The Reading / Listening - Birth Certificates - Level 2

Women's rights in Afghanistan got a rare victory. For the first time, the names of mothers will be on children's birth certificates, next to the father's name. For hundreds of years, only the father's name was allowed on birth certificates. The Afghan government has just announced a new law for the mother's name to be written on certificates. Campaigners started a social media campaign in 2017 to fight for women's rights to have their names on official documents. In Afghanistan, a woman's name is often not included on wedding invitations.



Afghanistan's Vice-President called the new law "a big step forward for women's rights". The founder of the campaign group said the law was good. She said: "By printing her name, we give the mother power. The law now gives her certain powers to be a mother who can, without the presence of a man...enroll her children in school and travel." Another campaigner said: "My feeling of happiness may seem ridiculous for women in other countries, but when we live in a society where women are...excluded, achieving such basic rights is a big and difficult task."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Birth Certificates - Level 0 Birth Certificates - Level 1   or  Birth Certificates - Level 3

Sources
  • https://womensagenda.com.au/latest/mothers-in-afghanistan-can-now-have-their-names-included-on-their-childrens-birth-certificates/
  • https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-09-18/afghan-government-passes-law-mother-name-birth-certificate/12634162
  • https://gandhara.rferl.org/a/afghan-president-approves-inclusion-of-mother-s-name-on-id-cards/30845572.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. a rare
  2. For the first
  3. For hundreds
  4. only the father's name
  5. announced a new
  6. official
  7. a woman's name is often not
  8. wedding
  1. included
  2. was allowed
  3. invitations
  4. law
  5. documents
  6. time
  7. victory
  8. of years

Paragraph 2

  1. a big step
  2. The founder of the campaign
  3. without the presence
  4. My feeling of happiness may seem
  5. for women in other
  6. a society where women are
  7. achieving such basic
  8. a big and difficult
  1. of a man
  2. task
  3. countries
  4. rights
  5. forward
  6. ridiculous
  7. group
  8. excluded

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Women's rights in Afghanistan (1) ___________________ victory. For the first time, the names of mothers will be on children's birth certificates, next to the father's name. For (2) ___________________, only the father's name was allowed on birth certificates. The Afghan government (3) ___________________ a new law for the mother's name to be (4) ___________________. Campaigners started a social media campaign in 2017 to fight for women's (5) ___________________ their names on official documents. In Afghanistan, a woman's name is often (6) ___________________ wedding invitations.

Afghanistan's Vice-President called the new law "a (7) ___________________ for women's rights". The founder of (8) ___________________ said the law was good. She said: "By printing her name, we give the mother power. The law now gives her (9) ___________________ be a mother who can, without the presence of a man... (10) ___________________ in school and travel." Another campaigner said: "My feeling of happiness may (11) ___________________ women in other countries, but when we live in a society where women are...excluded, achieving such basic rights is a (12) ___________________ task."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Women'srightsinAfghanistangotararevictory.Forthefirsttime,thena
mesofmotherswillbeonchildren'sbirthcertificates,nexttothefather's
name.Forhundredsofyears,onlythefather'snamewasallowedonbirth
certificates.TheAfghangovernmenthasjustannouncedanewlawforth
emother'snametobewrittenoncertificates.Campaignersstartedasoci
almediacampaignin2017tofightforwomen'srightstohavetheirnames
onofficialdocuments.InAfghanistan,awoman'snameisoftennotinclu
dedonweddinginvitations.Afghanistan'sVice-Presidentcalledthenew
law"abigstepforwardforwomen'srights".Thefounderofthecampaign
groupsaidthelawwasgood.Shesaid:"Byprintinghername,wegivethe
motherpower.Thelawnowgiveshercertainpowerstobeamotherwhoc
an,withoutthepresenceofaman...enrollherchildreninschoolandtrave
l."Anothercampaignersaid:"Myfeelingofhappinessmayseemridiculo
usforwomeninothercountries,butwhenweliveinasocietywherewome
nare...excluded,achievingsuchbasicrightsisabiganddifficulttask."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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