The Reading / Listening - Dinosaurs - Level 5

Scientists have unearthed details of how the dinosaurs died out 65 million years ago. Geophysicists are analyzing rock formations in a crater under the seabed off Mexico. The rocks were created from the cataclysmic impact of a gigantic asteroid hitting Earth. Scientists say the rock layers reveal a step-by-step account of the destruction that happened after the impact. Rocks and sediment settled on top of each other in revealing layers. A geophysicist said: "It tells us what went on inside the crater on that day of doom that killed the dinosaurs. All of this mayhem is recorded in the core."



Scientists say the asteroid was up to four kilometers wide. It smashed into the ocean and created a hole 160kms wide and 20kms deep. This started a chain reaction of earthquakes, tsunami, landslides and fires that forever changed the geology of Earth. It also killed off the dinosaurs. The asteroid's impact hurled out rocks and created a huge crater. Molten rock fell back into the crater, which was then filled with ocean water. This water was full of soil, vegetation, animal life and other debris. It took a few hours to settle in layers ready for scientists to analyze millions of years later.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Dinosaurs - Level 4 or  Dinosaurs - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.foxnews.com/science/scientists-uncover-new-evidence-of-the-asteroid-that-killed-off-the-dinosaurs
  • https://gizmodo.com/ancient-rock-reveals-shocking-first-day-after-dinosaur-1837991356
  • https://www.thesun.co.uk/tech/9894621/apocalyptic-asteroid-dinosaurs-study/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. how the dinosaurs
  2. a crater under the seabed
  3. a gigantic
  4. a step-by-step
  5. Rocks and sediment settled
  6. It tells us what went
  7. on that day
  8. All of this mayhem
  1. on inside the crater
  2. asteroid
  3. is recorded
  4. off Mexico
  5. of doom
  6. account
  7. on top
  8. died out

Paragraph 2

  1. It smashed into the ocean and
  2. This started a chain
  3. forever changed the
  4. Molten rock fell back
  5. filled with ocean
  6. animal life and
  7. It took a few hours
  8. analyze millions
  1. to settle
  2. water
  3. of years later
  4. geology of Earth
  5. created a hole
  6. into the crater
  7. other debris
  8. reaction

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists (1) ___________________ of how the dinosaurs died out 65 million years ago. Geophysicists are analyzing rock (2) ___________________ crater under the seabed off Mexico. The rocks were created from the cataclysmic impact of (3) ___________________ hitting Earth. Scientists say the rock layers (4) ___________________-by-step account of the destruction that happened after the impact. Rocks and sediment (5) ___________________ of each other in revealing layers. A geophysicist said: "It tells us what went on inside the crater on that day of (6) ___________________ the dinosaurs. All of this mayhem is recorded in the core."

Scientists say the (7) ___________________ to four kilometers wide. It smashed into the ocean and created a hole 160kms wide and 20kms deep. This started (8) ___________________ of earthquakes, tsunami, landslides and fires that forever (9) ___________________ of Earth. It also killed off the dinosaurs. The asteroid's (10) ___________________ rocks and created a huge crater. Molten rock fell back into the crater, which was then filled with ocean water. This water was (11) ___________________, vegetation, animal life and other debris. It took a few hours to settle in layers ready for scientists (12) ___________________ of years later.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Scientistshaveuneartheddetailsofhowthedinosaursdiedout65millio
nyearsago.Geophysicistsareanalyzingrockformationsinacraterunde
rtheseabedoffMexico.Therockswerecreatedfromthecataclysmicimp
actofagiganticasteroidhittingEarth.Scientistssaytherocklayersreve
alastep-by-stepaccountofthedestructionthathappenedaftertheimp
act.Rocksandsedimentsettledontopofeachotherinrevealinglayers.A
geophysicistsaid:"Ittellsuswhatwentoninsidethecrateronthatdayof
doomthatkilledthedinosaurs.Allofthismayhemisrecordedinthecore."
Scientistssaytheasteroidwasuptofourkilometerswide.Itsmashedint
otheoceanandcreatedahole160kmswideand20kmsdeep.Thisstarte
dachainreactionofearthquakes,tsunami,landslidesandfiresthatforev
erchangedthegeologyofEarth.Italsokilledoffthedinosaurs.Theastero
id'simpacthurledoutrocksandcreatedahugecrater.Moltenrockfellbac
kintothecrater,whichwasthenfilledwithoceanwater.Thiswaterwasful
lofsoil,vegetation,animallifeandotherdebris.Ittookafewhourstosettl
einlayersreadyforscientiststoanalyzemillionsofyearslater.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

Help Support This Web Site

  • Please consider helping Breaking News English.com

Sean Banville's Book

Thank You