The Reading / Listening - Onions - Level 3

Onions are very important in Bangladeshi cuisine. The vegetable is a staple in the country's cooking. However, many people are finding it difficult to buy onions. There is a shortage of them, which means prices have rocketed. Many Bangladeshis simply cannot afford to buy onions. Bangladesh traditionally imports onions from its neighbour India. Recent heavy monsoon rains in India damaged a lot of India's onion harvest. This has made India ban exports to Bangladesh. The price of one kilogram of onions in Bangladeshi markets has risen from US36 cents to around $3.25. This is nearly a ten-fold increase. Bangladesh's opposition party has called for nationwide protests over the record prices.



The onion crisis is so serious that even the Prime Minister has stopped using it in her cooking. Sheikh Hasina Wazed said she is using onion alternatives in her dishes. A limited number of onions are on sale in several Dhaka markets at twice their usual price. Hundreds of people queue for hours to buy just one kilo. A 41-year-old English teacher said: "Even if I have to stand another two hours, I will do that. I can save some money. I have never seen onion prices this high." A Dhaka resident said a lot of people in her neighbourhood have stopped eating onions. She said: "It has been 15 days since I bought one kilo of onion." Many street-food sellers can no longer make their onion-based snacks.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Onions - Level 0 Onions - Level 1   or  Onions - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/nov/18/bangladesh-flies-in-planeloads-of-onions-amid-national-outcry-over-shortage
  • https://www.dawn.com/news/1517352
  • https://bdnews24.com/lifestyle/2019/11/18/soaring-onion-prices-force-many-to-twist-their-taste-buds-in-dhaka


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. ONIONS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about onions. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       onions / cuisine / vegetable / cooking / import / Bangladesh / India / opposition /
       crisis / dishes / on sale / queue / one kilo / two hours / money / 15 days / snacks
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. THE BEST: Students A strongly believe onions are the best vegetables in the world; Students B strongly believe they aren't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. LIVE WITHOUT: Can you live without these things? How would life be different? What alternatives are there? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Can You Live Without It?

How Life Would Be Different

Alternatives

Onions

 

 

 

Smartphones

 

 

 

Chocolate

 

 

 

Music

 

 

 

Plastic

 

 

 

A hair brush

 

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. PRICE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "price". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. VEGETABLES: Rank these with your partner. Put the best at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • onions
  • potatoes
  • garlic
  • carrots
  • broccoli
  • pumpkin
  • sweet corn
  • Brussels sprouts

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. cuisine a. All of the fruit, vegetables, wheat, rice, etc., gathered from the fields at certain times of the year.
      2. staple b. A main or important part of what a country eats (e.g. bread, rice, pasta, etc.).
      3. shortage c. Increased very, very quickly and suddenly.
      4. rocketed d. A style or method of cooking, from a particular country, region, or restaurant.
      5. import e. An organized event in which many people go into the streets because they are angry about the government or something else.
      6. harvest f. A state or situation in which there is not enough of something needed.
      7. protest g. Bring goods or services into a country from another country for sale.

    Paragraph 2

      8. crisis h. Stand in a line of people to wait for something to happen.
      9. alternative i. A particular variety or kind of cooked food served as part of a meal.
      10. dish j. An area in a town or city, especially one that has a community.
      11. queue k. A time of great difficulty, trouble, or danger.
      12. resident l. Available as another possibility.
      13. neighbourhood m. A small meal or food that is eaten quickly or in a casual way.
      14. snack n. A person who lives somewhere permanently or on a long-term basis.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Onions are a staple in Bangladeshi cuisine.     T / F
  2. The article said Bangladesh is importing onions from Iran.     T / F
  3. The price of onions has increased nearly ten-fold in Bangladesh.     T / F
  4. The opposition party in Bangladesh has asked people to protest.     T / F
  5. Bangladesh's Prime Minister is still cooking her meals using onions.     T / F
  6. Some onions are on sale in markets in Dhaka for double the usual price.  T / F
  7. A Dhaka resident said she hadn't bought onions in over two weeks.     T / F
  8. Street-food sellers still have enough onions to make their snacks.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. cuisine
  2. shortage
  3. damaged
  4. increase
  5. protests
  6. crisis
  7. alternatives
  8. queue
  9. resident
  10. snacks
  1. scarcity
  2. nibbles
  3. emergency
  4. ruined
  5. substitutes
  6. wait in line
  7. rise
  8. local
  9. food
  10. demonstrations

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Onions are very important
  2. The vegetable is a staple in
  3. There is a
  4. Recent heavy monsoon
  5. nationwide protests
  6. she is using onion alternatives in
  7. A limited
  8. twice their
  9. a lot of people
  10. street-food sellers can no longer make their
  1. shortage of them
  2. in her neighbourhood
  3. over the record prices
  4. her dishes
  5. the country's cooking
  6. onion-based snacks
  7. usual price
  8. in Bangladeshi cuisine
  9. rains in India
  10. number of onions

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
risen
shortage
rains
record
cuisine
fold
harvest
afford

Onions are very important in Bangladeshi (1) ____________. The vegetable is a staple in the country's cooking. However, many people are finding it difficult to buy onions. There is a (2) ____________ of them, which means prices have rocketed. Many Bangladeshis simply cannot (3) ____________ to buy onions. Bangladesh traditionally imports onions from its neighbour India. Recent heavy monsoon (4) ____________ in India damaged a lot of India's onion (5) ____________. This has made India ban exports to Bangladesh. The price of one kilogram of onions in Bangladeshi markets has (6) ____________ from US36 cents to around $3.25. This is nearly a ten-(7) ____________ increase. Bangladesh's opposition party has called for nationwide protests over the (8) ____________ prices.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
queue
crisis
snacks
stand
dishes
since
twice
resident

The onion (9) ____________ is so serious that even the Prime Minister has stopped using it in her cooking. Sheikh Hasina Wazed said she is using onion alternatives in her (10) ____________. A limited number of onions are on sale in several Dhaka markets at (11) ____________ their usual price. Hundreds of people (12) ____________ for hours to buy just one kilo. A 41-year-old English teacher said: "Even if I have to (13) ____________ another two hours, I will do that. I can save some money. I have never seen onion prices this high." A Dhaka (14) ____________ said a lot of people in her neighbourhood have stopped eating onions. She said: "It has been 15 days (15) ____________ I bought one kilo of onion." Many street-food sellers can no longer make their onion-based (16) ____________.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Onions are very important in Bangladeshi cuisine. The vegetable ______
     a.  is a staple
     b.  is a stable
     c.  is a sable
     d.  is a stubble
2)  There is a shortage of them, which means prices ______
     a.  have rocket it
     b.  have rock kitted
     c.  have rock it tide
     d.  have rocketed
3)  Recent heavy monsoon rains in India damaged a lot of India's ______
     a.  onion invest
     b.  onion harvest
     c.  onion hair vest
     d.  onion hard vest
4)  risen from US36 cents to around $3.25. This is nearly a ______
     a.  ten-filed increase
     b.  ten-fold increase
     c.  ten-felt increase
     d.  ten-folds increase
5)  Bangladesh's opposition party has called for nationwide protests over ______
     a.  the records prices
     b.  the recorded prices
     c.  the recording prices
     d.  the record prices

6)  The onion crisis is so serious that even the Prime Minister has stopped using it _____
     a.  in her cook in
     b.  in her cook king
     c.  in her cook kin
     d.  in her cooking
7)  Sheikh Hasina Wazed said she is using onion alternatives ______
     a.  in her dish is
     b.  in her dished
     c.  in her dishes
     d.  in her dish this
8)  twice their usual price. Hundreds of people ______
     a.  queue four hours
     b.  queue for hours
     c.  queue of hours
     d.  queue from hours
9)  I can save some money. I have never seen onion ______
     a.  price is this high
     b.  prices this nigh
     c.  prices this high
     d.  price is this nigh
10)  Many street-food sellers can no longer make their _____
     a.  onion-based snacks
     b.  onion-baste snacks
     c.  onion-boasted snacks
     d.  onion-beast snacks

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Onions are very important (1) _______________________. The vegetable is (2) ___________________ the country's cooking. However, many people are finding it difficult to buy onions. There is (3) ___________________ them, which means prices have rocketed. Many Bangladeshis simply cannot afford to buy onions. Bangladesh traditionally imports onions from its neighbour India. Recent (4) ___________________ in India damaged a lot of India's onion harvest. This has made India ban exports to Bangladesh. The price of one kilogram of onions in Bangladeshi (5) ___________________ from US36 cents to around $3.25. This is nearly a ten-fold increase. Bangladesh's opposition party has called for nationwide (6) ___________________ record prices.

The onion (7) ___________________ serious that even the Prime Minister has stopped using it in her cooking. Sheikh Hasina Wazed said she is using onion alternatives (8) ___________________. A limited number of onions are on sale in several Dhaka markets (9) ___________________ usual price. Hundreds of people queue for hours to buy just one kilo. A 41-year-old English teacher said: "Even if I (10) ___________________ another two hours, I will do that. I can save some money. I have never seen onion prices this high." A Dhaka (11) ___________________ lot of people in her neighbourhood have stopped eating onions. She said: "It has been 15 days since I bought one kilo of onion." Many street-food sellers can (12) ___________________ their onion-based snacks.

Comprehension questions

  1. Where did the article say onions were important?
  2. What has happened to the price of onions in Bangladesh?
  3. Where does Bangladesh traditionally import onions from?
  4. What has the price of a kilo of onions risen to in Bangladesh?
  5. What has the opposition party called for?
  6. Who has stopped using onions in her cooking?
  7. How many people queued for onions for hours at a Dhaka market?
  8. What did an English teacher say he wanted to save?
  9. How long is it since a Dhaka resident has bought onions?
  10. What can't street-food sellers sell?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Where did the article say onions were important?
a) in international cookery
b) in the countryside
c) in Bangladeshi culture
d) in vegan cuisine
2) What has happened to the price of onions in Bangladesh?
a) it has rocketed
b) it has tanked
c) it has gone through the roof
d) it has plummeted
3) Where does Bangladesh traditionally import onions from?
a) India
b) Iran
c) Turkey
d) Pakistan
4) What has the price of a kilo of onions risen to in Bangladesh?
a) $4.25
b) $3.25
c) $5.25
d) $2.25
5) What has the opposition party called for?
a) free food
b) onion growing
c) onion seeds
d) nationwide protests

6) Who has stopped using onions in her cooking?
a) a top chef
b) Bangladesh's Prime Minister
c) a teacher
d) a vegetarian
7) How many people queued for onions for hours at a Dhaka market?
a) hundreds
b) tens of thousands
c) thousands
d) hundreds of thousands
8) What did an English teacher say he wanted to save?
a) onions
b) recipes
c) money
d) Bangladesh
9) How long is it since a Dhaka resident has bought onions?
a) 15 minutes
b) 15 weeks
c) 15 hours
d) 15 days

10) What can't street-food sellers sell?
a) onion-based snacks
b) spare onions
c) onion seeds
d) samosas

Role play

Role  A – Onions
You think onion is the best vegetable. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their vegetables. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): potatoes, corn or garlic.

Role  B – Potatoes
You think potato is the best vegetable. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their vegetables. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): onions, corn or garlic.

Role  C –Corn
You think corn the best vegetable. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their vegetables. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): potatoes, onions or garlic.

Role  D – Garlic
You think garlic the best vegetable. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their vegetables. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): potatoes, corn or onions.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'onion'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'emergency'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • cuisine
    • difficult
    • heavy
    • ban
    • markets
    • ten
    • serious
    • limited
    • hours
    • stand
    • resident
    • longer




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Onions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'onion'?
    3. What do you think of onions?
    4. How important are onions in your country's cuisine?
    5. How would you describe the taste of onions?
    6. What can you do with onions in cooking?
    7. How unhappy would you be without onions?
    8. What would you do if food prices rocketed?
    9. What do you know about Bangladeshi food?
    10. Are people right to protest in the streets about onion prices?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'emergency'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What alternatives are there to onions?
    5. What is your favourite onion dish?
    6. Are onions best raw or cooked?
    7. How long would you queue for food?
    8. What food could you not live without?
    9. What is your favourite street food?
    10. What questions would you like to ask a Bangladeshi?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Onions are very (1) ____ in Bangladeshi cuisine. The vegetable is a (2) ____ in the country's cooking. However, many people are finding it difficult to buy onions. There is a shortage of them, which means prices have (3) ____. Many Bangladeshis simply cannot afford to buy onions. Bangladesh traditionally imports onions from its neighbour India. Recent heavy monsoon rains in India damaged a lot of India's onion (4) ____. This has made India ban exports to Bangladesh. The price of one kilogram of onions in Bangladeshi markets has (5) ____ from US36 cents to around $3.25. This is nearly a ten-fold increase. Bangladesh's opposition party has called for nationwide protests (6) ____ the record prices.

    The onion crisis is (7) ____ serious that even the Prime Minister has stopped using it in her cooking. Sheikh Hasina Wazed said she is using onion alternatives in her (8) ____. A limited number of onions are on sale in several Dhaka markets at twice their usual price. Hundreds of people (9) ____ for hours to buy just one kilo. A 41-year-old English teacher said: "Even if I have to stand another two hours, I will do that. I can save (10) ____ money. I have never seen onion prices this high." A Dhaka (11) ____ said a lot of people in her neighbourhood have stopped eating onions. She said: "It has been 15 days since I bought one kilo of onion." Many street-food sellers can no longer make their onion-(12) ____ snacks.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     importantly     (b)     import     (c)     importance     (d)     important    
    2. (a)     stubble     (b)     stable     (c)     stumble     (d)     staple    
    3. (a)     bussed     (b)     rocketed     (c)     shipped     (d)     trained    
    4. (a)     majority     (b)     tablet     (c)     harvest     (d)     policy    
    5. (a)     arisen     (b)     rising     (c)     risen     (d)     rose    
    6. (a)     over     (b)     above     (c)     higher     (d)     upper     
    7. (a)     really     (b)     so     (c)     true     (d)     every    
    8. (a)     dishes     (b)     saucers     (c)     trays     (d)     spoons    
    9. (a)     cues     (b)     queues     (c)     clues     (d)     cubes    
    10. (a)     many     (b)     lots     (c)     some     (d)     loads    
    11. (a)     spice     (b)     kind     (c)     resident     (d)     treat    
    12. (a)     baste     (b)     boast     (c)     beast     (d)     based

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. Bangladeshi euicnsi
    2. The vegetable is a plstea in the country's cooking
    3. There is a oerahstg of them
    4. Bangladesh traditionally mosiptr onions
    5. damaged a lot of India's onion rteahsv
    6. Bangladesh's onoiptiosp party

    Paragraph 2

    1. The onion crisis is so iusoser
    2. she is using onion anevitesaltr
    3. A dmiltei number of onions are on sale
    4. Hundreds of people eueuq for hours
    5. A Dhaka esrnitde
    6. make their onion-based nsaskc

    Put the text back together

    (...)  alternatives in her dishes. A limited number of onions are on sale in several Dhaka markets at twice their usual
    (...)  if I have to stand another two hours, I will do that. I can save some money. I have never seen onion prices this
    (...)  food sellers can no longer make their onion-based snacks.
    (...)  high." A Dhaka resident said a lot of people in her neighbourhood have stopped
    (...)  price. Hundreds of people queue for hours to buy just one kilo. A 41-year-old English teacher said: "Even
    (...)  increase. Bangladesh's opposition party has called for nationwide protests over the record prices.
    1  ) Onions are very important in Bangladeshi cuisine. The vegetable is a staple in the country's
    (...)  rocketed. Many Bangladeshis simply cannot afford to buy onions. Bangladesh traditionally
    (...)  eating onions. She said: "It has been 15 days since I bought one kilo of onion." Many street-
    (...)  cooking. However, many people are finding it difficult to buy onions. There is a shortage of them, which means prices have
    (...)  imports onions from its neighbour India. Recent heavy monsoon rains in India damaged a lot of India's onion
    (...)  of onions in Bangladeshi markets has risen from US36 cents to around $3.25. This is nearly a ten-fold
    (...)  harvest. This has made India ban exports to Bangladesh. The price of one kilogram
    (...)  The onion crisis is so serious that even the Prime Minister has stopped using it in her cooking. Sheikh Hasina Wazed said she is using onion

    Put the words in the right order

    1. very   Onions   Bangladeshi   important   in   cuisine   .   are
    2. in   the   staple   cooking   .   a   country's   Onions   are
    3. to   difficult   People   it   onions   .   are   buy   finding
    4. Bangladeshis   Many   to   afford   buy   onions   .   cannot   simply
    5. opposition   protests  .  for   nationwide  has  Bangladesh's  party  called
    6. alternatives   in   her   onion   is   She   using   dishes   .
    7. are   A   of   onions   sale   .   limited   number   on
    8. one   Queue   hours   to   for   just   kilo   .   buy
    9. onion   never   I   prices   high   .   have   this   seen
    10. snacks   .   can   longer   no   onion-based   Sellers   their   make

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Onions are very important / importance in Bangladeshi cuisine. The vegetable is a stable / staple in the country's cooking. However, many people are finding / funding it difficult to buy onions. There is a shortening / shortage of them, which means prices have rocketed / shipped. Many Bangladeshis simply cannot effort / afford to buy onions. Bangladesh traditionally imports onions from its neighbour India. Recent heavy / heavily monsoon rains in India damaged a lot of India's onion harvest / harvested. This has made India ban exports to Bangladesh. The price of one kilogram of onions in Bangladeshi markets has arisen / risen from US36 cents to around $3.25. This is nearly a ten-fold increase. Bangladesh's opposition party has called for nationwide protests over / higher the record prices.

    The onion crisis is so seriously / serious that even the Prime Minister has stopped using it in her cook / cooking. Sheikh Hasina Wazed said she is using onion alternatives in her saucers / dishes. A limited number of onions are on sale in several Dhaka markets at twice / two their usual price. Hundreds of people cue / queue for hours to buy just one kilo. A 41-year-old English teacher said: "Even if I have to stand other / another two hours, I will do that. I can save some money. I have never seen onion prices such / this high." A Dhaka resident / residence said a lot of people in her neighbourhood have stopped eating onions. She said: "It has been 15 days since I bought / buy one kilo of onion." Many street-food sellers can no longer / shorter make their onion-based snacks.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    O n__ n s _r_ v_r y _m p_r t_n t _n B_n g l_d_s h_ c__ s_n_. T h_ v_g_t_b l_ _s _ s t_p l_ _n t h_ c__ n t r y ' s c__ k_n g . H_w_v_r , m_n y p__ p l_ _r_ f_n d_n g _t d_f f_c_l t t_ b_y _n__ n s . T h_r_ _s _ s h_r t_g_ _f t h_m , w h_c h m__ n s p r_c_s h_v_ r_c k_t_d . M_n y B_n g l_d_s h_s s_m p l y c_n n_t _f f_r d t_ b_y _n__ n s . B_n g l_d_s h t r_d_t__ n_l l y _m p_r t s _n__ n s f r_m _t s n__ g h b__ r I n d__ . R_c_n t h__ v y m_n s__ n r__ n s _n I n d__ d_m_g_d _ l_t _f I n d__ ' s _n__ n h_r v_s t . T h_s h_s m_d_ I n d__ b_n _x p_r t s t_ B_n g l_d_s h . T h_ p r_c_ _f _n_ k_l_g r_m _f _n__ n s _n B_n g l_d_s h_ m_r k_t s h_v_ r_s_n f r_m U S 3 6 c_n t s t_ _r__ n d $ 3 . 2 5 . T h_s _s n__ r l y _ t_n - f_l d _n c r__ s_. B_n g l_d_s h ' s _p p_s_t__ n p_r t y h_s c_l l_d f_r n_t__ n w_d_ p r_t_s t s _v_r t h_ r_c_r d p r_c_s .

    T h_ _n__ n c r_s_s _s s_ s_r___s t h_t _v_n t h_ P r_m_ M_n_s t_r h_s s t_p p_d _s_n g _t _n h_r c__ k_n g . S h__ k h H_s_n_ W_z_d s__ d s h_ _s _s_n g _n__ n _l t_r n_t_v_s _n h_r d_s h_s . A l_m_t_d n_m b_r _f _n__ n s _r_ _n s_l_ _n s_v_r_l D h_k_ m_r k_t s _t t w_c_ t h__ r _s__ l p r_c_. H_n d r_d s _f p__ p l_ q____ f_r h__ r s t_ b_y j_s t _n_ k_l_. A 4 1 - y__ r -_l d E n g l_s h t__ c h_r s__ d : " E v_n _f I h_v_ t_ s t_n d _n_t h_r t w_ h__ r s , I w_l l d_ t h_t . I c_n s_v_ s_m_ m_n_y . I h_v_ n_v_r s__ n _n__ n p r_c_s t h_s h_g h . " A D h_k_ r_s_d_n t s__ d _ l_t _f p__ p l_ _n h_r n__ g h b__ r h__ d h_v_ s t_p p_d __ t_n g _n__ n s . S h_ s__ d : " I t h_s b__ n 1 5 d_y s s_n c_ I b__ g h t _n_ k_l_ _f _n__ n . " M_n y s t r__ t - f__ d s_l l_r s c_n n_ l_n g_r m_k_ t h__ r _n__ n - b_s_d s n_c k s .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    onions are very important in bangladeshi cuisine the vegetable is a staple in the countrys cooking however many people are finding it difficult to buy onions there is a shortage of them which means prices have rocketed many bangladeshis simply cannot afford to buy onions bangladesh traditionally imports onions from its neighbour india recent heavy monsoon rains in india damaged a lot of indias onion harvest this has made india ban exports to bangladesh the price of one kilogram of onions in bangladeshi markets has risen from us36 cents to around 325 this is nearly a tenfold increase bangladeshs opposition party has called for nationwide protests over the record prices

    the onion crisis is so serious that even the prime minister has stopped using it in her cooking sheikh hasina wazed said she is using onion alternatives in her dishes a limited number of onions are on sale in several dhaka markets at twice their usual price hundreds of people queue for hours to buy just one kilo a 41yearold english teacher said even if i have to stand another two hours i will do that i can save some money i have never seen onion prices this high a dhaka resident said a lot of people in her neighbourhood have stopped eating onions she said it has been 15 days since i bought one kilo of onion many streetfood sellers can no longer make their onionbased snacks

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    OnionsareveryimportantinBangladeshicuisine.Thevegetableisastap
    leinthecountry'scooking.However,manypeoplearefindingitdifficultt
    obuyonions.Thereisashortageofthem,whichmeanspriceshaverocket
    ed.ManyBangladeshissimplycannotaffordtobuyonions.Bangladesht
    raditionallyimportsonionsfromitsneighbourIndia.Recentheavymons
    oonrainsinIndiadamagedalotofIndia'sonionharvest.ThishasmadeIn
    diabanexportstoBangladesh.ThepriceofonekilogramofonionsinBang
    ladeshimarketshasrisenfromUS36centstoaround$3.25.Thisisnearly
    aten-foldincrease.Bangladesh'soppositionpartyhascalledfornatio
    nwideprotestsovertherecordprices.Theonioncrisisissoseriousthatev
    enthePrimeMinisterhasstoppedusingitinhercooking.SheikhHasinaW
    azedsaidsheisusingonionalternativesinherdishes.Alimitednumberof
    onionsareonsaleinseveralDhakamarketsattwicetheirusualprice.Hun
    dredsofpeoplequeueforhourstobuyjustonekilo.A41-year-oldEngl
    ishteachersaid:"EvenifIhavetostandanothertwohours,Iwilldothat.Ic
    ansavesomemoney.Ihaveneverseenonionpricesthishigh."ADhakar
    esidentsaidalotofpeopleinherneighbourhoodhavestoppedeatingoni
    ons.Shesaid:"Ithasbeen15dayssinceIboughtonekiloofonion."Manys
    treet-foodsellerscannolongermaketheironion-basedsnacks.

    Free writing

    Write about onions for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Onions are the best vegetables in the world. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. ONIONS: Make a poster about onions. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. FOOD PRICES: Write a magazine article about governments keeping food prices low. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on onions. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on onions. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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