The Reading / Listening - Dog Years - Level 4

Dog lovers have been using the wrong method to calculate their pet's age. Researchers say the practice of finding a dog's age in human years by multiplying by seven is incorrect. They have come up with a new formula that precisely finds out a dog's age. The new method needs more than simple mental arithmetic. It compares the changes of the DNA of dogs and humans. Scientists say DNA analysis is the best way to measure the ageing speed of dogs.



Researchers tested blood from 105 dogs. After some number crunching, they created a graph to show dogs and people age at different rates. A one-year-old dog is similar to a 30-year-old human, while a four-year-old dog is like a 52-year-old. A researcher said: "A nine-month-old dog can have puppies, so we already knew that the 1:7 ratio wasn't an accurate measure of age." He added that different breeds of dog age at different speeds.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Dog Years - Level 5 or  Dog Years - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.thesun.co.uk/tech/12011713/dog-age-in-human-years-formula/
  • https://metro.co.uk/2020/07/03/dog-days-scientists-work-accurate-way-find-fidos-age-12938804/
  • https://edition.cnn.com/2020/07/03/us/new-study-updates-dog-years-to-human-years-formula-trnd-scn/index.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. the wrong method to calculate
  2. the practice of
  3. human years by multiplying by
  4. a new formula that precisely finds
  5. simple mental
  6. It compares the changes
  7. DNA
  8. the best way to measure
  1. of the DNA
  2. out a dog's age
  3. the ageing
  4. finding a dog's age
  5. analysis
  6. their pet's age
  7. arithmetic
  8. seven is incorrect

Paragraph 2

  1. Researchers tested blood
  2. After some number
  3. dogs and people age
  4. similar
  5. the 1:7
  6. an accurate
  7. different breeds
  8. at different
  1. measure of age
  2. to a 30-year-old
  3. speeds
  4. at different rates
  5. of dog
  6. from 105 dogs
  7. ratio
  8. crunching

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Dog lovers have been using (1) ___________________ to calculate their pet's age. Researchers say the (2) ___________________ a dog's age in human years (3) ___________________ seven is incorrect. They have come up with a new formula that (4) ___________________ a dog's age. The new method needs more than (5) ___________________. It compares the changes of the DNA of dogs and humans. Scientists say DNA analysis is the best way to (6) ___________________ speed of dogs.

Researchers tested blood from 105 dogs. After (7) ___________________, they created a graph to show dogs and people age (8) ___________________. A one-year-old dog (9) ___________________ a 30-year-old human, while a four-year-old (10) ___________________ a 52-year-old. A researcher said: "A nine-month-old dog can have puppies, so we already knew that the 1:7 ratio wasn't (11) ___________________ of age." He added that different breeds of dog age (12) ___________________.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Doglovershavebeenusingthewrongmethodtocalculatetheirpet'sage
.Researcherssaythepracticeoffindingadog'sageinhumanyearsbymu
ltiplyingbysevenisincorrect.Theyhavecomeupwithanewformulathat
preciselyfindsoutadog'sage.Thenewmethodneedsmorethansimple
mentalarithmetic.ItcomparesthechangesoftheDNAofdogsandhuma
ns.ScientistssayDNAanalysisisthebestwaytomeasuretheageingspe
edofdogs.Researcherstestedbloodfrom105dogs.Aftersomenumber
crunching,theycreatedagraphtoshowdogsandpeopleageatdifferentr
ates.Aone-year-olddogissimilartoa30-year-oldhuman,whileafour-
year-olddogislikea52-year-old.Aresearchersaid:"Anine-month-ol
ddogcanhavepuppies,sowealreadyknewthatthe1:7ratiowasn'tanac
curatemeasureofage."Headdedthatdifferentbreedsofdogageatdiffe
rentspeeds.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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