The Reading / Listening - Health Service - Level 6

Hospitals in the United Kingdom are adapting to help people who suffer from dementia. Many hospitals have undergone a "vintage makeover" to make dementia patients feel more relaxed and to help trigger memories about the past. The makeover includes creating tea rooms (old-style cafes) that look the same as those from the 1950s; a small movie theatre where patients can watch old black and white films from yesteryear; and a 1950s-themed "memory room" full of furniture and artwork from the 1950s. The UK's National Health Service (NHS) said the "dementia-friendly adaptations" could help patients to cope with stress by relaxing in familiar surroundings that could bring back happy memories.



Dementia is a term for diseases and conditions that involve a decline in memory. It is also accompanied by a deterioration in language ability, problem-solving and other thinking skills. The condition greatly affects a person's ability to perform everyday activities. Alzheimer's is the most common cause of dementia. The World Health Organization estimates there to be 46.8 million people worldwide living with dementia. Someone in the world develops it every three seconds. The NHS believes its makeover facilities will help dementia patients. It said: "Having a dementia-friendly place to stay may help patients adjust better to their surroundings, lessen the likelihood of falls and reduce their reliance on medicine."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Health Service - Level 4  or  Health Service - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/nhs-hospitals-get-vintage-makeover-to-help-dementia-patients-a4243011.html
  • https://www.thecanary.co/breaking-news/2019/09/21/nhs-hospitals-using-vintage-makeovers-to-help-dementia-patients/
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Health_Service_(England)


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. HEALTH SERVICES: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about health services. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       hospitals / dementia / vintage / makeover / tea room / yesteryear / furniture / happy
       diseases / memory / language ability / worldwide / three seconds / patients / reliance
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. MENTAL HEALTH: Students A strongly believe mental health should be the biggest part of health care; Students B strongly believe it shouldn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. VINTAGE: What are these things like from the 1950s? How do they compare with today? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

The 1950s

Today

Music

 

 

TV shows

 

 

Clothes

 

 

Cars

 

 

Restaurants

 

 

Telephones

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. SUFFER: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "suffer". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. DEMENTIA: Rank these with your partner. Put the things to best help with dementia at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Family
  • Hospitals
  • Friends
  • Medicine
  • Doctors
  • Reminders of the past
  • Old movies
  • Reading

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. adapting a. Experience or be subjected to something bad or unpleasant.
      2. suffer b. About something of higher quality, especially something from the past.
      3. undergone c. Often encountered or experienced; common.
      4. vintage d. The recent past, especially when recalled nostalgically.
      5. makeover e. Cause an event or situation to happen or exist.
      6. trigger f. Changing something and making it suitable for a new use or purpose.
      7. familiar g. A complete transformation or remodeling of something, especially a person's hairstyle, makeup, or clothes.

    Paragraph 2

      8. term h. Be present or occur at the same time as something else.
      9. accompanied i. The process of becoming progressively worse.
      10. deterioration j. Dependence on or trust in someone or something.
      11. facility k. Change or move something a little in order to achieve the desired fit, appearance, or result.
      12. adjust l. A place, amenity, or piece of equipment provided for a particular purpose.
      13. surroundings m. A word or phrase used to describe a thing or to express a concept.
      14. reliance n. The things and conditions around a person or thing.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said UK hospitals are adopting people with dementia.     T / F
  2. A vintage makeover in hospitals could help patients recall old memories. T / F
  3. A hospital is showing patients old black and white movies.     T / F
  4. A hospital has a room full of old furniture for dementia patients.     T / F
  5. Dementia can lead to a loss of language ability.     T / F
  6. The article says old age is the biggest cause of dementia.     T / F
  7. Every 30 seconds, someone in the world develops dementia.     T / F
  8. The hospitals expect to use more medicine with dementia patients.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. adapting
  2. makeover
  3. trigger
  4. yesteryear
  5. surroundings
  6. term
  7. decline
  8. cause
  9. develops
  10. reliance
  1. the old days
  2. setting
  3. dependence
  4. set off
  5. source
  6. changing
  7. gets
  8. deterioration
  9. new look
  10. word

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. help people who suffer
  2. black and white films
  3. furniture and
  4. help patients to cope
  5. bring back
  6. Dementia is a term for diseases
  7. accompanied by a deterioration in
  8. Alzheimer's is the most common
  9. Someone in the world develops
  10. reduce their reliance
  1. artwork from the 1950s
  2. happy memories
  3. it every three seconds
  4. cause of dementia
  5. from dementia
  6. on medicine
  7. and conditions
  8. with stress
  9. language ability
  10. from yesteryear

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
trigger
cope
adapting
yesteryear
undergone
surroundings
creating
furniture

Hospitals in the United Kingdom are (1) ____________ to help people who suffer from dementia. Many hospitals have (2) ____________ a "vintage makeover" to make dementia patients feel more relaxed and to help (3) ____________ memories about the past. The makeover includes (4) ____________ tea rooms (old-style cafes) that look the same as those from the 1950s; a small movie theatre where patients can watch old black and white films from (5) ____________; and a 1950s-themed "memory room" full of (6) ____________ and artwork from the 1950s. The UK's National Health Service (NHS) said the "dementia-friendly adaptations" could help patients to (7) ____________ with stress by relaxing in familiar (8) ____________ that could bring back happy memories.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
estimates
facilities
decline
reliance
condition
develops
lessen
cause

Dementia is a term for diseases and conditions that involve a (9) ____________ in memory. It is also accompanied by a deterioration in language ability, problem-solving and other thinking skills. The (10) ____________ greatly affects a person's ability to perform everyday activities. Alzheimer's is the most common (11) ____________ of dementia. The World Health Organization (12) ____________ there to be 46.8 million people worldwide living with dementia. Someone in the world (13) ____________ it every three seconds. The NHS believes its makeover (14) ____________ will help dementia patients. It said: "Having a dementia-friendly place to stay may help patients adjust better to their surroundings, (15) ____________ the likelihood of falls and reduce their (16) ____________ on medicine."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Hospitals in the United Kingdom are adapting to help people who ______
     a.  suffered from dementia
     b.  suffers from dementia
     c.  suffer from dementia
     d.  suffering from dementia
2)  to make dementia patients feel more relaxed and to ______
     a.  help trigger memories
     b.  help flicker memories
     c.  help sliver memories
     d.  help figure memories
3)  a small movie theatre where patients can watch old black and white ______
     a.  films from yesterday
     b.  films from yesterweek
     c.  films from yestermonth
     d.  films from yesteryear
4)  the "dementia-friendly adaptations" could help ______
     a.  patients to cape
     b.  patients to cope
     c.  patients to coop
     d.  patients to cop
5)  by relaxing in familiar surroundings that could bring ______
     a.  back happily memories
     b.  back happy memorize
     c.  back happy memories
     d.  back happily memorials

6)  Dementia is a term for diseases and conditions that involve a ______
     a.  decline by memory
     b.  decline at memory
     c.  decline on memory
     d.  decline in memory
7)  a deterioration in language ability, problem-solving and ______
     a.  other thinking skill
     b.  other thinking skills
     c.  another thinking skills
     d.  others thinking skills
8)  The condition greatly affects a person's ______
     a.  ability for perform
     b.  ability to perform
     c.  ability of perform
     d.  ability and perform
9)  a dementia-friendly place to stay may help patients adjust better ______
     a.  to their surroundings
     b.  to their supporting
     c.  to their supposing
     d.  to their supplanting
10)  lessen the likelihood of falls and reduce their ______
     a.  reliant on medicine
     b.  rely once on medicine
     c.  really once on medicine
     d.  reliance on medicine

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Hospitals in the United Kingdom (1) ___________________ help people who suffer from dementia. Many hospitals have undergone a "vintage makeover" to make dementia patients feel more relaxed and to (2) ___________________ about the past. The makeover includes creating tea rooms (old-style cafes) that look the same as those from the 1950s; a small movie theatre where (3) ___________________ old black and white films from yesteryear; and a 1950s-themed (4) ___________________ of furniture and artwork from the 1950s. The UK's National Health Service (NHS) said the "dementia-friendly adaptations" could help patients to (5) ___________________ by relaxing in familiar surroundings that could (6) ___________________ memories.

Dementia is a (7) ___________________ and conditions that involve a decline in memory. It is also accompanied by a deterioration in language ability, problem-solving and (8) ___________________. The condition greatly affects a person's ability to perform everyday activities. Alzheimer's is the most (9) ___________________ dementia. The World Health Organization estimates there to be 46.8 million people worldwide living with dementia. Someone in the (10) ___________________ every three seconds. The NHS believes its makeover facilities will help dementia patients. It said: "Having a dementia-friendly place to stay may help (11) ___________________ to their surroundings, lessen the likelihood of falls and reduce (12) ___________________ medicine."

Comprehension questions

  1. What might the vintage makeover trigger memories about?
  2. From what period will patients be able to see movies?
  3. What is a "memory room" full of?
  4. What surroundings did a health service say patients could relax in?
  5. What does a health service think the makeover will bring back?
  6. What did the article say deteriorates because of dementia?
  7. What does dementia greatly affect a person's ability to do?
  8. How often does someone develop dementia around the world?
  9. What might the patients have a lesser likelihood of doing?
  10. What do doctors hope patients will rely on less?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What might the vintage makeover trigger memories about?
a) being a baby
b) tea rooms
c) the past
d) hospitals
2) From what period will patients be able to see movies?
a) yesteryear
b) a bygone age
c) the good old days
d) the post-war period
3) What is a "memory room" full of?
a) furniture and artwork
b) memories
c) postcards and photos
d) music and poetry
4) What surroundings did a health service say patients could relax in?
a) bleak surroundings
b) familiar surroundings
c) pleasant surroundings
d) natural surroundings
5) What does a health service think the makeover will bring back?
a) mental agility
b) brain cells
c) cognition
d) happy memories

6) What did the article say deteriorates because of dementia?
a) memory recall
b) language ability
c) brain cells
d) the skin
7) What does dementia greatly affect a person's ability to do?
a) everyday things
b) read
c) follow instructions
d) run
8) How often does someone develop dementia around the world?
a) every 30 minutes
b) every three minutes
c) every three seconds
d) every 30 seconds
9) What might the patients have a lesser likelihood of doing?
a) relying
b) adjusting
c) remembering
d) falling
10) What do doctors hope patients will rely on less?
a) medicine
b) hospitals
c) themselves
d) family

Role play

Role  A – Family
You think family is the best thing to help with dementia. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as helpful. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): medicine, reminders of the past or reading.

Role  B – Medicine
You think medicine is the best thing to help with dementia. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as helpful. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): family, reminders of the past or reading.

Role  C – Reminders of the Past
You think reminders of the past are the best things to help with dementia. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as helpful. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): medicine, family or reading.

Role  D – Reading
You think reading is the best thing to help with dementia. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as helpful. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): medicine, reminders of the past or family.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'health'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'service'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • term
    • problem
    • everyday
    • living
    • believes
    • falls
    • adapting
    • feel
    • tea
    • old
    • full
    • back




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Hospitals get vintage makeover to help dementia

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'health'?
    3. What do you know about dementia?
    4. How can we help people with dementia?
    5. What do you think of the vintage makeover idea?
    6. How worried are you about developing dementia?
    7. Does thinking about the past make you happy?
    8. What are your happiest memories of the past?
    9. What do you think of black and white movies?
    10. How do you cope with stress?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'dementia'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How would a decline in memory affect someone's life?
    5. Do you know anyone with dementia?
    6. How would you help someone you loved with dementia?
    7. What do you know about Alzheimer's?
    8. How can scientists make Alzheimer's a thing of the past?
    9. What is your idea of a 'dementia-friendly space'?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the hospital bosses?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Hospitals in the United Kingdom are (1) ____ to help people who suffer from dementia. Many hospitals have undergone a "vintage makeover" to make dementia patients feel more relaxed and to help (2) ____ memories about the past. The makeover includes creating tea rooms (old-style cafes) that look the same as (3) ____ from the 1950s; a small movie theatre where patients can watch old black and white films from (4) ____; and a 1950s-themed "memory room" full of furniture and artwork from the 1950s. The UK's National Health Service (NHS) said the "dementia-(5) ____ adaptations" could help patients to cope with stress by relaxing in familiar surroundings that could bring back happy (6) ____.

    Dementia is a term for diseases and conditions that (7) ____ a decline in memory. It is also accompanied by a deterioration in language ability, problem-solving and other thinking skills. The condition (8) ____ affects a person's ability to perform everyday activities. Alzheimer's is the most common cause of dementia. The World Health Organization estimates (9) ____ to be 46.8 million people worldwide living with dementia. Someone in the world develops it (10) ____ three seconds. The NHS believes its makeover facilities will help dementia patients. It said: "Having a dementia-(11) ____ place to stay may help patients adjust better to their surroundings, lessen the likelihood of falls and reduce their (12) ____ on medicine."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     adopting     (b)     adapting     (c)     adept     (d)     adaption    
    2. (a)     barrel     (b)     trigger     (c)     bullet     (d)     lock    
    3. (a)     this     (b)     they     (c)     them     (d)     those    
    4. (a)     past     (b)     yesteryear     (c)     vintage     (d)     bygone    
    5. (a)     happy     (b)     friendly     (c)     pleased     (d)     hearty    
    6. (a)     memorials     (b)     memorize     (c)     memories     (d)     memes    
    7. (a)     turnaround     (b)     replenish     (c)     involve     (d)     destined    
    8. (a)     highly     (b)     such     (c)     greatly     (d)     increase    
    9. (a)     thus     (b)     such     (c)     what     (d)     there    
    10. (a)     by     (b)     all     (c)     whole     (d)     every    
    11. (a)     friendly     (b)     friend     (c)     befriended     (d)     friends    
    12. (a)     reliant     (b)     rely     (c)     reliance     (d)     reliably

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. help rgtrgei memories
    2. black and white films from ateeyryers
    3. a 1950s-mehdet "memory room"
    4. full of iunueftrr and artwork
    5. dementia-friendly tdtsaniaapo
    6. by relaxing in liiafamr surroundings

    Paragraph 2

    1. diseases and ndiooticns
    2. a inceled in memory
    3. a oeoniertdirat in language ability
    4. teetsisma there to be 46.8 million
    5. its makeover iiefltsaic
    6. reduce their ielranec on medicine

    Put the text back together

    (...)  will help dementia patients. It said: "Having a dementia-friendly place to stay may help patients adjust
    (...)  memories about the past. The makeover includes creating tea rooms (old-style cafes) that look
    1  ) Hospitals in the United Kingdom are adapting to help people who suffer from dementia. Many hospitals have
    (...)  and white films from yesteryear; and a 1950s-themed "memory room" full of furniture and artwork from the
    (...)  with stress by relaxing in familiar surroundings that could bring back happy memories.
    (...)  Dementia is a term for diseases and conditions that involve a decline in memory. It is also accompanied
    (...)  dementia. The World Health Organization estimates there to be 46.8 million people worldwide
    (...)  the same as those from the 1950s; a small movie theatre where patients can watch old black
    (...)  by a deterioration in language ability, problem-solving and other thinking skills. The condition greatly affects
    (...)  living with dementia. Someone in the world develops it every three seconds. The NHS believes its makeover facilities
    (...)  better to their surroundings, lessen the likelihood of falls and reduce their reliance on medicine."
    (...)  undergone a "vintage makeover" to make dementia patients feel more relaxed and to help trigger
    (...)  1950s. The UK's National Health Service (NHS) said the "dementia-friendly adaptations" could help patients to cope
    (...)  a person's ability to perform everyday activities. Alzheimer's is the most common cause of

    Put the words in the right order

    1. help   who   Adapting   from   to   people   dementia   .   suffer
    2. more   memories   .   relaxed   to   help   trigger   Feel   and
    3. Look   as   the   from   same   1950s   .   the   those
    4. patients   relaxing   .   Help   cope   with   to   stress   by
    5. could   that   Familiar   happy   bring   memories  .  surroundings   back
    6. memory   .   Conditions   involve   a   decline   in   that
    7. perform   activities   .   a   ability   person's   to   everyday   Affects
    8. cause   common   the   Alzheimer's   of   is   most   dementia   .
    9. dementia   Its   makeover   will   facilities   patients   .   help
    10. patients   Help   their   adjust   better   to   surroundings   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Hospitals in the United Kingdom are adopting / adapting to help people who suffer from / of dementia. Many hospitals have undergone a "vintage makeover" to make dementia patients felt / feel more relaxed and to help trigger memorials / memories about the past. The makeover includes creating tea rooms / room (old-style cafes) that look the same as those from the 1950s; a small movie theatre where patients / patience can watch old black and white films from yesterday / yesteryear; and a 1950s-themed "memory room" full / filled of furniture and artwork from the 1950s. The UK's National Health Service (NHS) said the "dementia-friendly adaptations" could help patients to cope / cape with stress by relaxing in familiar surroundings that could bring back happily / happy memories.

    Dementia is a term for diseases and condition / conditions that involve a decline in memory. It is plus / also accompanied by a deterioration in language ability, problem-solving and other / another thinking skills. The condition greatly affects a person's ability / able to perform everyday activities. Alzheimer's is the most commonly / common cause of dementia. The World Health Organization estimates that / there to be 46.8 million people worldwide living on / with dementia. Someone in the world develops it every / all three seconds. The NHS believes its makeover facilities will help dementia patients. It said: "Having a dementia-friendly place to stay may help / helpful patients just adjust better to their surroundings, lessen the likelihood of falls and reduce their rely / reliance on medicine."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    H_s p_t_l s  _n   t h_  U n_t_d   K_n g d_m  _r_ _d_p t_n g   t_  h_l p   p__ p l_  w h_  s_f f_r   f r_m   d_m_n t__ .   M_n y   h_s p_t_l s   h_v_ _n d_r g_n_ _  " v_n t_g_  m_k__ v_r "   t_  m_k_  d_m_n t__   p_t__ n t s   f__ l   m_r_  r_l_x_d  _n d   t_  h_l p   t r_g g_r   m_m_r__ s  _b__ t   t h_  p_s t .   T h_  m_k__ v_r  _n c l_d_s   c r__ t_n g   t__   r__ m s   (_l d - s t y l_  c_f_s )   t h_t   l__ k   t h_  s_m_ _s   t h_s_  f r_m   t h_  1 9 5 0 s ;  _  s m_l l   m_v__   t h__ t r_  w h_r_  p_t__ n t s   c_n   w_t c h  _l d   b l_c k  _n d   w h_t_  f_l m s   f r_m   y_s t_r y__ r ;  _n d  _  1 9 5 0 s - t h_m_d   " m_m_r y   r__ m "   f_l l  _f   f_r n_t_r_ _n d  _r t w_r k   f r_m   t h_  1 9 5 0 s .   T h_  U K ' s   N_t__ n_l   H__ l t h   S_r v_c_  ( N H S )   s__ d   t h_  " d_m_n t__ - f r__ n d l y  _d_p t_t__ n s "   c__ l d   h_l p   p_t__ n t s   t_  c_p_  w_t h   s t r_s s   b y   r_l_x_n g  _n   f_m_l__ r   s_r r__ n d_n g s   t h_t   c__ l d   b r_n g   b_c k   h_p p y   m_m_r__ s .

    D_m_n t__ _s _ t_r m f_r d_s__ s_s _n d c_n d_t__ n s t h_t _n v_l v_ _ d_c l_n_ _n m_m_r y . I t _s _l s_ _c c_m p_n__ d b y d_t_r__ r_t__ n _n l_n g__ g_ _b_l_t y , p r_b l_m - s_l v_n g _n d _t h_r t h_n k_n g s k_l l s . T h_ c_n d_t__ n g r__ t l y _f f_c t s _ p_r s_n ' s _b_l_t y t_ p_r f_r m _v_r y d_y _c t_v_t__ s . A l z h__ m_r ' s _s t h_ m_s t c_m m_n c__ s_ _f d_m_n t__ . T h_ W_r l d H__ l t h O r g_n_z_t__ n _s t_m_t_s t h_r_ t_ b_ 4 6 . 8 m_l l__ n p__ p l_ w_r l d w_d_ l_v_n g w_t h d_m_n t__ . S_m__ n_ _n t h_ w_r l d d_v_l_p s _t _v_r y t h r__ s_c_n d s . T h_ N H S b_l__ v_s _t s m_k__ v_r f_c_l_t__ s w_l l h_l p d_m_n t__ p_t__ n t s . I t s__ d : " H_v_n g _ d_m_n t__ - f r__ n d l y p l_c_ t_ s t_y m_y h_l p p_t__ n t s _d j_s t b_t t_r t_ t h__ r s_r r__ n d_n g s , l_s s_n t h_ l_k_l_h__ d _f f_l l s _n d r_d_c_ t h__ r r_l__ n c_ _n m_d_c_n_. "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    hospitals in the united kingdom are adapting to help people who suffer from dementia many hospitals have undergone a vintage makeover to make dementia patients feel more relaxed and to help trigger memories about the past the makeover includes creating tea rooms oldstyle cafes that look the same as those from the 1950s a small movie theatre where patients can watch old black and white films from yesteryear and a 1950sthemed memory room full of furniture and artwork from the 1950s the uks national health service nhs said the dementiafriendly adaptations could help patients to cope with stress by relaxing in familiar surroundings that could bring back happy memories

    dementia is a term for diseases and conditions that involve a decline in memory it is also accompanied by a deterioration in language ability problemsolving and other thinking skills the condition greatly affects a persons ability to perform everyday activities alzheimers is the most common cause of dementia the world health organization estimates there to be 468 million people worldwide living with dementia someone in the world develops it every three seconds the nhs believes its makeover facilities will help dementia patients it said having a dementiafriendly place to stay may help patients adjust better to their surroundings lessen the likelihood of falls and reduce their reliance on medicine

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    HospitalsintheUnitedKingdomareadaptingtohelppeoplewhosufferfr
    omdementia.Manyhospitalshaveundergonea"vintagemakeover"to
    makedementiapatientsfeelmorerelaxedandtohelptriggermemories
    aboutthepast.Themakeoverincludescreatingtearooms(old-styleca
    fes)thatlookthesameasthosefromthe1950s;asmallmovietheatrewh
    erepatientscanwatcholdblackandwhitefilmsfromyesteryear;anda19
    50s-themed"memoryroom"fulloffurnitureandartworkfromthe1950
    s.TheUK'sNationalHealthService(NHS)saidthe"dementia-friendlya
    daptations"couldhelppatientstocopewithstressbyrelaxinginfamiliar
    surroundingsthatcouldbringbackhappymemories.Dementiaisaterm
    fordiseasesandconditionsthatinvolveadeclineinmemory.Itisalsoacc
    ompaniedbyadeteriorationinlanguageability,problem-solvingando
    therthinkingskills.Theconditiongreatlyaffectsaperson'sabilitytoperf
    ormeverydayactivities.Alzheimer'sisthemostcommoncauseofdeme
    ntia.TheWorldHealthOrganizationestimatestheretobe46.8millionpe
    opleworldwidelivingwithdementia.Someoneintheworlddevelopsitev
    erythreeseconds.TheNHSbelievesitsmakeoverfacilitieswillhelpdem
    entiapatients.Itsaid:"Havingadementia-friendlyplacetostaymayhe
    lppatientsadjustbettertotheirsurroundings,lessenthelikelihoodoffall
    sandreducetheirrelianceonmedicine."

    Free writing

    Write about health service for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    The biggest part of a government's budget should be mental health care. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. HEALTH SERVICES: Make a poster about health services. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. DEMENTIA: Write a magazine article about changing health systems to focus more on those with dementia. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on health services. Ask him/her three questions about health services. Give him/her three of your ideas. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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