Alan Turing, the man recognised as being the father of computer science, has been honored by being selected to appear on a United Kingdom . Mr Turing was chosen ahead of a of notable British historical and luminaries to be the of the new £50 note. Turing was instrumental in helping Britain and its win World War II. He led a team of codebreakers to crack the Enigma the Nazis used to send messages to warships and military commanders. He invented the now British Bombe to do this. This was a giant computer, which ushered in the birth of modern computing and the of artificial intelligence.
Alan Turing was a mathematical who also excelled in the sciences. He was born in London in 1912. He graduated from Cambridge University and then outlined his for creating an algorithm-based computing machine. He said of his : "This is only a of what is to come, and only the shadow of what is going to be." His idea is to the computers we use today. His brilliance led to his being asked to join the WWII code-breaking team. Despite his role in ending that war, he was persecuted in the post-war years for being . Being gay was illegal in the UK until 1967. He chose to be castrated rather than go to . Turing died in 1954, aged 41, in an apparent .