Speed Reading — Greying Hair - Level 6 — 500 wpm 

Now do this put-the-text-back-together activity.

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Scientists have discovered that stress is one factor in turning our hair grey, white or silver - at least, in mice. Stem cell biologists from Harvard University in the USA conducted a series of tests on mice to ascertain the effects of stress on the rodents. The scientists injected the mice with an ingredient found in chili peppers that gives them their heat. The compound made the mice stressed. This caused a hair-colouring pigment in the mice to go into overdrive as a reaction to the stress and deplete colour-regenerating stem cells. This caused the mice's hair to rapidly turn white. Lead researcher, Professor Ya-Chieh Hsu, said: "The detrimental impact of stress that we discovered was beyond what I imagined."

People have wondered for centuries about the link between stress and greying hair. It is believed that France's Queen Marie Antoinette's hair turned white the night before she was beheaded during the French Revolution in the late-eighteenth century. More recently, we have witnessed the locks of presidents and other world leaders quickly lose colour. The strains of leadership seem to go to the roots of things, especially hair follicles. Professor Hsu said the loss of the pigment-regenerating stem cells cannot be reversed. She said: "Once they're gone, you can't regenerate pigment any more. The damage is permanent." Worryingly, she hypothesised that stress could be responsible for accelerating the aging process.

Comprehension questions
  1. How many hair-greying factors did scientists discover?
  2. What university conducted this research?
  3. What did researchers inject an ingredient of into test mice?
  4. What happened to colour-regenerating stem cells after an injection?
  5. What did a researcher say about the detrimental impact of stress?
  6. For how long have people worried about stress and greying hair?
  7. Whose locks have we seen lose colour in recent times?
  8. Where do the strains of leadership go to besides the roots of things?
  9. What did the researcher say about the damage to the pigment?
  10. What other thing did the researcher say stress might accelerate?

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