The Reading / Listening - Head Transplants - Level 6

It is either science fiction or a plot from a horror movie, but a neurosurgeon said head transplants could be possible by the year 2030. Transplant surgery has come on leaps and bounds in the last few decades. Organ transplants are commonplace and this past decade has seen face transplants. The next decade could see whole heads being transplanted. Neurosurgeon Bruce Mathew explained why he believes this is possible. He was actually working with author Michael J Lee on a science fiction novel. He said: "Initially, our intention was just to brainstorm an idea and it seemed rather silly, but then I realised, it actually isn't. If you transplant the brain and spinal cord together, it's not impossible."



Doctor Matthew, 63, has performed over 10,000 operations. He claims that head transplants would only be possible if the head was accompanied by the whole of its spinal cord. Advancements in nerve and spinal cord surgery, robotics and stem cell transplants mean it could be possible to attach an entire spinal cord and head to another body before 2030. Dr Matthew continued: "The thought of keeping the spinal cord in one piece has always been totally daunting, but now with modern technology you can do most things." Matthew also believes that consciousness would also move with the head and spinal cord from one body to another. The technology could treat spinal cord injuries and diseases like muscular dystrophy.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Head Transplants - Level 4  or  Head Transplants - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/10607168/frankenstein-like-head-transplants-happen-by-2030/
  • https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/human-head-transplant-spinal-cord-nhs-chrysalis-bruce-mathew-canavero-neurosurgeon-a9256841.html
  • https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/human-head-transplants-just-decade-21147648


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. HEADS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about heads. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       science / fiction / neurosurgeon / transplants / decade / author / intention / brainstorm
       operations / spinal cord / robotics / body / technology / body / consciousness / diseases
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. UNETHICAL: Students A strongly believe head transplants are unethical; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. TRANSPLANTS: What do you think of these transplants? What are the good and bad things about them? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What Do You Think?

Good Things

Bad Things

Head

 

 

 

Heart

 

 

 

Face

 

 

 

Eye

 

 

 

Hair

 

 

 

Hand

 

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. HEAD: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "head". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. 2030: Rank these with your partner. Put the things most likely to happen by 2030 at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Head transplants
  • Jet packs
  • Flying cars
  • Space travel
  • A carbon-neutral world
  • World peace
  • President Ivanka Trump
  • Language injections

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. plot a. A period of ten years.
      2. neurosurgeon b. The main events and storyline of a play, novel or movie.
      3. leaps and bounds c. A lot.
      4. decade d. Having or showing a lack of common sense or judgment; absurd and foolish.
      5. author e. Something long and thin that is used for tying things, or connecting things in the body.
      6. silly f. A doctor specializing in surgery on the nervous system, especially the brain and spinal cord.
      7. cord g. The writer of a book, article, or report.

    Paragraph 2

      8. operation h. With no part left out; whole.
      9. accompanied i. Give medical care or attention to; try to heal or cure.
      10. attach j. The state of being awake and aware of one's surroundings.
      11. entire k. Fasten or join together.
      12. daunting l. Seeming difficult to deal with in anticipation; intimidating.
      13. consciousness m. An act of surgery performed on a patient.
      14. treat n. Was present or occurred at the same time as something else.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A neurosurgeon has written a new science fiction horror story.     T / F
  2. People who need a head transplant must first leap and bound.     T / F
  3. The doctor got the head transplant idea while working with an SF writer. T / F
  4. The doctor said the head can be transplanted without the spinal cord.     T / F
  5. The neurosurgeon has performed more than 10,000 operations.     T / F
  6. Robotics and stem cell technology could help with head transplants.     T / F
  7. The doctor said head transplants were daunting.     T / F
  8. The doctor said consciousness would not move with the head.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. plot
  2. come on
  3. whole
  4. initially
  5. realised
  6. performed
  7. attach
  8. daunting
  9. treat
  10. diseases
  1. understood
  2. at first
  3. formidable
  4. entire
  5. fasten
  6. cure
  7. storyline
  8. illnesses
  9. advanced
  10. done

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. a plot from
  2. surgery has come on leaps
  3. Organ transplants are
  4. Mathew explained why he
  5. spinal
  6. keeping the spinal cord
  7. totally
  8. modern
  9. consciousness would also move
  10. diseases like
  1. believes this is possible
  2. technology
  3. with the head
  4. commonplace
  5. daunting
  6. a horror movie
  7. muscular dystrophy
  8. and bounds
  9. cord
  10. in one piece

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
commonplace
actually
plot
together
whole
silly
leaps
novel

It is either science fiction or a (1) ____________ from a horror movie, but a neurosurgeon said head transplants could be possible by the year 2030. Transplant surgery has come on (2) ____________ and bounds in the last few decades. Organ transplants are (3) ____________ and this past decade has seen face transplants. The next decade could see (4) ____________ heads being transplanted. Neurosurgeon Bruce Mathew explained why he believes this is possible. He was (5) ____________ working with author Michael J Lee on a science fiction (6) ____________. He said: "Initially, our intention was just to brainstorm an idea and it seemed rather (7) ____________, but then I realised, it actually isn't. If you transplant the brain and spinal cord (8) ____________, it's not impossible."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
daunting
attach
muscular
accompanied
consciousness
claims
piece
nerve

Doctor Matthew, 63, has performed over 10,000 operations. He (9) ____________ that head transplants would only be possible if the head was (10) ____________ by the whole of its spinal cord. Advancements in (11) ____________ and spinal cord surgery, robotics and stem cell transplants mean it could be possible to (12) ____________ an entire spinal cord and head to another body before 2030. Dr Matthew continued: "The thought of keeping the spinal cord in one (13) ____________ has always been totally (14) ____________, but now with modern technology you can do most things." Matthew also believes that (15) ____________ would also move with the head and spinal cord from one body to another. The technology could treat spinal cord injuries and diseases like (16) ____________ dystrophy.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  It is either science fiction or a plot from ______
     a.  a horrific movie
     b.  a horrible movie
     c.  a horrors movie
     d.  a horror movie
2)  Transplant surgery has come on leaps and bounds in the ______
     a.  last flew decades
     b.  last through decades
     c.  last for decades
     d.  last few decades
3)  this past decade has seen face transplants. The next decade could ______
     a.  see whole heads
     b.  see hole heads
     c.  see holy heads
     d.  see whale heads
4)  Initially, our intention was just to brainstorm an idea and it ______
     a.  seem rather silly
     b.  seemed lather silly
     c.  seemed rather silly
     d.  seems rather silly
5)  If you transplant the brain and spinal cord together, ______
     a.  it's not impossibly
     b.  it's not impossible
     c.  it's not impossibility
     d.  it's not possible

6)  Doctor Matthew, 63, has performed over ______
     a.  100,000 operation
     b.  10,000 operational
     c.  10,000 operations
     d.  10,000 operatives
7)  Advancements in nerve and spinal cord surgery, robotics ______
     a.  an stem cell
     b.  and stem cell
     c.  on stem cell
     d.  in stem cell
8)  transplants mean it could be possible to attach an ______
     a.  entire spinal cord
     b.  entirely spinal cord
     c.  entirety spinal cord
     d.  entry spinal cord
9)  keeping the spinal cord in one piece has always ______
     a.  been totally haunting
     b.  been totally jaunting
     c.  been totally taunting
     d.  been totally daunting
10)  The technology could treat spinal cord injuries and diseases like ______
     a.  muscles dystrophy
     b.  muscular dystrophy
     c.  muscle dystrophy
     d.  masculine dystrophy

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

It is either science (1) ___________________ plot from a horror movie, but a neurosurgeon said head transplants could be possible by the year 2030. Transplant surgery has come on (2) ___________________ in the last few decades. Organ transplants are commonplace and (3) ___________________ has seen face transplants. The next decade could see whole heads being transplanted. Neurosurgeon Bruce Mathew explained (4) ___________________ this is possible. He was actually working with author Michael J Lee on a science fiction novel. He said: "Initially, our intention was just to brainstorm an idea and it (5) ___________________, but then I realised, it actually isn't. If you transplant the brain and (6) ___________________, it's not impossible."

Doctor Matthew, 63, has performed over 10,000 operations. He claims that head transplants would only be possible if the head (7) ___________________ the whole of its spinal cord. Advancements in nerve and spinal cord surgery, (8) ___________________ cell transplants mean it could be possible (9) ___________________ entire spinal cord and head to another body before 2030. Dr Matthew continued: "The thought of keeping the spinal cord in one piece has always (10) ___________________, but now with modern technology you can do most things." Matthew also believes that (11) ___________________ move with the head and spinal cord from one body to another. The (12) ___________________ spinal cord injuries and diseases like muscular dystrophy.

Comprehension questions

  1. What kind of movie did the article liken head transplants to?
  2. How did the article say head transplants had come on?
  3. Who was the neurosurgeon working with when he came up with his idea?
  4. What did the neurosurgeon originally want to do with Michael J Lee?
  5. What did the doctor say had to be transplanted with the head?
  6. How many operations has the doctor performed?
  7. What kind of surgery has there been advances in?
  8. What did the doctor say about keeping the spinal cord in one piece?
  9. What did the doctor say allows us to do most things?
  10. What disease did the doctor say the new technology could treat?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What kind of movie did the article liken head transplants to?
a) science fiction movies
b) horror movies
c) action movies
d) hospital movies
2)  How did the article say head transplants had come on?
a) slowly
b) with a frog in its step
c) in leaps and bounds
d) head and shoulders above the rest
3)  Who was the neurosurgeon working with when he came up with his idea?
a) his son
b) a patient
c) a famous doctor
d) an author
4)  What did the neurosurgeon originally want to do with Michael J Lee?
a) get his autograph
b) brainstorm ideas
c) learn about writing
d) go skiing
5)  What did the doctor say had to be transplanted with the head?
a) the spinal cord
b) the spine
c) skin from the neck
d) white blood cells

6)  How many operations has the doctor performed?
a) over 10,000
b) just fewer than 10,000
c) exactly 10,000
d) tens of thousands
7)  What kind of surgery has there been advances in?
a) robotic surgery
b) brain surgery
c) open-heart surgery
d) nerve and spinal cord surgery
8)  What did the doctor say about keeping the spinal cord in one piece?
a) it was delicate
b) it was tricky
c) it was daunting
d) it was highly possible
9)  What did the doctor say allows us to do most things?
a) self belief
b) nurses
c) money
d) modern technology
10)  What disease did the doctor say the new technology could treat?
a) lumbago
b) muscular dystrophy
c) rheumatism
d) arthritis

Role play

Role  A – World Peace
You think world peace is the most achievable thing by 2030. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is unachievable about their things. Also, tell the others which is the least achievable of these (and why): space travel, head transplants or language injections.

Role  B – Space Travel
You think space travel is the most achievable thing by 2030. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is unachievable about their things. Also, tell the others which is the least achievable of these (and why): world peace, head transplants or language injections.

Role  C – Head Transplants
You think head transplants are the most achievable thing by 2030. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is unachievable about their things. Also, tell the others which is the least achievable of these (and why): space travel, world peace or language injections.

Role  D – Language Injections
You think language injections are the most achievable thing by 2030. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is unachievable about their things. Also, tell the others which is the least achievable of these (and why): space travel, head transplants or world peace.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'head'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'transplant'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • horror
    • leaps
    • past
    • actually
    • idea
    • together
    • over
    • robotics
    • thought
    • modern
    • move
    • treat




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Head Transplants

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'head'?
    3. What do you think of organ transplants?
    4. Do you prefer science fiction movies or horror movies?
    5. What do you think of head transplants?
    6. What are the ethical concerns regarding head transplants?
    7. What problems might occur with a head transplant?
    8. Do you think head transplants are like the Frankenstein story?
    9. Are there any parts of the body that cannot be transplanted?
    10. What questions would you ask someone having a head transplant?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'transplant'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you know about the spinal cord?
    5. How would you feel if you woke up in a new body?
    6. Do you think a body could be made from 'spare parts' in the future?
    7. Would the head retain its memories?
    8. What three adjectives best describe this story?
    9. Are the neurosurgeons playing the role of God?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the neurosurgeon?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    It is (1) ____ science fiction or a plot from a horror movie, but a neurosurgeon said head transplants could be (2) ____ by the year 2030. Transplant surgery has come on leaps and bounds in the last few decades. Organ transplants are commonplace and this past decade has (3) ____ face transplants. The next decade could see whole heads being transplanted. Neurosurgeon Bruce Mathew explained why he    (4) ____ this is possible. He was actually working with author Michael J Lee on a science (5) ____ novel. He said: "Initially, our intention was just to brainstorm an idea and it seemed rather (6) ____, but then I realised, it actually isn't. If you transplant the brain and spinal cord together, it's not impossible."

    Doctor Matthew, 63, has (7) ____ over 10,000 operations. He claims that head transplants would only be possible if the (8) ____ was accompanied by the whole of its spinal cord. Advancements in nerve and spinal cord (9) ____, robotics and stem cell transplants mean it could be possible to attach an entire spinal cord and head to another body before 2030. Dr Matthew continued: "The thought of keeping the spinal cord in one piece has always been totally (10) ____, but now with modern technology you can do most things." Matthew also believes that (11) ____ would also move with the head and spinal cord from one body to another. The technology could (12) ____ spinal cord injuries and diseases like muscular dystrophy.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     even     (b)     every     (c)     either     (d)     ether    
    2. (a)     possible     (b)     possibly     (c)     possibility     (d)     posse    
    3. (a)     seen     (b)     sought     (c)     seeing     (d)     sees    
    4. (a)     believes     (b)     beliefs     (c)     belies     (d)     bellies    
    5. (a)     dictation     (b)     diction     (c)     fictional     (d)     fiction    
    6. (a)     hilly     (b)     sully     (c)     fully     (d)     silly    
    7. (a)     performed     (b)     perforated     (c)     preferred     (d)     preformatted    
    8. (a)     face     (b)     neck     (c)     skull     (d)     head    
    9. (a)     surgery     (b)     sugary     (c)     sage     (d)     sagging    
    10. (a)     haunting     (b)     daunting     (c)     jaunting     (d)     taunting    
    11. (a)     couscous     (b)     consciousness     (c)     condolences     (d)     cadences    
    12. (a)     treat     (b)     greet     (c)     meet     (d)     fleet

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. science ifcinot
    2. a nrougeoeusrn said head transplants could be possible
    3. transplants are aoecpmloncm
    4. Initially, our ottnnneii ...
    5. I eersidla, it actually isn't
    6. piasln cord

    Paragraph 2

    1. performed over 10,000 ronoaispte
    2. ocdacpanime by the whole
    3. it could be possible to tacath
    4. totally ntuadgin
    5. cnnocussseois would also move
    6. diseases like uslacmru dystrophy

    Put the text back together

    1  ) It is either science fiction or a plot from a horror movie, but a neurosurgeon said head transplants could
    (...)  "Initially, our intention was just to brainstorm an idea and it seemed rather silly, but then I realised, it actually
    (...)  accompanied by the whole of its spinal cord. Advancements in nerve and spinal cord surgery, robotics and stem
    (...)  decade could see whole heads being transplanted. Neurosurgeon Bruce Mathew explained why he believes this is
    (...)  possible. He was actually working with author Michael J Lee on a science fiction novel. He said:
    (...)  cell transplants mean it could be possible to attach an entire spinal cord and head to another body before
    (...)  Doctor Matthew, 63, has performed over 10,000 operations. He claims that head transplants would only be possible if the head was
    (...)  isn't. If you transplant the brain and spinal cord together, it's not impossible."
    (...)  could treat spinal cord injuries and diseases like muscular dystrophy.
    (...)  2030. Dr Matthew continued: "The thought of keeping the spinal cord in one piece has always been totally
    (...)  be possible by the year 2030. Transplant surgery has come on leaps and bounds in the last few
    (...)  consciousness would also move with the head and spinal cord from one body to another. The technology
    (...)  decades. Organ transplants are commonplace and this past decade has seen face transplants. The next
    (...)  daunting, but now with modern technology you can do most things." Matthew also believes that

    Put the words in the right order

    1. be   transplants   head   possible   .   neurosurgeon   said   A   could
    2. decade   transplants   .   past   This   face   seen   has
    3. next   transplanted   .   see   heads   whole   could   The   decade
    4. was   intention   an   to   just   idea   .   Our   brainstorm
    5. transplant   If   spinal   you   brain   and   the   cord   .
    6. was   be   possible   the   accompanied   .   head   if   Only
    7. spinal   an   attach   cord   .   to   Possible   entire
    8. the   cord   Keeping   in   piece   .   spinal   one
    9. with   the   also   head   .   move   would   Consciousness
    10. could   The   treat   technology   cord   spinal   injuries   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    It is either science fiction or a plat / plot from a horror movie, but a neurosurgeon said head transplants could be possibility / possible by the year 2030. Transplant surgery has come on leaps and pounds / bounds in the last few decades. Organ transplants are commonplace / commons and this past decade has looked / seen face transplants. The next decade could see whole heads being / been transplanted. Neurosurgeon Bruce Mathew explained why he believes this is possible. He was actually / actuality working with author Michael J Lee on a science fiction / fictional novel. He said: "Initially, our intention was just to brainstorm an idea and it seemed rather / lather silly, but then I realised, it actually isn't. If you transplant the brain and spinal cord together / with, it's not impossible."

    Doctor Matthew, 63, has performed / preformed over 10,000 operations. He claims that head transplants would only be possible if the head was accompanying / accompanied by the whole of its spinal cord. Advancements in nerve / nervous and spinal cord surgery, robotics and stem sell / cell transplants mean it could be possible to attach an whole / entire spinal cord and head to other's / another body before 2030. Dr Matthew continued: "The thought of keeping the spinal cord on / in one piece has always been totally daunting, but now with modern / modernist technology you can do most things." Matthew also believes that precociousness / consciousness would also move with the head and spinal cord from one body to another. The technology could threaten / treat spinal cord injuries and diseases like muscular dystrophy.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    I t _s __ t h_r s c__ n c_ f_c t__ n _r _ p l_t f r_m _ h_r r_r m_v__ , b_t _ n__ r_s_r g__ n s__ d h__ d t r_n s p l_n t s c__ l d b_ p_s s_b l_ b y t h_ y__ r 2 0 3 0 . T r_n s p l_n t s_r g_r y h_s c_m_ _n l__ p s _n d b__ n d s _n t h_ l_s t f_w d_c_d_s . O r g_n t r_n s p l_n t s _r_ c_m m_n p l_c_ _n d t h_s p_s t d_c_d_ h_s s__ n f_c_ t r_n s p l_n t s . T h_ n_x t d_c_d_ c__ l d s__ w h_l_ h__ d s b__ n g t r_n s p l_n t_d . N__ r_s_r g__ n B r_c_ M_t h_w _x p l__ n_d w h y h_ b_l__ v_s t h_s _s p_s s_b l_. H_ w_s _c t__ l l y w_r k_n g w_t h __ t h_r M_c h__ l J L__ _n _ s c__ n c_ f_c t__ n n_v_l . H_ s__ d : " I n_t__ l l y , __ r _n t_n t__ n w_s j_s t t_ b r__ n s t_r m _n _d__ _n d _t s__ m_d r_t h_r s_l l y , b_t t h_n I r__ l_s_d , _t _c t__ l l y _s n ' t . I f y__ t r_n s p l_n t t h_ b r__ n _n d s p_n_l c_r d t_g_t h_r , _t ' s n_t _m p_s s_b l_. "

    D_c t_r M_t t h_w , 6 3 , h_s p_r f_r m_d _v_r 1 0 , 0 0 0 _p_r_t__ n s . H_ c l__ m s t h_t h__ d t r_n s p l_n t s w__ l d _n l y b_ p_s s_b l_ _f t h_ h__ d w_s _c c_m p_n__ d b y t h_ w h_l_ _f _t s s p_n_l c_r d . A d v_n c_m_n t s _n n_r v_ _n d s p_n_l c_r d s_r g_r y , r_b_t_c s _n d s t_m c_l l t r_n s p l_n t s m__ n _t c__ l d b_ p_s s_b l_ t_ _t t_c h _n _n t_r_ s p_n_l c_r d _n d h__ d t_ _n_t h_r b_d y b_f_r_ 2 0 3 0 . D r M_t t h_w c_n t_n__ d : " T h_ t h__ g h t _f k__ p_n g t h_ s p_n_l c_r d _n _n_ p__ c_ h_s _l w_y s b__ n t_t_l l y d__ n t_n g , b_t n_w w_t h m_d_r n t_c h n_l_g y y__ c_n d_ m_s t t h_n g s . " M_t t h_w _l s_ b_l__ v_s t h_t c_n s c___s n_s s w__ l d _l s_ m_v_ w_t h t h_ h__ d _n d s p_n_l c_r d f r_m _n_ b_d y t_ _n_t h_r . T h_ t_c h n_l_g y c__ l d t r__ t s p_n_l c_r d _n j_r__ s _n d d_s__ s_s l_k_ m_s c_l_r d y s t r_p h y .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    it is either science fiction or a plot from a horror movie but a neurosurgeon said head transplants could be possible by the year 2030 transplant surgery has come on leaps and bounds in the last few decades organ transplants are commonplace and this past decade has seen face transplants the next decade could see whole heads being transplanted neurosurgeon bruce mathew explained why he believes this is possible he was actually working with author michael j lee on a science fiction novel he said initially our intention was just to brainstorm an idea and it seemed rather silly but then i realised it actually isnt if you transplant the brain and spinal cord together its not impossible

    doctor matthew 63 has performed over 10000 operations he claims that head transplants would only be possible if the head was accompanied by the whole of its spinal cord advancements in nerve and spinal cord surgery robotics and stem cell transplants mean it could be possible to attach an entire spinal cord and head to another body before 2030 dr matthew continued the thought of keeping the spinal cord in one piece has always been totally daunting but now with modern technology you can do most things matthew also believes that consciousness would also move with the head and spinal cord from one body to another the technology could treat spinal cord injuries and diseases like muscular dystrophy.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Itiseithersciencefictionoraplotfromahorrormovie,butaneurosurgeo
    nsaidheadtransplantscouldbepossiblebytheyear2030.Transplantsu
    rgeryhascomeonleapsandboundsinthelastfewdecades.Organtransp
    lantsarecommonplaceandthispastdecadehasseenfacetransplants.T
    henextdecadecouldseewholeheadsbeingtransplanted.Neurosurgeo
    nBruceMathewexplainedwhyhebelievesthisispossible.Hewasactuall
    yworkingwithauthorMichaelJLeeonasciencefictionnovel.Hesaid:"Ini
    tially,ourintentionwasjusttobrainstormanideaanditseemedrathersill
    y,butthenIrealised,itactuallyisn't.Ifyoutransplantthebrainandspinal
    cordtogether,it'snotimpossible."DoctorMatthew,63,hasperformedo
    ver10,000operations.Heclaimsthatheadtransplantswouldonlybepo
    ssibleiftheheadwasaccompaniedbythewholeofitsspinalcord.Advanc
    ementsinnerveandspinalcordsurgery,roboticsandstemcelltransplan
    tsmeanitcouldbepossibletoattachanentirespinalcordandheadtoanot
    herbodybefore2030.DrMatthewcontinued:"Thethoughtofkeepingth
    espinalcordinonepiecehasalwaysbeentotallydaunting,butnowwithm
    oderntechnologyyoucandomostthings."Matthewalsobelievesthatco
    nsciousnesswouldalsomovewiththeheadandspinalcordfromonebod
    ytoanother.Thetechnologycouldtreatspinalcordinjuriesanddiseases
    likemusculardystrophy.

    Free writing

    Write about head transplants for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    It is totally wrong and dangerous to transplant a head. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. HEADS: Make a poster about heads. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. HEAD TRANSPLANTS: Write a magazine article about head transplants. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against them.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on head transplants. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on them. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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