Ethiopia's leader Abiy Ahmed has won the Nobel Peace Prize. The 43-year-old won the prestigious prize because of "his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular, for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea". Mr Ahmed became Ethiopian Prime Minister in April 2018. He repaired relations with Eritrea and played a key role in mediating in the crisis between Sudan and South Sudan. The UN said Mr Ahmed is "a wonderful example for others in and beyond Africa looking to overcome resistance from the past and put people first".
Many people see Mr Ahmed as being a transformative leader bringing hope to his region. In June 2018, he implemented the peace treaty signed with Eritrea in 2000. This brought peace between the two countries after two decades of war. Ethiopia and Eritrea are two of the world's poorest countries. They spent hundreds of millions of dollars on their war. The conflict killed tens of thousands of people and put many more into poverty. The UN said Mr Ahmed was a visionary. It added: "His vision helped Ethiopia and Eritrea achieve a historic reconciliation".