The Reading / Listening - Life on Earth - Level 5

Humans are only a tiny fraction of all life on Earth, but have destroyed 83% of all wild mammals and half of our plant life. This is according to a new study from Israel. The ground-breaking report is the first look into the weight of every kind of creature and life form on Earth. Researcher Professor Ron Milo explained what started the research. He said: "I was shocked to find there wasn't already a comprehensive, holistic estimate of all the different components of biomass." He hopes the study will provide a perspective on the very dominant role that humans now play on Earth.



There are 7.6 billion people on Earth, which is just 0.01% of all living things. This is the same percentage as for termites. Since we began walking on this planet, we have managed to cause the loss of most of its living species. Humans have also greatly changed the ratios of livestock to wild animals. Today, farmed birds (mostly chickens) make up 70% of all birds on Earth. Similarly, 60% of all mammals on Earth are livestock (mostly cattle and pigs), while just 4% are wild animals. Professor Milo hopes people will look more carefully at what they consume, and eat less meat.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Life on Earth - Level 4 or  Life on Earth - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/may/21/human-race-just-001-of-all-life-but-has-destroyed-over-80-of-wild-mammals-study
  • https://www.sciencealert.com/humans-are-just-0-01-of-life-earth-but-we-annihilated-rest-biomass-animals-mammals-plants
  • http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/05/plants-outweigh-all-other-life-earth


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Humans are only a tiny
  2. wild
  3. half
  4. This is according
  5. every kind
  6. the different components of
  7. the study will provide
  8. the very dominant role that
  1. a perspective
  2. to a new study
  3. humans now play
  4. mammals
  5. biomass
  6. of our plant life
  7. of creature
  8. fraction

Paragraph 2

  1. There are 7.6 billion
  2. just 0.01%
  3. the same percentage as for
  4. cause the loss of most of
  5. the ratios of livestock
  6. 60% of all mammals
  7. livestock
  8. look more carefully
  1. to wild animals
  2. (mostly cattle and pigs)
  3. people on Earth
  4. on Earth
  5. its living species
  6. of all living things
  7. at what they consume
  8. termites

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Humans are only (1) ___________________ of all life on Earth, but have destroyed 83% of (2) ___________________ and half of our plant life. This is (3) ___________________ new study from Israel. The ground-breaking report is the first look into the weight of every (4) ___________________ and life form on Earth. Researcher Professor Ron Milo explained what started the research. He said: "I (5) ___________________ find there wasn't already a comprehensive, holistic estimate of all the different components of biomass." He hopes the study will provide a perspective on the (6) ___________________ that humans now play on Earth.

There are 7.6 billion people on Earth, which is just 0.01% of all living things. This is the same (7) ___________________ termites. Since we began walking on this planet, we have managed to (8) ___________________ of most of its living species. Humans have also greatly changed (9) ___________________ livestock to wild animals. Today, farmed birds (mostly chickens) make up 70% of all birds on Earth. Similarly, 60% (10) ___________________ on Earth are livestock (mostly cattle and pigs), while just 4% (11) ___________________. Professor Milo hopes people will look more carefully at (12) ___________________, and eat less meat.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

HumansareonlyatinyfractionofalllifeonEarth,buthavedestroyed83
%ofallwildmammalsandhalfofourplantlife.Thisisaccordingtoanewst
udyfromIsrael.Theground-breakingreportisthefirstlookintothewei
ghtofeverykindofcreatureandlifeformonEarth.ResearcherProfessor
RonMiloexplainedwhatstartedtheresearch.Hesaid:"Iwasshockedtofi
ndtherewasn'talreadyacomprehensive,holisticestimateofallthediffe
rentcomponentsofbiomass."Hehopesthestudywillprovideaperspecti
veontheverydominantrolethathumansnowplayonEarth.Thereare7.
6billionpeopleonEarth,whichisjust0.01%ofalllivingthings.Thisisthes
amepercentageasfortermites.Sincewebeganwalkingonthisplanet,w
ehavemanagedtocausethelossofmostofitslivingspecies.Humanshav
ealsogreatlychangedtheratiosoflivestocktowildanimals.Today,farm
edbirds(mostlychickens)makeup70%ofallbirdsonEarth.Similarly,6
0%ofallmammalsonEartharelivestock(mostlycattleandpigs),whilej
ust4%arewildanimals.ProfessorMilohopespeoplewilllookmorecaref
ullyatwhattheyconsume,andeatlessmeat.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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