The Reading / Listening - Dog-walking - Level 6

It once seemed common sense to believe that having and walking a dog was good for older people. Dogs are great companions and provide a healthy excuse to go for a walk and get a bit of exercise. However, new research shows that taking the dog for a walk can have its downsides for seniors. A report published in the American medical journal 'JAMA Surgery' says injuries among seniors related to dog-walking are becoming increasingly prevalent. From 2004 to 2017, researchers calculated that there were over 32,000 cases of people in the USA aged 65 and over suffering fractures attributed to walking their dog. Some of the injuries were serious and required the senior to undergo emergency surgery.



The researchers advised the elderly to consider the possible dangers to owning and walking a dog. They said: "For older adults - especially those living alone and with decreased bone mineral density - the risks associated with walking leashed dogs merit consideration." They added: "Even one injury could result in a potentially lethal hip fracture, lifelong complications, or the loss of their independence." Lead researcher Dr Jaimo Ahn blamed what he termed as a "small person/big dog" scenario for many of the accidents. He said a dog is sometimes mismatched with its owner's inability and strength to handle it. One elderly dog owner said: "Old people need dogs. We need our soul mates."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Dog-walking - Level 4  or  Dog-walking - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.foxnews.com/health/dog-walking-may-be-hazardous-to-seniors-health-study-suggests
  • https://edition.cnn.com/2019/03/06/health/dog-walking-injuries-study/index.html
  • https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/03/190306110620.htm


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. DOG-WALKING: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about dog-walking. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       common sense / walking / a dog / companion / seniors / injuries / fractures / surgery
       researchers / living alone / bone / hip / complications / independence / accidents
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. DOGS: Students A strongly believe dogs make the best pets; Students B strongly believe otherwise.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. THE ELDERLY: What accidents or mishaps can the elderly have with the following? What advice would you give them? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Possible Accidents

Advice

Dog-walking

 

 

Gardening

 

 

Using the Internet

 

 

Shopping

 

 

Housework

 

 

Jogging

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. HIP: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "hip". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. PETS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best pets at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • cats
  • snakes
  • hamsters
  • parrots
  • dogs
  • fish
  • spiders
  • cows

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. common sense a. A reason or explanation put forward to defend or justify an action, fault or offense.
      2. companion b. Good thinking and sound judgment in practical matters.
      3. excuse c. The negative aspect of something, especially something regarded as in general good or desirable.
      4. downside d. Widespread in a particular area or at a particular time.
      5. prevalent e. A person or animal with whom one spends a lot of time or with whom one travels.
      6. calculated f. The cracking or breaking of a hard object or material.
      7. fracture g. Find out the amount or number of something mathematically.

    Paragraph 2

      8. density h. Of a person or thing connected with something else.
      9. associated i. Sufficient to cause death.
      10. merit j. The degree of compactness or hardness of a substance.
      11. consideration k. Deserve or be worthy of something, especially reward, punishment, or attention.
      12. lethal l. A circumstance that makes something more difficult.
      13. complications m. Careful thought, typically over a period of time.
      14. scenario n. A possible sequence or development of events.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article says dogs are great companions for older people.     T / F
  2. The article says dog-walking has no downsides for the elderly.     T / F
  3. Over 32,000 elderly people got injured while dog-walking in 2017.     T / F
  4. Most elderly people injured while dog-walking need surgery.     T / F
  5. Elderly people with lower bone mineral density should take care.     T / F
  6. The article says walking leashed dogs merits consideration.     T / F
  7. A researcher talked about a "small dog/big person" scenario.     T / F
  8. An elderly person said dogs are soul mates for old people.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. companions
  2. excuse
  3. downsides
  4. prevalent
  5. undergo
  6. advised
  7. density
  8. lethal
  9. scenario
  10. handle
  1. common
  2. control
  3. face
  4. solidness
  5. reason
  6. context
  7. urged
  8. friends
  9. deadly
  10. drawbacks

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. It once seemed common
  2. Dogs are great
  3. becoming increasingly
  4. researchers calculated that there were
  5. undergo
  6. decreased bone mineral
  7. merit
  8. result in a potentially lethal hip
  9. a "small person/big dog"
  10. We need our soul
  1. prevalent
  2. scenario
  3. emergency surgery
  4. density
  5. fracture
  6. companions
  7. over 32,000 cases
  8. mates
  9. sense to believe that
  10. consideration

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
related
cases
excuse
undergo
sense
fractures
downsides
prevalent

It once seemed common (1) ____ to believe that having and walking a dog was good for older people. Dogs are great companions and provide a healthy (2) ____ to go for a walk and get a bit of exercise. However, new research shows that taking the dog for a walk can have its (3) ____ for seniors. A report published in the American medical journal 'JAMA Surgery' says injuries among seniors (4) ____ to dog-walking are becoming increasingly (5) ____. From 2004 to 2017, researchers calculated that there were over 32,000 (6) ____ of people in the USA aged 65 and over suffering (7) ____ attributed to walking their dog. Some of the injuries were serious and required the senior to (8) ____ emergency surgery.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
lethal
elderly
inability
merit
soul
blamed
especially
scenario

The researchers advised the (9) ____ to consider the possible dangers to owning and walking a dog. They said: "For older adults - (10) ____ those living alone and with decreased bone mineral density - the risks associated with walking leashed dogs (11) ____ consideration." They added: "Even one injury could result in a potentially (12) ____ hip fracture, lifelong complications, or the loss of their independence." Lead researcher Dr Jaimo Ahn (13) ____ what he termed as a "small person/big dog" (14) ____ for many of the accidents. He said a dog is sometimes mismatched with its owner's (15) ____ and strength to handle it. One elderly dog owner said: "Old people need dogs. We need our (16) ____ mates."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) provide a healthy excuse to go for a walk and get ______ exercise
     a.  a bit of
     b.  habit of
     c.  abbot of
     d.  avid of
2)  new research shows that taking the dog for a walk can have its ______
     a.  down slides for seniors
     b.  downs aides for seniors
     c.  downsides for seniors
     d.  downs sides for seniors
3)  injuries among seniors related to dog-walking are becoming ______
     a.  increasingly prevalence
     b.  increasingly prevalent
     c.  increasingly prevalently
     d.  increasingly prevail leant
4)  there were over 32,000 cases of people in the USA aged 65 and over ______
     a.  suffering fractions
     b.  suffering fractals
     c.  suffering fractious
     d.  suffering fractures
5)  the injuries were serious and required the senior to undergo ______
     a.  emerging surgery
     b.  emergent surgery
     c.  emergency surgery
     d.  emerge antsy surgery

6)  For older adults, especially those living alone and with decreased bone ______ ..,
     a.  mineral dense city
     b.  mineral density
     c.  mineral defense city
     d.  mineral dense sitting
7)  They added: "Even one injury could result in a potentially ______."
     a.  lethal hip fracture
     b.  lethal hips fracture
     c.  lethal hip fractured
     d.  lethal hip flatulence
8)  Dr Jaimo Ahn blamed what he termed as a "small person/______
     a.  big dog" scenario
     b.  big dog" scene aria
     c.  big dog" seen Oreo
     d.  big dog" sea nary oh
9)  a dog is sometimes mismatched with its owner's inability and strength ______
     a.  to handle it
     b.  to candle it
     c.  to mantle it
     d.  to fondle it
10)  One elderly dog owner said: "Old people need dogs. We need ______."
     a.  our so all mates
     b.  our so mates
     c.  our sole mates
     d.  our soul mates

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

It once seemed (1) ___________________ believe that having and walking a dog was good for older people. Dogs are great companions and provide a (2) ___________________ go for a walk and get a bit of exercise. However, new research shows that taking the dog for a walk can (3) ___________________ for seniors. A report published in the American medical journal 'JAMA Surgery' says injuries among seniors related to dog-walking are (4) ___________________. From 2004 to 2017, researchers calculated that there were over 32,000 cases of people in the USA aged 65 and (5) ___________________ attributed to walking their dog. Some of the injuries were serious and required the (6) ___________________ emergency surgery.

The researchers (7) ___________________ to consider the possible dangers to owning and walking a dog. They said: "For older adults - especially those living alone and with decreased (8) ___________________ - the risks associated with walking leashed dogs merit consideration." They added: "Even one injury could result (9) ___________________ lethal hip fracture, lifelong complications, or the loss of their independence." Lead researcher Dr Jaimo Ahn blamed what (10) ___________________ a "small person/big dog" scenario for many of the accidents. He said a dog is sometimes mismatched with its owner's inability and (11) ___________________ it. One elderly dog owner said: "Old people need dogs. We (12) ___________________ mates."

Comprehension questions

  1. What do dogs provide an excuse to do?
  2. What is the name of the journal the research is published in?
  3. What did new research show that dog-walking can have for the elderly?
  4. How many seniors suffered dog-walking injuries from 2004 to 2017?
  5. What did some seniors have to undergo as a result of dog-walking?
  6. What might be less dense in older people?
  7. What did the article say merited consideration?
  8. What kind of fracture did the article say could be potentially lethal?
  9. What is the name of the scenario the lead researcher mentioned?
  10. Who said old people needed dogs?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What do dogs provide an excuse to do?
a) woof
b) say "cute"
c) go for a walk
d) sleep late
2) What is the name of the journal the research is published in?
a) JAMA Surgery
b) JAMA Sugary
c) MAJA Surgery
d) MAGA Sugary
3) What did new research show that dog-walking can have for the elderly?
a) great benefits
b) downsides
c) diseases
d) extra cleaning
4) How many seniors suffered dog-walking injuries from 2004 to 2017?
a) just less than 32,000
b) around 32,000
c) exactly 32,000
d) over 32,000
5) What did some seniors have to undergo as a result of dog-walking?
a) expenses
b) tests
c) emergency surgery
d) physicals

6) What might be less dense in older people?
a) brains
b) bones
c) veins
d) lungs
7) What did the article say merited consideration?
a) the research
b) having a dog
c) walking every day
d) walking leased dogs
8) What kind of fracture did the article say could be potentially lethal?
a) wrist fracture
b) hip fracture
c) ankle fracture
d) skull fracture
9) What is the name of the scenario the lead researcher mentioned?
a) big person/small dog scenario
b) small person/big dog scenario
c) big dog/big person scenario
d) big dog/small dog scenario
10) Who said old people needed dogs?
a) an elderly dog owner
b) a doctor
c) a vet
d) a researcher

Role play

Role  A – Dogs
You think dogs are the best pets. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their pets. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): snakes, fish or birds.

Role  B – Snakes
You think snakes are the best pets. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their pets. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): dogs, fish or birds.

Role  C – Fish
You think fish are the best pets. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their pets. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): snakes, dogs or birds.

Role  D – Birds
You think birds are the best pets. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their pets. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): snakes, fish or dogs.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'dog'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'walking'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • advised
    • bone
    • added
    • lethal
    • inability
    • soul
    • common
    • healthy
    • shows
    • among
    • cases
    • undergo




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Dog walking can be harmful for older people

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'dog'?
    3. What do you think of dogs?
    4. Do you like going for walks?
    5. What are the good and bad things about walks?
    6. Are dogs the best kinds of pets?
    7. Should seniors think carefully about taking a dog for a walk?
    8. What other injuries can dogs cause?
    9. How can seniors protect themselves while walking the dog?
    10. What kind of exercise do you get?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'walking'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you think of dogs as pets?
    5. Should old people be educated about walking the dog?
    6. How beneficial is it to walk a dog?
    7. Are dogs better for young people or old people?
    8. How dangerous are rabbits and hamsters as pets?
    9. What is the small person/big dog scenario?
    10. What questions would you like to ask elderly dog owners?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    It once seemed (1) ____ sense to believe that having and walking a dog was good for older people. Dogs are great companions and provide a healthy (2) ____ to go for a walk and get a bit of exercise. However, new research shows that taking the dog for a walk can have its (3) ____ for seniors. A report published in the American medical journal 'JAMA Surgery' says injuries among seniors related to dog-walking are becoming (4) ____ prevalent. From 2004 to 2017, researchers calculated that there were over 32,000 cases of people in the USA aged 65 and over (5) ____ fractures attributed to walking their dog. Some of the injuries were serious and required the senior to (6) ____ emergency surgery.

    The researchers advised the elderly to consider the possible dangers to owning and walking a dog. They said: "For older adults - (7) ____ those living alone and with decreased bone mineral density - the risks associated (8) ____ walking leashed dogs merit consideration." They added: "Even one injury could result in a potentially (9) ____ hip fracture, lifelong complications, or the loss of their independence." Lead researcher Dr Jaimo Ahn blamed what he (10) ____ as a "small person/big dog" scenario for many of the accidents. He said a dog is sometimes mismatched with its owner's inability and strength to (11) ____ it. One elderly dog owner said: "Old people need dogs. We need our (12) ____ mates."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     commoner     (b)     commons     (c)     commonly     (d)     common    
    2. (a)     accents     (b)     recluse     (c)     accuse     (d)     excuse    
    3. (a)     downer     (b)     downsides     (c)     downs     (d)     downhill    
    4. (a)     increases     (b)     increased     (c)     increasingly     (d)     increase    
    5. (a)     breaking     (b)     doing     (c)     suffering     (d)     taking    
    6. (a)     undergo     (b)     under     (c)     undue     (d)     underclass    
    7. (a)     particular     (b)     especially     (c)     certain     (d)     fussy    
    8. (a)     with     (b)     to     (c)     on     (d)     by    
    9. (a)     spurious     (b)     lethal     (c)     leading     (d)     together    
    10. (a)     appeared     (b)     clasped     (c)     termed     (d)     expanded    
    11. (a)     operate     (b)     deal     (c)     handle     (d)     believe    
    12. (a)     cell     (b)     sail     (c)     sole     (d)     soul

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. Dogs are great mnpaoiocns
    2. published in the American medical orujnal
    3. becoming increasingly reapelvnt
    4. suffering tacfurres attributed to walking
    5. Some of the nrujiies were serious
    6. undergo emergency urgesry

    Paragraph 2

    1. bone mineral esndity
    2. the risks sscaaioted with walking
    3. otnpaitlely lethal
    4. lifelong mloaictcoipns
    5. a "small person/big dog" nesaciro
    6. sometimes smtamciehd with its owner's inability

    Put the text back together

    (...)  32,000 cases of people in the USA aged 65 and over suffering fractures attributed
    (...)  The researchers advised the elderly to consider the possible dangers to owning and walking a dog. They said: "For older adults -
    (...)  sometimes mismatched with its owner's inability and strength to handle it. One elderly
    (...)  seniors. A report published in the American medical journal 'JAMA Surgery' says injuries among seniors related
    (...)  especially those living alone and with decreased bone mineral density - the risks associated with walking leashed dogs merit
    (...)  to walking their dog. Some of the injuries were serious and required the senior to undergo emergency surgery.
    (...)  complications, or the loss of their independence." Lead researcher Dr Jaimo Ahn blamed what he termed
    (...)  to dog-walking are becoming increasingly prevalent. From 2004 to 2017, researchers calculated that there were over
    (...)  consideration." They added: "Even one injury could result in a potentially lethal hip fracture, lifelong
    (...)  for older people. Dogs are great companions and provide a healthy excuse to go for a walk and get a bit
    (...)  as a "small person/big dog" scenario for many of the accidents. He said a dog is
    (...)  of exercise. However, new research shows that taking the dog for a walk can have its downsides for
    (...)  dog owner said: "Old people need dogs. We need our soul mates."
    1  ) It once seemed common sense to believe that having and walking a dog was good

    Put the words in the right order

    1. believe   seemed   once   sense   It   to   that   .   common
    2. for   A   to   go   walk   .   healthy   a   excuse
    3. for   downsides   .   the   have   dog   Taking   can   walks
    4. calculated   32,000   were   there   Researchers   cases   .   that   over
    5. emergency   undergo   to   surgery   .   senior   the   Required
    6. the   elderly   consider   dangers   .   the   possible   Advised   to
    7. with   Especially   decreased   density   .   those   bone   mineral   alone
    8. result   could   fracture   .   in   lethal   Injury   hip   a
    9. What   he   termed   as   "small   dog"   a   scenario   .   person/big
    10. people   we   our   need   dogs   Old   -   soul   need   mates   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    It once seemed common cents / sense to believe that having and walking a dog was good for older people. Dogs are great companions and provide a healthy excuse / accuse to go for a walk and get a bite / bit of exercise. However, new research shows that taking the / that dog for a walk can have its downsides for seniority / seniors. A report published in the American medical journal 'JAMA Surgery' says injuries among seniors related of / to dog-walking are becoming increasingly prevalence / prevalent. From 2004 to 2017, researchers calculated / calculus that there were over 32,000 cases of people in the USA aged 65 and over suffering fractures attributed of / to walking their dog. Some of the injuries were serious and required the senior to undergo / underdo emergency surgery.

    The researchers advised / advice the elderly to consider the possible dangers to downing / owning and walking a dog. They said: "For older / olden adults - especially those living alone and with decreased bone / bony mineral density - the risks associated with walking lashed / leashed dogs merit consideration." They added: "Even one injury could result in a potentially lethal hippy / hip fracture, lifelong complications, or the loss of their independence." Lead researcher Dr Jaimo Ahn blamed what he teamed / termed as a "small person/big dog" scenario for many of the accidents. He said a dog is sometimes mismatched with its owner's inability and strong / strength to handle it. One elderly / elder dog owner said: "Old people need dogs. We need our soul / sole mates."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    I t _n c_ s__ m_d c_m m_n s_n s_ t_ b_l__ v_ t h_t h_v_n g _n d w_l k_n g _ d_g w_s g__ d f_r _l d_r p__ p l_. D_g s _r_ g r__ t c_m p_n__ n s _n d p r_v_d_ _ h__ l t h y _x c_s_ t_ g_ f_r _ w_l k _n d g_t _ b_t _f _x_r c_s_. H_w_v_r , n_w r_s__ r c h s h_w s t h_t t_k_n g t h_ d_g f_r _ w_l k c_n h_v_ _t s d_w n s_d_s f_r s_n__ r s . A r_p_r t p_b l_s h_d _n t h_ A m_r_c_n m_d_c_l j__ r n_l ' J A M A S_r g_r y ' s_y s _n j_r__ s _m_n g s_n__ r s r_l_t_d t_ d_g - w_l k_n g _r_ b_c_m_n g _n c r__ s_n g l y p r_v_l_n t . F r_m 2 0 0 4 t_ 2 0 1 7 , r_s__ r c h_r s c_l c_l_t_d t h_t t h_r_ w_r_ _v_r 3 2 , 0 0 0 c_s_s _f p__ p l_ _n t h_ U S A _g_d 6 5 _n d _v_r s_f f_r_n g f r_c t_r_s _t t r_b_t_d t_ w_l k_n g t h__ r d_g . S_m_ _f t h_ _n j_r__ s w_r_ s_r___s _n d r_q__ r_d t h_ s_n__ r t_ _n d_r g_ _m_r g_n c y s_r g_r y .

    T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s _d v_s_d t h_ _l d_r l y t_ c_n s_d_r t h_ p_s s_b l_ d_n g_r s t_ _w n_n g _n d w_l k_n g _ d_g . T h_y s__ d : " F_r _l d_r _d_l t s - _s p_c__ l l y t h_s_ l_v_n g _l_n_ _n d w_t h d_c r__ s_d b_n_ m_n_r_l d_n s_t y - t h_ r_s k s _s s_c__ t_d w_t h w_l k_n g l__ s h_d d_g s m_r_t c_n s_d_r_t__ n . " T h_y _d d_d : " E v_n _n_ _n j_r y c__ l d r_s_l t _n _ p_t_n t__ l l y l_t h_l h_p f r_c t_r_, l_f_l_n g c_m p l_c_t__ n s , _r t h_ l_s s _f t h__ r _n d_p_n d_n c_. " L__ d r_s__ r c h_r D r J__ m_ A h n b l_m_d w h_t h_ t_r m_d _s _ " s m_l l p_r s_n / b_g d_g " s c_n_r__ f_r m_n y _f t h_ _c c_d_n t s . H_ s__ d _ d_g _s s_m_t_m_s m_s m_t c h_d w_t h _t s _w n_r ' s _n_b_l_t y _n d s t r_n g t h t_ h_n d l_ _t . O n_ _l d_r l y d_g _w n_r s__ d : " O l d p__ p l_ n__ d d_g s . W_ n__ d __ r s__ l m_t_s . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    it once seemed common sense to believe that having and walking a dog was good for older people dogs are great companions and provide a healthy excuse to go for a walk and get a bit of exercise however new research shows that taking the dog for a walk can have its downsides for seniors a report published in the american medical journal jama surgery says injuries among seniors related to dogwalking are becoming increasingly prevalent from 2004 to 2017 researchers calculated that there were over 32000 cases of people in the usa aged 65 and over suffering fractures attributed to walking their dog some of the injuries were serious and required the senior to undergo emergency surgery

    the researchers advised the elderly to consider the possible dangers to owning and walking a dog they said for older adults  especially those living alone and with decreased bone mineral density  the risks associated with walking leashed dogs merit consideration they added even one injury could result in a potentially lethal hip fracture lifelong complications or the loss of their independence lead researcher dr jaimo ahn blamed what he termed as a small personbig dog scenario for many of the accidents he said a dog is sometimes mismatched with its owners inability and strength to handle it one elderly dog owner said old people need dogs we need our soul mates"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Itonceseemedcommonsensetobelievethathavingandwalkingadogw
    asgoodforolderpeople.Dogsaregreatcompanionsandprovideahealth
    yexcusetogoforawalkandgetabitofexercise.However,newresearchs
    howsthattakingthedogforawalkcanhaveitsdownsidesforseniors.Are
    portpublishedintheAmericanmedicaljournal'JAMASurgery'saysinjur
    iesamongseniorsrelatedtodog-walkingarebecomingincreasinglypr
    evalent.From2004to2017,researcherscalculatedthattherewereover
    32,000casesofpeopleintheUSAaged65andoversufferingfracturesatt
    ributedtowalkingtheirdog.Someoftheinjurieswereseriousandrequir
    edtheseniortoundergoemergencysurgery.Theresearchersadvisedth
    eelderlytoconsiderthepossibledangerstoowningandwalkingadog.Th
    eysaid:"Forolderadults-especiallythoselivingaloneandwithdecrease
    dbonemineraldensity-therisksassociatedwithwalkingleasheddogsm
    eritconsideration."Theyadded:"Evenoneinjurycouldresultinapotenti
    allylethalhipfracture,lifelongcomplications,orthelossoftheirindepen
    dence."LeadresearcherDrJaimoAhnblamedwhathetermedasa"small
    person/bigdog"scenarioformanyoftheaccidents.Hesaidadogissomet
    imesmismatchedwithitsowner'sinabilityandstrengthtohandleit.One
    elderlydogownersaid:"Oldpeopleneeddogs.Weneedoursoulmates."

    Free writing

    Write about dog-walking for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    A dog is the best pet a person could have. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. DOG-WALKING: Make a poster about dog-walking. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. PETS: Write a magazine article about making it compulsory for everyone to have a pet. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on dog-walking. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on taking dogs for a walk. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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