The Reading / Listening - Disease X - Level 3

Scientists from the World Health Organization (WHO) say the world is possibly at risk from a deadly disease. However, they do not know its name or what it does and looks like. They have called it 'Disease X'. It could be caused by a virus or another micro-organism that scientists don't yet know about. The WHO said Disease X could go unnoticed until it is too late and it is quickly spreading around the world. The WHO is taking the threat of Disease X seriously. It is putting a lot of money into research and is preparing a plan for a sudden outbreak. It said: "Disease X represents the knowledge that a serious international epidemic could be caused by a [virus] currently unknown to cause human disease."



The scientists said that Disease X could come from many different sources. It could come from existing diseases changing and becoming strong enough to resist our vaccines; it could come from terrorism and bio-weapons; it could also come from scientists using DNA-changing technology to make entirely new viruses. The biggest threat could come from animals. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said: "Scientists estimate that more than 6 out of every 10 known infectious diseases in people are spread from animals." These include Ebola, avian flu and mad cow disease. Everyone living closer together in cities and increasing international travel and tourism will make it easier for diseases to spread.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Disease X - Level 0 Disease X - Level 1   or  Disease X - Level 2

Sources
  • http://www.techtimes.com/articles/222770/20180310/disease-x-unknown-pathogen-could-cause-epidemic-that-can-kill-millions-worldwide.htm
  • https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/beware-disease-x-mystery-killer-keeping-scientists-awake-night/
  • https://nypost.com/2018/03/10/disease-x-could-be-the-worlds-worst-nightmare/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. DISEASES: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about diseases. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       scientists / at risk / disease / virus / too late / a lot of money / outbreak / plan /
       sources / strong / terrorism / animals / infectious / flu / living closer / travel / tourism
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. NO DISEASE: Students A strongly believe there will be no diseases one day; Students B strongly believe this will never happen.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. RISKS: How serious are these risks to the world and how can we reduce them? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.


Risks

How Serious?

How to Reduce Them?

Global warming

 

 

Nuclear war

 

 

Epidemics

 

 

Hate

 

 

Internet crime

 

 

Fast food

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. VIRUS: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "virus". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. EPIDEMIC: Rank these with your partner. Put the best things to do during an epidemic at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • move to the mountains
  • boil all food
  • drink lots of water
  • go to the hospital
  • stay indoors
  • keep the news on
  • close all windows
  • wear a mask

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. scientists a. A situation where disease travels from person to person very quickly and vet far.
      2. virus b. A person who is studying or has a lot of knowledge of things like physics, chemistry, biology, etc.
      3. micro-organism c. A person or thing likely to cause damage or danger.
      4. unnoticed d. A tiny bug that can live in our body and spread disease.
      5. threat e. Not seen.
      6. outbreak f. The smallest of living things that are so small we cannot see them.
      7. epidemic g. The sudden or violent start of something very bad or unwelcome, such as war, disease, etc.

    Paragraph 2

      8. sources h. Where things come from or start from.
      9. existing i. Move across a wider and wider area.
      10. resist j. Being here, now.
      11. vaccines k. Easy for something (a virus, gossip, panic...) to go quickly from one person to another.
      12. estimate l. Fight against something / something to stop it / them.
      13. infectious m. A kind if medicine used to fight against a disease.
      14. spread n. Guess.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. WHO Scientists warned of a possible deadly disease.     T / F
  2. The name 'Disease X' is because scientists don't know what it is.     T / F
  3. Scientists say the disease will not be in the form of a virus.     T / F
  4. The WHO is spending lots of money on researching Disease X.     T / F
  5. Disease X could be an existing disease that gets much stronger.     T / F
  6. Disease X will definitely not come from terrorists.     T / F
  7. Over 70% of infectious diseases in humans are from animals.     T / F
  8. People living in cities will reduce the spread of a disease.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. at risk
  2. preparing
  3. sudden
  4. knowledge
  5. cause
  6. resist
  7. entirely
  8. estimate
  9. infectious
  10. international
  1. guess
  2. fight against
  3. bring about
  4. global
  5. getting ready
  6. understanding
  7. communicable
  8. in danger
  9. totally
  10. unexpected

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. the world is possibly at risk
  2. a virus or another micro-
  3. The WHO is taking the threat of Disease X
  4. preparing a plan for
  5. a serious international
  6. strong enough to resist our
  7. The biggest threat could
  8. infectious
  9. increasing international travel
  10. make it easier for diseases
  1. come from animals
  2. and tourism
  3. epidemic
  4. diseases
  5. to spread
  6. seriously
  7. organism
  8. vaccines
  9. a sudden outbreak
  10. from a deadly disease

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
into
micro
cause
possibly
outbreak
spreading
name
yet

Scientists from the World Health Organization (WHO) say the world is (1) ____________ at risk from a deadly disease. However, they do not know its (2) ____________ or what it does and looks like. They have called it 'Disease X'. It could be caused by a virus or another (3) ____________ -organism that scientists don't (4) ____________ know about. The WHO said Disease X could go unnoticed until it is too late and it is quickly                   (5) ____________ around the world. The WHO is taking the threat of Disease X seriously. It is putting a lot of money             (6) ____________ research and is preparing a plan for a sudden (7) ____________. It said: "Disease X represents the knowledge that a serious international epidemic could be caused by a [virus] currently unknown to (8) ____________ human disease."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
estimate
resist
tourism
entirely
sources
closer
DNA
infectious

The scientists said that Disease X could come from many different (9) ____________. It could come from existing diseases changing and becoming strong enough to (10) ____________ our vaccines; it could come from terrorism and bio-weapons; it could also come from scientists using (11) ____________ -changing technology to make (12) ____________ new viruses. The biggest threat could come from animals. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said: "Scientists (13) ____________ that more than 6 out of every 10 known (14) ____________ diseases in people are spread from animals." These include Ebola, avian flu and mad cow disease. Everyone living (15) ____________ together in cities and increasing international travel and (16) ____________ will make it easier for diseases to spread.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Scientists from the World Health Organization (WHO) say the world is ______
     a.  possibly that risk
     b.  possibly at risk
     c.  possibly chat risk
     d.  possibly pat risk
2)  However, they do not know its name or what it does ______
     a.  and look likes
     b.  and looks likes
     c.  and look like
     d.  and looks like
3)  It could be caused by a virus or another ______
     a.  macro-organism
     b.  micro-organism
     c.  my-grow organism
     d.  mike-row organism
4)  Disease X could go unnoticed until it is too late and it ______
     a.  is quickly spread in
     b.  this quickly spread in
     c.  is quick spreading
     d.  is quickly spreading
5) represents the knowledge that a serious international epidemic could be caused ______
     a.  by at virus
     b.  by up virus
     c.  by a viral
     d.  by a virus

6)  The scientists said that Disease X could come from many ______
     a.  difference sources
     b.  different sauces
     c.  difference sauces
     d.  different sources
7)  It could come from existing diseases changing and becoming strong ______
     a.  enough to resists
     b.  enough to resist
     c.  enough to resisted
     d.  enough to resistance
8)  come from scientists using DNA-changing technology to make ______ viruses
     a.  entirely anew
     b.  entirely new
     c.  entirely news
     d.  entirely newly
9) more than 6 out of every 10 known infectious diseases in people are ______
     a.  spread farm animals
     b.  spread from animals
     c.  spread form animals
     d.  spread fro animals
10)  increasing international travel and tourism will make it easier ______ spread
     a.  for diseases to
     b.  four diseases to
     c.  for diseases two
     d.  four diseases two

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists from the World Health Organization (WHO) say the world is (1) ___________________ from a deadly disease. However, they do not know its name or what it does (2) ___________________. They have called it 'Disease X'. It could be caused by a virus or another micro-organism that (3) ___________________ know about. The WHO said Disease X could go unnoticed until it is too late and it is quickly spreading around the world. The WHO is (4) ___________________ of Disease X seriously. It is putting a lot of money into research and is preparing a plan for (5) ___________________. It said: "Disease X represents the knowledge that a serious international epidemic could be caused by a [virus] currently (6) ___________________ human disease."

The scientists said that Disease X could come from (7) ___________________. It could come from existing diseases changing and becoming strong enough to (8) ___________________; it could come from terrorism and bio-weapons; it could also come from scientists using DNA-changing technology to make (9) ___________________. The biggest threat could come from animals. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said: "Scientists estimate that more than 6 out of every 10 known (10) ___________________ people are spread from animals." These include Ebola, avian flu and (11) ___________________. Everyone living closer together in cities and increasing international travel and tourism will make it easier for (12) ___________________.

Comprehension questions

  1. What group said the world is at risk?
  2. What is the name of the Disease X disease?
  3. What could cause Disease X, besides a virus?
  4. How much money is going into researching Disease X?
  5. What serious thing could Disease X cause?
  6. What could stronger diseases be resistant to?
  7. What kind of technology could make totally new viruses?
  8. What could the biggest threat come from?
  9. How many infectious diseases in humans come from animals?
  10. What is making diseases easier to spread, besides living in cities?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What group said the world is at risk?
a) UNESCO
b) the IMF
c) the WHO
d) the WWF
2) What is the name of the Disease X disease?
a) no one knows
b) virus
c) Bob
d) internationalus riskus
3) What could cause Disease X, besides a virus?
a) the Internet
b) a micro-organism
c) bad weather
d) mushrooms
4) How much money is going into researching Disease X?
a) too little
b) not a lot
c) not so much
d) a lot
5) What serious thing could Disease X cause?
a) zombies
b) war
c) an international epidemic
d) Armageddon

6) What could stronger diseases be resistant to?
a) humans
b) vaccines
c) change
d) animals
7) What kind of technology could make totally new viruses?
a) assembly-line technology
b) nanotechnology
c) computer technology
d) DNA-changing technology
8) What could the biggest threat come from?
a) humans
b) animals
c) outer space
d) dust
9) How many infectious diseases in humans come from animals?
a) 66
b) over 60%
c) just 6%
d) around 15%
10) What is making diseases easier to spread, besides living in cities?
a) tourism
b) global warming
c) the Internet
d) better hospitals

Role play

Role  A – Stay Indoors
You think staying indoors is the best thing to do in an epidemic. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): moving to the mountains, keeping the news on or wearing a mask.

Role  B – Move to the Mountains
You think moving to the mountains is the best thing to do in an epidemic. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): staying indoors, keeping the news on or wearing a mask.

Role  C – Keep the News on
You think keeping the news on is the best thing to do in an epidemic. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): moving to the mountains, staying indoors or wearing a mask.

Role  D – Wear a Mask
You think wearing a mask is the best thing to do in an epidemic. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why):  moving to the mountains, keeping the news on or staying indoors.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'disease'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'virus'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • different
    • enough
    • entirely
    • biggest
    • flu
    • closer
    • possibly
    • looks
    • another
    • late
    • plan
    • serious




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Disease X is a 'big risk' to the world

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'disease'?
    3. How worried are you about deadly viruses?
    4. What do you know about viruses?
    5. Are you careful about keeping germs away?
    6. What do you think about Disease X?
    7. What do you think of the name 'Disease X'?
    8. What would you do if there was a sudden epidemic?
    9. How dangerous are viruses?
    10. Will scientists destroy all viruses one day?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'virus'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What's the worst virus you've ever had?
    5. How serious is the threat from bio-weapons?
    6. How dangerous is DNA-changing technology?
    7. How can we stop animals from spreading diseases?
    8. Is it better to live in the countryside to avoid diseases?
    9. Should there be a travel ban if there is an epidemic?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the scientists?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists from the World Health Organization (WHO) say the world is (1) ______ at risk from a (2) ______ disease. However, they do not know its name or what it does and looks like. They have called it 'Disease X'. It could be (3) ______ by a virus or other micro-organism that scientists don't yet know about. The WHO said Disease X could go (4) ______ until it is too late and it is quickly spreading around the world. The WHO is taking the threat of Disease X seriously. It is putting a lot of money into research and is preparing a plan for a (5) ______ outbreak. It said: "Disease X represents the knowledge that a serious international (6) ______ could be caused by a [virus] currently unknown to cause human disease."

    The scientists said that Disease X could come from many different (7) ______. It could come from existing diseases changing and becoming strong enough to (8) ______ our vaccines; it could come from terrorism and bio-weapons; it could also come from scientists using (9) ______-changing technology to make entirely new viruses. The biggest threat could come from animals. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said: "Scientists estimate (10) ______ more than 6 out of every 10 known infectious diseases (11) ______ people are spread from animals." These include Ebola, avian flu and mad cow disease. Everyone living closer together in cities and increasing international travel and tourism will make it easier for diseases (12) ______ spread.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     possible     (b)     possibility     (c)     possibly     (d)     possibles    
    2. (a)     deadly     (b)     death     (c)     dead     (d)     dying    
    3. (a)     caused     (b)     cased     (c)     creased     (d)     ceased    
    4. (a)     unnoticed     (b)     noticing     (c)     noticeable     (d)     notifying    
    5. (a)     sadden     (b)     sudden     (c)     suddenly     (d)     sodden    
    6. (a)     episodic     (b)     epidural     (c)     epidermis     (d)     epidemic    
    7. (a)     sauces     (b)     source     (c)     sources     (d)     sauce    
    8. (a)     exist     (b)     consist     (c)     assist     (d)     resist    
    9. (a)     DNA     (b)     AND     (c)     DAN     (d)     NDA    
    10. (a)     which     (b)     that     (c)     what     (d)     thus    
    11. (a)     on     (b)     in     (c)     up     (d)     to    
    12. (a)     as     (b)     by     (c)     to     (d)     on

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. the world is ossibply at risk
    2. a adedly disease
    3. caused by a irvus
    4. quickly aresdipng around the world
    5. plan for a sudden uboertak
    6. a serious international iipmeedc

    Paragraph 2

    1. come from many different ourcses
    2. strong enough to resist our aiccnves
    3. it could come from orrtriesm
    4. scientists sieamtte that...
    5. neiitcofus diseases
    6. international travel and outisrm

    Put the text back together

    (...)  represents the knowledge that a serious international epidemic could
    1  ) Scientists from the World Health Organization (WHO) say the world is possibly at risk from a deadly
    (...)  by a virus or another micro-organism that scientists don't yet know about. The WHO said Disease X could go unnoticed until it is too
    (...)  and Prevention said: "Scientists estimate that more than 6 out of every 10 known infectious diseases in people are
    (...)  spread from animals." These include Ebola, avian flu and mad cow disease. Everyone living closer
    (...)  together in cities and increasing international travel and tourism will make it easier for diseases to spread.
    (...)  of money into research and is preparing a plan for a sudden outbreak. It said: "Disease X
    (...)  disease. However, they do not know its name or what it does and looks like. They have called it 'Disease X'. It could be caused
    (...)  viruses. The biggest threat could come from animals. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control
    (...)  from existing diseases changing and becoming strong enough to resist our vaccines; it could come from terrorism and bio-
    (...)  late and it is quickly spreading around the world. The WHO is taking the threat of Disease X seriously. It is putting a lot
    (...)  be caused by a [virus] currently unknown to cause human disease."
    (...)  weapons; it could also come from scientists using DNA-changing technology to make entirely new
    (...)  The scientists said that Disease X could come from many different sources. It could come

    Put the words in the right order

    1. is   at   deadly   disease   .   world   from   risk   a   The
    2. a   It   by   caused   could   virus   .   be
    3. Disease   X   WHO   go   said   The   could   unnoticed   .
    4. is   putting   It   into   money   lot   of   research   .   a
    5. currently   to   cause   A   virus   unknown   human   disease   .
    6. many   Disease   X   sources   .   come   different   could   from
    7. to   strong   resist   our   Becoming   enough   vaccines   .
    8. The   animals   .   threat   come   from   could   biggest
    9. More   of   diseases   .   10   out   than   infectious   6
    10. easier   to   spread   .   for   it   will   make   Tourism   diseases

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists from the World Health Organization (WHO) say the world is possibly / possible at risk from a deadly disease. However, they do not knowing / know its name or what it does and looks like / likely. They have called it 'Disease X'. It could be cased / caused by a virus or another micro-organism that scientists don't yet / let know about. The WHO said Disease X could go unnoticed still / until it is too late and it is quirky / quickly spreading around the world. The WHO is taking the threat / treat of Disease X seriously. It is putting a lot of money into research and is preparing / preparation a plan for a sudden outbreak. It said: "Disease X represents the knowledge that a serious international epidemic could be caused by a [virus] currently / currency unknown to cause human disease."

    The scientists said that Disease X could come from many different sauces / sources. It could come from existing diseases changed / changing and becoming strong enough to assist / resist our vaccines; it could come from terrorism and bio-weapons; it could also come for / from scientists using DNA-changing technology to make entirely / entry new viruses. The biggest threat could come from animals. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said: "Scientists estimation / estimate that more than 6 out of every 10 known infectious / infectiously diseases in people are spread from animals / animal." These include Ebola, avian flu and mad cow disease. Everyone living closer together in cities and increase / increasing international travel and tourism will make / do it easier for diseases to spread.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    S c__ n t_s t s   f r_m   t h_  W_r l d   H__ l t h   O r g_n_z_t__ n   ( W H O )   s_y   t h_  w_r l d  _s   p_s s_b l y  _t   r_s k   f r_m  _  d__ d l y   d_s__ s_.   H_w_v_r ,   t h_y   d_  n_t   k n_w  _t s   n_m_ _r   w h_t  _t   d__ s  _n d   l__ k s   l_k_.   T h_y   h_v_  c_l l_d  _t   ' D_s__ s_  X ' .   I t   c__ l d   b_  c__ s_d   b y  _  v_r_s  _r  _t h_r   m_c r_-_r g_n_s m   t h_t   s c__ n t_s t s   d_n ' t   y_t   k n_w  _b__ t .   T h_  W H O   s__ d   D_s__ s_  X   c__ l d   g_ _n n_t_c_d  _n t_l  _t  _s   t__   l_t_ _n d  _t  _s   q__ c k l y   s p r__ d_n g  _r__ n d   t h_  w_r l d .   T h_  W H O  _s   t_k_n g   t h_  t h r__ t  _f   D_s__ s_  X   s_r___s l y .   I t  _s   p_t t_n g  _  l_t  _f   m_n_y  _n t_  r_s__ r c h  _n d  _s   p r_p_r_n g  _  p l_n   f_r  _  s_d d_n  __ t b r__ k .   I t   s__ d :   " D_s__ s_  X   r_p r_s_n t s   t h_  k n_w l_d g_  t h_t  _  s_r___s  _n t_r n_t__ n_l  _p_d_m_c   c__ l d   b_  c__ s_d   b y  _  [ v_r_s ]   c_r r_n t l y  _n k n_w n   t_  c__ s_  h_m_n   d_s__ s_. "

    T h_  s c__ n t_s t s   s__ d   t h_t   D_s__ s_  X   c__ l d   c_m_  f r_m   m_n y   d_f f_r_n t   s__ r c_s .   I t   c__ l d   c_m_  f r_m  _x_s t_n g   d_s__ s_s   c h_n g_n g  _n d   b_c_m_n g   s t r_n g  _n__ g h   t_  r_s_s t  __ r   v_c c_n_s ;  _t   c__ l d   c_m_  f r_m   t_r r_r_s m  _n d   b__ - w__ p_n s ;  _t   c__ l d  _l s_  c_m_  f r_m   s c__ n t_s t s  _s_n g   D N A - c h_n g_n g   t_c h n_l_g y   t_  m_k_ _n t_r_l y   n_w   v_r_s_s .   T h_  b_g g_s t   t h r__ t   c__ l d   c_m_  f r_m  _n_m_l s .   T h_  U . S .   C_n t_r s   f_r   D_s__ s_  C_n t r_l  _n d   P r_v_n t__ n   s__ d :   " S c__ n t_s t s  _s t_m_t_  t h_t   m_r_  t h_n   6  __ t  _f  _v_r y   1 0   k n_w n  _n f_c t___s   d_s__ s_s  _n   p__ p l_ _r_  s p r__ d   f r_m  _n_m_l s . "   T h_s_ _n c l_d_  E b_l_,  _v__ n   f l_ _n d   m_d   c_w   d_s__ s_.   E v_r y_n_  l_v_n g   c l_s_r   t_g_t h_r  _n   c_t__ s  _n d  _n c r__ s_n g  _n t_r n_t__ n_l   t r_v_l  _n d   t__ r_s m   w_l l   m_k_ _t  __ s__ r   f_r   d_s__ s_s   t_  s p r__ d .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists from the world health organization who say the world is possibly at risk from a deadly disease however they do not know its name or what it does and looks like they have called it disease x it could be caused by a virus or another microorganism that scientists dont yet know about the who said disease x could go unnoticed until it is too late and it is quickly spreading around the world the who is taking the threat of disease x seriously it is putting a lot of money into research and is preparing a plan for a sudden outbreak it said disease x represents the knowledge that a serious international epidemic could be caused by a virus currently unknown to cause human disease

    the scientists said that disease x could come from many different sources it could come from existing diseases changing and becoming strong enough to resist our vaccines it could come from terrorism and bioweapons it could also come from scientists using dnachanging technology to make entirely new viruses the biggest threat could come from animals the us centers for disease control and prevention said scientists estimate that more than 6 out of every 10 known infectious diseases in people are spread from animals these include ebola avian flu and mad cow disease everyone living closer together in cities and increasing international travel and tourism will make it easier for diseases to spread

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    ScientistsfromtheWorldHealthOrganization(WHO)saytheworldispos
    siblyatriskfromadeadlydisease.However,theydonotknowitsnameor
    whatitdoesandlookslike.Theyhavecalledit'DiseaseX'.Itcouldbecaus
    edbyavirusoranothermicro-organismthatscientistsdon'tyetknowab
    out.TheWHOsaidDiseaseXcouldgounnoticeduntilitistoolateanditisq
    uicklyspreadingaroundtheworld.TheWHOistakingthethreatofDiseas
    eXseriously.Itisputtingalotofmoneyintoresearchandispreparingapla
    nforasuddenoutbreak.Itsaid:"DiseaseXrepresentstheknowledgetha
    taseriousinternationalepidemiccouldbecausedbya[virus]currentlyu
    nknowntocausehumandisease."ThescientistssaidthatDiseaseXcoul
    dcomefrommanydifferentsources.Itcouldcomefromexistingdisease
    schangingandbecomingstrongenoughtoresistourvaccines;itcouldco
    mefromterrorismandbio-weapons;itcouldalsocomefromscientistsus
    ingDNA-changingtechnologytomakeentirelynewviruses.Thebigges
    tthreatcouldcomefromanimals.TheU.S.CentersforDiseaseControlan
    dPreventionsaid:"Scientistsestimatethatmorethan6outofevery10k
    nowninfectiousdiseasesinpeoplearespreadfromanimals."Theseinclu
    deEbola,avianfluandmadcowdisease.Everyonelivingclosertogetheri
    ncitiesandincreasinginternationaltravelandtourismwillmakeiteasier
    sfordiseasestospread.

    Free writing

    Write about Disease X for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Scientists will always be able to cure diseases. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. DISEASES: Make a poster about diseases. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. DISEASE X: Write a magazine article about Disease X and the need to spend much more money into researching it. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against it.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on diseases. Ask him/her three questions about Disease X. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can deal with a pandemic. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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