The Reading / Listening - Plant Extinction - Level 6

Scientists have revealed that around two-fifths of the world's plants are at risk of extinction. This stark warning comes from a piece of research called the State of the World's Plants and Fungi. More than 200 scientists analysed the state of play of the world's flora in 42 countries. A top botanist, Professor Alexandre Antonelli, said: "We are living in an age of extinction. It's a very worrying picture of risk and urgent need for action. We're losing the race against time because species are disappearing faster than we can find and name them. Many of them could hold important clues for solving some of the most pressing challenges of medicine and even perhaps of the emerging and current pandemics we are seeing today."



There have been positive signs in the past few years. More than 4,000 species of plants and fungi were discovered in 2019. Among these are potential future foods that could be a lifeline to millions of people on Earth suffering from poverty and food insecurity. Professor Antonelli stressed the importance of protecting these and all plant life on Earth. He said: "We would not be able to survive without plants and fungi – all life depends on them. Every time we lose a species, we lose an opportunity for humankind." The research was released on the day of a United Nations summit aimed at addressing this issue. Leading scientists will meet and insist world leaders act against biodiversity loss.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Plant Extinction - Level 4  or  Plant Extinction - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-54344309
  • https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/sep/30/world-plant-species-risk-extinction-fungi-earth
  • https://news.yahoo.com/two-fifths-plants-risk-extinction-231222244.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. PLANTS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about plants. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       scientists / plants / extinction / warning / research / urgent / action / clue / pandemic
       positive / sign / plant / poverty / importance / fungi / opportunity / humankind / loss
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. GROW: Students A strongly believe we should all grow plants; Students B strongly believe that is unnecessary. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. EXTINCTION: How worrying is it these things could become extinct? How can we save them? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How Worrying

How to Save Them

A cactus

 

 

A language

 

 

An ethnic group

 

 

A flightless bird

 

 

A species of cockroach

 

 

Chocolate

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. RISK: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "risk". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. PLANTS AND FUNGI: Rank these with your partner. Put the most important at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Cactus
  • Rose
  • Mushroom
  • Bamboo
  • Garlic
  • Pine tree
  • Moss
  • Cocoa plant

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. revealed a. An expert in or student of the scientific study of plants.
      2. stark b. Becoming more apparent, important, or prominent.
      3. flora c. Made some previously unknown or secret information known to others.
      4. botanist d. The plants of a particular region, habitat, or geological period.
      5. urgent e. Unpleasantly or sharply clear.
      6. clue f. Of a situation requiring immediate action or attention.
      7. emerging g. A fact or idea that serves as a guide or aid in a task or problem.

    Paragraph 2

      8. species h. A thing on which someone or something depends or which provides a means of escape from a difficult situation.
      9. lifeline i. The state of being extremely poor.
      10. poverty j. Thinking about and beginning to deal with an issue or problem.
      11. insecurity k. A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding.
      12. summit l. Demand forcefully to have something.
      13. addressing m. A meeting between heads of government.
      14. insist n. The state of being open to danger or threat; lack of protection.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The warning about plant extinction comes from a piece of research.     T / F
  2. More than 42 scientists looked at the state of play regarding flora.     T / F
  3. A botanist warned that we are living in an age of extinction.     T / F
  4. The botanist said some new species could help fight pandemics.     T / F
  5. The article says 4,000 new plant species were found in the past decade.  T / F
  6. New plant species could be invaluable for the poor and hungry.     T / F
  7. A botanist said we could survive without fungi.     T / F
  8. Scientists said world leaders would not act to curb biodiversity loss.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. revealed
  2. extinction
  3. top
  4. urgent
  5. clues
  6. positive
  7. poverty
  8. survive
  9. species
  10. insist
  1. signs
  2. pressing
  3. demand
  4. dying out
  5. favorable
  6. remain alive
  7. type
  8. disclosed
  9. destitution
  10. leading

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. stark
  2. We are living in an age
  3. We're losing the race
  4. some of the most pressing
  5. the emerging and current
  6. There have been positive signs in
  7. a lifeline
  8. suffering from
  9. all life depends
  10. a United Nations summit aimed at
  1. to millions of people
  2. pandemics
  3. addressing this issue
  4. warning
  5. the past few years
  6. challenges
  7. on them
  8. against time
  9. poverty
  10. of extinction

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
play
emerging
age
name
stark
clues
revealed
need

Scientists have (1) _____________________ that around two-fifths of the world's plants are at risk of extinction. This (2) _____________________ warning comes from a piece of research called the State of the World's Plants and Fungi. More than 200 scientists analysed the state of (3) _____________________ of the world's flora in 42 countries. A top botanist, Professor Alexandre Antonelli, said: "We are living in an (4) _____________________ of extinction. It's a very worrying picture of risk and urgent (5) _____________________ for action. We're losing the race against time because species are disappearing faster than we can find and (6) _____________________ them. Many of them could hold important (7) _____________________ for solving some of the most pressing challenges of medicine and even perhaps of the (8) _____________________ and current pandemics we are seeing today."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
potential
depends
loss
positive
stressed
summit
insecurity
opportunity

There have been (9) _____________________ signs in the past few years. More than 4,000 species of plants and fungi were discovered in 2019. Among these are (10) _____________________ future foods that could be a lifeline to millions of people on Earth suffering from poverty and food (11) _____________________. Professor Antonelli (12) _____________________ the importance of protecting these and all plant life on Earth. He said: "We would not be able to survive without plants and fungi – all life (13) _____________________ on them. Every time we lose a species, we lose an (14) _____________________ for humankind." The research was released on the day of a United Nations (15) _____________________ aimed at addressing this issue. Leading scientists will meet and insist world leaders act against biodiversity (16) _____________________.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  the world's plants are at risk of extinction. This ______ ...
     a.  stank warning comes
     b.  stark warning comes
     c.  strike warning comes
     d.  stork warning comes
2)  A top botanist, Professor Alexandre Antonelli, said: "We are living in an ______"
     a.  age off extinction
     b.  ages of extinction
     c.  age of extinction
     d.  age oft extinction
3)  It's a very worrying picture of risk and ______ action
     a.  urgency need for
     b.  urgent needy for
     c.  urgency needy for
     d.  urgent need for
4)  Many of them could hold important clues for solving some of the ______
     a.  most press in challenges
     b.  most pleasing challenges
     c.  most pressing challenges
     d.  most praising challenges
5)  even perhaps of the emerging and current pandemics we ______
     a.  are seen today
     b.  are seen in today
     c.  are seeing in  today
     d.  are seeing today

6)  More than 4,000 species of plants and fungi were ______
     a.  discovered in 2019
     b.  discovery in 2019
     c.  discovers it in 2019
     d.  discover din 2019
7)  Among these are potential future foods that could ______
     a.  be a lifelong
     b.  be a live line
     c.  be a lifeline
     d.  be a lifer line
8)  be able to survive without plants and fungi – all life ______
     a.  depends in them
     b.  depends at them
     c.  depends to them
     d.  depends on them
9)  for humankind." The research was released on the day of a United ______
     a.  Nations sum met
     b.  Nations summer
     c.  Nations summed
     d.  Nations summit
10)  Leading scientists will meet and insist world leaders act against ______
     a.  biodiversity lost
     b.  biodiversity loser
     c.  biodiversity a loss
     d.  biodiversity loss

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists have (1) ____________________ two-fifths of the world's plants are at risk of extinction. This (2) ____________________ from a piece of research called the State of the World's Plants and Fungi. More than 200 scientists analysed the (3) ____________________ of the world's flora in 42 countries. A top botanist, Professor Alexandre Antonelli, said: "We are living in an (4) ____________________. It's a very worrying picture of risk and urgent need for action. We're losing the race against time because species are disappearing faster than we can find (5) ____________________. Many of them could hold important clues for solving some of the most pressing challenges of medicine and even perhaps of the (6) ____________________ pandemics we are seeing today."

There have been positive signs in the (7) ____________________. More than 4,000 species of plants and fungi were discovered in 2019. Among these are (8) ____________________ that could be a lifeline to millions of people on Earth suffering from poverty (9) ____________________. Professor Antonelli stressed the importance of protecting these and all plant life on Earth. He said: "We would not be (10) ____________________ without plants and fungi – all life depends on them. Every time we lose a species, we lose (11) ____________________ humankind." The research was released on the day of a United Nations summit aimed at addressing this issue. Leading scientists will meet and insist world leaders act (12) ____________________.

Comprehension questions

  1. Who said two-fifths of the world plants are at risk of extinction?
  2. How did the article describe the warning as being?
  3. How many scientists examined plant life around the world?
  4. In what field is Alexandre Antonelli an expert?
  5. What emerging things did a professor say new species could help?
  6. How many new species of plants and fungi were discovered in 2019?
  7. Who could new plant species be a lifeline for?
  8. What did a professor say we could not survive without?
  9. Who loses and opportunity if a plant species dies?
  10. What kind of loss do scientists want world leaders to act against?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  Who said two-fifths of the world plants are at risk of extinction?
a) flower farmers
b) scientists
c) gardeners
d) world leaders
2)  How did the article describe the warning as being?
a) striking
b) stock
c) sticky
d) stark
3) How many scientists examined plant life around the world?
a) over 200
b) exactly 200
c) around 200
d) just fewer than 200
4) In what field is Alexandre Antonelli an expert?
a) the left field
b) potato fields
c) botany
d) an oil field
5) What emerging things did a professor say new species could help?
a) vegetables
b) pandemics
c) species
d) challenges

6) How many new species of plants and fungi were discovered in 2019?
a) over 4,000
b) just fewer than 4,000
c) exactly 4,000
d) around 4,000
7) Who could new plant species be a lifeline for?
a) the insecure
b) botanists
c) the poor
d) farmers
8) What did a professor say we could not survive without?
a) plants and fungi
b) new species
c) pressing challenges
d) opportunities
9) Who loses and opportunity if a plant species dies?
a) humankind
b) farmers
c) botanists
d) flower growers
10) What kind of loss do scientists want world leaders to act against?
a) devastating loss
b) financial loss
c) profit and loss
d) biodiversity loss

Role play

Role  A – Cactus
You think a cactus is the most important plant. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their plant is not as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): bamboo, garlic or a cocoa plant.

Role  B – Bamboo
You think bamboo is the most important plant. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their plant is not as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): a cactus, garlic or a cocoa plant.

Role  C – Garlic
You think garlic is the most important plant. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their plant is not as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): bamboo, a cactus or a cocoa plant.

Role  D – Cocoa Plant
You think a cocoa plant is the most important plant. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their plant is not as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): bamboo, garlic or a cactus.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'plant'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'extinction'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • revealed
    • piece
    • flora
    • age
    • find
    • perhaps
    • past
    • future
    • insecurity
    • depends
    • lose
    • act




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Plant Extinction

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'plant'?
    3. What do you know about plants?
    4. What are your favourite plants?
    5. How important are plants?
    6. How important are plants in your life?
    7. Do we need to study more about plants at school?
    8. What will happen as more and more plants become extinct?
    9. What do you think of warnings like this?
    10. How worried are you by this news?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'extinction'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you think of plants?
    5. How useful are fungi?
    6. Should we spend more money on genetically modifying plants?
    7. How serious an issue is food insecurity?
    8. How do you feel when we lose a species of plant?
    9. What do you think world leaders will do about this problem?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists have (1) ____ that around two-fifths of the world's plants are at risk of extinction. This (2) ____ warning comes from a piece of research called the State of the World's Plants and Fungi. More than 200 scientists analysed the state of (3) ____ of the world's flora in 42 countries. A top botanist, Professor Alexandre Antonelli, said: "We are living in an (4) ____ of extinction. It's a very worrying picture of risk and urgent need for action. We're losing the race against time because species are disappearing faster than we can find and (5) ____ them. Many of them could hold important clues for solving some of the most pressing challenges of medicine and even perhaps of the (6) ____ and current pandemics we are seeing today."

    There have been positive signs in the past few years. More than 4,000 species of plants and fungi were discovered in 2019. Among these are (7) ____ future foods that could be a lifeline to millions of people on Earth (8) ____ from poverty and food insecurity. Professor Antonelli stressed the importance (9) ____ protecting these and all plant life on Earth. He said: "We would not be able to survive without plants and fungi – all life depends (10) ____ them. Every time we lose a species, we lose an opportunity for humankind." The research was released on the day of a United Nations (11) ____ aimed at addressing this issue. Leading scientists will meet and insist world leaders act against biodiversity (12) ____.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     revealed     (b)     revel     (c)     rivalled     (d)     rebelled    
    2. (a)     stink     (b)     strike     (c)     stark     (d)     stake    
    3. (a)     game     (b)     fun     (c)     play     (d)     win    
    4. (a)     period     (b)     ago     (c)     old     (d)     age    
    5. (a)     banner     (b)     genus     (c)     name     (d)     species    
    6. (a)     emerged     (b)     emerging     (c)     emerge     (d)     emerges    
    7. (a)     potentate     (b)     potential     (c)     portal     (d)     portent    
    8. (a)     suffered     (b)     suffering     (c)     suffers     (d)     suffer    
    9. (a)     to     (b)     on     (c)     of     (d)     at    
    10. (a)     to     (b)     at     (c)     in     (d)     on    
    11. (a)     sum     (b)     summed     (c)     summation     (d)     summit    
    12. (a)     losing     (b)     loser     (c)     lost     (d)     loss

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. Scientists have ldaeever that
    2. the world's oflar
    3. urtgne need for action
    4. siecpse are disappearing
    5. clues for sionlvg some
    6. nimeegrg and current pandemics

    Paragraph 2

    1. ptsoievi signs
    2. anoltitpe future foods
    3. poverty and food ireiuntcys
    4. plants and fguin
    5. a United Nations uimsmt
    6. act against eotivyrbsidi loss

    Put the text back together

    (...)  was released on the day of a United Nations summit aimed at addressing this
    (...)  them could hold important clues for solving some of the most pressing challenges of medicine and even
    (...)  fungi were discovered in 2019. Among these are potential future foods that could be a lifeline to millions of people
    (...)  There have been positive signs in the past few years. More than 4,000 species of plants and
    1  ) Scientists have revealed that around two-fifths of the world's plants are at risk of extinction. This stark warning comes
    (...)  perhaps of the emerging and current pandemics we are seeing today."
    (...)  living in an age of extinction. It's a very worrying picture of risk and urgent need for action. We're losing the race against
    (...)  time because species are disappearing faster than we can find and name them. Many of
    (...)  play of the world's flora in 42 countries. A top botanist, Professor Alexandre Antonelli, said: "We are
    (...)  on Earth suffering from poverty and food insecurity. Professor Antonelli stressed the importance
    (...)  depends on them. Every time we lose a species, we lose an opportunity for humankind." The research
    (...)  of protecting these and all plant life on Earth. He said: "We would not be able to survive without plants and fungi – all life
    (...)  issue. Leading scientists will meet and insist world leaders act against biodiversity loss.
    (...)  from a piece of research called the State of the World's Plants and Fungi. More than 200 scientists analysed the state of

    Put the words in the right order

    1. from   research   .   of   piece   a   This   warning   stark
    2. play   of   the   state   flora   .   Analysed   world   of
    3. We   are   an   extinction   .   age   living   of   in
    4. could   of   them   important   Many   hold   clues   .
    5. challenges   medicine   .   most   Some   the   pressing   of   of
    6. in   signs   Few   years   .   the   past   positive   few
    7. people   to   on   millions   of   A   lifeline   Earth   .
    8. importance   the   stressed   protecting   of   these   .   Antonelli
    9. would   to   be   able   survive   .   We   not
    10. biodiversity   loss   .   world   against   act   Insist   leaders

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists have revolved / revealed that around two-fifths of the world's plants are at risk to / of extinction. This stark warning comes from a peace / piece of research called the State of the World's Plants and Fungi. More than 200 scientists analysis / analysed the state of play of the world's flora in 42 countries. A top botany / botanist, Professor Alexandre Antonelli, said: "We are living in an old / age of extinction. It's a very worrying picture of risk and urgent need for action. We're losing the race against times / time because species are disappearing faster than we can find and call / name them. Many of them could hold important clues for solving / solution some of the most pressing challenges of medicine and even perhaps of the emerge / emerging and current pandemics we are seeing today."

    There have been positively / positive signs in the past few years. More than 4,000 species / specimen of plants and fungi were discovered in 2019. Among these are potential future foods that could be / been a lifeline to millions of people on Earth suffering from poverty and food insecure / insecurity. Professor Antonelli stressed the importance of protecting these and all plant life / live on Earth. He said: We would not be able survive without plants and fungi – all life rely / depends on them. Every time we lose a species, we lose an opportune / opportunity for humankind." The research was released on / in the day of a United Nations summit aimed at / of addressing this issue. Leading scientists will meet and insist world leaders act against biodiversity lost / loss.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    S c__ n t_s t s h_v_ r_v__ l_d t h_t _r__ n d t w_- f_f t h s _f t h_ w_r l d ' s p l_n t s _r_ _t r_s k _f _x t_n c t__ n . T h_s s t_r k w_r n_n g c_m_s f r_m _ p__ c_ _f r_s__ r c h c_l l_d t h_ S t_t_ _f t h_ W_r l d ' s P l_n t s _n d F_n g_. M_r_ t h_n 2 0 0 s c__ n t_s t s _n_l y s_d t h_ s t_t_ _f p l_y _f t h_ w_r l d ' s f l_r_ _n 4 2 c__ n t r__ s . A t_p b_t_n_s t , P r_f_s s_r A l_x_n d r_ A n t_n_l l_, s__ d : " W_ _r_ l_v_n g _n _n _g_ _f _x t_n c t__ n . I t ' s _ v_r y w_r r y_n g p_c t_r_ _f r_s k _n d _r g_n t n__ d f_r _c t__ n . W_' r_ l_s_n g t h_ r_c_ _g__ n s t t_m_ b_c__ s_ s p_c__ s _r_ d_s_p p__ r_n g f_s t_r t h_n w_ c_n f_n d _n d n_m_ t h_m . M_n y _f t h_m c__ l d h_l d _m p_r t_n t c l__ s f_r s_l v_n g s_m_ _f t h_ m_s t p r_s s_n g c h_l l_n g_s _f m_d_c_n_ _n d _v_n p_r h_p s _f t h_ _m_r g_n g _n d c_r r_n t p_n d_m_c s w_ _r_ s___n g t_d_y . "

    T h_r_ h_v_ b__ n p_s_t_v_ s_g n s _n t h_ p_s t f_w y__ r s . M_r_ t h_n 4 , 0 0 0 s p_c__ s _f p l_n t s _n d f_n g_ w_r_ d_s c_v_r_d _n 2 0 1 9 . A m_n g t h_s_ _r_ p_t_n t__ l f_t_r_ f__ d s t h_t c__ l d b_ _ l_f_l_n_ t_ m_l l__ n s _f p__ p l_ _n E_r t h s_f f_r_n g f r_m p_v_r t y _n d f__ d _n s_c_r_t y . P r_f_s s_r A n t_n_l l_ s t r_s s_d t h_ _m p_r t_n c_ _f p r_t_c t_n g t h_s_ _n d _l l p l_n t l_f_ _n E_r t h . H_ s__ d : W_ w__ l d n_t b_ _b l_ t _ s_r v_v_ w_t h__ t p l_n t s _n d f_n g_ – _l l l_f_ d_p_n d s _n t h_m . E v_r y t_m_ w_ l_s_ _ s p_c__ s , w_ l_s_ _n _p p_r t_n_t y f_r h_m_n k_n d . " T h_ r_s__ r c h w_s r_l__ s_d _n t h_ d_y _f _ U n_t_d N_t__ n s s_m m_t __ m_d _t _d d r_s s_n g t h_s _s s__ . L__ d_n g s c__ n t_s t s w_l l m__ t _n d _n s_s t w_r l d l__ d_r s _c t _g__ n s t b__ d_v_r s_t y l_s s .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists have revealed that around twofifths of the worlds plants are at risk of extinction this stark warning comes from a piece of research called the state of the worlds plants and fungi more than 200 scientists analysed the state of play of the worlds flora in 42 countries a top botanist professor alexandre antonelli said we are living in an age of extinction its a very worrying picture of risk and urgent need for action were losing the race against time because species are disappearing faster than we can find and name them many of them could hold important clues for solving some of the most pressing challenges of medicine and even perhaps of the emerging and current pandemics we are seeing today

    there have been positive signs in the past few years more than 4000 species of plants and fungi were discovered in 2019 among these are potential future foods that could be a lifeline to millions of people on earth suffering from poverty and food insecurity professor antonelli stressed the importance of protecting these and all plant life on earth he said we would not be able to survive without plants and fungi  all life depends on them every time we lose a species we lose an opportunity for humankind the research was released on the day of a united nations summit aimed at addressing this issue leading scientists will meet and insist world leaders act against biodiversity loss

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Scientistshaverevealedthataroundtwo-fifthsoftheworld'splantsarea
    triskofextinction.Thisstarkwarningcomesfromapieceofresearchcalle
    dtheStateoftheWorld'sPlantsandFungi.Morethan200scientistsanaly
    sedthestateofplayoftheworld'sflorain42countries.Atopbotanist,Prof
    essorAlexandreAntonelli,said:"Wearelivinginanageofextinction.It's
    averyworryingpictureofriskandurgentneedforaction.We'relosingthe
    raceagainsttimebecausespeciesaredisappearingfasterthanwecanfin
    dandnamethem.Manyofthemcouldholdimportantcluesforsolvingso
    meofthemostpressingchallengesofmedicineandevenperhapsofthee
    mergingandcurrentpandemicsweareseeingtoday."Therehavebeenp
    ositivesignsinthepastfewyears.Morethan4,000speciesofplantsandf
    ungiwerediscoveredin2019.Amongthesearepotentialfuturefoodsth
    atcouldbealifelinetomillionsofpeopleonEarthsufferingfrompovertya
    ndfoodinsecurity.ProfessorAntonellistressedtheimportanceofprotec
    tingtheseandallplantlifeonEarth.Hesaid:"Wewouldnotbeabletosurvi
    vewithoutplantsandfungi–alllifedependsonthem.Everytimewelose
    aspecies,weloseanopportunityforhumankind."Theresearchwasrele
    asedonthedayofaUnitedNationssummitaimedataddressingthisissue
    .Leadingscientistswillmeetandinsistworldleadersactagainstbiodiver
    sityloss.

    Free writing

    Write about plant extinction for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    There is nothing we can do to stop plants from going extinct. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. PLANTS: Make a poster about plants. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. GROW YOUR OWN: Write a magazine article about all of us having to grow our own plants. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on plants. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to save plants. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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