The Reading / Listening - Border Dispute - Level 6

China and India have agreed to resolve a border dispute that was a worrying source of tension between them. The past few weeks have seen tit-for-tat attacks between the world's two most populous nations. The skirmishes between the two nuclear powers took place high up in the Himalayas. There have been various flashpoints along the long border that divides the two countries. Chinese and Indian officials met on Saturday in Ladakh, an area adjacent to the border. They agreed to "peacefully resolve" their dispute in a "cordial" meeting. India's Foreign Ministry said: "Both sides agreed to peacefully resolve the situation in the border areas in accordance with various bilateral agreements."



The area under contention is called the Line of Actual Control (LAC). This was a border established in 1993. It is one of the longest land borders in the world. Minor conflicts have taken place along it since the bloody Sino-Indian War (also known as the Indo-China War) in 1962. The glacial terrain along the LAC means the physical location of the border is shifting. This has made it difficult to pinpoint what areas of the craggy landscape belong to which country. China said: "This year marked the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries, and both sides agreed that an early resolution would contribute to the further development of that relationship".

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Border Dispute - Level 4  or  Border Dispute - Level 5

Sources
  • https://edition.cnn.com/2020/06/07/asia/china-india-intl-hnk/index.html
  • https://www.arabnews.com/node/1686386/world
  • https://www.cnbc.com/2020/06/08/india-and-china-agree-to-peacefully-resolve-border-tensions.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. BORDERS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about borders. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       resolve / border / dispute / skirmish / nuclear / power / flashpoint / cordial / area /
       contention / land / conflict / bloody / location / pinpoint / landscape / relations
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. NO BORDERS: Students A strongly believe there should be no borders in the world; Students B strongly believe the opposite. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. TENSIONS: What do you know about tensions between these countries? How dangerous are these situations? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I Know

How Dangerous?

China / USA

 

 

North and South Korea

 

 

Saudi Arabia / Yemen

 

 

Israel / Iran

 

 

Ukraine / Russia

 

 

India / Pakistan

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. DISPUTE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "dispute". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. DIPLOMATIC SKILLS: Rank these with your partner. Put the most important diplomatic skills at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Conflict resolution
  • Emotional intelligence
  • A sense of humour
  • Nonverbal communication
  • Compromise
  • Reflection
  • Be open-minded
  • Tact

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. resolve a. A disagreement or argument.
      2. dispute b. A difficult state or condition resulting from people or countries acting in opposition to each other.
      3. source c. Settle or find a solution to a problem, dispute, or contentious matter.
      4. tension d. Next to or adjoining something else.
      5. skirmishes e. An episode of irregular fighting, especially between small parts of armies.
      6. adjacent f. A place, event, or time at which trouble, such as violence or anger, suddenly starts.
      7. flashpoints g. A place, person, or thing from which something comes or can be obtained.

    Paragraph 2

      8. contention h. A firm decision to do or not to do something.
      9. minor i. Find or locate exactly.
      10. terrain j. Of a very uneven landscape.
      11. pinpoint k. Heated disagreement.
      12. craggy l. Lesser in importance, seriousness, or significance.
      13. diplomatic m. Of or concerning the profession, activity, or skill of managing international relations.
      14. resolution n. A stretch of land, especially with regard to its physical features.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said the border was a worrying source of tension.     T / F
  2. There have been tit-for-tat attacks along the border in recent weeks.     T / F
  3. The skirmishes between China and India were in the Himalayan foothills. T / F
  4. The two nations agreed to conform to bilateral agreements.     T / F
  5. The current border was established in 1983.     T / F
  6. The two countries fought a bloody war in 1993.     T / F
  7. Shifting ice means the border between the two nations keeps moving.     T / F
  8. Diplomatic relations between the two countries started in 1950.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. resolve
  2. tit for tat
  3. skirmishes
  4. cordial
  5. agreements
  6. contention
  7. bloody
  8. terrain
  9. marked
  10. contribute
  1. friendly
  2. ground
  3. retaliation
  4. savage
  5. play a part in
  6. settle
  7. accords
  8. represented
  9. clashes
  10. disagreement

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. China and India have agreed to
  2. a worrying source of
  3. skirmishes
  4. There have been various
  5. an area adjacent
  6. one of the longest land
  7. since the bloody
  8. This has made it difficult to
  9. the establishment of diplomatic
  10. an early
  1. resolution
  2. flashpoints
  3. to the border
  4. borders in the world
  5. tension between them
  6. pinpoint
  7. relations
  8. resolve a border dispute
  9. Sino-Indian War
  10. between the two

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
peacefully
flashpoints
source
bilateral
resolve
adjacent
cordial
tit-for-tat

China and India have agreed to (1) ____________ a border dispute that was a worrying (2) ____________ of tension between them. The past few weeks have seen (3) ____________ attacks between the world's two most populous nations. The skirmishes between the two nuclear powers took place high up in the Himalayas. There have been various (4) ____________ along the long border that divides the two countries. Chinese and Indian officials met on Saturday in Ladakh, an area (5) ____________ to the border. They agreed to "(6) ____________ resolve" their dispute in a "(7) ____________" meeting. India's Foreign Ministry said: "Both sides agreed to peacefully resolve the situation in the border areas in accordance with various (8) ____________ agreements."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
bloody
shifting
borders
glacial
diplomatic
contention
relationship
landscape

The area under (9) ____________ is called the Line of Actual Control (LAC). This was a border established in 1993. It is one of the longest land (10) ____________ in the world. Minor conflicts have taken place along it since the (11) ____________ Sino-Indian War (also known as the Indo-China War) in 1962. The (12) ____________ terrain along the LAC means the physical location of the border is (13) ____________. This has made it difficult to pinpoint what areas of the craggy (14) ____________ belong to which country. China said: "This year marked the 70th anniversary of the establishment of (15) ____________ relations between the two countries, and both sides agreed that an early resolution would contribute to the further development of that (16) ____________".

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  agreed to resolve a border dispute that was a worrying ______
     a.  sauce of tension
     b.  scourge of tension
     c.  saws of tension
     d.  source of tension
2)  The past few weeks have seen ______
     a.  tit-for-that attacks
     b.  this-for-tat attacks
     c.  tit-for-tat attacks
     d.  this-for-that attacks
3)  Chinese and Indian officials met on Saturday in Ladakh, an area ______ border
     a.  adjacently to the
     b.  adjacency to the
     c.  adjacent to the
     d.  ad agent to the
4)  They agreed to "peacefully resolve" their dispute in ______
     a.  a cordial meeting
     b.  a cordially meeting
     c.  a cordiality meeting
     d.  a cord dial meeting
5)  resolve the situation in the border areas in accordance ______ agreements
     a.  with variety bilateral
     b.  with variously bilateral
     c.  with various bilateral
     d.  with vicarious bilateral

6)  This was a border established in 1993. It is one of the ______
     a.  longest land borders
     b.  longest lands borders
     c.  longest landing borders
     d.  longest landed borders
7)  The glacial terrain along the LAC means the physical location of the ______
     a.  border is shifting
     b.  border is sifting
     c.  border is shelving
     d.  border is shoring
8)  This has made it difficult to pinpoint what areas of ______
     a.  the craggy land escape
     b.  the craggy landscape
     c.  the craggy lands cape
     d.  the craggy LAN scape
9)  This year marked the 70th anniversary of the establishment ______
     a.  of diplomacy relations
     b.  of dimple mastic relations
     c.  of diplomatic relations
     d.  of dip automatic relations
10)  an early resolution would contribute to the further development ______
     a.  off tat relationship
     b.  of that relationship
     c.  oft that relationship
     d.  of tat relationship

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

China and India have agreed to (1) ___________________ dispute that was a worrying source of tension between them. The past few weeks have seen (2) ___________________ between the world's two most populous nations. The skirmishes between the two nuclear (3) ___________________ high up in the Himalayas. There have been various flashpoints along the long border (4) ___________________ two countries. Chinese and Indian officials met on Saturday in Ladakh, an (5) ___________________ the border. They agreed to "peacefully (6) ___________________ in a "cordial" meeting. India's Foreign Ministry said: "Both sides agreed to peacefully resolve the situation in the border areas in accordance with various bilateral agreements."

The area (7) ___________________ called the Line of Actual Control (LAC). This was a border established in 1993. It is one of the (8) ___________________ in the world. Minor conflicts have taken place along it (9) ___________________ Sino-Indian War (also known as the Indo-China War) in 1962. The glacial terrain along the LAC means the physical location of the (10) ___________________. This has made it difficult to pinpoint what areas of the (11) ___________________ to which country. China said: "This year marked the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries, and both sides agreed that (12) ___________________ would contribute to the further development of that relationship".

Comprehension questions

  1. What did the article say the dispute was a worrying source of?
  2. What kind of attacks did the article say were taking place?
  3. In which area did the officials meet?
  4. In what kind of meeting will the two nations resolve their dispute?
  5. What kind of agreements will the nations follow?
  6. What does LAC mean?
  7. When was the Indo-China War?
  8. What kind of terrain did the article say the border was on?
  9. How long ago did China and India establish diplomatic relations?
  10. What kind of resolution would further relations between China and India?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What did the article say the dispute was a worrying source of?
a) conflict
b) stress
c) danger
d) tension
2) What kind of attacks did the article say were taking place?
a) this and that
b) tit-for-tat
c) in and out
d) up and down
3) In which area did the officials meet?
a) the eastern region
b) the centre
c) Ladakh
d) a secret region
4) In what kind of meeting will the two nations resolve their dispute?
a) a cordial meeting
b) a packed meeting
c) a secret meeting
d) a Zoom meeting
5) What kind of agreements will the nations follow?
a) big agreements
b) difficult agreements
c) bilateral agreements
d) tough agreements

6) What does LAC mean?
a) Latitude and Centre
b) Line of Actual Control
c) Less Actual Control
d) Ladakh And Chennai
7) When was the Indo-China War?
a) 1912
b) 1972
c) 1952
d) 1962
8) What kind of terrain did the article say the border was on?
a) a glacial terrain
b) a flat terrain
c) a rugged terrain
d) a dangerous terrain
9) How long ago did China and India establish diplomatic relations?
a) 80 years ago
b) 40 years ago
c) 70 years ago
d) 50 years ago
10) What kind of resolution would further relations between China and India?
a) a quick resolution
b) an early resolution
c) a brave resolution
d) a tough resolution

Role play

Role  A – Compromise
You think compromise is the most important diplomatic skill. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their skills aren't as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): open-mindedness, tact or a sense of humour.

Role  B – Open-Mindedness
You think open-mindedness is the most important diplomatic skill. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their skills aren't as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): compromise, tact or a sense of humour.

Role  C – Tact
You think tact is the most important diplomatic skill. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their skills aren't as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): open-mindedness, compromise or a sense of humour.

Role  D – A Sense of Humour
You think a sense of humour is the most important diplomatic skill. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their skills aren't as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): open-mindedness, tact or compromise.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'peace'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'border'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • source
    • populous
    • high
    • met
    • cordial
    • various
    • 1993
    • since
    • location
    • pinpoint
    • relations
    • early




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Border Dispute

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'peace'?
    3. What do you know about the skirmishes on the China-India border?
    4. What do you think of your country's borders?
    5. Has there ever been any trouble along your country's borders?
    6. What sources of tension are there between your country and others?
    7. How worrying would a China-India conflict be?
    8. Have you ever done anything that was "tit-for-tat"?
    9. Can all border disputes be resolved cordially?
    10. Which border dispute needs resolving most?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'border'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you think when you cross a national border?
    5. What is the role of a diplomat?
    6. Do you think you would be a good diplomat?
    7. What would have happened if the skirmishes led to war?
    8. How do you think the China-India relationship should develop?
    9. How important is it for China and India to get on well?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the diplomats?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    China and India have agreed to (1) ____ a border dispute that was a worrying source of tension between them. The past few weeks have seen (2) ____ attacks between the world's two most populous nations. The skirmishes between the two nuclear powers took place (3) ____ up in the Himalayas. There have been various flashpoints along the long border that (4) ____ the two countries. Chinese and Indian officials met on Saturday in Ladakh, an area adjacent to the border. They agreed to "peacefully resolve" their dispute in a "(5) ____" meeting. India's Foreign Ministry said: "Both sides agreed to peacefully resolve the situation in the border areas (6) ____ accordance with various bilateral agreements."

    The area (7) ____ contention is called the Line of Actual Control (LAC). This was a border established in 1993. It is one of the longest (8) ____ borders in the world. Minor conflicts have taken place along it since the bloody Sino-Indian War (also known as the Indo-China War) in 1962. The (9) ____ terrain along the LAC means the physical location of the border is shifting. This has made it difficult to pinpoint what areas of the craggy landscape belong to (10) ____ country. China said: "This year (11) ____ the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries, and both sides (12) ____ that an early resolution would contribute to the further development of that relationship".

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     revolve     (b)     devolve     (c)     dissolve     (d)     resolve    
    2. (a)     this and that     (b)     Kit-Kat     (c)     twit-for-that     (d)     tit-for-tat    
    3. (a)     increase     (b)     high     (c)     level     (d)     tall    
    4. (a)     invades     (b)     evades     (c)     divides     (d)     multiplies    
    5. (a)     cordite     (b)     corded     (c)     cordial     (d)     accords    
    6. (a)     in     (b)     at     (c)     of     (d)     to    
    7. (a)     post     (b)     under     (c)     through     (d)     land    
    8. (a)     land     (b)     sea     (c)     cloud     (d)     field    
    9. (a)     glassy     (b)     glacial     (c)     grassy     (d)     galaxy    
    10. (a)     thus     (b)     whom     (c)     which     (d)     therefore    
    11. (a)     parked     (b)     barked     (c)     marked     (d)     harked    
    12. (a)     spoke     (b)     vocalised     (c)     talked     (d)     agreed

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. agreed to eerovls a border dispute
    2. the world's two most opsuoupl nations
    3. The kmieisshrs between the two nuclear powers
    4. an area jdncatae to the border
    5. in a ialrocd meeting
    6. in accordance with various aarlltbie agreements

    Paragraph 2

    1. The area under tnoeioctnn
    2. a border asselitebdh in 1993
    3. The glacial tnearir
    4. areas of the craggy nsdaelacp
    5. pidiamcolt relations
    6. nutorbiect to the further development

    Put the text back together

    (...)  resolve" their dispute in a "cordial" meeting. India's Foreign Ministry said: "Both sides agreed
    (...)  to peacefully resolve the situation in the border areas in accordance with various bilateral agreements."
    (...)  location of the border is shifting. This has made it difficult to pinpoint what areas of the craggy
    (...)  in 1993. It is one of the longest land borders in the world. Minor conflicts have taken place along it since the bloody
    1  ) China and India have agreed to resolve a border dispute that was a worrying source of
    (...)  tension between them. The past few weeks have seen tit-for-tat attacks between the world's two most
    (...)  The area under contention is called the Line of Actual Control (LAC). This was a border established
    (...)  agreed that an early resolution would contribute to the further development of that relationship".
    (...)  Himalayas. There have been various flashpoints along the long border that divides the two countries. Chinese and Indian
    (...)  landscape belong to which country. China said: "This year marked the 70th anniversary
    (...)  populous nations. The skirmishes between the two nuclear powers took place high up in the
    (...)  Sino-Indian War (also known as the Indo-China War) in 1962. The glacial terrain along the LAC means the physical
    (...)  of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries, and both sides
    (...)  officials met on Saturday in Ladakh, an area adjacent to the border. They agreed to "peacefully

    Put the words in the right order

    1. of   tension   worrying   them   .   A   source   between
    2. past   The   have   attacks   .   tit-for-tat   seen   few   weeks
    3. between   Skirmishes   the   two   place   .   nuclear   powers   took
    4. have   There   border   .   along   the   various   flashpoints   been
    5. Both   to   situation   .   sides   peacefully   the   resolve   agreed
    6. world   .   One   the   of   borders   in   longest   the
    7. shifting   .   location   the   The   is   physical   border   of
    8. difficult   to   areas   .   made   what   pinpoint   it   This
    9. agreed   Both   an   to   sides   resolution   .   early
    10. the   of   to   development   further   that   Contribute   relationship   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    China and India have agreed to resolve / dissolve a border dispute that was a worrying sauce / source of tension between them. The past few weeks have seen Kit-Kat / tit-for-tat attacks between the world's two most populous nations. The skirmishes between the two nuclear powers gave / took place high up in the Himalayas. There have been various / variety flashpoints longing / along the long border that / what divides the two countries. Chinese and Indian officials met on Saturday in Ladakh, an area adjacent of / to the border. They agreed to "peacefully resolve" their dispute in a "cordial" meeting. India's Foreign Ministry said: "Both edges / sides agreed to peacefully resolve the situation in the border areas in accordance with / as various bilateral agreements."

    The area under / over contention is called the Line of Actual Control (LAC). This was a border establishment / established in 1993. It is one of the longest land borders in / on the world. Minor conflicts have taken place along it since the bloody / blooded Sino-Indian War (also known as the Indo-China War) in 1962. The glacial train / terrain along the LAC means the physical location of the border is shifting. This has made it difficult to paintball / pinpoint what areas of the craggy landscape consist / belong to which country. China said: "This year parked / marked the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations / revelations between the two countries, and both sides agreed that an early resolution would contribute to the further / farther development of that relationship".

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    C h_n_ _n d I n d__ h_v_ _g r__ d t_ r_s_l v_ _ b_r d_r d_s p_t_ t h_t w_s _ w_r r y_n g s__ r c_ _f t_n s__ n b_t w__ n t h_m . T h_ p_s t f_w w__ k s h_v_ s__ n t_t - f_r - t_t _t t_c k s b_t w__ n t h_ w_r l d ' s t w_ m_s t p_p_l__ s n_t__ n s . T h_ s k_r m_s h_s b_t w__ n t h_ t w_ n_c l__ r p_w_r s t__ k p l_c_ h_g h _p _n t h_ H_m_l_y_s . T h_r_ h_v_ b__ n v_r___s f l_s h p__ n t s _l_n g t h_ l_n g b_r d_r t h_t d_v_d_s t h_ t w_ c__ n t r__ s . C h_n_s_ _n d I n d__ n _f f_c__ l s m_t _n S_t_r d_y _n L_d_k h , _n _r__ _d j_c_n t t_ t h_ b_r d_r . T h_y _g r__ d t_ " p__ c_f_l l y r_s_l v_" t h__ r d_s p_t_ _n _ " c_r d__ l " m__ t_n g . I n d__ ' s F_r__ g n M_n_s t r y s__ d : " B_t h s_d_s _g r__ d t_ p__ c_f_l l y r_s_l v_ t h_ s_t__ t__ n _n t h_ b_r d_r _r__ s _n _c c_r d_n c_ w_t h v_r___s b_l_t_r_l _g r__ m_n t s . "

    T h_ _r__ _n d_r c_n t_n t__ n _s c_l l_d t h_ L_n_ _f A c t__ l C_n t r_l ( L A C ) . T h_s w_s _ b_r d_r _s t_b l_s h_d _n 1 9 9 3 . I t _s _n_ _f t h_ l_n g_s t l_n d b_r d_r s _n t h_ w_r l d . M_n_r c_n f l_c t s h_v_ t_k_n p l_c_ _l_n g _t s_n c_ t h_ b l__ d y S_n_- I n d__ n W_r (_l s_ k n_w n _s t h_ I n d_- C h_n_ W_r ) _n 1 9 6 2 . T h_ g l_c__ l t_r r__ n _l_n g t h_ L A C m__ n s t h_ p h y s_c_l l_c_t__ n _f t h_ b_r d_r _s s h_f t_n g . T h_s h_s m_d_ _t d_f f_c_l t t_ p_n p__ n t w h_t _r__ s _f t h_ c r_g g y l_n d s c_p_ b_l_n g t_ w h_c h c__ n t r y . C h_n_ s__ d : " T h_s y__ r m_r k_d t h_ 7 0 t h _n n_v_r s_r y _f t h_ _s t_b l_s h m_n t _f d_p l_m_t_c r_l_t__ n s b_t w__ n t h_ t w_ c__ n t r__ s , _n d b_t h s_d_s _g r__ d t h_t _n __ r l y r_s_l_t__ n w__ l d c_n t r_b_t_ t_ t h_ f_r t h_r d_v_l_p m_n t _f t h_t r_l_t__ n s h_p " .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    china and india have agreed to resolve a border dispute that was a worrying source of tension between them the past few weeks have seen titfortat attacks between the worlds two most populous nations the skirmishes between the two nuclear powers took place high up in the himalayas there have been various flashpoints along the long border that divides the two countries chinese and indian officials met on saturday in ladakh an area adjacent to the border they agreed to peacefully resolve their dispute in a cordial meeting indias foreign ministry said both sides agreed to peacefully resolve the situation in the border areas in accordance with various bilateral agreements

    the area under contention is called the line of actual control lac this was a border established in 1993 it is one of the longest land borders in the world minor conflicts have taken place along it since the bloody sinoindian war also known as the indochina war in 1962 the glacial terrain along the lac means the physical location of the border is shifting this has made it difficult to pinpoint what areas of the craggy landscape belong to which country china said this year marked the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries and both sides agreed that an early resolution would contribute to the further development of that relationship

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    ChinaandIndiahaveagreedtoresolveaborderdisputethatwasaworryi
    ngsourceoftensionbetweenthem.Thepastfewweekshaveseentit-for-
    tatattacksbetweentheworld'stwomostpopulousnations.Theskirmish
    esbetweenthetwonuclearpowerstookplacehighupintheHimalayas.T
    herehavebeenvariousflashpointsalongthelongborderthatdividesthe
    twocountries.ChineseandIndianofficialsmetonSaturdayinLadakh,an
    areaadjacenttotheborder.Theyagreedto"peacefullyresolve"theirdis
    puteina"cordial"meeting.India'sForeignMinistrysaid:"Bothsidesagr
    eedtopeacefullyresolvethesituationintheborderareasinaccordancew
    ithvariousbilateralagreements."Theareaundercontentioniscalledthe
    LineofActualControl(LAC).Thiswasaborderestablishedin1993.Itison
    eofthelongestlandbordersintheworld.Minorconflictshavetakenplace
    alongitsincethebloodySino-IndianWar(alsoknownastheIndo-Chin
    aWar)in1962.TheglacialterrainalongtheLACmeansthephysicallocati
    onoftheborderisshifting.Thishasmadeitdifficulttopinpointwhatareas
    ofthecraggylandscapebelongtowhichcountry.Chinasaid:"Thisyearm
    arkedthe70thanniversaryoftheestablishmentofdiplomaticrelationsb
    etweenthetwocountries,andbothsidesagreedthatanearlyresolution
    wouldcontributetothefurtherdevelopmentofthatrelationship".

    Free writing

    Write about border dispute for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    There should be no borders between countries. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. BORDERS: Make a poster about borders. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. U.N.: Write a magazine article about the U.N. resolving all the world's border disputes and its decisions being final. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on borders. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can resolve border disputes. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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