The Reading / Listening - Walking Speed - Level 3

New research shows that people who walk more slowly at the age of 45 may be more likely to age faster. Scientists said that slower walkers who are in their forties and fifties could get older more quickly than faster walkers. This ageing could be both physically and mentally. The scientists said walking speed could help doctors understand more about the age-related health problems that people have. Doctors already knew that older people who walked slowly were more likely to have health problems. They wanted to find out if this was the same for younger people. Researcher Terrie Moffitt said: "Doctors know that slow walkers in their 70s and 80s tend to die sooner than fast walkers their same age."



The researchers conducted a study and looked at test data of 904 people. The people in the tests had medical records of health checks from throughout their lives. For some participants, these records went back to when they were three years old. The researchers used data on the intelligence of the participants. They looked at how quickly people could calculate things and how good their memory was. They also did tests on the participants at different walking speeds. The scientists asked the participants to say the alphabet while walking at a normal speed and fast speed. They scanned the participants' brains and found that people who walked more slowly showed less brain activity while saying the alphabet.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Walking Speed - Level 0 Walking Speed - Level 1   or  Walking Speed - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326648.php
  • https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-10-slower-walkers-older-brains-bodies.html
  • https://news.sky.com/story/how-fast-do-you-walk-new-warning-about-being-a-slow-walker-11833595


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. WALKING SPEED: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about walking speed. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       research / age / walkers / fifties / physically / mentally / health / problems / age /
       test / data / medical / participants / intelligence / memory / normal speed / alphabet
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. EXERCISE: Students A strongly believe walking is the best exercise; Students B strongly believe it isn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. AGE: What are the best exercises for people to do at these ages? Why? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.


People in their...

The Best Exercise

Why?

teens

 

 

20s

 

 

40s

 

 

60s

 

 

80s

 

 

early 100s

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. RESEARCH: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "research". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. HEALTH PROBLEMS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best worst health problems for older people at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • hearing loss
  • bad back
  • joint pains
  • memory loss
  • heart problems
  • wrinkles
  • high blood pressure
  • incontinence

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. likely a. How fast something or someone moves.
      2. ageing b. About the body.
      3. physically c. The process of growing old.
      4. mentally d. Happening earlier or before something else.
      5. speed e. Might happen or be true; probable.
      6. tend f. About the brain and the mind.
      7. sooner g. Usually behave in a particular way.

    Paragraph 2

      8. data h. A person who takes part in something.
      9. medical i. Find the number of something using maths.
      10. throughout j. The part of the brain that remembers things and stores information.
      11. participants k. About medicine and body health, or the treatment of illness and injuries.
      12. memory l. A set of letters from A to Z.
      13. calculate m. Information, facts and statistics.
      14. alphabet n. From the beginning to the end of an event or period of time.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said all 45-year-olds should walk faster.     T / F
  2. The article said 50-year-olds walk faster than 40-year-olds.     T / F
  3. The article said walking speed helps doctors understand health problems. T / F
  4. The article said slow 70-year-olds die sooner than fast 80-year-olds.     T / F
  5. Researchers looked at data on 904 people.     T / F
  6. Some participants in the study had health records from the age of three. T / F
  7. Researchers checked how well people could remember how to walk.     T / F
  8. People in the study had to say the alphabet backwards.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. likely
  2. faster
  3. understand
  4. problems
  5. sooner
  6. conducted
  7. throughout
  8. intelligence
  9. speed
  10. found
  1. carried out
  2. earlier
  3. discovered
  4. quicker
  5. brain power
  6. difficulties
  7. probable
  8. pace
  9. know
  10. for the whole of

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. people who walk more
  2. This ageing could be both physically
  3. more likely to
  4. find out if this was
  5. tend
  6. looked at test data
  7. medical
  8. the intelligence of
  9. while walking at
  10. while saying
  1. the alphabet
  2. the same
  3. of 904 people
  4. and mentally
  5. the participants
  6. have health problems
  7. a normal speed
  8. records
  9. to die sooner
  10. slowly

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
knew
forties
tend
scientists
age
same
both
understand

New research shows that people who walk more slowly at the         (1) ____________ of 45 may be more likely to age faster. Scientists said that slower walkers who are in their                      (2) ____________ and fifties could get older more quickly than faster walkers. This ageing could be (3) ____________ physically and mentally. The (4) ____________ said walking speed could help doctors (5) ____________ more about the age-related health problems that people have. Doctors already (6) ____________ that older people who walked slowly were more likely to have health problems. They wanted to find out if this was the                (7) ____________ for younger people. Researcher Terrie Moffitt said: "Doctors know that slow walkers in their 70s and 80s           (8) ____________ to die sooner than fast walkers their same age."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
quickly
checks
alphabet
saying
test
different
brains
participants

The researchers conducted a study and looked at (9) ____________ data of 904 people. The people in the tests had medical records of health (10) ____________ from throughout their lives. For some (11) ____________, these records went back to when they were three years old. The researchers used data on the intelligence of the participants. They looked at how (12) ____________ people could calculate things and how good their memory was. They also did tests on the participants at (13) ____________ walking speeds. The scientists asked the participants to say the (14) ____________ while walking at a normal speed and fast speed. They scanned the participants' (15) ____________ and found that people who walked more slowly showed less brain activity while (16) ____________ the alphabet.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  This ageing could be both physically ______
     a.  and mental
     b.  end mentally
     c.  end mental
     d.  and mentally
2) walking speed could help doctors understand more about the age-______ problems
     a.  reacted health
     b.  related health
     c.  real late health
     d.  relates health
3)  people who walked slowly were more likely to have ______
     a.  healthy problems
     b.  wealth problems
     c.  wealthy problems
     d.  health problems
4)  They wanted to find out if this was the same for ______
     a.  younger people
     b.  young people
     c.  yearning people
     d.  young are people
5)  Doctors know that slow walkers in their 70s and 80s ______ sooner
     a.  fend to die
     b.  tend to die
     c.  send to die
     d.  mend to die

6)  The researchers conducted a study and looked at test ______ people
     a.  data off 904
     b.  data oft 904
     c.  data aft 904
     d.  data of 904
7)  people in the tests had medical records of health checks from ______ lives
     a.  thorough out their
     b.  threw out their
     c.  throughout their
     d.  thrown out their
8)  The researchers used data on the intelligence ______
     a.  oaf the participants
     b.  off the participants
     c.  of the participants
     d.  if the participants
9)  They also did tests on the participants at different ______
     a.  walk in speeds
     b.  walk in speed
     c.  walking speedos
     d.  walking speeds
10)  found that people who walked more slowly showed less ______
     a.  brainy activity
     b.  brain activity
     c.  brains activity
     d.  brainless activity

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

New research shows that people (1) ___________________ slowly at the age of 45 may be (2) ___________________ age faster. Scientists said that slower walkers who are in their forties and fifties could get older more quickly than faster walkers. This ageing (3) ___________________ physically and mentally. The scientists said walking speed could help doctors understand more (4) ___________________ health problems that people have. Doctors already knew that older people who walked slowly were more likely to have health problems. They wanted (5) ___________________ if this was the same for younger people. Researcher Terrie Moffitt said: "Doctors know that slow walkers in their 70s and 80s (6) ___________________ sooner than fast walkers their same age."

The researchers conducted a study and looked (7) ___________________ of 904 people. The people in the tests had medical records of health checks from (8) ___________________. For some participants, these records went back to when they were three years old. The researchers used data on the intelligence (9) ___________________. They looked at how quickly people could calculate things and how good (10) ___________________. They also did tests on the participants at different walking speeds. The scientists asked the participants to say the alphabet while walking at (11) ___________________ and fast speed. They scanned the participants' brains and found that people who walked more slowly (12) ___________________ activity while saying the alphabet.

Comprehension questions

  1. What shows that slow-walking 45-year-olds could die earlier?
  2. In what two ways could the ageing show itself?
  3. Who does walking speed help to understand?
  4. Who is Terrie Moffitt?
  5. What two age groups were mentioned by Terrie Moffitt?
  6. How many people did researchers look at the data of?
  7. From what age did some participants have medical records?
  8. What did researchers look at what people could do?
  9. What speeds did people have to walk at in the researchers' tests?
  10. What did people have to say while they were walking?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What shows that slow-walking 45-year-olds could die earlier?
a) a television
b) new research
c) the Internet
d) statistics
2)  In what two ways could the ageing show itself?
a) young and old
b) now and then
c) mentally and physically
d) before and after
3)  Who does walking speed help to understand?
a) researchers
b) old people
c) young people
d) doctors
4)  Who is Terrie Moffitt?
a) an old person
b) a researcher
c) a doctor
d) a young person
5)  What two age groups were mentioned by Terrie Moffitt?
a) 70s and 80s
b) 60s and 70s
c) 50s and 60s
d) 80s and 90s

6)  How many people did researchers look at the data of?
a) 904
b) 903
c) 902
d) 901
7)  From what age did some participants have medical records?
a) 6
b) 5
c) 4
d) 3
8)  What did researchers look at what people could do?
a) spell
b) draw
c) calculate
d) learn a language
9)  What speeds did people have to walk at in the researchers' tests?
a) slow and medium
b) slow and fast
c) medium and fast
d) normal and fast
10)  What did people have to say while they were walking?
a) the 12-times table
b) the alphabet
c) a poem
d) names of their family

Role play

Role  A – Hearing Loss
You think hearing loss is the worst health problem for older people. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): joint pain, high blood pressure or incontinence.

Role  B – Joint Pain
You think joint pain is the worst health problem for older people. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): hearing loss, high blood pressure or incontinence.

Role  C – High Blood Pressure
You think high blood pressure is the worst health problem for older people. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): joint pain, hearing loss or incontinence.

Role  D – Incontinence
You think incontinence is the worst health problem for older people. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least worrying of these (and why): joint pain, high blood pressure or hearing loss.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'age'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'speed'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • shows
    • fifties
    • help
    • knew
    • find
    • sooner
    • study
    • throughout
    • three
    • calculate
    • normal
    • less




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Slow walking speed at 45 linked to faster agein

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'age'?
    3. How would you describe your walking?
    4. Why might slower walking be a sign of ageing?
    5. Will you walk faster from now on?
    6. How much walking do you do every day?
    7. What are the benefits of walking?
    8. Should we walk more to help the planet?
    9. Are car drivers who walk less more likely to age faster?
    10. How is walking good for your brain?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'walking'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you think of walking?
    5. What could you do to walk more in daily life?
    6. How quickly can you calculate things?
    7. How good is your memory?
    8. What three adjectives best describe this story?
    9. What would scans of your brain show?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    New (1) ____ shows that people who walk more slowly at the age of 45 may be more likely to age faster. Scientists said that slower walkers who are (2) ____ their forties and fifties could get older more (3) ____ than faster walkers. This ageing could be both physically and mentally. The scientists said walking speed could help doctors understand more about the age-(4) ____ health problems that people have. Doctors already knew that older people who walked slowly were more likely to have health problems. They wanted to find (5) ____ if this was the same for younger people. Researcher Terrie Moffitt said: "Doctors know that slow walkers in their 70s and 80s tend to die (6) ____ than fast walkers their same age."

    The researchers (7) ____ a study and looked at test data of 904 people. The people in the tests had medical records of health checks from (8) ____ their lives. For some participants, these records went back to when they were three years old. The researchers used (9) ____ on the intelligence of the participants. They looked at how quickly people could calculate things and how good their (10) ____ was. They also did tests on the participants at different walking speeds. The scientists asked the participants to say the alphabet (11) ____ walking at a normal speed and fast speed. They scanned the participants' brains and found that people who walked more slowly (12) ____ less brain activity while saying the alphabet.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     researches     (b)     researched     (c)     researcher     (d)     research    
    2. (a)     as     (b)     at     (c)     on     (d)     in    
    3. (a)     quicken     (b)     quickly     (c)     quickest     (d)     quick    
    4. (a)     relation     (b)     relates     (c)     related     (d)     relationship    
    5. (a)     out     (b)     up     (c)     in     (d)     of    
    6. (a)     sooner     (b)     early     (c)     fastest     (d)     hurrying    
    7. (a)     narrated     (b)     turned     (c)     messaged     (d)     conducted    
    8. (a)     throughout     (b)     thoroughly     (c)     thought     (d)     though    
    9. (a)     dates     (b)     data     (c)     dating     (d)     dateline    
    10. (a)     memorial     (b)     remember     (c)     memory     (d)     memorize    
    11. (a)     what     (b)     whether     (c)     while     (d)     why    
    12. (a)     seen     (b)     showed     (c)     viewed     (d)     looked

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. new aescrrhe shows that
    2. more keliyl to age faster
    3. walkers who are in their stifoer
    4. both ypahycisll and mentally
    5. the age-teealdr health problems
    6. tend to die ernoos

    Paragraph 2

    1. dudecocnt a study
    2. laedmci records
    3. rtuoghhuot their lives
    4. data on the geeinitncell
    5. how good their ymeomr was
    6. while saying the hbplteaa

    Put the text back together

    (...)  walking at a normal speed and fast speed. They scanned the participants' brains and
    (...)  faster. Scientists said that slower walkers who are in their forties and fifties could get older more quickly than faster
    (...)  to find out if this was the same for younger people. Researcher Terrie Moffitt said: "Doctors know that slow walkers
    (...)  in their 70s and 80s tend to die sooner than fast walkers their same age."
    (...)  found that people who walked more slowly showed less brain activity while saying the alphabet.
    (...)  doctors understand more about the age-related health problems that people have. Doctors already knew
    (...)  that older people who walked slowly were more likely to have health problems. They wanted
    (...)  walkers. This ageing could be both physically and mentally. The scientists said walking speed could help
    (...)  at how quickly people could calculate things and how good their memory was. They also did tests on the participants
    1  ) New research shows that people who walk more slowly at the age of 45 may be more likely to age
    (...)  back to when they were three years old. The researchers used data on the intelligence of the participants. They looked
    (...)  at different walking speeds. The scientists asked the participants to say the alphabet while
    (...)  records of health checks from throughout their lives. For some participants, these records went
    (...)  The researchers conducted a study and looked at test data of 904 people. The people in the tests had medical

    Put the words in the right order

    1. in   walkers   Slower   are   their   forties   .   who
    2. more   .   help   speed   doctors   understand   could   Walking
    3. were   likely   to   .   who   slowly   more   People   walked
    4. the   if   this   was   out   Find   same   .
    5. sooner   same   than   walkers   age   .   their   fast   Die
    6. people   records   .   medical   tests   The   in   the   had
    7. could   quickly   looked   how   at   They   people   calculate   .
    8. walking   different   speeds   .   the   at   Tests   participants   on
    9. the   at   speed   .   Say   walking   while   normal   alphabet
    10. brain   alphabet   .   Showed   less   the   activity   saying   while

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    New research shows that people who walk more slow / slowly at the age of 45 may be more likely to age / ageing faster. Scientists said that slower walkers who are in them / their forties and fifties could get older most / more quickly than faster walkers. This ageing could be both / same physically and mentally / mental. The scientists said walking speed could help doctors understand more about the age-related health problems that people do / have. Doctors already knew that older people who walked slowly were more likely / liked to have health problems. They wanted to find out if this was the similar / same for younger people. Researcher Terrie Moffitt said: "Doctors know that slow walkers in their 70s and 80s tend to die sooner that / than fast walkers their same age."

    The researchers conduct / conducted a study and looked at test data off / of 904 people. The people in the tests had medical / medically records of health checks from thorough / throughout their lives. For some participants, these records went back to when they were three years age / old. The researchers used data on the intelligence of the participants. They looked at what / how quickly people could calculate things and how good their memory be / was. They also did tests on the participants at different walking speeds. The scientists asked the participants to say / talk the alphabet while walking at a normal speed and fast speed. They scanned / scorned the participants' brains and found that people who walked more slowly showed less brain activity while saying / speaking the alphabet.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    N_w r_s__ r c h s h_w s t h_t p__ p l_ w h_ w_l k m_r_ s l_w l y _t t h_ _g_ _f 4 5 m_y b_ m_r_ l_k_l y t_ _g_ f_s t_r . S c__ n t_s t s s__ d t h_t s l_w_r w_l k_r s w h_ _r_ _n t h__ r f_r t__ s _n d f_f t__ s c__ l d g_t _l d_r m_r_ q__ c k l y t h_n f_s t_r w_l k_r s . T h_s _g__ n g c__ l d b_ b_t h p h y s_c_l l y _n d m_n t_l l y . T h_ s c__ n t_s t s s__ d w_l k_n g s p__ d c__ l d h_l p d_c t_r s _n d_r s t_n d m_r_ _b__ t t h_ _g_- r_l_t_d h__ l t h p r_b l_m s t h_t p__ p l_ h_v_. D_c t_r s _l r__ d y k n_w t h_t _l d_r p__ p l_ w h_ w_l k_d s l_w l y w_r_ m_r_ l_k_l y t_ h_v_ h__ l t h p r_b l_m s . T h_y w_n t_d t_ f_n d __ t _f t h_s w_s t h_ s_m_ f_r y__ n g_r p__ p l_. R_s__ r c h_r T_r r__ M_f f_t t s__ d : " D_c t_r s k n_w t h_t s l_w w_l k_r s _n t h__ r 7 0 s _n d 8 0 s t_n d t_ d__ s__ n_r t h_n f_s t w_l k_r s t h__ r s_m_ _g_. "

    T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s c_n d_c t_d _ s t_d y _n d l__ k_d _t t_s t d_t_ _f 9 0 4 p__ p l_. T h_ p__ p l_ _n t h_ t_s t s h_d m_d_c_l r_c_r d s _f h__ l t h c h_c k s f r_m t h r__ g h__ t t h__ r l_v_s . F_r s_m_ p_r t_c_p_n t s , t h_s_ r_c_r d s w_n t b_c k t_ w h_n t h_y w_r_ t h r__ y__ r s _l d . T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s _s_d d_t_ _n t h_ _n t_l l_g_n c_ _f t h_ p_r t_c_p_n t s . T h_y l__ k_d _t h_w q__ c k l y p__ p l_ c__ l d c_l c_l_t_ t h_n g s _n d h_w g__ d t h__ r m_m_r y w_s . T h_y _l s_ d_d t_s t s _n t h_ p_r t_c_p_n t s _t d_f f_r_n t w_l k_n g s p__ d s . T h_ s c__ n t_s t s _s k_d t h_ p_r t_c_p_n t s t_ s_y t h_ _l p h_b_t w h_l_ w_l k_n g _t _ n_r m_l s p__ d _n d f_s t s p__ d . T h_y s c_n n_d t h_ p_r t_c_p_n t s ' b r__ n s _n d f__ n d t h_t p__ p l_ w h_ w_l k_d m_r_ s l_w l y s h_w_d l_s s b r__ n _c t_v_t y w h_l_ s_y_n g t h_ _l p h_b_t .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    new research shows that people who walk more slowly at the age of 45 may be more likely to age faster scientists said that slower walkers who are in their forties and fifties could get older more quickly than faster walkers this ageing could be both physically and mentally the scientists said walking speed could help doctors understand more about the agerelated health problems that people have doctors already knew that older people who walked slowly were more likely to have health problems they wanted to find out if this was the same for younger people researcher terrie moffitt said doctors know that slow walkers in their 70s and 80s tend to die sooner than fast walkers their same age

    the researchers conducted a study and looked at test data of 904 people the people in the tests had medical records of health checks from throughout their lives for some participants these records went back to when they were three years old the researchers used data on the intelligence of the participants they looked at how quickly people could calculate things and how good their memory was they also did tests on the participants at different walking speeds the scientists asked the participants to say the alphabet while walking at a normal speed and fast speed they scanned the participants brains and found that people who walked more slowly showed less brain activity while saying the alphabet

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Newresearchshowsthatpeoplewhowalkmoreslowlyattheageof45ma
    ybemorelikelytoagefaster.Scientistssaidthatslowerwalkerswhoarei
    ntheirfortiesandfiftiescouldgetoldermorequicklythanfasterwalkers.
    Thisageingcouldbebothphysicallyandmentally.Thescientistssaidwal
    kingspeedcouldhelpdoctorsunderstandmoreabouttheage-relatedh
    ealthproblemsthatpeoplehave.Doctorsalreadyknewthatolderpeople
    whowalkedslowlyweremorelikelytohavehealthproblems.Theywante
    dtofindoutifthiswasthesameforyoungerpeople.ResearcherTerrieMof
    fittsaid:"Doctorsknowthatslowwalkersintheir70sand80stendtodies
    oonerthanfastwalkerstheirsameage."Theresearchersconductedast
    udyandlookedattestdataof904people.Thepeopleinthetestshadmedi
    calrecordsofhealthchecksfromthroughouttheirlives.Forsomepartici
    pants,theserecordswentbacktowhentheywerethreeyearsold.Theres
    earchersuseddataontheintelligenceoftheparticipants.Theylookedat
    howquicklypeoplecouldcalculatethingsandhowgoodtheirmemorywa
    s.Theyalsodidtestsontheparticipantsatdifferentwalkingspeeds.Thes
    cientistsaskedtheparticipantstosaythealphabetwhilewalkingatanor
    malspeedandfastspeed.Theyscannedtheparticipants'brainsandfoun
    dthatpeoplewhowalkedmoreslowlyshowedlessbrainactivitywhilesa
    yingthealphabet.

    Free writing

    Write about walking speed for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Walking speed has no effect on how fast we age. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. WALKING SPEED: Make a poster about walking speed. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. AGEING: Write a magazine article about everyone having to do something every day to slow down ageing. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. WALKING SPEED: Write a letter to an expert on walking speed. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on walking. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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