Word Pairs


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The words
A new study [shows / showing] that we could learn vocabulary while we are sleeping. This is [greatly / great] news for students struggling to learn a new language. It is also good [for / as] anyone who is trying to expand their [knowledge / knowing] of words. Researchers from the University of Bern in Switzerland have [showing / shown] that it is possible to learn new information while we are sleeping [deeply / deep] , and then recall this information when we need it after we [wake / woken] up. This new information includes foreign language vocabulary. The researchers conducted [test / tests] on whether or not a person can remember new words and their [transitions / translations] while they were asleep. They said our sleeping brain is much more [aware / beware] of the outside world than we thought.

Researcher Marc Züst said, "language [area / areas] of the brain and the hippocampus - the brain's essential [memory / memorial] hub - were activated" after a person [woken / woke] up. He said these areas of the brain allow us to remember vocabulary [while / during] deep sleep. The researchers said that during deep sleep, our brain cells are [active / actively] for a short period of time - about half a second. The [cells / calls] then enter into a period of inactivity - again, about half [a / the] second. The active state is called "up-state" and the inactive state is called "down-state." The "up-state" [during / period] is the time when our brain could learn new vocabulary. The researchers say more research is [needy / needed] to be 100 per cent [sure / surely] that we can learn vocabulary while asleep.

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