The Reading / Listening - Full Stop - Level 6

In British English it is the full stop; in American English the period. This punctuation mark has been used for centuries to end sentences or in abbreviations. It seems that with the younger generation today, its use is changing. A report from Binghamton University in New York shows the humble full stop is "intimidating" to young people because they view it as a sign of anger. This is especially so on social media, where many youngsters largely forego the use of punctuation, except for a liberal use of exclamation marks. Linguist Professor David Crystal said: "Usage of full stops is being 'revised in a really fundamental way'. People simply do not put full stops in, unless they want to make a point."



Linguistics experts studied the effect of technology on the way we use language. Dr Lauren Fonteyn said: "If you send a text message without a full stop, it's already obvious that you've concluded the message." She suggested that finished messages with full stops are perceived of by young people as being insincere. Journalist Victoria Turk wrote: "In a messaging conversation, a period is simply not necessary. It's clear when you've finished your thought, so what function does the period fulfill? As a result, using a period in messaging...can come across as if you're quite cross or annoyed." She added full stops are being used after every word in a sentence. She gave the example: "Just. Look. How. Emphatic. This. Is."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Full Stop - Level 4  or  Full Stop - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8657089/Full-stop-intimidating-young-people-interpret-sign-anger-linguists-say.html
  • https://www.scotsman.com/read-this/young-people-are-intimidated-full-stops-text-messages-heres-psychology-explained-2951084
  • https://nypost.com/2020/08/24/young-people-dont-trust-anyone-who-use-this-punctuation-mark/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. FULL STOPS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about full stops. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       British English / American English / full stop / period / abbreviations / punctuation /
       linguistics / experts / technology / text / messaging / annoyed / sentence / emphatic
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. TEXT MESSAGING: Students A strongly believe punctuation is a must in text messaging; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. PUNCTUATION: What do you know about these punctuation marks? How important are they? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I Know

Importance

Full stop

 

 

Comma

 

 

Speech marks

 

 

Exclamation mark

 

 

Question mark

 

 

Comma

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. PERIOD: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "period". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. ENGLISH: Rank these with your partner. Put the most important areas to master at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Punctuation
  • Intonation
  • Spelling
  • Vocabulary
  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. punctuation a. A shortened form of a word or phrase.
      2. centuries b. Frightening.
      3. abbreviation c. The marks, such as period, comma, etc. used in writing to separate sentences, clauses and to make meaning clearer.
      4. generation d. Periods of 100 years.
      5. humble e. All of the people born and living at about the same time, thought of as one group.
      6. intimidating f. Of low rank.
      7. fundamental g. Forming a necessary base or core; of central importance.

    Paragraph 2

      8. expert h. Bring to completion or reality; achieve or realize something desired, promised, or predicted.
      9. obvious i. A person who has a comprehensive and authoritative knowledge of or skill in a particular area.
      10. perceived j. Not expressing genuine feelings.
      11. insincere k. Slightly angry; irritated.
      12. fulfill l. Easily understood; clear, self-evident, or apparent.
      13. annoyed m. Definite and clear.
      14. emphatic n. Became aware or conscious of something; come to realize or understand.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The word 'full stop' in US English is 'full period'.     T / F
  2. The full stop is used in abbreviations.     T / F
  3. The article says young people view the full stop as a sign of anger.     T / F
  4. A linguist said people now use full stops to make a point.     T / F
  5. A linguistics expert said we need full stops in text messages.     T / F
  6. Young people think using a full stop shows sincerity.     T / F
  7. A journalist said it is clear when a sentence in a text message has ended. T / F
  8. The journalist said people now use full stops after every word.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. full stop
  2. seems
  3. humble
  4. forego
  5. fundamental
  6. experts
  7. obvious
  8. insincere
  9. annoyed
  10. emphatic
  1. modest
  2. clear
  3. basic
  4. irritated
  5. period
  6. categorical
  7. fake
  8. appears
  9. drop
  10. specialists

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. punctuation
  2. used for
  3. the younger
  4. they view it as a sign
  5. revised in a really fundamental
  6. obvious that you've concluded
  7. perceived of by young people as
  8. a period is simply
  9. come across as if
  10. full stops are being used after every
  1. the message
  2. of anger
  3. word in a sentence
  4. being insincere
  5. centuries
  6. you're quite cross
  7. way
  8. mark
  9. not necessary
  10. generation

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
centuries
anger
period
humble
marks
point
generation
forego

In British English it is the full stop; in American English the (1) _____________________. This punctuation mark has been used for (2) _____________________ to end sentences or in abbreviations. It seems that with the younger (3) _____________________ today, its use is changing. A report from Binghamton University in New York shows the (4) _____________________ full stop is "intimidating" to young people because they view it as a sign of (5) _____________________. This is especially so on social media, where many youngsters largely (6) _____________________ the use of punctuation, except for a liberal use of exclamation (7) _____________________. Linguist Professor David Crystal said: "Usage of full stops is being 'revised in a really fundamental way'. People simply do not put full stops in, unless they want to make a (8) _____________________."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
perceived
thought
example
experts
sentence
simply
obvious
annoyed

Linguistics (9) _____________________ studied the effect of technology on the way we use language. Dr Lauren Fonteyn said: "If you send a text message without a full stop, it's already (10) _____________________ that you've concluded the message." She suggested that finished messages with full stops are (11) _____________________ of by young people as being insincere. Journalist Victoria Turk wrote: "In a messaging conversation, a period is (12) _____________________ not necessary. It's clear when you've finished your (13) _____________________, so what function does the period fulfill? As a result, using a period in messaging...can come across as if you're quite cross or (14) _____________________." She added full stops are being used after every word in a (15) _____________________. She gave the (16) _____________________: "Just. Look. How. Emphatic. This. Is."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  In British English it is the full stop; in American English ______
     a.  the periodical
     b.  the period
     c.  the peered
     d.  the peer rid
2)  has been used for centuries to end sentences ______
     a.  or in abbreviation
     b.  or inner brie variations
     c.  or in a brie variations
     d.  or in abbreviations
3)  the humble full stop is "intimidating" to young people because they view it as a ______
     a.  signs of anger
     b.  sine of anger
     c.  assign of anger
     d.  sign of anger
4)  This is especially so on social media, where many youngsters largely ______
     a.  four go the use
     b.  for go the use
     c.  forge go the use
     d.  forego the use
5)  People simply do not put full stops in, unless they want to ______
     a.  make a paint
     b.  make appoint
     c.  make a point
     d.  make a pint

6)  Fonteyn said: "If you send a text message without a full stop, ______"
     a.  it's already oblivion
     b.  it's already oblivious
     c.  it's already obvious
     d.  it's already obviously
7)  finished messages with full stops are perceived of by young people ______
     a.  as being in sin seer
     b.  as being in since ear
     c.  as being insincere
     d.  as being in sincere
8)  It's clear when you've finished your thought, so what function does ______
     a.  the period fulfills
     b.  the period fulfilled
     c.  the period fulfill
     d.  the period fulfilling
9)  using a period in messaging...can come across as if you're quite ______
     a.  cross or annoyed
     b.  cross nor annoyed
     c.  crass or annoys
     d.  crass or annoyed
10)  She gave the example: "Just. Look. How. ______
     a.  Emphasis. This. Is.
     b.  Emphatic. These. Is.
     c.  Emphatic. This. Is.
     d.  Emphatic. This. Are.

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

In British English it is the full stop; in American English the period. This punctuation mark has been (1) ____________________ to end sentences or in abbreviations. It seems that with (2) ____________________ today, its use is changing. A report from Binghamton University in New York shows the humble full stop is "intimidating" to young people because they (3) ____________________ a sign of anger. This is especially so on social media, where many youngsters largely (4) ____________________ of punctuation, except for a liberal use of exclamation marks. Linguist Professor David Crystal said: "Usage of full stops is (5) ____________________ a really fundamental way'. People simply do not put full stops in, unless they want to (6) ____________________."

Linguistics experts studied the effect of technology on the way we use language. Dr Lauren Fonteyn said: "If you send a text message without a full stop, it's (7) ____________________ you've concluded the message." She suggested that finished messages with full stops (8) ____________________ by young people (9) ____________________. Journalist Victoria Turk wrote: "In a messaging conversation, a period is simply not necessary. It's clear when you've finished your thought, so what function does (10) ____________________? As a result, using a period in messaging...can come across as if you're quite (11) ____________________." She added full stops are being used after every word in a sentence. She gave the example: "Just. (12) ____________________. This. Is."

Comprehension questions

  1. What is a full stop in American English?
  2. For how long did the article say the full stop had been used?
  3. What do young people view the full stop as a sign of?
  4. Who largely foregoes the use of punctuation?
  5. What did a linguist say people want to make when using a full stop?
  6. What did a linguist say young people perceive a full stop as being?
  7. What is Victoria Turk's job?
  8. Where did Victoria Turk say a full stop was unnecessary?
  9. What did Ms Turk suggest a full stop can make people come across as?
  10. What did Victoria Turk say full stops are being used after?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What is a full stop in American English?
a) a full period
b) a period
c) a stop full
d) a semi-stop
2) For how long did the article say the full stop had been used?
a) generations
b) decades
c) thousands of years
d) centuries
3) What do young people view the full stop as a sign of?
a) punctuation
b) fun
c) anger
d) writing
4) Who largely foregoes the use of punctuation?
a) many youngsters
b) pre-schoolers
c) pensioners
d) essayists
5) What did a linguist say people want to make when using a full stop?
a) a mess
b) a point
c) a life
d) a living

6) What did a linguist say young people perceive a full stop as being?
a) insincere
b) sincere
c) sincerely
d) sincerity
7) What is Victoria Turk's job?
a) an essayist
b) a proof reader
c) a journalist
d) a linguist
8) Where did Victoria Turk say a full stop was unnecessary?
a) in messaging conversations
b) in the United Kingdom
c) at the beginning of sentences
d) after a comma
9) What did Ms Turk suggest a full stop can make people come across as?
a) punctilious
b) gifted at writing
c) intelligent
d) cross or annoyed
10) What did Victoria Turk say full stops are being used after?
a) semi-colons
b) meals
c) every word in a sentence
d) parentheses

Role play

Role  A – Punctuation
You think punctuation is the most important thing to learn in English. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): pronunciation, spelling or knowing slang.

Role  B – Pronunciation
You think pronunciation is the most important thing to learn in English. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): punctuation, spelling or knowing slang.

Role  C – Spelling
You think spelling is the most important thing to learn in English. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): pronunciation, punctuation or knowing slang.

Role  D – Knowing Slang
You think knowing slang is the most important thing to learn in English. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): pronunciation, spelling or punctuation.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'full'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'stop'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • centuries
    • generation
    • humble
    • especially
    • forego
    • simply
    • effect
    • obvious
    • insincere
    • function
    • across
    • example




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Full Stop

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'full stop'?
    3. What do you think of punctuation in English?
    4. What is punctuation like in your language?
    5. Which is the best term - full stop or period?
    6. What is a full stop for?
    7. What happens if you don't use a full stop?
    8. Is punctuation necessary in text messages?
    9. Why might young people be intimidated by a full stop?
    10. Is social media damaging or enhancing language?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'punctuation'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How does technology change the way we use language?
    5. Is a full stop necessary in a one-sentence text message?
    6. What is insincere about not using a full stop?
    7. How would you show anger or annoyance in your writing?
    8. How does punctuation help people read aloud?
    9. Do you think the full stop is doomed?
    10. What questions would you like to ask a linguist?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    In British English it is the full stop; in American English the period. (1) ____ punctuation mark has been used for centuries to end sentences or in (2) ____. It seems that with the younger generation today, its use is changing. A report from Binghamton University in New York shows the (3) ____ full stop is "intimidating" to young people because they view it as a sign of anger. This is especially (4) ____ on social media, where many youngsters largely forego the use of punctuation, except for a (5) ____ use of exclamation marks. Linguist Professor David Crystal said: "Usage of full stops is being 'revised in a really fundamental way'. People simply do not put full stops in, (6) ____ they want to make a point."

    Linguistics experts studied the (7) ____ of technology on the way we use language. Dr Lauren Fonteyn said: "If you send a text message without a full stop, it's already (8) ____ that you've concluded the message." She suggested that finished messages with full stops are perceived of by young people as being (9) ____. Journalist Victoria Turk wrote: "In a messaging conversation, a period is simply not necessary. It's clear when you've finished your thought, so what function does the period (10) ____? As a result, using a period in messaging...can come (11) ____ as if you're quite cross or annoyed." She added full stops are being used after every word in a sentence. She (12) ____ the example: "Just. Look. How. Emphatic. This. Is."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     Their     (b)     This     (c)     Thus     (d)     Though    
    2. (a)     abrasions     (b)     brevity     (c)     abbreviates     (d)     abbreviations    
    3. (a)     mumble     (b)     humble     (c)     bumble     (d)     tumble    
    4. (a)     thus     (b)     such     (c)     so     (d)     that    
    5. (a)     liberal     (b)     liberate     (c)     liberty     (d)     libelous    
    6. (a)     unless     (b)     simply     (c)     certainly     (d)     usually    
    7. (a)     infect     (b)     affect     (c)     reflect     (d)     effect    
    8. (a)     obvious     (b)     oblivious     (c)     envious     (d)     judicious    
    9. (a)     sincerely     (b)     insincere     (c)     insincerity     (d)     insistence    
    10. (a)     filling     (b)     fully     (c)     fulfill     (d)     filled    
    11. (a)     by     (b)     down     (c)     across     (d)     up    
    12. (a)     did     (b)     gave     (c)     thought     (d)     punctuate

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. uctauptnoin mark
    2. used for ncrutiees
    3. sentences or in irbvatabienos
    4. the younger rneaeitgon today
    5. youngsters largely oerfgo the use
    6. revised in a really dfeamnntual way

    Paragraph 2

    1. igusiltncis experts
    2. rpiecveed of by young people
    3. being sninciree
    4. what function does the period ulfifll
    5. if you're quite cross or onnyaed
    6. Look. How. mhEtapic. This. Is.

    Put the text back together

    (...)  insincere. Journalist Victoria Turk wrote: "In a messaging conversation, a period is simply not
    1  ) In British English it is the full stop; in American English the period. This punctuation mark has been used
    (...)  used after every word in a sentence. She gave the example: "Just. Look. How. Emphatic. This. Is."
    (...)  to young people because they view it as a sign of anger. This is especially so on social media,
    (...)  of exclamation marks. Linguist Professor David Crystal said: "Usage of full stops is being 'revised
    (...)  where many youngsters largely forego the use of punctuation, except for a liberal use
    (...)  fulfill? As a result, using a period in messaging...can come across as if you're quite cross or annoyed." She added full stops are being
    (...)  for centuries to end sentences or in abbreviations. It seems that with the younger generation
    (...)  Linguistics experts studied the effect of technology on the way we use language. Dr Lauren Fonteyn
    (...)  message." She suggested that finished messages with full stops are perceived of by young people as being
    (...)  today, its use is changing. A report from Binghamton University in New York shows the humble full stop is "intimidating"
    (...)  said: "If you send a text message without a full stop, it's already obvious that you've concluded the
    (...)  in a really fundamental way'. People simply do not put full stops in, unless they want to make a point."
    (...)  necessary. It's clear when you've finished your thought, so what function does the period

    Put the words in the right order

    1. been   This   mark   punctuation   used   for   centuries   .   has
    2. its   changing   .   the   use   With   younger   generation,   is
    3. on   This   so   especially   is   social   media   .
    4. of   largely   forego   the   use   youngsters   punctuation   .   Many
    5. to   Unless   they   want   make   point   .   a
    6. experts   studied   effect   Linguistics   of   the   technology   .
    7. obvious   It's   that   you've   concluded   already   the   message   .
    8. of   people   young   by   as   Perceived   being   insincere   .
    9. across   as   if   you're   Come   quite   cross   .
    10. used   word   every   after   in   Being   a   sentence   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    In British English it is the full stop; in American English the period. This punctuation mark has been used for / four centuries to end sentences or in abbreviations. It seemed / seems that with the younger generation today, its use / user is changing. A report from Binghamton University in New York shows the humble / humility full stop is "intimidating" to young people because they look / view it as a sign of anger. This is especially so in / on social media, where many youngsters largely undergo / forego the use of punctuation, except for a liberal / liberally use of exclamation marks. Linguist Professor David Crystal said: "Usage of full stops is being 'revised in a real / really fundamental way'. People simply do not put full stops in, unless they want to make a period / point."

    Linguistics experts studied the affect / effect of technology on the way we use language. Dr Lauren Fonteyn said: "If you send a text message without a full stop, it's already oblivious / obvious that you've concluded / conclusion the message." She suggested that finished messages with full stops are perceived of by young people as being conscience / insincere. Journalist Victoria Turk wrote: "In a messaging conservation / conversation, a period is simply not necessary. It's clear when you've finished our / your thought, so what function does the period fulfill / filler? As a result, using a period in / on messaging...can come across as if you're quite cross / across or annoyed." She added full stops are being used after every word in a sentence. She gave the examinee / example: "Just. Look. How. Emphatic. This. Is."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    I n B r_t_s h E n g l_s h _t _s t h_ f_l l s t_p ; _n A m_r_c_n E n g l_s h t h_ p_r__ d . T h_s p_n c t__ t__ n m_r k h_s b__ n _s_d f_r c_n t_r__ s t_ _n d s_n t_n c_s _r _n _b b r_v__ t__ n s . I t s__ m s t h_t w_t h t h_ y__ n g_r g_n_r_t__ n t_d_y , _t s _s_ _s c h_n g_n g . A r_p_r t f r_m B_n g h_m t_n U n_v_r s_t y _n N_w Y_r k s h_w s t h_ h_m b l_ f_l l s t_p _s "_n t_m_d_t_n g " t_ y__ n g p__ p l_ b_c__ s_ t h_y v__ w _t _s _ s_g n _f _n g_r . T h_s _s _s p_c__ l l y s_ _n s_c__ l m_d__ , w h_r_ m_n y y__ n g s t_r s l_r g_l y f_r_g_ t h_ _s_ _f p_n c t__ t__ n , _x c_p t f_r _ l_b_r_l _s_ _f _x c l_m_t__ n m_r k s . L_n g__ s t P r_f_s s_r D_v_d C r y s t_l s__ d : " U s_g_ _f f_l l s t_p s _s b__ n g ' r_v_s_d _n _ r__ l l y f_n d_m_n t_l w_y ' . P__ p l_ s_m p l y d_ n_t p_t f_l l s t_p s _n , _n l_s s t h_y w_n t t_ m_k_ _ p__ n t . "

    L_n g__ s t_c s _x p_r t s s t_d__ d t h_ _f f_c t _f t_c h n_l_g y _n t h_ w_y w_ _s_ l_n g__ g_. D r L__ r_n F_n t_y n s__ d : " I f y__ s_n d _ t_x t m_s s_g_ w_t h__ t _ f_l l s t_p , _t ' s _l r__ d y _b v___s t h_t y__ ' v_ c_n c l_d_d t h_ m_s s_g_. " S h_ s_g g_s t_d t h_t f_n_s h_d m_s s_g_s w_t h f_l l s t_p s _r_ p_r c__ v_d _f b y y__ n g p__ p l_ _s b__ n g _n s_n c_r_. J__ r n_l_s t V_c t_r__ T_r k w r_t_: " I n _ m_s s_g_n g c_n v_r s_t__ n , _ p_r__ d _s s_m p l y n_t n_c_s s_r y . I t ' s c l__ r w h_n y__ ' v_ f_n_s h_d y__ r t h__ g h t , s_ w h_t f_n c t__ n d__ s t h_ p_r__ d f_l f_l l ? A s _ r_s_l t , _s_n g _ p_r__ d _n m_s s_g_n g . . . c_n c_m_ _c r_s s _s _f y__ ' r_ q__ t_ c r_s s _r _n n_y_d . " S h_ _d d_d f_l l s t_p s _r_ b__ n g _s_d _f t_r _v_r y w_r d _n _ s_n t_n c_. S h_ g_v_ t h_ _x_m p l_: " J_s t . L__ k . H_w . E m p h_t_c . T h_s . I s . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    in british english it is the full stop in american english the period this punctuation mark has been used for centuries to end sentences or in abbreviations it seems that with the younger generation today its use is changing a report from binghamton university in new york shows the humble full stop is intimidating to young people because they view it as a sign of anger this is especially so on social media where many youngsters largely forego the use of punctuation except for a liberal use of exclamation marks linguist professor david crystal said usage of full stops is being revised in a really fundamental way people simply do not put full stops in unless they want to make a point

    linguistics experts studied the effect of technology on the way we use language dr lauren fonteyn said if you send a text message without a full stop its already obvious that youve concluded the message she suggested that finished messages with full stops are perceived of by young people as being insincere journalist victoria turk wrote in a messaging conversation a period is simply not necessary its clear when youve finished your thought so what function does the period fulfill as a result using a period in messagingcan come across as if youre quite cross or annoyed she added full stops are being used after every word in a sentence she gave the example just look how emphatic this is

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    InBritishEnglishitisthefullstop;inAmericanEnglishtheperiod.Thispun
    ctuationmarkhasbeenusedforcenturiestoendsentencesorinabbrevia
    tions.Itseemsthatwiththeyoungergenerationtoday,itsuseischangin
    g.AreportfromBinghamtonUniversityinNewYorkshowsthehumbleful
    lstopis"intimidating"toyoungpeoplebecausetheyviewitasasignofang
    er.Thisisespeciallysoonsocialmedia,wheremanyyoungsterslargelyf
    oregotheuseofpunctuation,exceptforaliberaluseofexclamationmark
    s.LinguistProfessorDavidCrystalsaid:"Usageoffullstopsisbeing'revis
    edinareallyfundamentalway'.Peoplesimplydonotputfullstopsin,unle
    sstheywanttomakeapoint."Linguisticsexpertsstudiedtheeffectoftec
    hnologyonthewayweuselanguage.DrLaurenFonteynsaid:"Ifyousen
    datextmessagewithoutafullstop,it'salreadyobviousthatyou'veconcl
    udedthemessage."Shesuggestedthatfinishedmessageswithfullstop
    sareperceivedofbyyoungpeopleasbeinginsincere.JournalistVictoria
    Turkwrote:"Inamessagingconversation,aperiodissimplynotnecessa
    ry.It'sclearwhenyou'vefinishedyourthought,sowhatfunctiondoesthe
    periodfulfill?Asaresult,usingaperiodinmessaging...cancomeacrossa
    sifyou'requitecrossorannoyed."Sheaddedfullstopsarebeingusedafte
    reverywordinasentence.Shegavetheexample:"Just.Look.How.Emp
    hatic.This.Is."

    Free writing

    Write about full stop for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Punctuation rules should always be followed, even on social media. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. FULL STOP: Make a poster about full stops. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. PUNCTUATION: Write a magazine article about everyone strictly following punctuation rules. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on full stops. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on the full stop. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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