The Reading / Listening - Snakebite - Level 3

Scientists are hoping to find a universal cure for snakebite. Experts on snakebite venom in India, Kenya, Nigeria, the UK and the USA are working together on a possible cure. They are using the same technology that was used to discover HIV anti-bodies. The scientists are trying to find ways of using human anti-bodies to fight against snake venom. At the moment, snakebite is treated using anti-venom which adapts the actual venom from the snake. Professor Robert Harrison, from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, said: "We're pursuing what we call the 'next generation' of snakebite therapies, which we hope will be able to treat bites from any snake in Africa or India."



Snakebites kill up to 140,000 people a year. More people die from snakebite than from infectious diseases like rabies or dengue fever. A further 400,000 people suffer life-changing injuries after being bitten by a snake. These injuries include amputations and psychological trauma. There are about 250 types of snake worldwide that have harmful venom. The venom from these snakes is very different, which makes finding anti-venoms very challenging for scientists. Former Secretary-General of the UN, Kofi Annan, describes snakebite as, "the biggest public health crisis you have likely never heard of". However, people who get the right anti-venom have a very high chance of survival.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Snakebite - Level 0 Snakebite - Level 1   or  Snakebite - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2019/may/24/scientists-pursue-universal-snakebite-cure-using-hiv-antibody-techniques
  • https://allafrica.com/stories/201905230131.html
  • https://www.dw.com/en/snakebites-kill-at-least-80000-people-per-year-and-probably-more/a-48836235


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. SNAKEBITE: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about Snakebite. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       scientists / universal / snakebite / venom / tropical / medicine / generation / cure /
       infectious / diseases / rabies / injuries / amputations / trauma / challenging / crisis
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. CURES: Students A strongly believe scientists should find cures for all diseases and medical problems; Students B strongly believe otherwise.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. VENOMOUS CREATURES: What do you know about these creatures? What would you do if one was near you? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What You Know

What You Would Do

Snakes

 

 

Spiders

 

 

Centipedes

 

 

Scorpions

 

 

Bees and Wasps

 

 

Jellyfish

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. UNIVERSAL: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "universal". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. SCARY: Rank these with your partner. Put the scariest things at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • blood
  • heights
  • clowns
  • dentists
  • snakes
  • spiders
  • the dark
  • flying

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. universal a. Changes something to make it suitable for a new use or purpose.
      2. venom b. Be the first to find or see something.
      3. discover c. A poison that animals such as snakes, spiders, and scorpions have.
      4. at the moment d. A stage in the development of a type of product.
      5. adapts e. Of, affecting, or done by all people or things in the world or in a particular group.
      6. pursuing f. Now.
      7. generation g. Trying to reach a goal over a longer period of time.

    Paragraph 2

      8. infectious h. A disease from dogs and other mammals that can kill humans.
      9. rabies i. A time of great difficulty, trouble, or danger.
      10. amputation j. Continuing to live or exist, even in difficult circumstances.
      11. challenging k. The act of cutting off an arm or a leg.
      12. crisis l. Correct; most suitable.
      13. right m. Difficult and demanding.
      14. survival n. Easy to spread to other people (like a disease or laughter).

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Scientists are trying to find a cure for all snakebites.     T / F
  2. Scientists on four continents are working on the cure.     T / F
  3. There is no anti-venom for use with snakebites at the moment.     T / F
  4. A tropical medicine professor is working on the possible cure.     T / F
  5. Snakebites kill nearly as many people as rabies.     T / F
  6. Fewer than 100 types of snake are venomous.     T / F
  7. All snakes have the same venom.     T / F
  8. A former leader said snakebite is an unknown public health crisis.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. hoping
  2. possible
  3. treated
  4. pursuing
  5. therapies
  6. infectious
  7. suffer
  8. types
  9. challenging
  10. chance
  1. treatments
  2. working toward
  3. possibility
  4. catching
  5. cured
  6. kinds
  7. aiming
  8. difficult
  9. potential
  10. experience

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. hoping to find a universal
  2. technology that was used to discover
  3. using human anti-bodies to fight
  4. pursuing what we call the 'next generation'
  5. we hope will be able to treat
  6. Snakebites kill up to
  7. infectious diseases
  8. injuries include amputations and
  9. the biggest public
  10. have a very high chance
  1. against snake venom
  2. health crisis
  3. bites from any snake
  4. like rabies
  5. psychological trauma
  6. of snakebite therapies
  7. HIV anti-bodies
  8. of survival
  9. cure for snakebite
  10. 140,000 people a year

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
possible
generation
actual
cure
treat
venom
ways
pursuing

Scientists are hoping to find a universal (1) ____________ for snakebite. Experts on snakebite (2) ____________ in India, Kenya, Nigeria, the UK and the USA are working together on a (3) ____________ cure. They are using the same technology that was used to discover HIV anti-bodies. The scientists are trying to find (4) ____________ of using human anti-bodies to fight against snake venom. At the moment, snakebite is treated using anti-venom which adapts the (5) ____________ venom from the snake. Professor Robert Harrison, from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, said: "We're (6) ____________ what we call the 'next (7) ____________' of snakebite therapies, which we hope will be able to (8) ____________ bites from any snake in Africa or India."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
trauma
public
injuries
survival
infectious
challenging
likely
harmful

Snakebites kill up to 140,000 people a year. More people die from snakebite than from (9) ____________ diseases like rabies or dengue fever. A further 400,000 people suffer life-changing (10) ____________ after being bitten by a snake. These injuries include amputations and psychological (11) ____________. There are about 250 types of snake worldwide that have (12) ____________ venom. The venom from these snakes is very different, which makes finding anti-venoms very (13) ____________ for scientists. Former Secretary-General of the UN, Kofi Annan, describes snakebite as, "the biggest (14) ____________ health crisis you have (15) ____________ never heard of". However, people who get the right anti-venom have a very high chance of (16) ____________.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Scientists are hoping to find a ______ for snakebite
     a.  universally cured
     b.  universe all cure
     c.  universal cured
     d.  universal cure
2)  India, Kenya, Nigeria, the UK and the USA are working together on ______
     a.  a possibility cure
     b.  a passable cure
     c.  a possible cure
     d.  a posse ball cure
3)  They are using the same technology that was used ______
     a.  to discovery HIV
     b.  to this cover HIV
     c.  to discover HIV
     d.  to discovers HIV
4)  At the moment, snakebite is treated using anti-venom which ______ venom
     a.  adaptions the actual
     b.  adapts them actual
     c.  adapts the actual
     d.  adapts then actual
5)  the 'next generation' of snakebite therapies, which we hope will be able ______
     a.  to treatment bites
     b.  to treat bites
     c.  to treaty bites
     d.  to treats bites

6)  More people die from snakebite than from ______
     a.  infections diseases
     b.  infectious diseases
     c.  infectious disease
     d.  infectiously disease
7)  A further 400,000 people suffer life-changing injuries ______
     a.  after been biting
     b.  after being bitten
     c.  after bean bitten
     d.  after being biting
8)  These injuries include amputations and ______
     a.  psychologically trauma
     b.  psychological trauma
     c.  psychologically drama
     d.  psychological traumatic
9)  which makes finding anti-venoms ______
     a.  very challenge in
     b.  very challenged in
     c.  very challenges in
     d.  very challenging
10)  people who get the right anti-venom have a very high ______
     a.  charge of survival
     b.  change of survival
     c.  chanced of survival
     d.  chance of survival

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists are hoping to find (1) ___________________ for snakebite. Experts on snakebite venom in India, Kenya, Nigeria, the UK and the USA are working together on a possible cure. They are using the same technology that was (2) ___________________ HIV anti-bodies. The scientists are trying to find ways of using human anti-bodies to (3) ___________________ venom. At the moment, snakebite is treated using anti-venom which (4) ___________________ venom from the snake. Professor Robert Harrison, from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, said: "We're (5) ___________________ call the 'next generation' of snakebite therapies, which we hope will be able (6) ___________________ from any snake in Africa or India."

Snakebites kill up to 140,000 people a year. More people die from snakebite than from (7) ___________________ rabies or dengue fever. A further 400,000 people suffer life-changing (8) ___________________ bitten by a snake. These injuries include amputations and psychological trauma. There are about 250 (9) ___________________ worldwide that have harmful venom. The venom from these snakes is very different, which makes finding anti-venoms very (10) ___________________. Former Secretary-General of the UN, Kofi Annan, describes snakebite as, "the biggest public health crisis you have (11) ___________________ of". However, people who get the right anti-venom have a very high (12) ___________________.

Comprehension questions

  1. What kind of cure are scientists trying to find for snakebite?
  2. From how many countries are experts working on the cure?
  3. What other thing did the technology the scientists are using find?
  4. What kind of medicine does Professor Robert Harrison study?
  5. What did Professor Robert Harrison say his team is pursuing?
  6. How many people do snakebites kill each year?
  7. What kind of trauma did the article say snakebite causes?
  8. How many types of venomous snake are there?
  9. What makes snake venom challenging for scientists looking for a cure?
  10. What did Kofi Annan call snakebite?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What kind of cure are scientists trying to find for snakebite?
a) a painless cure
b) a cheap cure
c) a universal cure
d) a quick cure
2) From how many countries are experts working on the cure?
a) 5
b) 6
c) 7
d) 8
3) What other thing did the technology the scientists are using find?
a) a new species of snake
b) a new snake venom
c) a cure for spider bites
d) HIV anti-bodies
4) What kind of medicine does Professor Robert Harrison study?
a) clinical medicine
b) tropical medicine
c) alternative medicine
d) herbal medicine
5) What did Professor Robert Harrison say his team is pursuing?
a) a cure for all diseases
b) a species of snake
c) the next generation of snakebite therapies
d) a do-it-yourself venom tester

6) How many people do snakebites kill each year?
a) around 140,000
b) up to 140,000
c) over 140,000
d) exactly 140,000
7) What kind of trauma did the article say snakebite causes?
a) chronic trauma
b) combat-related trauma
c) acute trauma
d) psychological trauma
8) How many types of venomous snake are there?
a) about 350
b) about 250
c) about 200
d) about 300
9) What makes snake venom challenging for scientists looking for a cure?
a) it's all different
b) it's dangerous
c) it doesn't last long
d) it's difficult to find
10) What did Kofi Annan call snakebite?
a) an 18th-century problem
b) painful
c) unacceptable
d) the biggest public health crisis

Role play

Role  A – Snakes
You think snakes are the scariest things. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as scary. Also, tell the others which is the least scary of these (and why): spiders, the dark or the sight of blood.

Role  B – Spiders
You think spiders are the scariest things. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as scary. Also, tell the others which is the least scary of these (and why): snakes, the dark or the sight of blood.

Role  C – The Dark
You think the dark is the scariest thing. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as scary. Also, tell the others which is the least scary of these (and why): spiders, snakes or the sight of blood.

Role  D – The Sight of Blood
You think the sight of blood is the scariest thing. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as scary. Also, tell the others which is the least scary of these (and why): spiders, the dark or snakes.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'snake'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'bite'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • more
    • further
    • suffer
    • challenging
    • describes
    • high
    • universal
    • same
    • find
    • actual
    • next
    • able




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Scientists hope to find cure for snakebites

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'snake'?
    3. What do you think of snakes?
    4. What would you do if you were bitten by a snake?
    5. Why are so many people afraid of snakes?
    6. How good would it be if scientists found a snakebite cure?
    7. What kinds of snakes are there in your country?
    8. What snake would you really not like to meet?
    9. What do you think snakes are like as pets?
    10. What are the good things about snakes?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'bite'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What would you do if you saw a snake right now?
    5. How would you help someone with a fear of snakes?
    6. Do you have a favourite snake?
    7. Do you agree that snakebites are a public health crisis?
    8. What three adjectives best describe the word 'snake'?
    9. What other venomous creatures do you know of?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the scientists?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists are hoping to find a (1) ____ cure for snakebite. Experts on snakebite venom in India, Kenya, Nigeria, the UK and the USA are working together (2) ____ a possible cure. They are using the same technology that was used to discover HIV antibodies. The scientists are (3) ____ to find ways of using human anti-bodies to fight against snake venom. At the moment, snakebite is (4) ____ using anti-venom which adapts the (5) ____ venom from the snake. Professor Robert Harrison, from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, said: "We're pursuing what we (6) ____ the 'next generation' of snakebite therapies, which we hope will be able to treat bites from any snake in Africa or India."

    Snakebites kill up to 140,000 people a year. More people die from snakebite than from (7) ____ diseases like rabies or dengue fever. A further 400,000 people suffer life-changing injuries after being (8) ____ by a snake. These injuries include amputations and psychological trauma. There are about 250 types of snake worldwide that have (9) ____ venom. The venom from these snakes is very different, which makes finding anti-venoms very challenging for scientists. (10) ____ Secretary-General of the UN, Kofi Annan, describes snakebite as, "the biggest public health (11) ____ you have likely never heard of". However, people who get the right anti-venom have a very (12) ____ chance of survival.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     universes     (b)     university     (c)     universe     (d)     universal    
    2. (a)     in     (b)     at     (c)     of     (d)     on    
    3. (a)     trial     (b)     trying     (c)     tried     (d)     try    
    4. (a)     threatened     (b)     treaty     (c)     treated     (d)     treats    
    5. (a)     activate     (b)     actually     (c)     actual     (d)     acted    
    6. (a)     call      (b)     answer     (c)     speak     (d)     audio    
    7. (a)     aired     (b)     infectious     (c)     consent     (d)     powder    
    8. (a)     bitten     (b)     bite     (c)     bit     (d)     biting    
    9. (a)     harms     (b)     harmful     (c)     harmed     (d)     harm    
    10. (a)     Firmer     (b)     Farmer     (c)     Former     (d)     Framer    
    11. (a)     critics     (b)     critical     (c)     crisis     (d)     crisscross    
    12. (a)     rise     (b)     increase     (c)     upper     (d)     high

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. find a ievnruasl cure
    2. xperets on snakebite venom
    3. used to iocsvder HIV anti-bodies
    4. which adapts the ctuaal venom
    5. the next neargteoin
    6. snakebite earhpteis

    Paragraph 2

    1. ftecnioius diseases like rabies
    2. suffer life-changing njuriies
    3. psychological artuma
    4. very aellncighng for scientists
    5. the biggest public health riscis
    6. have a very high chance of uvsiravl

    Put the text back together

    (...)  to discover HIV anti-bodies. The scientists are trying to find ways of using human anti-bodies to fight
    (...)  people who get the right anti-venom have a very high chance of survival.
    (...)  said: "We're pursuing what we call the 'next generation' of snakebite therapies,
    1  ) Scientists are hoping to find a universal cure for snakebite.  Experts on snakebite venom in India, Kenya, Nigeria, the UK
    (...)  which we hope will be able to treat bites from any snake in Africa or India."
    (...)  bitten by a snake. These injuries include amputations and psychological trauma. There are about 250 types of snake
    (...)  venom from the snake. Professor Robert Harrison, from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine,
    (...)  against snake venom. At the moment, snakebite is treated using anti-venom which adapts the actual
    (...)  like rabies or dengue fever. A further 400,000 people suffer life-changing injuries after being
    (...)  worldwide that have harmful venom. The venom from these snakes is very different, which makes finding
    (...)  and the USA are working together on a possible cure. They are using the same technology that was used
    (...)  describes snakebite as, "the biggest public health crisis you have likely never heard of". However,
    (...)  anti-venoms very challenging for scientists. Former Secretary-General of the UN, Kofi Annan,
    (...)  Snakebites kill up to 140,000 people a year. More people die from snakebite than from infectious diseases

    Put the words in the right order

    1. Scientists   to   find   cure   for   a   snakebite   .   hope
    2. HIV   discover   was   used   that   to   anti-bodies   .   Technology
    3. fight   anti-bodies   to   against   Using   venom   .   human   snake
    4. want   therapies   .   We   snakebite   of   generation   the   next
    5. treat   Be   to   snake   .   any   able   bites   from
    6. than   from   snakebite   die   diseases   .   infectious   from   More
    7. a   Life-changing   being   by   injuries   bitten   after   snake   .
    8. about   of   snake   250   There   worldwide   .   are   types
    9. very   The   venom   snakes   from   different   .   these   is
    10. never   you've   health   The   crisis   biggest   of   .   heard

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists are hoping / hopping to find a universal cure for snakebite.  Experts on / in snakebite venom in India, Kenya, Nigeria, the UK and the USA are working together in / on a possible cure. They are using the same technological / technology that was used to discover HIV anti-bodies. The scientists are trying / tried to find ways of using human anti-bodies to fight against / for snake venom. At the moment / momentum, snakebite is treated using anti-venom which adapts the actually / actual venom from the snake. Professor Robert Harrison, from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, said: "We're pursues / pursuing what we call the 'next generation' of snakebite therapies, which we hope will be ability / able to treat bites from any snake in Africa or India."

    Snakebites kill up / down to 140,000 people a year. More people dead / die from snakebite than from infection / infectious diseases like rabies or dengue fever. A further 400,000 people suffer life-changing injury / injuries after being bitten by a snake. These injuries include / inclusive amputations and psychological trauma. There are about 250 types of snake worldwide that have harm / harmful venom. The venom from these snakes is very different, which makes finding anti-venoms very challenging / challenge for scientists. Former Secretary-General of the UN, Kofi Annan, describes / descriptions snakebite as, "the biggest public health crisis / critics you have likely never heard of". However, people who get the right anti-venom have a very high chance of / on survival.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    S c__ n t_s t s _r_ h_p_n g t_ f_n d _ _n_v_r s_l c_r_ f_r s n_k_b_t_. E x p_r t s _n s n_k_b_t_ v_n_m _n I n d__ , K_n y_, N_g_r__ , t h_ U K _n d t h_ U S A _r_ w_r k_n g t_g_t h_r _n _ p_s s_b l_ c_r_. T h_y _r_ _s_n g t h_ s_m_ t_c h n_l_g y t h_t w_s _s_d t_ d_s c_v_r H I V _n t_b_d__ s . T h_ s c__ n t_s t s _r_ t r y_n g t_ f_n d w_y s _f _s_n g h_m_n _n t_- b_d__ s t_ f_g h t _g__ n s t s n_k_ v_n_m . A t t h_ m_m_n t , s n_k_b_t_ _s t r__ t_d _s_n g _n t_- v_n_m w h_c h _d_p t s t h_ _c t__ l v_n_m f r_m t h_ s n_k_. P r_f_s s_r R_b_r t H_r r_s_n , f r_m t h_ L_v_r p__ l S c h__ l _f T r_p_c_l M_d_c_n_, s__ d : " W_' r_ p_r s__ n g w h_t w_ c_l l t h_ ' n_x t g_n_r_t__ n ' _f s n_k_b_t_ t h_r_p__ s , w h_c h w_ h_p_ w_l l b_ _b l_ t_ t r__ t b_t_s f r_m _n y s n_k_ _n A f r_c_ _r I n d__ . "

    S n_k_b_t_s k_l l _p t_ 1 4 0 , 0 0 0 p__ p l_ _ y__ r . M_r_ p__ p l_ d__ f r_m s n_k_b_t_ t h_n f r_m _n f_c t___s d_s__ s_s l_k_ r_b__ s _r d_n g__ f_v_r . A f_r t h_r 4 0 0 , 0 0 0 p__ p l_ s_f f_r l_f_- c h_n g_n g _n j_r__ s _f t_r b__ n g b_t t_n b y _ s n_k_. T h_s_ _n j_r__ s _n c l_d_ _m p_t_t__ n s _n d p s y c h_l_g_c_l t r__ m_. T h_r_ _r_ _b__ t 2 5 0 t y p_s _f s n_k_ w_r l d w_d_ t h_t h_v_ h_r m f_l v_n_m . T h_ v_n_m f r_m t h_s_ s n_k_s _s v_r y d_f f_r_n t , w h_c h m_k_s f_n d_n g _n t_- v_n_m s v_r y c h_l l_n g_n g f_r s c__ n t_s t s . F_r m_r S_c r_t_r y - G_n_r_l _f t h_ U N , K_f_ A n n_n , d_s c r_b_s s n_k_b_t_ _s , " t h_ b_g g_s t p_b l_c h__ l t h c r_s_s y__ h_v_ l_k_l y n_v_r h__ r d _f " . H_w_v_r , p__ p l_ w h_ g_t t h_ r_g h t _n t_- v_n_m h_v_ _ v_r y h_g h c h_n c_ _f s_r v_v_l .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists are hoping to find a universal cure for snakebite experts on snakebite venom in india kenya nigeria the uk and the usa are working together on a possible cure they are using the same technology that was used to discover hiv anti-bodies the scientists are trying to find ways of using human anti-bodies to fight against snake venom at the moment snakebite is treated using antivenom which adapts the actual venom from the snake professor robert harrison from the liverpool school of tropical medicine said were pursuing what we call the next generation of snakebite therapies which we hope will be able to treat bites from any snake in africa or india

    snakebites kill up to 140000 people a year more people die from snakebite than from infectious diseases like rabies or dengue fever a further 400000 people suffer lifechanging injuries after being bitten by a snake these injuries include amputations and psychological trauma there are about 250 types of snake worldwide that have harmful venom the venom from these snakes is very different which makes finding antivenoms very challenging for scientists former secretarygeneral of the un kofi annan describes snakebite as the biggest public health crisis you have likely never heard of however people who get the right antivenom have a very high chance of survival.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Scientistsarehopingtofindauniversalcureforsnakebite.Expertsonsna
    kebitevenominIndia,Kenya,Nigeria,theUKandtheUSAareworkingto
    getheronapossiblecure.Theyareusingthesametechnologythatwasus
    edtodiscoverHIVanti-bodies.Thescientistsaretryingtofindwaysofus
    inghumananti-bodiestofightagainstsnakevenom.Atthemoment,s
    nakebiteistreatedusinganti-venomwhichadaptstheactualvenomfro
    mthesnake.ProfessorRobertHarrison,fromtheLiverpoolSchoolofTro
    picalMedicine,said:"We'repursuingwhatwecallthe'nextgeneration'o
    fsnakebitetherapies,whichwehopewillbeabletotreatbitesfromanysn
    akeinAfricaorIndia."Snakebiteskillupto140,000peopleayear.Morep
    eoplediefromsnakebitethanfrominfectiousdiseaseslikerabiesordeng
    uefever.Afurther400,000peoplesufferlife-changinginjuriesafterbein
    gbittenbyasnake.Theseinjuriesincludeamputationsandpsychologica
    ltrauma.Thereareabout250typesofsnakeworldwidethathaveharmfu
    lvenom.Thevenomfromthesesnakesisverydifferent,whichmakesfin
    dinganti-venomsverychallengingforscientists.FormerSecretary-Ge
    neraloftheUN,KofiAnnan,describessnakebiteas,"thebiggestpubliche
    althcrisisyouhavelikelyneverheardof".However,peoplewhogettheri
    ghtanti-venomhaveaveryhighchanceofsurvival.

    Free writing

    Write about snakebite for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Scientists must work their hardest to cure anything that can harm us. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. SNAKEBITES: Make a poster about snakebites. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. CURES: Write a magazine article about an increase in cures leading to an increase in overpopulation. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on snakebites. Ask him/her three questions about Snakebite. Give him/her three of your ideas. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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