The Reading / Listening - Children - Level 4

Japan has its fewest number of children since records began. There were 170,000 fewer children in March 2018 than in March 2017. Japan's government issued a report showing the statistics. The number of children aged 14 or under dropped for the 37th year in a row. There was also a record low of 12.3 per cent in the ratio of children to the whole population. This ratio is the lowest among countries with a population of over 40 million.



Japan's prime minister has taken action to encourage lower-income families to have more children. However, these have not worked so well. Furthermore, fewer Japanese people are getting married. Statisticians say this is a "ticking time-bomb". The number of annual births in 2016 fell below one million for the first time since records began in 1899. By 2050, Japan will have 23 per cent fewer citizens. This means an aging society and a reducing workforce.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Children - Level 5 or  Children - Level 6

Sources
  • https://asia.nikkei.com/Economy/Japan-s-plunging-population-adds-urgency-to-immigration-talk
  • http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-05/04/c_137156459.htm
  • http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2144754/number-japanese-children-declines-37th-year-row-now-record-low


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. since records
  2. There were 170,000 fewer
  3. a report showing
  4. for the 37th year
  5. a record low
  6. the ratio of children to
  7. This ratio is the
  8. a population of
  1. of 12.3 per cent
  2. the statistics
  3. lowest
  4. children
  5. over 40 million
  6. in a row
  7. began
  8. the whole population

Paragraph 2

  1. Japan's prime minister has taken
  2. encourage lower-
  3. have more
  4. these have not worked
  5. fewer Japanese people are
  6. this is a ticking
  7. fell below one million
  8. an aging
  1. time-bomb
  2. so well
  3. for the first time
  4. getting married
  5. income families
  6. society
  7. action
  8. children

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Japan has (1) ___________________ of children since records began. There were 170,000 (2) ___________________ March 2018 than in March 2017. Japan's government (3) ___________________ showing the statistics. The number of children aged 14 or under dropped for the 37th year (4) ___________________. There was also a record low of 12.3 per cent in the (5) ___________________ to the whole population. This ratio is the lowest (6) ___________________ a population of over 40 million.

Japan's prime minister has taken (7) ___________________ lower-income families to have more children. However, these (8) ___________________ so well. Furthermore, fewer Japanese (9) ___________________ married. Statisticians say this is a "ticking time-bomb". The (10) ___________________ births in 2016 fell below one million for the first time since records began in (11) ___________________, Japan will have 23 per cent fewer citizens. This means (12) ___________________ and a reducing workforce.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Japanhasitsfewestnumberofchildrensincerecordsbegan.Therewere
170,000fewerchildreninMarch2018thaninMarch2017.Japan'sgover
nmentissuedareportshowingthestatistics.Thenumberofchildrenage
d14orunderdroppedforthe37thyearinarow.Therewasalsoarecordlo
wof12.3percentintheratioofchildrentothewholepopulation.Thisratioi
sthelowestamongcountrieswithapopulationofover40million.Japan's
primeministerhastakenactiontoencouragelower-incomefamiliestoh
avemorechildren.However,thesehavenotworkedsowell.Furthermor
e,fewerJapanesepeoplearegettingmarried.Statisticianssaythisisa"ti
ckingtime-bomb".Thenumberofannualbirthsin2016fellbelowonemill
ionforthefirsttimesincerecordsbeganin1899.By2050,Japanwillhave
23percentfewercitizens.Thismeansanagingsocietyandareducingwo
rkforce.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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