The Reading / Listening - Having Children - Level 6

Many of us believe that having children is the key to happiness and a perfect family life. Naturally, this idealistic image is true for some, but researchers say that in reality, children make us happiest when they fly the nest - when they have grown up and left home. Researchers in Germany looked at data from a survey of 55,000 over 50-year-olds living in Europe. The survey respondents were quizzed about their emotional wellbeing. The researchers discovered that most parents were happier with life after their offspring had left home and started making their own way in life. Researchers say this could be because raising children creates financial worry, stress, fatigue and anxiety.



The research was led by Christoph Becker at Heidelberg University. He concluded that a big reason for parents being happiest when their children leave home is that the tables are turned and the children provide more support to their parents. He said parents whose children no longer live with them suffer from fewer symptoms of depression and have a more positive outlook on life. Regarding the role reversal in providing support, Mr Becker said: "Children's roles as caregivers, providers of financial support or simply as a means of social contact might outweigh the negative aspects of parenthood." He added that maintaining family relationships may stave off loneliness in ageing parents.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Having Children - Level 4  or  Having Children - Level 5

Sources
    https://www.usatoday.com/story/life/parenting/2019/08/20/empty-nest-parents-happier-when-kids-move-out-study-finds/2052323001/ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/children-happiness-study-parents-stress-money-christoph-becker-at-heidelberg-university-a9068926.html https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/children-happier-study-084040058.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. HAVING CHILDREN: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about having children. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       children / key / perfect / family life / data / wellbeing / offspring / fatigue / anxiety /
       research / happiest / leave home / symptoms / depression / positive / support
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. AGEING PARENTS: Students A strongly believe all children must look after their ageing parents; Students B strongly believe they don't have to.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. CHILDHOOD: What are the best and worst things about childhood? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Best Things

Worst Things

Parents

 

 

Friends

 

 

School

 

 

Food

 

 

Hobbies

 

 

Holidays

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. FAMILY: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "family". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. PARENTHOOD: Rank these with your partner. Put the best at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • weddings
  • having children
  • having grandchildren
  • children leaving the nest
  • family dinners
  • family photos
  • family trips
  • family members

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. key a. Aiming for perfection.
      2. idealistic b. A person who replies to something, especially giving information for a survey or questionnaire.
      3. fly the nest c. Extreme tiredness resulting from mental or physical exertion or illness.
      4. respondent d. A young person leaving their parents' home to set up home elsewhere.
      5. wellbeing e. A person's child or children.
      6. offspring f. Of greatest or crucial importance.
      7. fatigue g. The state of being comfortable, healthy, or happy.

    Paragraph 2

      8. concluded h. Experience or be subjected to something bad or unpleasant.
      9. suffer i. A physical or mental feature which is regarded as indicating a condition of disease.
      10. symptom j. Stop or delay something bad or dangerous from happening.
      11. outlook k. A situation in which someone adopts a position the opposite of that which they normally have.
      12. role reversal l. A person's point of view or general attitude to life.
      13. aspect m. Arrive at a judgment or opinion by reasoning.
      14. stave off n. A particular part or feature of something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said most people believe children are the key to happiness.    T / F
  2. The article said parents are happiest when children fly overseas.     T / F
  3. Researchers looked at data from 55,000 people living in Europe.     T / F
  4. Parents are more stressed and anxious when children leave home.     T / F
  5. The research was conducted by Stuttgart University in Germany.     T / F
  6. Once children leave home, parents feel less depressed.     T / F
  7. Children providing care could outweigh the negatives of parenthood.     T / F
  8. Family relationships help keep off loneliness in ageing people.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. key
  2. idealistic
  3. fly the nest
  4. survey
  5. fatigue
  6. concluded
  7. support
  8. symptoms
  9. reversal
  10. stave off
  1. questionnaire
  2. decided
  3. tiredness
  4. prevent
  5. dreamy
  6. assistance
  7. exchange
  8. answer
  9. signs
  10. leave home

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. having children is the key
  2. this idealistic image is true for
  3. when they fly the
  4. quizzed about their emotional
  5. financial worry, stress, fatigue
  6. the tables are
  7. suffer from fewer symptoms
  8. have a more positive
  9. outweigh the negative aspects
  10. family relationships may stave
  1. wellbeing
  2. outlook on life
  3. and anxiety
  4. of parenthood
  5. nest
  6. off loneliness
  7. to happiness
  8. of depression
  9. turned
  10. some

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
image
quizzed
key
fatigue
data
life
nest
offspring

Many of us believe that having children is the (1) ____________ to happiness and a perfect family life. Naturally, this idealistic (2) ____________ is true for some, but researchers say that in reality, children make us happiest when they fly the (3) ____________ - when they have grown up and left home. Researchers in Germany looked at (4) ____________ from a survey of 55,000 over 50-year-olds living in Europe. The survey respondents were (5) ____________ about their emotional wellbeing. The researchers discovered that most parents were happier with life after their (6) ____________ had left home and started making their own way in (7) ____________. Researchers say this could be because raising children creates financial worry, stress, (8) ____________ and anxiety.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
reason
role
stave
led
suffer
support
tables
caregivers

The research was (9) ____________ by Christoph Becker at Heidelberg University. He concluded that a big (10) ____________ for parents being happiest when their children leave home is that the (11) ____________ are turned and the children provide more support to their parents. He said parents whose children no longer live with them (12) ____________ from fewer symptoms of depression and have a more positive outlook on life. Regarding the (13) ____________ reversal in providing support, Mr Becker said: "Children's roles as (14) ____________, providers of financial (15) ____________ or simply as a means of social contact might outweigh the negative aspects of parenthood." He added that maintaining family relationships may (16) ____________ off loneliness in ageing parents.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  having children is the key to happiness and a ______
     a.  perfect famine live
     b.  perfect familiar life
     c.  perfect farming life
     d.  perfect family life
2)  this idealistic image is true for some, but researchers say ______
     a.  that on reality
     b.  that in reality
     c.  that at reality
     d.  that of reality
3)  children make us happiest when they ______
     a.  flight the nest
     b.  fry the nest
     c.  fly the nest
     d.  fried the nest
4)  The survey respondents were quizzed about their ______
     a.  emotion wellbeing
     b.  emotional wellbeing
     c.  emotion all wellbeing
     d.  emotionally wellbeing
5)  because raising children creates financial worry, stress, _______
     a.  fatigues and anxiety
     b.  fatigue and anxieties
     c.  fatigues and anxieties
     d.  fatigue and anxiety

6)  parents being happiest when their children leave home is that the ______
     a.  tables are turning
     b.  tables are turned
     c.  tables are returned
     d.  tables are attuned
7)  He said parents whose children no longer live with them suffer from ______
     a.  few symptoms
     b.  few a symptoms
     c.  flew a symptoms
     d.  fewer symptoms
8)  ... depression and have a more positive ______
     a.  outlook on life
     b.  outlook in life
     c.  outlook to life
     d.  outlook of life
9)  a means of social contact might outweigh the ______
     a.  negatively aspects
     b.  negative respects
     c.  negatively aspects
     d.  negative inspects
10)  He added that maintaining family relationships may ______
     a.  staff off loneliness
     b.  stave off loneliness
     c.  stave of loneliness
     d.  strive off loneliness

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Many of us believe that having children is the (1) ___________________ and a perfect family life. Naturally, this idealistic (2) ___________________ for some, but researchers say that in reality, children make us happiest when they (3) ___________________ - when they have grown up and left home. Researchers in Germany looked at data from a survey of 55,000 over 50-year-olds living in Europe. The survey respondents (4) ___________________ their emotional wellbeing. The researchers discovered that most parents were happier with life after their offspring had left home and started making (5) ___________________ in life. Researchers say this could be because raising children creates financial worry, stress, (6) ___________________.

The research (7) ___________________ Christoph Becker at Heidelberg University. He concluded that a big reason for parents being happiest when their children leave home is that the (8) ___________________ and the children provide more support to their parents. He said parents whose children no longer live with (9) ___________________ fewer symptoms of depression and have a more positive outlook on life. Regarding the role (10) ___________________ support, Mr Becker said: "Children's roles as caregivers, providers of financial support or simply as a means of social contact might outweigh (11) ___________________ of parenthood." He added that maintaining family relationships (12) ___________________ loneliness in ageing parents.

Comprehension questions

  1. What do many people believe is the key to happiness?
  2. What do children fly when they leave home?
  3. How many people answered a survey?
  4. What were survey respondents asked about?
  5. What kind of worry did the article say parenthood created?
  6. What university conducted this research?
  7. What did the article say gets turned when children leave home?
  8. What do parents suffer from less when children leave home?
  9. What might children providing care outweigh?
  10. What might stave off loneliness in ageing parents?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What do many people believe is the key to happiness?
a) memories
b) money
c) sleep
d) having children
2) What do children fly when they leave home?
a) international airlines
b) the nest
c) domestic airlines
d) kites
3) How many people answered a survey?
a) 50,000
b) 53,500
c) 55,000
d) 52,500
4) What were survey respondents asked about?
a) their emotional wellbeing
b) their childhood
c) discipline
d) how many children to have
5) What kind of worries did the article say parenthood created?
a) security worries
b) health worries
c) financial worries
d) parental worries

6) What university conducted this research?
a) Stuttgart
b) Heidelberg
c) Munich
d) Berlin
7) What did the article say gets turned when children leave home?
a) stomachs
b) dials
c) eyes
d) tables
8) What do parents suffer from less when children leave home?
a) depression
b) grey hair
c) poverty
d) nerves
9) What might children providing care outweigh?
a) being slim
b) a balanced diet
c) the negative aspects of parenthood
d) the pros of flying the nest
10) What might stave off loneliness in ageing parents?
a) memories
b) family relationships
c) family photographs
d) exercise

Role play

Role  A – Family Dinners
You think family dinners are the best thing about parenthood. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as good. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): family photos, family trips or having children.

Role  B – Family Photos
You think family photos are the best thing about parenthood. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as good. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): family dinners, family trips or having children.

Role  C – Family Trips
You think family trips are the best thing about parenthood. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as good. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): family photos, family dinners or having children.

Role  D – Having Children
You think having children is the best thing about parenthood. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as good. Also, tell the others which is the least interesting of these (and why): family photos, family trips or family dinners.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'fly'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'nest'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • reason
    • tables
    • longer
    • reversal
    • simply
    • off
    • believe
    • true
    • nest
    • survey
    • offspring
    • worry




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Parents happier after their children leave home

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'parents'?
    3. What is the key to happiness?
    4. What is a perfect family life?
    5. What is your family life like?
    6. When is the best age to fly the nest?
    7. What are the difficulties of flying the nest?
    8. What are the benefits of flying the nest?
    9. What is the best number of children to have?
    10. What are the stresses of raising children?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'children'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How important are children to making you happy?
    5. How do parents feel when their children leave home?
    6. What should children who leave the nest do for their parents?
    7. What are the symptoms of depression?
    8. What are the negative aspects of parenthood?
    9. How can we stop old people from getting lonely?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Many of us believe that having children is the (1) ____ to happiness and a perfect family life. Naturally, this (2) ____ image is true for some, but researchers say that in reality, children make us happiest when they fly the (3) ____ - when they have grown up and left home. Researchers in Germany looked at data from a survey of 55,000 over 50-year-olds living in Europe. The survey respondents were (4) ____ about their emotional (5) ____. The researchers discovered that most parents were happier with life after their offspring had left home and started making their own way in life. Researchers say this could be because (6) ____ children creates financial worry, stress, fatigue and anxiety.

    The research was led by Christoph Becker at Heidelberg University. He concluded that a big reason for parents (7) ____ happiest when their children leave home is that the (8) ____ are turned and the children provide more support to their parents. He said parents whose children no longer live with them suffer from (9) ____ symptoms of depression and have a more positive outlook (10) ____ life. Regarding the role reversal in providing support, Mr Becker said: "Children's roles as caregivers, providers of financial support or simply (11) ____ a means of social contact might outweigh the negative aspects of parenthood." He added that maintaining family relationships may stave (12) ____ loneliness in ageing parents.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     lock     (b)     key     (c)     chain     (d)     combination    
    2. (a)     ideally     (b)     idealistic     (c)     idealism     (d)     ideal    
    3. (a)     lair     (b)     cave     (c)     den     (d)     nest    
    4. (a)     quizzical     (b)     quizzed     (c)     quizzes     (d)     quiz    
    5. (a)     well-born     (b)     well     (c)     human     (d)     wellbeing    
    6. (a)     rising     (b)     arising     (c)     raising     (d)     lifting    
    7. (a)     being     (b)     been     (c)     be     (d)     beginning    
    8. (a)     chairs     (b)     sofas     (c)     tables     (d)     desks    
    9. (a)     lessen     (b)     smaller     (c)     less     (d)     fewer    
    10. (a)     on     (b)     in     (c)     at     (d)     to    
    11. (a)     as     (b)     is     (c)     has     (d)     was    
    12. (a)     off     (b)     on     (c)     up     (d)     down

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. this ciialdteis image
    2. in ailryte
    3. The survey etedopssrnn were quizzed
    4. their emotional ewlbgilne
    5. after their frinosfpg had left
    6. worry, stress, fatigue and nixteay

    Paragraph 2

    1. He cdecdlnuo that
    2. suffer from fewer yspotmsm
    3. role vlresrea
    4. eopvdisrr of financial support
    5. gtwohiue the negative aspects
    6. etavs off loneliness

    Put the text back together

    (...)  reversal in providing support, Mr Becker said: "Children's roles as caregivers, providers of financial
    (...)  support to their parents. He said parents whose children no longer live with them suffer from fewer
    (...)  parents were happier with life after their offspring had left home and started making their own
    (...)  support or simply as a means of social contact might outweigh the negative aspects of
    (...)  reason for parents being happiest when their children leave home is that the tables are turned and the children provide more
    (...)  us happiest when they fly the nest - when they have grown up and left home. Researchers in
    (...)  The research was led by Christoph Becker at Heidelberg University. He concluded that a big
    (...)  life. Naturally, this idealistic image is true for some, but researchers say that in reality, children make
    (...)  Germany looked at data from a survey of 55,000 over 50-year-olds living in Europe. The survey
    (...)  respondents were quizzed about their emotional wellbeing. The researchers discovered that most
    1  ) Many of us believe that having children is the key to happiness and a perfect family
    (...)  way in life. Researchers say this could be because raising children creates financial worry, stress, fatigue and anxiety.
    (...)  symptoms of depression and have a more positive outlook on life. Regarding the role
    (...)  parenthood." He added that maintaining family relationships may stave off loneliness in ageing parents.

    Put the words in the right order

    1. children   is   the   happiness   .   to   key   Having
    2. is   true   Naturally,   for   this   idealistic   some   .   image
    3. fly   nest   .   happiest   they   us   Make   the   when
    4. their  respondents  wellbeing . about  were  quizzed  Survey  emotional
    5. life   had   after   left   .   Happier   with   offspring   their
    6. for   being   A   reason   parents   happiest   .   big
    7. longer   with   Parents   no   live   them   .   whose   children
    8. role   providing   the   support   .   reversal   Regarding   in
    9. might   aspects   of   parenthood   .   the   outweigh   Contact   negative
    10. family   Maintaining   off   stave   may   loneliness   .   relationships

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Many of us belief / believe that having children is the key / quay to happiness and a perfect family life. Naturally, this idealistic / idealism image is true for some, but researchers say that in realism / reality, children make us happiest when they fly the den / nest - when they have grown up and left home. Researchers in Germany looked at data from a survey / scurvy of 55,000 over 50-year-olds living in Europe. The survey responses / respondents were quizzed about their emotional wellbeing. The researchers discovered that most parents were happier with lifetime / life after their offspring had left home and started making their own way / weight in life. Researchers say this could be because raising children creates financial worry, stress, fatigue and anxious / anxiety.

    The research was leader / led by Christoph Becker at Heidelberg University. He concluded that a big reason / reasoned for parents being happiest when their children leave home is that the tables are twisty / turned and the children provide more support / supportive to their parents. He said parents whose children no longer live with them suffer from fewer / less symptoms of depression and have a more positively / positive outlook on life. Regarding the role reversal in providing / providing support, Mr Becker said: "Children's roles as caregivers, providers of financial support or / are simply as a means of social contact might outweigh the negative inspects / aspects of parenthood." He added that maintaining family relationships may stave / starve off loneliness in ageing parents.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    M_n y _f _s b_l__ v_ t h_t h_v_n g c h_l d r_n _s t h_ k_y t_ h_p p_n_s s _n d _ p_r f_c t f_m_l y l_f_. N_t_r_l l y , t h_s _d__ l_s t_c _m_g_ _s t r__ f_r s_m_, b_t r_s__ r c h_r s s_y t h_t _n r__ l_t y , c h_l d r_n m_k_ _s h_p p__ s t w h_n t h_y f l y t h_ n_s t - w h_n t h_y h_v_ g r_w n _p _n d l_f t h_m_. R_s__ r c h_r s _n G_r m_n y l__ k_d _t d_t_ f r_m _ s_r v_y _f 5 5 , 0 0 0 _v_r 5 0 - y__ r -_l d s l_v_n g _n E_r_p_. T h_ s_r v_y r_s p_n d_n t s w_r_ q__ z z_d _b__ t t h__ r _m_t__ n_l w_l l b__ n g . T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s d_s c_v_r_d t h_t m_s t p_r_n t s w_r_ h_p p__ r w_t h l_f_ _f t_r t h__ r _f f s p r_n g h_d l_f t h_m_ _n d s t_r t_d m_k_n g t h__ r _w n w_y _n l_f_. R_s__ r c h_r s s_y t h_s c__ l d b_ b_c__ s_ r__ s_n g c h_l d r_n c r__ t_s f_n_n c__ l w_r r y , s t r_s s , f_t_g__ _n d _n x__ t y .

    T h_ r_s__ r c h w_s l_d b y C h r_s t_p h B_c k_r _t H__ d_l b_r g U n_v_r s_t y . H_ c_n c l_d_d t h_t _ b_g r__ s_n f_r p_r_n t s b__ n g h_p p__ s t w h_n t h__ r c h_l d r_n l__ v_ h_m_ _s t h_t t h_ t_b l_s _r_ t_r n_d _n d t h_ c h_l d r_n p r_v_d_ m_r_ s_p p_r t t_ t h__ r p_r_n t s . H_ s__ d p_r_n t s w h_s_ c h_l d r_n n_ l_n g_r l_v_ w_t h t h_m s_f f_r f r_m f_w_r s y m p t_m s _f d_p r_s s__ n _n d h_v_ _ m_r_ p_s_t_v_ __ t l__ k _n l_f_. R_g_r d_n g t h_ r_l_ r_v_r s_l _n p r_v_d _ n g s_p p_r t , M r B_c k_r s__ d : " C h_l d r_n ' s r_l_s _s c_r_g_v_r s , p r_v_d_r s _f f_n_n c__ l s_p p_r t _r s_m p l y _s _ m__ n s _f s_c__ l c_n t_c t m_g h t __ t w__ g h t h_ n_g_t_v_ _s p_c t s _f p_r_n t h__ d . " H_ _d d_d t h_t m__ n t__ n_n g f_m_l y r_l_t__ n s h_p s m_y s t_v_ _f f l_n_l_n_s s _n _g__ n g p_r_n t s .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    many of us believe that having children is the key to happiness and a perfect family life naturally this idealistic image is true for some but researchers say that in reality children make us happiest when they fly the nest  when they have grown up and left home researchers in germany looked at data from a survey of 55000 over 50yearolds living in europe the survey respondents were quizzed about their emotional wellbeing the researchers discovered that most parents were happier with life after their offspring had left home and started making their own way in life researchers say this could be because raising children creates financial worry stress fatigue and anxiety

    the research was led by christoph becker at heidelberg university he concluded that a big reason for parents being happiest when their children leave home is that the tables are turned and the children provide more support to their parents he said parents whose children no longer live with them suffer from fewer symptoms of depression and have a more positive outlook on life regarding the role reversal in providing support mr becker said childrens roles as caregivers providers of financial support or simply as a means of social contact might outweigh the negative aspects of parenthood he added that maintaining family relationships may stave off loneliness in ageing parents.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Manyofusbelievethathavingchildrenisthekeytohappinessandaperfe
    ctfamilylife.Naturally,thisidealisticimageistrueforsome,butresearch
    erssaythatinreality,childrenmakeushappiestwhentheyflythenest-w
    hentheyhavegrownupandlefthome.ResearchersinGermanylookeda
    tdatafromasurveyof55,000over50-year-oldslivinginEurope.Thesur
    veyrespondentswerequizzedabouttheiremotionalwellbeing.Therese
    archersdiscoveredthatmostparentswerehappierwithlifeaftertheiroff
    springhadlefthomeandstartedmakingtheirownwayinlife.Researcher
    ssaythiscouldbebecauseraisingchildrencreatesfinancialworry,stress
    ,fatigueandanxiety.TheresearchwasledbyChristophBeckeratHeidel
    bergUniversity.Heconcludedthatabigreasonforparentsbeinghappies
    twhentheirchildrenleavehomeisthatthetablesareturnedandthechild
    renprovidemoresupporttotheirparents.Hesaidparentswhosechildre
    nnolongerlivewiththemsufferfromfewersymptomsofdepressionand
    haveamorepositiveoutlookonlife.Regardingtherolereversalinprovidi
    ngsupport,MrBeckersaid:"Children'srolesascaregivers,providersoffi
    nancialsupportorsimplyasameansofsocialcontactmightoutweighthe
    negativeaspectsofparenthood."Headdedthatmaintainingfamilyrelat
    ionshipsmaystaveofflonelinessinageingparents.

    Free writing

    Write about having children for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Having children is the best thing anyone can do. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. CHILDREN: Make a poster about children. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. HAVING CHILDREN: Write a magazine article about everybody having two or more children. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on having children. Ask him/her three questions about having them. Give him/her three of your opinions on having children. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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