The Reading / Listening - Time-outs - Level 6

There is good news for parents who are in two minds about the merits of using time-outs as a form of punishment. Research from the University of Michigan in the USA says there is evidence to show time-outs can be an effective discipline strategy for children aged between two and eight years. Researchers say parents do not need to fret about their parenting skills if they give time-outs to misbehaving children as they do not harm children's mental wellbeing or their relationship with their parents. In an eight-year study, researchers compared the emotional health and behavior in children whose parents used time-outs with those who didn't. They found there was no difference in the children.



Time-outs are a form of discipline used by parents to modify their children's behavior. It usually involves sending children to a quiet space or quiet corner. The aim is for children to reflect on their behavior. Scientists have disagreed about the effectiveness of this strategy. Dr Rachel Knight said: "Some reports in the media and by select organizations have suggested that time-out is ineffective and even harmful." She added: "There are some alarming claims that time-outs can damage the parent-child relationship and negatively affect emotional health, but the research simply doesn't support those claims." Dr Knight concluded: "We did not find a relationship between time-outs and negative side effects in children."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Time-outs - Level 4  or  Time-outs - Level 5

Sources
  • https://metro.co.uk/2019/09/14/give-children-time-outs-wont-ruin-relationship-says-new-research-10741450
  • https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-08-parenting-tool.html
  • http://www.healthnewsdigest.com/news/Children_s_Health_200/Time-outs-Not-Associated-with-Long-term-Negative-Effects-in-Children.shtml


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. TIME-OUTS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about time-outs. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       good news / in two minds / punishment / evidence / discipline / parenting / health /
       behavior / quiet space / effectiveness / strategy / media / harmful / support / negative
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. HARMFUL: Students A strongly believe time-outs are harmful for children; Students B strongly believe they aren't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. DISCIPLINE: What measures of discipline would you give for these forms of bad behavior in children? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Discipline

Why?

Answering back

 

 

Stealing

 

 

Swearing

 

 

Playing truant

 

 

Fighting

 

 

Setting fire to curtains

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. EVIDENCE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "evidence". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. PUNISHMENTS: Rank these with your partner. Put the most effective at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • household chores
  • the naughty room
  • no pocket money
  • being grounded
  • time-outs
  • no TV
  • scolding
  • smacking

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. in two minds a. Be constantly or visibly worried or anxious.
      2. punishment b. The available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or idea is true.
      3. evidence c. The penalty given to someone as retribution because they did something wrong.
      4. strategy d. Looked at or measured the similarity or dissimilarity between two or more things.
      5. fret e. Undecided or uncertain about something or about what to do.
      6. wellbeing f. A plan of action or policy designed to achieve a major or overall aim.
      7. compared g. The state of being comfortable, healthy, or happy.

    Paragraph 2

      8. modify h. Carefully chosen from a larger number as being the best or most valuable.
      9. reflect i. State or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof.
      10. effectiveness j. Worrying or disturbing.
      11. select k. Represent something in a faithful or appropriate way.
      12. alarming l. A secondary, usually undesirable effect of a drug, medical treatment or other strategy.
      13. claim m. Make small changes to something, typically so as to improve it or to make it less extreme.
      14. side effects n. The degree to which something is successful in producing a desired result; success.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. There is bad news for parents about time-outs.     T / F
  2. Research says time-outs are effective for children up to 18 years old.     T / F
  3. Researchers say parents do not need to worry about time-outs.     T / F
  4. The study into time-outs was over a decade long.     T / F
  5. An example of a time-out is sending a child into a corner.     T / F
  6. The aim of time-outs is to get children to reflect on their behavior.     T / F
  7. Most media reports say time-outs are harmful.     T / F
  8. A researcher found no relationship between time-outs and side effects.    T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. merits
  2. evidence
  3. strategy
  4. fret
  5. compared
  6. form
  7. modify
  8. select
  9. alarming
  10. side effects
  1. contrasted
  2. worry
  3. reactions
  4. proof
  5. type
  6. exclusive
  7. benefits
  8. worrying
  9. policy
  10. amend

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. parents who are in two
  2. using time-outs as a form
  3. an effective discipline
  4. parents do not need to
  5. the emotional health and
  6. discipline used by parents to modify
  7. The aim is for children to reflect
  8. the effectiveness of
  9. damage the parent-
  10. negative side
  1. their children's behavior
  2. strategy for children
  3. child relationship
  4. behavior in children
  5. of punishment
  6. on their behavior
  7. effects
  8. minds about the merits
  9. this strategy
  10. fret

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
evidence
fret
compared
minds
form
difference
strategy
wellbeing

There is good news for parents who are in two (1) ____________ about the merits of using time-outs as a (2) ____________ of punishment. Research from the University of Michigan in the USA says there is (3) ____________ to show time-outs can be an effective discipline (4) ____________ for children aged between two and eight years. Researchers say parents do not need to (5) ____________ about their parenting skills if they give time-outs to misbehaving children as they do not harm children's mental (6) ____________ or their relationship with their parents. In an eight-year study, researchers (7) ____________ the emotional health and behavior in children whose parents used time-outs with those who didn't. They found there was no (8) ____________ in the children.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
select
effects
negatively
discipline
strategy
alarming
corner
claims

Time-outs are a form of (9) ____________ used by parents to modify their children's behavior. It usually involves sending children to a quiet space or quiet (10) ____________. The aim is for children to reflect on their behavior. Scientists have disagreed about the effectiveness of this (11) ____________. Dr Rachel Knight said: "Some reports in the media and by (12) ____________ organizations have suggested that time-out is ineffective and even harmful." She added: "There are some (13) ____________ claims that time-outs can damage the parent-child relationship and (14) ____________ affect emotional health, but the research simply doesn't support those (15) ____________." Dr Knight concluded: "We did not find a relationship between time-outs and negative side (16) ____________ in children."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  There is good news for parents who are ______
     a.  in twice minds
     b.  into minds
     c.  in thru minds
     d.  in two minds
2)  the merits of using time-outs as a ______
     a.  forms of punishment
     b.  form of punishment
     c.  formed of punishment
     d.  former of punishment
3)  the USA says there is evidence to show time-outs can be an effective ______
     a.  discipline strategy
     b.  disciplined strategy
     c.  disciplines strategy
     d.  disciplining strategy
4)  Researchers say parents do not ______
     a.  need to fret
     b.  need to sweat
     c.  need to bet
     d.  need to threat
5)  In an eight-year study, researchers compared the ______
     a.  emotion all health
     b.  the motion all health
     c.  emotionally health
     d.  emotional health

6)  It usually involves sending children to ______
     a.  a quilt space
     b.  a quit space
     c.  a quite space
     d.  a quiet space
7)  Scientists have disagreed about the effectiveness ______
     a.  offer this strategy
     b.  of this strategy
     c.  oft this strategy
     d.  off this strategy
8)  Dr Rachel Knight said: "Some reports in the media and by ______...
     a.  select organizations
     b.  selection organizations
     c.  selects organizations
     d.  see elect organizations
9)  alarming claims that time-outs can damage the parent-______
     a.  childish relationship
     b.  child's relationship
     c.  child relationship
     d.  children relationship
10)  but the research simply doesn't support ______
     a.  those claims
     b.  those clams
     c.  those claim
     d.  those clam

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

There is (1) ___________________ parents who are in two minds about the merits of using time-outs as (2) ___________________ punishment. Research from the University of Michigan in the USA says there is evidence to show time-outs can be (3) ___________________ strategy for children aged between two and eight years. Researchers say parents do not need to (4) ___________________ parenting skills if they give time-outs to misbehaving children as they (5) ___________________ children's mental wellbeing or their relationship with their parents. In an eight-year study, researchers compared the (6) ___________________ behavior in children whose parents used time-outs with those who didn't. They found there was no difference in the children.

Time-outs are a form of discipline used by parents (7) ___________________ children's behavior. It usually involves sending children to a quiet space or quiet corner. The aim is for children (8) ___________________ their behavior. Scientists have disagreed about the effectiveness of this strategy. Dr Rachel Knight said: "Some reports in the media (9) ___________________ organizations have suggested that time-out is ineffective and even harmful." She added: "There are (10) ___________________ that time-outs can damage the parent-child relationship and negatively (11) ___________________, but the research simply doesn't support those claims." Dr Knight concluded: "We did not find a relationship between time-outs and (12) ___________________ in children."

Comprehension questions

  1. What kind of news did the article say was in this story?
  2. Which educational institution conducted this research?
  3. What did researchers say parents didn't have to do?
  4. How long was the study?
  5. What difference did researchers find with children who had no time-outs?
  6. What do time-outs attempt to modify in children?
  7. What did the article say scientists disagreed about?
  8. What did select organizations suggest time-outs were?
  9. What did some media say time-outs could damage?
  10. What negative things did researchers not find?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What kind of news did the article say was in this story?
a) health news
b) breaking news
c) bad news
d) good news
2) Which educational institution conducted this research?
a) the University of Minnesota
b) the University of Michigan
c) the University of Manitoba
d) the University of Minneapolis
3) What did researchers say parents didn't have to do?
a) scold
b) punish
c) fret
d) discipline
4) How long was the study?
a) eight years
b) seven years
c) six years
d) five years

5) What difference did researchers find with children who had no time-outs?
a) a huge difference
b) a few differences
c) no difference
d) an interesting difference

6) What do time-outs attempt to modify in children?
a) DNA
b) their behavior
c) their genes
d) quiet time
7) What did the article say scientists disagreed about?
a) everything
b) where time-outs should take place
c) the length of time-outs
d) the effectiveness of time-outs
8) What did select organizations suggest time-outs were?
a) ineffective and even harmful
b) very useful
c) shocking
d) too long
9) What did some media say time-outs could damage?
a) life
b) intelligence
c) the parent-child relationship
d) brain cells

10) What negative things did researchers not find?
a) bad behavior
b) side effects
c) bad children
d) sad parents

Role play

Role  A – Time-outs
You think giving a time-out is the best form of punishment for children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): scolding, no TV or naughty room.

Role  B – Scolding
You think scolding is the best form of punishment for children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): time-outs, no TV or naughty room.

Role  C – No TV
You think no TV is the best form of punishment for children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): scolding, time-outs or naughty room.

Role  D – The Naughty Room
You think the naughty room is the best form of punishment for children. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): scolding, no TV or time-outs.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'children'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'time-out'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • modify
    • space
    • reflect
    • even
    • damage
    • side
    • news
    • between
    • fret
    • harm
    • whose
    • difference




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Giving children time-outs won't harm them

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'children'?
    3. What do you think of time-outs for children?
    4. What do you think of time-outs as a punishment?
    5. Did your parents give you a time-out?
    6. What do you think children think of time-outs?
    7. What do you fret about?
    8. How are your parenting skills?
    9. How effective are time-outs in disciplining children?
    10. What are the negative things about time-outs?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'time-out'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Do children think of time-outs as a punishment?
    5. What is the best form of punishment for children?
    6. What should children get time-outs for?
    7. Should other people get time-outs?
    8. How might time-outs affect parent-child relationships?
    9. What do children think about during time-outs?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    There is good news for parents who are in (1) ____ minds about the merits of using time-outs as a form (2) ____ punishment. Research from the University of Michigan in the USA says there is evidence to show time-outs can be an effective discipline (3) ____ for children aged between two and eight years. Researchers say parents do not need to (4) ____ about their parenting skills if they give time-outs to misbehaving children as they do not harm children's mental wellbeing or their relationship (5) ____ their parents. In an eight-year study, researchers compared the emotional health and behavior in children whose parents used time-outs with those who didn't. They found there was (6) ____ difference in the children.

    Time-outs are a form of discipline used by parents to (7) ____ their children's behavior. It usually involves sending children to a quiet space or quiet corner. The aim is for children to (8) ____ on their behavior. Scientists have disagreed about the effectiveness of this strategy. Dr Rachel Knight said: "Some reports in the (9) ____ and by select organizations have suggested that time-out is ineffective and even harmful." She added: "There are some (10) ____ claims that time-outs can damage the parent-child relationship and negatively (11) ____ emotional health, but the research simply doesn't support those claims." Dr Knight concluded: "We did not find a relationship between time-outs and negative side effects (12) ____ children."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     never     (b)     multiple     (c)     three     (d)     two    
    2. (a)     in     (b)     at     (c)     on     (d)     of    
    3. (a)     strategize     (b)     strategy     (c)     strata     (d)     stratify    
    4. (a)     neck     (b)     bridge     (c)     fret     (d)     string    
    5. (a)     within     (b)     wither     (c)     with     (d)     without    
    6. (a)     no     (b)     non     (c)     not     (d)     nor    
    7. (a)     deify     (b)     modify     (c)     solidify     (d)     humidify    
    8. (a)     reflect     (b)     mirror     (c)     shine     (d)     glow    
    9. (a)     memoranda     (b)     media     (c)     curricula     (d)     referenda    
    10. (a)     charming     (b)     arming     (c)     alarming     (d)     farming    
    11. (a)     reflect     (b)     infect     (c)     affect     (d)     effect     
    12. (a)     by     (b)     on     (c)     as     (d)     in

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. the itmres of using time-outs
    2. a form of hspmunietn
    3. there is niedeecv
    4. eilspnicid strategy
    5. parents do not need to efrt
    6. mnetlooia health

    Paragraph 2

    1. midfoy their children's behavior
    2. It usually levvoins sending children
    3. The aim is for children to cfterle
    4. time-out is ivcifeetnef
    5. some mlaniagr claims
    6. eetivang side effects in children

    Put the text back together

    (...)  damage the parent-child relationship and negatively affect emotional health, but
    1  ) There is good news for parents who are in two minds about the merits of using time-outs as a form
    (...)  the research simply doesn't support those claims." Dr Knight concluded: "We did not
    (...)  study, researchers compared the emotional health and behavior in children whose parents used time-outs with those
    (...)  who didn't. They found there was no difference in the children.
    (...)  suggested that time-out is ineffective and even harmful." She added: "There are some alarming claims that time-outs can
    (...)  Time-outs are a form of discipline used by parents to modify their children's behavior. It usually involves sending children
    (...)  children as they do not harm children's mental wellbeing or their relationship with their parents. In an eight-year
    (...)  to a quiet space or quiet corner. The aim is for children to reflect on their behavior. Scientists have disagreed
    (...)  show time-outs can be an effective discipline strategy for children aged between two
    (...)  find a relationship between time-outs and negative side effects in children."
    (...)  of punishment. Research from the University of Michigan in the USA says there is evidence to
    (...)  and eight years. Researchers say parents do not need to fret about their parenting skills if they give time-outs to misbehaving
    (...)  about the effectiveness of this strategy. Dr Rachel Knight said: "Some reports in the media and by select organizations have

    Put the words in the right order

    1. two   for   who   are   News   in   parents   minds   .
    2. as   Merits   punishment   .   time-outs   of   of   a   form
    3. parents   not   say   Researchers   fret   .   do   to   need
    4. harm   They   not   mental   wellbeing   .   children's   do
    5. no   there   was   in   They   difference   found   children   .
    6. to   parents   Used   behavior   .   by   modify   their   children's
    7. a   children   space   .   It   to   sending   involves   quiet
    8. this   disagreed   effectiveness   Scientists   strategy   .   the   of   about
    9. research   support   those   But   doesn't   simply   claims   .   the
    10. negative   Time-outs   effects   and   children   .   in   side

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    There is good news for parents who are on / in two minds about the merits of using time-outs as a firm / form of punishment. Research from the University of Michigan in the USA says there is / are evidence to show time-outs can be an effective discipline strategy / strategic for children aged between two and eight years. Researchers say parents do not need to frat / fret about their parenting / parented skills if they give time-outs to misbehaving children as they do not harm children's mentally / mental wellbeing or their relationship with / within their parents. In an eight-year study, researchers compared the emotional health and behavior in children whose / which parents used time-outs with those who didn't. They found there was no difference / different in the children.

    Time-outs are a form / firm of discipline used by parents to modify their children's behavior. It usually revolves / involves sending children to a quiet space or quiet corner. The aim is to / for children to reflect on their behavior. Scientists have disagreed about the effectiveness of this / these strategy. Dr Rachel Knight said: "Some reports in the media and by selection / select organizations have suggested that time-out is ineffective and even harmful." She added: "There are some alarms / alarming claims that time-outs can damage the parent-child relationship and negatively effect / affect emotional health, but the research simply doesn't / don't support those claims." Dr Knight concluded: "We did not find a relationship between / among time-outs and negative side effects in / on children."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    T h_r_ _s g__ d n_w s f_r p_r_n t s w h_ _r_ _n t w_ m_n d s _b__ t t h_ m_r_t s _f _s_n g t_m_-__ t s _s _ f_r m _f p_n_s h m_n t . R_s__ r c h f r_m t h_ U n_v_r s_t y _f M_c h_g_n _n t h_ U S A s_y s t h_r_ _s _v_d_n c_ t_ s h_w t_m_-__ t s c_n b_ _n _f f_c t_v_ d_s c_p l_n_ s t r_t_g y f_r c h_l d r_n _g_d b_t w__ n t w_ _n d __ g h t y__ r s . R_s__ r c h_r s s_y p_r_n t s d_ n_t n__ d t_ f r_t _b__ t t h__ r p_r_n t_n g s k_l l s _f t h_y g_v_ t_m_-__ t s t_ m_s b_h_v_n g c h_l d r_n _s t h_y d_ n_t h_r m c h_l d r_n ' s m_n t_l w_l l b__ n g _r t h__ r r_l_t__ n s h_p w_t h t h__ r p_r_n t s . I n _n __ g h t - y__ r s t_d y , r_s__ r c h_r s c_m p_r_d t h_ _m_t__ n_l h__ l t h _n d b_h_v__ r _n c h_l d r_n w h_s_ p_r_n t s _s_d t_m_-__ t s w_t h t h_s_ w h_ d_d n ' t . T h_y f__ n d t h_r_ w_s n_ d_f f_r_n c_ _n t h_ c h_l d r_n .

    T_m_-__ t s _r_ _ f_r m _f d_s c_p l_n_ _s_d b y p_r_n t s t_ m_d_f y t h__ r c h_l d r_n ' s b_h_v__ r . I t _s__ l l y _n v_l v_s s_n d_n g c h_l d r_n t_ _ q___t s p_c_ _r q___t c_r n_r . T h_ __ m _s f_r c h_l d r_n t_ r_f l_c t _n t h__ r b_h_v__ r . S c__ n t_s t s h_v_ d_s_g r__ d _b__ t t h_ _f f_c t_v_n_s s _f t h_s s t r_t_g y . D r R_c h_l K n_g h t s__ d : " S_m_ r_p_r t s _n t h_ m_d__ _n d b y s_l_c t _r g_n_z_t__ n s h_v_ s_g g_s t_d t h_t t_m_-__ t _s _n_f f_c t_v_ _n d _v_n h_r m f_l . " S h_ _d d_d : " T h_r_ _r_ s_m_ _l_r m_n g c l__ m s t h_t t_m_-__ t s c_n d_m_g_ t h_ p_r_n t - c h_l d r_l_t__ n s h_p _n d n_g_t_v_l y _f f_c t _m_t__ n_l h__ l t h , b_t t h_ r_s__ r c h s_m p l y d__ s n ' t s_p p_r t t h_s_ c l__ m s . " D r K n_g h t c_n c l_d_d : " W_ d_d n_t f_n d _ r_l_t__ n s h_p b_t w__ n t_m_-__ t s _n d n_g_t_v_ s_d_ _f f_c t s _n c h_l d r_n . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    there is good news for parents who are in two minds about the merits of using timeouts as a form of punishment research from the university of michigan in the usa says there is evidence to show timeouts can be an effective discipline strategy for children aged between two and eight years researchers say parents do not need to fret about their parenting skills if they give timeouts to misbehaving children as they do not harm childrens mental wellbeing or their relationship with their parents in an eightyear study researchers compared the emotional health and behavior in children whose parents used timeouts with those who didnt they found there was no difference in the children

    timeouts are a form of discipline used by parents to modify their childrens behavior it usually involves sending children to a quiet space or quiet corner the aim is for children to reflect on their behavior scientists have disagreed about the effectiveness of this strategy dr rachel knight said some reports in the media and by select organizations have suggested that timeout is ineffective and even harmful she added there are some alarming claims that timeouts can damage the parentchild relationship and negatively affect emotional health but the research simply doesnt support those claims dr knight concluded we did not find a relationship between timeouts and negative side effects in children

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Thereisgoodnewsforparentswhoareintwomindsaboutthemeritsofusi
    ngtime-outsasaformofpunishment.ResearchfromtheUniversityofM
    ichiganintheUSAsaysthereisevidencetoshowtime-outscanbeaneff
    ectivedisciplinestrategyforchildrenagedbetweentwoandeightyears.
    Researcherssayparentsdonotneedtofretabouttheirparentingskillsift
    heygivetime-outstomisbehavingchildrenastheydonotharmchildre
    n'smentalwellbeingortheirrelationshipwiththeirparents.Inaneight-
    yearstudy,researcherscomparedtheemotionalhealthandbehaviorin
    childrenwhoseparentsusedtime-outswiththosewhodidn't.Theyfoun
    dtherewasnodifferenceinthechildren.Time-outsareaformofdiscipli
    neusedbyparentstomodifytheirchildren'sbehavior.Itusuallyinvolves
    sendingchildrentoaquietspaceorquietcorner.Theaimisforchildrentor
    eflectontheirbehavior.Scientistshavedisagreedabouttheeffectivene
    ssofthisstrategy.DrRachelKnightsaid:"Somereportsinthemediaand
    byselectorganizationshavesuggestedthattime-outisineffectiveand
    evenharmful."Sheadded:"Therearesomealarmingclaimsthattime-
    outscandamagetheparent-childrelationshipandnegativelyaffectem
    otionalhealth,buttheresearchsimplydoesn'tsupportthoseclaims."Dr
    Knightconcluded:"Wedidnotfindarelationshipbetweentime-outsan
    dnegativesideeffectsinchildren."

    Free writing

    Write about time-outs for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Time-outs should never be given to children. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. TIME-OUTS: Make a poster about time-outs. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. CHILDREN'S BEHAVIOR: Write a magazine article about time-outs being great to change children's behavior. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on time-outs. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on them. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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