The Reading / Listening - ISS - Level 3

Astronauts and cosmonauts on the International Space Station (ISS) have fixed a hole in the shell of its outer wall. The ISS is a large satellite in space that scientists live in to do scientific experiments. The first part of it was put into space in 1998. Last week, NASA alerted astronauts on the ISS that the station was slowly leaking air. Astronaut Alexander Gerst and five other astronauts started looking for the leak. Mr Gerst eventually found it and quickly used a simple and effective way of stopping the leak - he put his finger over the hole. Luckily, the hole was only two millimeters wide so it was not a major emergency, but it did need fixing.



The hole was in a docked Russian Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft. NASA said it could have been caused by a small piece of space junk or a small meteorite colliding with the spacecraft. The ISS travels at speeds of around 28,000 kph. Even a tiny object hitting it can cause a lot of damage. Flight controllers in the USA and Russia worked together with the crew to fix the hole. The Soyuz commander, Sergey Prokopyev, used a heat-resistant "space tape" and a special glue to plug the hole. These are part of a "necessary space repair kit". A NASA official said the crew on the ISS are safe after the repair. He said: "The crew are healthy and safe with weeks of air left in the International Space Station reserves."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    ISS - Level 0 ISS - Level 1   or  ISS - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/space/blogs/astronaut-uses-finger-plug-hole-space-station
  • https://www.yahoo.com/news/space-station-alert-crew-forced-073544223.html
  • https://www.rt.com/news/437382-iss-oxygen-leak-toothbrush/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. SPACE: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about space. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       astronauts / cosmonauts / shell / satellite / space / air / leak / simple / effective /
       hole / space junk / meteorite / spacecraft / damage / crew / repair / safe / healthy
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION: Students A strongly believe the International Space Station is necessary; Students B strongly believe it isn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. ISS PROBLEMS: What would you do in these situations on the ISS? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How big a problem?

Solutions

No lights

 

 

Bullying boss

 

 

Many cockroaches

 

 

Homesickness

 

 

Boredom

 

 

Meteorite hit

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. HOLE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "hole". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. SPACE MOVIES: Rank these with your partner. Put the best at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Alien
  • Apollo 13
  • Wall-E
  • Avatar
  • ET
  • Interstellar
  • Gravity
  • Star Wars

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. astronauts a. People (usually Russian) who are trained to travel in a spacecraft and go into space.
      2. cosmonauts b. A scientific action to make a discovery, test a theory, or show a fact is true.
      3. shell c. A machine or spacecraft put into orbit around the earth or moon or another planet in order to collect information or for communication.
      4. satellite d. The metal outside framework of a car, boat, space ship, etc.
      5. experiments e. People (usually American or linked to NASA) who are trained to travel in a spacecraft and go into space.
      6. leaking f. Successful in producing the result you want.
      7. effective g. Accidentally losing liquid or gas through a hole or crack.

    Paragraph 2

      8. docked h. Something sticky that is used for sticking objects or materials together.
      9. junk i. About a spacecraft joining with a space station or another spacecraft in space.
      10. colliding j. A thing that can be touched.
      11. tiny k. A supply of something that is not needed for use now but is available later if needed.
      12. object l. Crashing into something.
      13. glue m. Very, very small.
      14. reserves n. Old or thrown away articles that are thought to be useless or of little value.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A hole on the ISS was fixed by cosmonauts and astronauts.     T / F
  2. Parts of the ISS have been in space since 1998.     T / F
  3. A total of six astronauts looked for a hole in the ISS.     T / F
  4. The hole in the ISS was 20 millimeters wide.     T / F
  5. The hole was definitely caused by a piece of space junk.     T / F
  6. A cosmonaut used special "space tape" to fix the hole.     T / F
  7. A NASA official said the ISS crew weren't safe yet.     T / F
  8. The ISS doesn't have enough reserves of air to last.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. fixed
  2. experiments
  3. alerted
  4. eventually
  5. need
  6. caused
  7. colliding
  8. tiny
  9. safe
  10. reserves
  1. warned
  2. all right
  3. created
  4. tests
  5. crashing into
  6. repaired
  7. supplies
  8. finally
  9. require
  10. very small

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. scientific
  2. the station was slowly
  3. he put his finger
  4. the hole was only
  5. it was not a major
  6. a small piece of space
  7. The ISS travels at speeds of
  8. cause a lot
  9. a heat-resistant
  10. The crew are healthy
  1. around 28,000 kph
  2. and safe
  3. emergency
  4. junk
  5. of damage
  6. over the hole
  7. "space tape"
  8. two millimeters wide
  9. experiments
  10. leaking air

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
eventually
satellite
major
leaking
wide
shell
part
effective

Astronauts and cosmonauts on the International Space Station (ISS) have fixed a hole in the (1) ____________ of its outer wall. The ISS is a large (2) ____________ in space that scientists live in to do scientific experiments. The first (3) ____________ of it was put into space in 1998. Last week, NASA alerted astronauts on the ISS that the station was slowly (4) ____________ air. Astronaut Alexander Gerst and five other astronauts started looking for the leak. Mr Gerst (5) ____________ found it and quickly used a simple and (6) ____________ way of stopping the leak - he put his finger over the hole. Luckily, the hole was only two millimeters (7) ____________ so it was not a (8) ____________ emergency, but it did need fixing.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
colliding
repair
docked
crew
reserves
junk
tiny
glue

The hole was in a (9) ____________ Russian Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft. NASA said it could have been caused by a small piece of space (10) ____________ or a small meteorite (11) ____________ with the spacecraft. The ISS travels at speeds of around 28,000 kph. Even a (12) ____________ object hitting it can cause a lot of damage. Flight controllers in the USA and Russia worked together with the (13) ____________ to fix the hole. The Soyuz commander, Sergey Prokopyev, used a heat-resistant "space tape" and a special (14) ____________ to plug the hole. These are part of a "necessary space (15) ____________ kit". A NASA official said the crew on the ISS are safe after the repair. He said: "The crew are healthy and safe with weeks of air left in the International Space Station (16) ____________."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  the International Space Station (ISS) have fixed a hole in the shell of ______
     a.  its other wall
     b.  its outer wail
     c.  its outer wall
     d.  its udder wall
2)  The ISS is a large satellite in space that scientists live in to do ______
     a.  scientifically experiment
     b.  scientific experiences
     c.  scientific experiments
     d.  scientifically experiments
3)  NASA alerted astronauts on the ISS that the station was ______
     a.  slowly leak in air
     b.  slowly leek in air
     c.  slowly lea king air
     d.  slowly leaking air
4)  Astronaut Alexander Gerst and five other astronauts started looking ______
     a.  for the leak
     b.  for them leak
     c.  for then leak
     d.  for their leak
5)  Luckily, the hole was only two millimeters wide so it was ______ emergency
     a.  not a majorly
     b.  not a majority
     c.  not a majors
     d.  not a major

6)  NASA said it could have been caused by a small piece ______
     a.  off space junk
     b.  of spaced junk
     c.  of space junks
     d.  of space junk
7)  Even a tiny object hitting it can cause a ______
     a.  lots of damage
     b.  lot of damage
     c.  lot off damage
     d.  lot of damaged
8)  Flight controllers in the USA and Russia worked together with the ______ the hole
     a.  clue too fix
     b.  crew two fix
     c.  crew to fix
     d.  clue to fix
9)  used a heat-resistant "space tape" and a special ______ the hole
     a.  glued to plug
     b.  glue to plug
     c.  glued to plug
     d.  gluey to plug
10)  The crew are healthy and safe with weeks of air left in the International ______
     a.  Space Station deserves
     b.  Space Station preserves
     c.  Space Station reserves
     d.  Space Station conserves

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Astronauts and cosmonauts on the International Space Station (ISS) have (1) ___________________ in the shell of its outer wall. The ISS is a large satellite in space that scientists live (2) ___________________ scientific experiments. The first part of it was (3) ___________________ in 1998. Last week, NASA alerted astronauts on the ISS that the station was slowly leaking air. Astronaut Alexander Gerst (4) ___________________ astronauts started looking for the leak. Mr Gerst eventually found it and quickly used a simple and (5) ___________________ stopping the leak - he put his finger over the hole. Luckily, the hole was only two millimeters wide so it was (6) ___________________ emergency, but it did need fixing.

The hole was (7) ___________________ Russian Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft. NASA said it could have been caused by a small piece (8) ___________________ or a small meteorite colliding with the spacecraft. The ISS travels at speeds of around 28,000 kph. Even a tiny object hitting it can cause a (9) ___________________. Flight controllers in the USA and Russia worked together (10) ___________________ to fix the hole. The Soyuz commander, Sergey Prokopyev, used a heat-resistant "space tape" and a special glue to plug the hole. These (11) ___________________ a "necessary space repair kit". A NASA official said the crew on the ISS are safe after the repair. He said: "The crew are healthy and (12) ___________________ of air left in the International Space Station reserves."

Comprehension questions

  1. What wall was the hole in?
  2. When was the first part of the ISS put into space?
  3. How many astronauts started looking for the hole?
  4. What did an astronaut initially put over the hole?
  5. How wide was the hole in the ISS?
  6. What could have caused the hole, besides a small meteorite?
  7. How fast does the ISS travel at?
  8. What did a cosmonaut use in the hole that was heat resistant?
  9. What did NASA say about the crew?
  10. How much air is left on the ISS?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What wall was the hole in?
a) a firewall
b) a great wall
c) an inner wall
d) an outer wall
2) When was the first part of the ISS put into space?
a) 2001
b) 1998
c) 1989
d) 1899
3) How many astronauts started looking for the hole?
a) 5
b) 3
c) 6
d) 4
4) What did an astronaut initially put over the hole?
a) his finger
b) a plaster
c) paper
d) chewing gum
5) How wide was the hole in the ISS?
a) 22mm
b) 12mm
c) 2mm
d) 20mm

6) What could have caused the hole, besides a small meteorite?
a) rust
b) space junk
c) gas
d) a fork
7) How fast does the ISS travel at?
a) 22,000 kph
b) 24,000 kph
c) 25,000 kph
d) 28,000 kph
8) What did a cosmonaut use on the hole that was heat resistant?
a) space tape
b) space gum
c) space film
d) space powder
9) What did NASA say about the crew?
a) they were smart
b) they were in danger
c) they were safe
d) they were cool
10) How much air is left on the ISS?
a) hours
b) weeks
c) days
d) months

Role play

Role  A – E.T.
You think E.T. is the best space movie. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their movies. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): Star Wars, Avatar or Apollo 13.

Role  B – Star Wars
You think Star Wars is the best space movie. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their movies. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): E.T., Avatar or Apollo 13.

Role  C – Avatar
You think Avatar is the best space movie. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their movies. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): Star Wars, E.T. or Apollo 13.

Role  D – Apollo 13
You think Apollo 13 is the best space movie. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their movies. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): Star Wars, Avatar or E.T.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'space'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'station'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • piece
    • speeds
    • cause
    • tape
    • official
    • air
    • shell
    • large
    • first
    • slowly
    • simple
    • two




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Astronauts plug space station hole with finger

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'space'?
    3. What do you know about the International Space Station?
    4. What do you think of space?
    5. What would it be like to live on the International Space Station?
    6. What is your favourite movie about space?
    7. What are the good and bad things about the ISS?
    8. How worrying is an air leak in space?
    9. What would you do if you went on the ISS?
    10. What advice do you have for the astronauts?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'station'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What are the differences between American and Russian spacecraft?
    5. What are the dangers of space junk?
    6. Would you like to be an astronaut?
    7. What things would you need if you lived on the ISS?
    8. Would you be a good astronaut?
    9. Why do we need the International Space Station?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the astronauts?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Astronauts and cosmonauts on the International Space Station (ISS) have fixed a hole in the (1) ____ of its outer wall. The ISS is a large satellite (2) ____ space that scientists live in to do scientific experiments. The first part of it was put into space in 1998. Last week, NASA (3) ____ astronauts on the ISS that the station was slowly leaking air. Astronaut Alexander Gerst and five other astronauts started     (4) ____ for the leak. Mr Gerst eventually found it and quickly used a simple and effective (5) ____ of stopping the leak - he put his finger over the hole. Luckily, the hole was only two millimeters wide so it was not a (6) ____ emergency, but it did need fixing.

    The hole was in a (7) ____ Russian Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft. NASA said it could have been caused by a small piece of space junk or a small meteorite (8) ____ with the spacecraft. The ISS travels at speeds of around 28,000 kph. Even a tiny object hitting it can cause a lot of damage. Flight (9) ____ in the USA and Russia worked together with the crew to fix the hole. The Soyuz commander, Sergey Prokopyev, used a heat-(10) ____ "space tape" and a special glue to plug the hole. These are part of a "necessary space repair kit". A NASA (11) ____ said the crew on the ISS are safe after the repair. He said: "The crew are healthy and safe with weeks of air (12) ____ in the International Space Station reserves."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     shell     (b)     spell     (c)     smell     (d)     swell    
    2. (a)     on     (b)     of     (c)     in     (d)     as    
    3. (a)     retorted     (b)     resorted     (c)     averted     (d)     alerted    
    4. (a)     looked     (b)     looking     (c)     looks     (d)     look    
    5. (a)     way-ward     (b)     waylay     (c)     ways     (d)     way    
    6. (a)     majority     (b)     majorly     (c)     major     (d)     majored    
    7. (a)     ducked     (b)     docked     (c)     decked     (d)     duct    
    8. (a)     colliding     (b)     collision     (c)     collusion     (d)     colluding    
    9. (a)     controllers     (b)     controls     (c)     controlling     (d)     control    
    10. (a)     resist     (b)     resisting     (c)     resistant     (d)     resistance    
    11. (a)     officialdom     (b)     officially     (c)     officials     (d)     official    
    12. (a)     right     (b)     left     (c)     oxygen     (d)     breath

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. The ISS is a large latestlie
    2. do icstnfeiic experiments
    3. NASA taderle astronauts
    4. Mr Gerst etlnlayveu found it
    5. a simple and ctvfiefee way
    6. it was not a major mnregeyce

    Paragraph 2

    1. a ecddko Russian Soyuz
    2. space junk or a small mteioteer
    3. cidnlolig with the spacecraft
    4. used a heat-antitress "space tape"
    5. part of a "necessary space irepra kit"
    6. International Space Station vrsersee

    Put the text back together

    (...)  to plug the hole. These are part of a "necessary space repair kit". A NASA official said the crew on the ISS are safe
    (...)  leaking air. Astronaut Alexander Gerst and five other astronauts started looking
    (...)  for the leak. Mr Gerst eventually found it and quickly used a simple and effective way
    (...)  controllers in the USA and Russia worked together with the crew to fix the hole. The Soyuz
    (...)  of stopping the leak - he put his finger over the hole. Luckily, the hole was only
    1  ) Astronauts and cosmonauts on the International Space Station (ISS) have fixed a hole in the shell of its outer
    (...)  commander, Sergey Prokopyev, used a heat-resistant "space tape" and a special glue
    (...)  at speeds of around 28,000 kph. Even a tiny object hitting it can cause a lot of damage. Flight
    (...)  of it was put into space in 1998. Last week, NASA alerted astronauts on the ISS that the station was slowly
    (...)  two millimeters wide so it was not a major emergency, but it did need fixing.
    (...)  wall. The ISS is a large satellite in space that scientists live in to do scientific experiments. The first part
    (...)  The hole was in a docked Russian Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft. NASA said it could have been caused
    (...)  by a small piece of space junk or a small meteorite colliding with the spacecraft. The ISS travels
    (...)  after the repair. He said: "The crew are healthy and safe with weeks of air left in the International Space Station reserves."

    Put the words in the right order

    1. do   to   scientific   live   Scientists   in   experiments   .
    2. other   leak   .   for   started   looking   the   Five   astronauts
    3. stopping   way   simple,   leak   .   of   effective   A   the
    4. his   hole   .   finger   He   over   put   the
    5. wide   .   hole   Luckily,   millimeters   was   two   only   the
    6. a   space   junk   .   piece   small   of   by   Caused
    7. small   meteorite   colliding   spacecraft   .   A   with   the
    8. speeds   travels   ISS   kph   .   around   at   28,000   of
    9. space   repair   kit   .   Part   necessary   of   a
    10. are   safe   .   crew   ISS   The   on   the

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Astronauts and cosmonauts on the International Space Station (ISS) have fixed / fixing a hole in the shell of its other / outer wall. The ISS is a large satellite in space that scientists live in to do scientific experiences / experiments. The first part of it was put onto / into space in 1998. Last week, NASA alerted / averted astronauts on the ISS that the station was slowly leaking air. Astronaut Alexander Gerst and five another / other astronauts started looked / looking for the leak. Mr Gerst eventually found it and quickly used a simply / simple and effective way of stopping the leak - he put his finger over / above the hole. Luckily, the hole was only two millimeters wide so it was not a major emergency, but it did need fixed / fixing.

    The hole was in a decked / docked Russian Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft. NASA said it could have been caused / causes by a small piece of space junk or a small meteorite colliding / collides with the spacecraft. The ISS travels up / at speeds of around 28,000 kph. Even a tiny subject / object hitting it can cause a lot of damage. Flight controllers in the USA and Russia worked together within / with the crew to fix the hole. The Soyuz commander, Sergey Prokopyev, used a heat-resistant / resistance "space tape" and a special glue to / for plug the hole. These are part of a "necessary space repair kit". A NASA officially / official said the crew on the ISS are safe after the repair. He said: "The crew are healthy and safe with weeks of / off air left in the International Space Station reserves."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A s t r_n__ t s _n d c_s m_n__ t s _n t h_ I n t_r n_t__ n_l S p_c_ S t_t__ n ( I S S ) h_v_ f_x_d _ h_l_ _n t h_ s h_l l _f _t s __ t_r w_l l . T h_ I S S _s _ l_r g_ s_t_l l_t_ _n s p_c_ t h_t s c__ n t_s t s l_v_ _n t_ d_ s c__ n t_f_c _x p_r_m_n t s . T h_ f_r s t p_r t _f _t w_s p_t _n t_ s p_c_ _n 1 9 9 8 . L_s t w__ k , N A S A _l_r t_d _s t r_n__ t s _n t h_ I S S t h_t t h_ s t_t__ n w_s s l_w l y l__ k_n g __ r . A s t r_n__ t A l_x_n d_r G_r s t _n d f_v_ _t h_r _s t r_n__ t s s t_r t_d l__ k_n g f_r t h_ l__ k . M r G_r s t _v_n t__ l l y f__ n d _t _n d q__ c k l y _s_d _ s_m p l_ _n d _f f_c t_v_ w_y _f s t_p p_n g t h_ l__ k - h_ p_t h_s f_n g_r _v_r t h_ h_l_. L_c k_l y , t h_ h_l_ w_s _n l y t w_ m_l l_m_t_r s w_d_ s_ _t w_s n_t _ m_j_r _m_r g_n c y , b_t _t d_d n__ d f_x_n g .

    T h_ h_l_ w_s _n _ d_c k_d R_s s__ n S_y_z M S - 0 9 s p_c_c r_f t . N A S A s__ d _t c__ l d h_v_ b__ n c__ s_d b y _ s m_l l p__ c_ _f s p_c_ j_n k _r _ s m_l l m_t__ r_t_ c_l l_d_n g w_t h t h_ s p_c_c r_f t . T h_ I S S t r_v_l s _t s p__ d s _f _r__ n d 2 8 , 0 0 0 k p h . E v_n _ t_n y _b j_c t h_t t_n g _t c_n c__ s_ _ l_t _f d_m_g_. F l_g h t c_n t r_l l_r s _n t h_ U S A _n d R_s s__ w_r k_d t_g_t h_r w_t h t h_ c r_w t_ f_x t h_ h_l_. T h_ S_y_z c_m m_n d_r , S_r g_y P r_k_p y_v , _s_d _ h__ t - r_s_s t_n t " s p_c_ t_p_" _n d _ s p_c__ l g l__ t_ p l_g t h_ h_l_. T h_s_ _r_ p_r t _f _ " n_c_s s_r y s p_c_ r_p__ r k_t " . A N A S A _f f_c__ l s__ d t h_ c r_w _n t h_ I S S _r_ s_f_ _f t_r t h_ r_p__ r . H_ s__ d : " T h_ c r_w _r_ h__ l t h y _n d s_f_ w_t h w__ k s _f __ r l_f t _n t h_ I n t_r n_t__ n_l S p_c_ S t_t__ n r_s_r v_s . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    astronauts and cosmonauts on the international space station iss have fixed a hole in the shell of its outer wall the iss is a large satellite in space that scientists live in to do scientific experiments the first part of it was put into space in 1998 last week nasa alerted astronauts on the iss that the station was slowly leaking air astronaut alexander gerst and five other astronauts started looking for the leak mr gerst eventually found it and quickly used a simple and effective way of stopping the leak  he put his finger over the hole luckily the hole was only two millimeters wide so it was not a major emergency but it did need fixing

    the hole was in a docked russian soyuz ms09 spacecraft nasa said it could have been caused by a small piece of space junk or a small meteorite colliding with the spacecraft the iss travels at speeds of around 28000 kph even a tiny object hitting it can cause a lot of damage flight controllers in the usa and russia worked together with the crew to fix the hole the soyuz commander sergey prokopyev used a heatresistant space tape and a special glue to plug the hole these are part of a necessary space repair kit a nasa official said the crew on the iss are safe after the repair he said the crew are healthy and safe with weeks of air left in the international space station reserves"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    AstronautsandcosmonautsontheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)ha
    vefixedaholeintheshellofitsouterwall.TheISSisalargesatelliteinspac
    ethatscientistsliveintodoscientificexperiments.Thefirstpartofitwasp
    utintospacein1998.Lastweek,NASAalertedastronautsontheISSthatt
    hestationwasslowlyleakingair.AstronautAlexanderGerstandfiveoth
    erastronautsstartedlookingfortheleak.MrGersteventuallyfounditan
    dquicklyusedasimpleandeffectivewayofstoppingtheleak-heputhisf
    ingeroverthehole.Luckily,theholewasonlytwomillimeterswidesoitwa
    snotamajoremergency,butitdidneedfixing.TheholewasinadockedRu
    ssianSoyuzMS-09spacecraft.NASAsaiditcouldhavebeencausedbyas
    mallpieceofspacejunkorasmallmeteoritecollidingwiththespacecraft.
    TheISStravelsatspeedsofaround28,000kph.Evenatinyobjecthittingi
    tcancausealotofdamage.FlightcontrollersintheUSAandRussiaworke
    dtogetherwiththecrewtofixthehole.TheSoyuzcommander,SergeyPr
    okopyev,usedaheat-resistant"spacetape"andaspecialgluetoplugt
    hehole.Thesearepartofa"necessaryspacerepairkit".ANASAofficialsai
    dthecrewontheISSaresafeaftertherepair.Hesaid:"Thecrewarehealt
    hyandsafewithweeksofairleftintheInternationalSpaceStationreserv
    es."

    Free writing

    Write about the ISS for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    In the future, there should be cities in space. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. SPACE: Make a poster about space. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION: Write a magazine article about the International Space Station. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against it.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on the ISS. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on it. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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