists to Egypt. There has been a downturn in tourism since the revolution that took place there in 2011.
    1  ) Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered a huge cemetery hidden under the sands south of Cairo. The 2,000-year-old necropolis was
    (...)  Egyptians. Mr Waziri also said there were 40 sarcophagi. A sarcophagus is a stone coffin in
    (...)  least five years to work on the necropolis. This is only the beginning of a new discovery."
    (...)  soon. The tombs contain a wealth of historic treasures. One tomb includes more than 1,000
    (...)  which dead bodies were placed. Waziri hopes the new site will help to attract more
    (...)  of the site. He said he and his colleagues have uncovered eight tombs so far. He expects many more to be found
    (...)  believed to be the inventor of writing. Egypt's Antiquities Minister, Khaled al-Anani, said: "We will need at
    (...)  found south of Egypt's capital in the Nile Valley city of Minya. The word necropolis is from ancient
    (...)  Mostafa Waziri, the head of the archaeological dig, said he was very excited about the contents

    Put the words in the right order

    1. a   Archaeologists   huge   in   have   Egypt   cemetery   .   discovered
    2. the   Cairo   .   sands   under   of   Hidden   south
    3. ancient   Greek   .   from   is   necropolis   word   The
    4. inventor   .   the   to   also   was   be   believed   Thoth
    5. the   is   discovery   .   a   This   beginning   new   of
    6. was   the   excited   about   contents   .   very   He
    7. be   He   to   expects   soon   .   many   more   found
    8. tombs   wealth   historic   a   The   treasures   .   contain   of
    9. were   where   A   dead   stone   coffin   bodies   placed   .
    10. in   the   downturn   tourism   A   since   revolution   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Archaeologists in Egypt have discovery / discovered a huge cemetery hidden under the sands south of Cairo. The 2,000-year-old necropolis were / was found south of Egypt's capital / capitals in the Nile Valley city of Minya. The word necropolis is from / for ancient Greek and means "city of the dead". The necropolis contents / contains thousands of artifacts, including coffins and statues. Archaeologists started excavation work on the site lately / late last year. They found tombs belong / belonging to priests of Thoth. He was the ancient god of the moon and wisdom / wise. Thoth was also believed to be the invention / inventor of writing. Egypt's Antiquities Minister, Khaled al-Anani, said: "We will need at least five years to work on the necropolis. This is only the beginning of a new / anew discovery."

    Mostafa Waziri, the head of the archaeological dig / digger, said he was very excited about the contents of the sight / site. He said he and his colleagues have uncovered eight combs / tombs so far. He expects / experts many more to be found soon. The tombs contain a wealthy / wealth of historic treasures. One tomb includes more than 1,000 statues and four pottery jars that contain the domains / remains of the internal organs of importance / important ancient Egyptians. Mr Waziri also said there were 40 sarcophagi. A sarcophagus is a stone coffin in which dead / death bodies were placed. Waziri hopes the new site will help to attraction / attract more tourists to Egypt. There has been a downturn in tourism since the revolution that took place there / here in 2011.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A r c h___l_g_s t s  _n   E g y p t   h_v_  d_s c_v_r_d  _  h_g_  c_m_t_r y   h_d d_n  _n d_r   t h_  s_n d s   s__ t h  _f   C__ r_.   T h_  2 , 0 0 0 - y__ r -_l d   n_c r_p_l_s   w_s   f__ n d   s__ t h  _f   E g y p t ' s   c_p_t_l  _n   t h_  N_l_  V_l l_y   c_t y  _f   M_n y_.   T h_  w_r d   n_c r_p_l_s  _s   f r_m  _n c__ n t   G r__ k  _n d   m__ n s   " c_t y  _f   t h_  d__ d " .   T h_  n_c r_p_l_s   c_n t__ n s   t h__ s_n d s  _f  _r t_f_c t s ,  _n c l_d_n g   c_f f_n s  _n d   s t_t__ s .   A r c h___l_g_s t s   s t_r t_d  _x c_v_t__ n   w_r k  _n   t h_  s_t_  l_t_  l_s t   y__ r .   T h_y   f__ n d   t_m b s   b_l_n g_n g   t_  p r__ s t s  _f   T h_t h .   H_  w_s   t h_ _n c__ n t   g_d  _f   t h_  m__ n  _n d   w_s d_m .   T h_t h   w_s  _l s_  b_l__ v_d   t_  b_  t h_ _n v_n t_r  _f   w r_t_n g .   E g y p t ' s   A n t_q__ t__ s   M_n_s t_r ,   K h_l_d  _l - A n_n_,   s__ d :   " W_  w_l l   n__ d  _t   l__ s t   f_v_  y__ r s   t_  w_r k  _n   t h_  n_c r_p_l_s .   T h_s  _s  _n l y   t h_  b_g_n n_n g  _f  _  n_w   d_s c_v_r y . "

    M_s t_f_  W_z_r_,   t h_  h__ d  _f   t h_ _r c h___l_g_c_l   d_g ,   s__ d   h_  w_s   v_r y  _x c_t_d  _b__ t   t h_  c_n t_n t s  _f   t h_  s_t_.   H_  s__ d   h_ _n d   h_s   c_l l__ g__ s   h_v_ _n c_v_r_d  __ g h t   t_m b s   s_  f_r .   H_ _x p_c t s   m_n y   m_r_  t_  b_  f__ n d   s__ n .   T h_  t_m b s   c_n t__ n  _  w__ l t h  _f   h_s t_r_c   t r__ s_r_s .   O n_  t_m b  _n c l_d_s   m_r_  t h_n   1 , 0 0 0   s t_t__ s  _n d   f__ r   p_t t_r y   j_r s   t h_t   c_n t__ n   t h_  r_m__ n s  _f   t h_ _n t_r n_l  _r g_n s  _f  _m p_r t_n t  _n c__ n t   E g y p t__ n s .   M r   W_z_r_ _l s_  s__ d   t h_r_  w_r_  4 0   s_r c_p h_g_.   A   s_r c_p h_g_s  _s  _  s t_n_  c_f f_n  _n   w h_c h   d__ d   b_d__ s   w_r_  p l_c_d .   W_z_r_  h_p_s   t h_  n_w   s_t_  w_l l   h_l p   t_ _t t r_c t   m_r_  t__ r_s t s   t_  E g y p t .   T h_r_  h_s   b__ n  _  d_w n t_r n  _n   t__ r_s m   s_n c_  t h_  r_v_l_t__ n   t h_t   t__ k   p l_c_  t h_r_ _n   2 0 1 1 .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    archaeologists in egypt have discovered a huge cemetery hidden under the sands south of cairo the 2000yearold necropolis was found south of egypts capital in the nile valley city of minya the word necropolis is from ancient greek and means city of the dead the necropolis contains thousands of artifacts including coffins and statues archaeologists started excavation work on the site late last year they found tombs belonging to priests of thoth he was the ancient god of the moon and wisdom thoth was also believed to be the inventor of writing egypts antiquities minister khaled alanani said we will need at least five years to work on the necropolis this is only the beginning of a new discovery

    mostafa waziri the head of the archaeological dig said he was very excited about the contents of the site he said he and his colleagues have uncovered eight tombs so far he expects many more to be found soon the tombs contain a wealth of historic treasures one tomb includes more than 1000 statues and four pottery jars that contain the remains of the internal organs of important ancient egyptians mr waziri also said there were 40 sarcophagi a sarcophagus is a stone coffin in which dead bodies were placed waziri hopes the new site will help to attract more tourists to egypt there has been a downturn in tourism since the revolution that took place there in 2011

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    ArchaeologistsinEgypthavediscoveredahugecemeteryhiddenundert
    hesandssouthofCairo.The2,000-year-oldnecropoliswasfoundsout
    hofEgypt'scapitalintheNileValleycityofMinya.Thewordnecropolisisfr
    omancientGreekandmeans"cityofthedead".Thenecropoliscontainst
    housandsofartifacts,includingcoffinsandstatues.Archaeologistsstart
    edexcavationworkonthesitelatelastyear.Theyfoundtombsbelonging
    topriestsofThoth.Hewastheancientgodofthemoonandwisdom.Thoth
    wasalsobelievedtobetheinventorofwriting.Egypt'sAntiquitiesMiniste
    r,Khaledal-Anani,said:"Wewillneedatleastfiveyearstoworkonthene
    cropolis.Thisisonlythebeginningofanewdiscovery."MostafaWaziri,th
    eheadofthearchaeologicaldig,saidhewasveryexcitedabouttheconte
    ntsofthesite.Hesaidheandhiscolleagueshaveuncoveredeighttombss
    ofar.Heexpectsmanymoretobefoundsoon.Thetombscontainawealth
    ofhistorictreasures.Onetombincludesmorethan1,000statuesandfou
    rpotteryjarsthatcontaintheremainsoftheinternalorgansofimportant
    ancientEgyptians.MrWazirialsosaidtherewere40sarcophagi.Asarcop
    hagusisastonecoffininwhichdeadbodieswereplaced.Wazirihopesthe
    newsitewillhelptoattractmoretouriststoEgypt.Therehasbeenadownt
    urnintourismsincetherevolutionthattookplacetherein2011.

    Free writing

    Write about necropolis for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Egypt is the most interesting country in the world to visit. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. ANCIENT EGYPT: Make a poster about ancient Egypt. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. EGYPT MUSEUM: Write a magazine article about making the Egypt Museum the most important tourist attraction in the world. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against it.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on ancient Egypt. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how more people can see the treasures of ancient Egypt. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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