The Reading / Listening - COVID-19 Vaccine - Level 3

In a year that has largely been full of bad and tragic news because of COVID-19, there is finally some good news. Scientists have announced a breakthrough in the fight against the virus. The scientists are from the U.S. drug company Pfizer and the German pharmaceutical company BioNTech. Their researchers say they have developed a vaccine that has a 90 per cent success rate in protecting against COVID-19. The researchers also say the vaccine does not cause serious side effects. Dr. Anthony Fauci, head of the USA's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said the vaccine was positive news. He said: "The results are really quite good, I mean extraordinary."



Health experts say it will be months before the vaccine is widely available for people to take. It needs to be stored at temperatures of -80º Celsius. However, Pfizer CEO Dr. Albert Bourla was upbeat about his company's achievement. He said: "Today is a great day for science and humanity....We are reaching this critical milestone in our vaccine development program at a time when the world needs it most." He added: "Infection rates are setting new records, hospitals are nearing over-capacity and economies are struggling to reopen. With today's news, we are a significant step closer to providing people around the world with a much-needed breakthrough to help bring an end to this global health crisis."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    COVID-19 Vaccine - Level 0 COVID-19 Vaccine - Level 1   or  COVID-19 Vaccine - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.latimes.com/opinion/story/2020-11-10/editorial-a-ray-of-hope-for-the-pandemics-end-in-2021
  • https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-03166-8
  • https://www.pfizer.com/news/press-release/press-release-detail/pfizer-and-biontech-announce-vaccine-candidate-against


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. COVID-19 VACCINE: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about COVID-19 vaccine. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       year / tragic / good news / breakthrough / virus / drug company / vaccine / positive /
       health / experts / temperatures / a great day / infection rates / hospitals / global crisis
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. BACK TO NORMAL: Students A strongly believe life will be back to normal soon; Students B strongly believe it will not. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. GOOD NEWS: What was the last good news you heard about these things? How did you feel? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Good News

How Did You Feel?

Friends

 

 

Family

 

 

English

 

 

Hobby

 

 

Your country

 

 

Your town

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. DRUG: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "drug". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. BREAKTHROUGHS: Rank these with your partner. Put the biggest breakthroughs at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • A cure for cancer
  • Zero emission cars
  • Ending dementia
  • Bases on Mars
  • Laser pens to seal wounds
  • Jet packs
  • Global wi-fi
  • Anti-ageing pills

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. tragic a. Unusually great.
      2. finally b. Something that is very, very, very sad.
      3. breakthrough c. The bad things that might happen to you if you take a drug, medicine or have medical treatment.
      4. pharmaceutical d. After a long time.
      5. side effects e. Relating to medicinal drugs, or their preparation, use, or sale.
      6. infectious f. A sudden, dramatic, and important discovery or development.
      7. extraordinary g. Of a disease (or something else) that can spread from person to person.

    Paragraph 2

      8. experts h. A person who has lots and lots and lots of knowledge of or skill in a particular area.
      9. available i. A time of intense difficulty, trouble, or danger.
      10. stored j. There and able to be used or got.
      11. upbeat k. Having difficulty managing, handling or coping with something.
      12. milestone l. Kept somewhere for future use.
      13. struggling m. Cheerful; optimistic; feeling positive about the future.
      14. crisis n. An action or event that is a big and important change or stage in development.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said the year 2020 has been only bad news.     T / F
  2. There is a COVID-19 vaccine from German and American companies.     T / F
  3. The article said the vaccine has a 90.2% success rate.     T / F
  4. A doctor of infectious diseases called the vaccine extraordinary.     T / F
  5. Health experts say the vaccine will be available within weeks.     T / F
  6. The vaccine has to be stored in temperatures just below freezing.     T / F
  7. A drug company CEO said it was a great day for science and humanity.   T / F
  8. The CEO said the global health crisis is now over.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. largely
  2. finally
  3. drug
  4. developed
  5. extraordinary
  6. experts
  7. stored
  8. upbeat
  9. significant
  10. crisis
  1. amazing
  2. created
  3. positive
  4. at last
  5. specialists
  6. emergency
  7. mainly
  8. important
  9. pharmaceutical
  10. kept

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. In a year that has largely been full
  2. there is finally
  3. a breakthrough in the fight
  4. researchers say they have
  5. the vaccine does not cause serious
  6. the vaccine is widely available
  7. stored at temperatures
  8. Today is a great day for science
  9. Infection rates are setting
  10. we are a significant step
  1. side effects
  2. developed a vaccine
  3. closer
  4. some good news
  5. and humanity
  6. of -80º Celsius
  7. of bad and tragic news
  8. new records
  9. against the virus
  10. for people to take

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
breakthrough
developed
extraordinary
tragic
Infectious
drug
largely
effects

In a year that has (1) _____________________ been full of bad and (2) _____________________ news because of COVID-19, there is finally some good news. Scientists have announced a (3) _____________________ in the fight against the virus. The scientists are from the U.S. (4) _____________________ company Pfizer and the German pharmaceutical company BioNTech. Their researchers say they have (5) _____________________ a vaccine that has a 90 per cent success rate in protecting against COVID-19. The researchers also say the vaccine does not cause serious side (6) _____________________. Dr. Anthony Fauci, head of the USA's National Institute of Allergy and (7) _____________________ Diseases, said the vaccine was positive news. He said: "The results are really quite good, I mean (8) _____________________."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
rates
stored
closer
milestone
experts
crisis
upbeat
struggling

Health (9) _____________________ say it will be months before the vaccine is widely available for people to take. It needs to be (10) _____________________ at temperatures of -80º Celsius. However, Pfizer CEO Dr. Albert Bourla was (11) _____________________ about his company's achievement. He said: "Today is a great day for science and humanity....We are reaching this critical (12) _____________________ in our vaccine development program at a time when the world needs it most." He added: "Infection (13) _____________________ are setting new records, hospitals are nearing over-capacity and economies are (14) _____________________ to reopen. With today's news, we are a significant step (15) _____________________ to providing people around the world with a much-needed breakthrough to help bring an end to this global health (16) _____________________."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) In a year that has largely been full of bad ______
     a.  and tragically news
     b.  and drudgery news
     c.  and traffic news
     d.  and tragic news
2)  finally some good news. Scientists have ______
     a.  announced a broke through
     b.  announced a breaking through
     c.  announced a break though
     d.  announced a breakthrough
3)  they have developed a vaccine that has a 90 per ______
     a.  cent success rate
     b.  cent successes rate
     c.  cent successful rate
     d.  cent suck cells rate
4)  The researchers also say the vaccine does not cause ______
     a.  serious side effects
     b.  serious side affects
     c.  serious side infects
     d.  serious side efforts
5)  He said: "The results are really quite good, ______."
     a.  I mean extraordinarily
     b.  I mean extra order nearing
     c.  I mean extraordinary
     d.  I mean ex-trade a nary

6)  Health experts say it will be months before the vaccine ______
     a.  is deeply available
     b.  is widely available
     c.  is shallowly available
     d.  is narrowly available
7)  He said: "Today is a great day for ______
     a.  science and human
     b.  science and humanity
     c.  science and humane
     d.  science and human natty
8)  needs it most." He added: "Infection rates are ______
     a.  setting new record
     b.  setting new recorders
     c.  setting new recordings
     d.  setting new records
9)  hospitals are nearing over-capacity and economies are ______
     a.  struggle in two reopen
     b.  struggle inn to reopen
     c.  struggling to reopen
     d.  struggling two reopen
10)  a much-needed breakthrough to help bring an end to this ______
     a.  globally health crises
     b.  global health crisis
     c.  global healthy crisis
     d.  global healthy crises

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

In a year that has largely been full of (1) ____________________ news because of COVID-19, there (2) ____________________ good news. Scientists have announced a breakthrough in the fight (3) ____________________. The scientists are from the U.S. drug company Pfizer and the German pharmaceutical company BioNTech. Their researchers say they have developed a vaccine that has a 90 per cent (4) ____________________ protecting against COVID-19. The researchers also say the vaccine does not cause (5) ____________________. Dr. Anthony Fauci, head of the USA's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said the vaccine was positive news. He said: "The results are (6) ____________________, I mean extraordinary."

Health experts say it will be months before the vaccine is (7) ____________________ people to take. It needs to (8) ____________________ temperatures of -80º Celsius. However, Pfizer CEO Dr. Albert Bourla was upbeat about his company's achievement. He said: "Today is a great day for (9) ____________________....We are reaching this critical milestone in our vaccine development program at a time when the world needs it most." He added: "(10) ____________________ setting new records, hospitals are nearing over-capacity and economies are struggling to reopen. With today's news, we (11) ____________________ step closer to providing people around the world with a much-needed breakthrough to help bring an end to this (12) ____________________."

Comprehension questions

  1. What kind of news did the article say this year has been largely full of?
  2. What two countries are the companies that developed the vaccine from?
  3. What kind of success rate does the vaccine have?
  4. What did the article say the vaccine does not cause?
  5. What did Dr. Fauci say about the results, in addition to "quite good"?
  6. How long did experts say it would be before the vaccine is available?
  7. At what temperature does the new vaccine need to be stored?
  8. What did Pfizer's CEO say "today" was a great day for?
  9. What did the CEO say was nearing over-capacity?
  10. What did the CEO say the vaccine could bring an end to?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What kind of news did the article say this year has been largely full of?
a) medical news
b) bad and tragic news
c) pandemic news
d) doom and gloom
2) What two countries are the companies that developed the vaccine from?
a) the USA and Canada
b) Canada and Japan
c) Japan and Germany
d) the USA and Germany
3) What kind of success rate does the vaccine have?
a) 90%
b) 60%
c) 70%
d) 80%
4) What did the article say the vaccine does not cause?
a) headaches
b) re-infections
c) serious side effects
d) a pandemic
5) What did Dr. Anthony Fauci say the results were beyond "quite good"?
a) rather good
b) extraordinary
c) not too bad
d) promising

6) How long did experts say it would be before the vaccine is available?
a) months
b) years
c) weeks
d) three months
7) At what temperature does the new vaccine need to be stored?
a) -90ºC
b) -60ºC
c) -80ºC
d) -70ºC
8) What did Pfizer's CEO say "today" was a great day for?
a) science and humanity
b) research and universities
c) hospitals and clinics
d) people worldwide
9) What did the CEO say was nearing over-capacity?
a) hospitals
b) the pandemic
c) research universities
d) his InBox
10) What did the CEO say the vaccine could bring an end to?
a) economic damage
b) worry
c) disease
d) the global health crisis

Role play

Role  A – A Cure For Cancer
You think a cure for cancer is the most important scientific breakthrough. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their breakthroughs aren't as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): zero-emission cars, bases on Mars or anti-ageing pills.

Role  B – Zero-Emission Cars
You think zero-emission cars is the most important scientific breakthrough. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their breakthroughs aren't as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): a cure for cancer, bases on Mars or anti-ageing pills.

Role  C – Bases On Mars
You think bases on Mars is the most important scientific breakthrough. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their breakthroughs aren't as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): zero-emission cars, a cure for cancer or anti-ageing pills.

Role  D – Anti-Ageing Pills
You think anti-ageing pills is the most important scientific breakthrough. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their breakthroughs aren't as important. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): zero-emission cars, bases on Mars or a cure for cancer.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'virus'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'vaccine'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • tragic
    • fight
    • drug
    • side
    • head
    • quite
    • months
    • upbeat
    • today
    • records
    • reopen
    • end




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - COVID-19 Vaccine

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'vaccine'?
    3. What do you think of this news?
    4. Has this news changed your life in any way?
    5. What do you know about COVID-19?
    6. What do you think of the year 2020?
    7. How worried are you about COVID-19?
    8. How has COVID-19 changed your life?
    9. Will you have the new vaccine?
    10. Would you be worried about the side effects of having the vaccine?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'COVID-19'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Who should be among the first people to get the vaccine?
    5. How big an achievement is the vaccine?
    6. How has COVID-19 affected your country's economy?
    7. What will you do once the COVID-19 crisis is over?
    8. What three adjectives best describe this story?
    9. What should the world learn from the COVID-19 pandemic?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the scientists?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    In a year that has (1) ____ been full of bad and tragic news because of COVID-19, there is (2) ____ some good news. Scientists have announced a breakthrough in the fight against the virus. The scientists are from the U.S. drug company Pfizer and the German pharmaceutical company BioNTech. Their researchers say they have (3) ____ a vaccine that has a 90 per cent success rate in protecting against COVID-19. The researchers also say the vaccine does not (4) ____ serious side effects. Dr. Anthony Fauci, (5) ____ of the USA's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said the vaccine was positive news. He said: "The results are really (6) ____ good, I mean extraordinary."

    Health experts say it will be (7) ____ before the vaccine is widely available for people to take. It needs to be stored at temperatures of -80º Celsius. However, Pfizer CEO Dr. Albert Bourla was (8) ____ about his company's achievement. He said: "Today is a great day (9) ____ science and humanity....We are reaching this critical milestone in our vaccine development program at a time when the world needs it most." He added: "Infection (10) ____ are setting new records, hospitals are nearing over-capacity and economies are (11) ____ to reopen. With today's news, we are a significant step closer to providing people around the world with a much-needed breakthrough to help bring an (12) ____ to this global health crisis."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     big     (b)     huge     (c)     larger     (d)     largely    
    2. (a)     finals     (b)     final     (c)     finality     (d)     finally    
    3. (a)     developing     (b)     developed     (c)     develop     (d)     develops    
    4. (a)     because     (b)     case     (c)     cause     (d)     caused    
    5. (a)     body     (b)     back     (c)     head     (d)     foot    
    6. (a)     quite     (b)     quit     (c)     quiet     (d)     quilt    
    7. (a)     monthly     (b)     months     (c)     moth     (d)     mount    
    8. (a)     upbeat     (b)     beat     (c)     beating     (d)     beats    
    9. (a)     at     (b)     for     (c)     on     (d)     of    
    10. (a)     dates     (b)     mates     (c)     rates     (d)     hates    
    11. (a)     struggled     (b)     struggles     (c)     struggling     (d)     struggle    
    12. (a)     conclusion     (b)     over     (c)     finish     (d)     end

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. full of bad and giartc news
    2. there is flnaily some good news
    3. urogkhteabrh in the fight against the virus
    4. a 90 per cent ceusscs rate
    5. csfeiinout diseases
    6. the vaccine was siipeovt news

    Paragraph 2

    1. Health setrexp say it will be months
    2. widely bliavelaa for people to take
    3. a great day for sieccen
    4. We are reaching this atciricl milestone
    5. economies are grsgngtuli to reopen
    6. bring an end to this global health csrsii

    Put the text back together

    (...)  say they have developed a vaccine that has a 90 per cent success rate in protecting against
    (...)  Health experts say it will be months before the vaccine is widely available for people to take. It needs to
    (...)  virus. The scientists are from the U.S. drug company Pfizer and the German pharmaceutical company BioNTech. Their researchers
    (...)  company's achievement. He said: "Today is a great day for science and humanity....We are reaching this critical
    1  ) In a year that has largely been full of bad and tragic news because of COVID-19, there is finally
    (...)  head of the USA's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said the vaccine
    (...)  milestone in our vaccine development program at a time when the world needs it most." He added: "Infection
    (...)  world with a much-needed breakthrough to help bring an end to this global health crisis."
    (...)  COVID-19. The researchers also say the vaccine does not cause serious side effects. Dr. Anthony Fauci,
    (...)  rates are setting new records, hospitals are nearing over-capacity and economies are struggling to
    (...)  some good news. Scientists have announced a breakthrough in the fight against the
    (...)  be stored at temperatures of -80º Celsius. However, Pfizer CEO Dr. Albert Bourla was upbeat about his
    (...)  was positive news. He said: "The results are really quite good, I mean extraordinary."
    (...)  reopen. With today's news, we are a significant step closer to providing people around the

    Put the words in the right order

    1. Bad   of   because   and   news   COVID-19   .   tragic
    2. breakthrough   have   announced   fight   .   Scientists   a   the   in
    3. drug   are   company   .   the   The   from   U.S.   scientists
    4. rate   against   A   success   protecting   COVID-19   .   in   90%
    5. side   cause   does   vaccine   effects   .   The   not   serious
    6. is   It's   widely   available   .   months   vaccine   before   the
    7. company's   achievement   .   Mr   about   his   was   upbeat   Bourla
    8. development   in   milestone   program   .   vaccine   critical   This   our
    9. He   infection   new   are   setting   records   .   rates   said
    10. global   Bring   this   an   crisis   .   end   to   health

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    In / On a year that has large / largely been full of bad and tragic news because of COVID-19, there is finally / final some good news. Scientists have announced a breakthrough in / on the fight against the virus. The scientists are from the U.S. drug company Pfizer and the German pharmaceutical company BioNTech. Their researchers saying / say they have developed a vaccine that has a 90 per cent succeed / success rate in protecting against COVID-19. The researchers also say the vaccine does not cause seriously / serious side effects. Dr. Anthony Fauci, body / head of the USA's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said the vaccine was / be positive news. He said: "The results / result are really quite good, I mean extraordinary."

    Health experts  / expects say it will be months before the vaccine is widely available for / from people to take. It needs to be stored of / at temperatures of -80º Celsius. However, Pfizer CEO Dr. Albert Bourla was beat / upbeat about his company's achievement. He said: "Today is a great day for science and human / humanity....We are reaching this critically / critical milestone in our vaccine development program at a time when the world needs it most / much." He added: "Infection rates are setting new records, hospitals are nearing over-capacity and / to economies are struggling to reopen. With today's news, we are a significant step closer of / to providing people around the world with a much-needed breakthrough to help bring an end to this global health crises / crisis."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    _n _ y__r th_t h_s l_rg_ly b__n f_ll _f b_d _nd tr_g_c n_ws b_c__s_ _f C_V_D-19, th_r_ _s f_n_lly s_m_ g__d n_ws. Sc__nt_sts h_v_ _nn__nc_d _ br__kthr__gh _n th_ f_ght _g__nst th_ v_r_s. Th_ sc__nt_sts _r_ fr_m th_ _.S. dr_g c_mp_ny Pf_z_r _nd th_ G_rm_n ph_rm_c__t_c_l c_mp_ny B__NT_ch. Th__r r_s__rch_rs s_y th_y h_v_ d_v_l_p_d _ v_cc_n_ th_t h_s _ 90 p_r c_nt s_cc_ss r_t_ _n pr_t_ct_ng _g__nst C_V_D-19. Th_ r_s__rch_rs _ls_ s_y th_ v_cc_n_ d__s n_t c__s_ s_r___s s_d_ _ff_cts. Dr. _nth_ny F__c_, h__d _f th_ _S_'s N_t__n_l _nst_t_t_ _f _ll_rgy _nd _nf_ct___s D_s__s_s, s__d th_ v_cc_n_ w_s p_s_t_v_ n_ws. H_ s__d: "Th_ r_s_lts _r_ r__lly q__t_ g__d, _ m__n _xtr__rd_n_ry."

    H__lth _xp_rts s_y _t w_ll b_ m_nths b_f_r_ th_ v_cc_n_ _s w_d_ly _v__l_bl_ f_r p__pl_ t_ t_k_. _t n__ds t_ b_ st_r_d _t t_mp_r_t_r_s _f -80º C_ls__s. H_w_v_r, Pf_z_r C__ Dr. _lb_rt B__rl_ w_s _pb__t _b__t h_s c_mp_ny's _ch__v_m_nt. H_ s__d: "T_d_y _s _ gr__t d_y f_r sc__nc_ _nd h_m_n_ty....W_ _r_ r__ch_ng th_s cr_t_c_l m_l_st_n_ _n __r v_cc_n_ d_v_l_pm_nt pr_gr_m _t _ t_m_ wh_n th_ w_rld n__ds _t m_st." H_ _dd_d: "_nf_ct__n r_t_s _r_ s_tt_ng n_w r_c_rds, h_sp_t_ls _r_ n__r_ng _v_r-c_p_c_ty _nd _c_n_m__s _r_ str_ggl_ng t_ r__p_n. W_th t_d_y's n_ws, w_ _r_ _ s_gn_f_c_nt st_p cl_s_r t_ pr_v_d_ng p__pl_ _r__nd th_ w_rld w_th _ m_ch-n__d_d br__kthr__gh t_ h_lp br_ng _n _nd t_ th_s gl_b_l h__lth cr_s_s."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    in a year that has largely been full of bad and tragic news because of covid19 there is finally some good news scientists have announced a breakthrough in the fight against the virus the scientists are from the us drug company pfizer and the german pharmaceutical company biontech their researchers say they have developed a vaccine that has a 90 per cent success rate in protecting against covid19 the researchers also say the vaccine does not cause serious side effects dr anthony fauci head of the usas national institute of allergy and infectious diseases said the vaccine was positive news he said the results are really quite good i mean extraordinary

    health experts say it will be months before the vaccine is widely available for people to take it needs to be stored at temperatures of 80 celsius however pfizer ceo dr albert bourla was upbeat about his companys achievement he said today is a great day for science and humanitywe are reaching this critical milestone in our vaccine development program at a time when the world needs it most he added infection rates are setting new records hospitals are nearing overcapacity and economies are struggling to reopen with todays news we are a significant step closer to providing people around the world with a muchneeded breakthrough to help bring an end to this global health crisis

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    InayearthathaslargelybeenfullofbadandtragicnewsbecauseofCOVI
    D-19,thereisfinallysomegoodnews.Scientistshaveannouncedabrea
    kthroughinthefightagainstthevirus.ThescientistsarefromtheU.S.dru
    gcompanyPfizerandtheGermanpharmaceuticalcompanyBioNTech.T
    heirresearcherssaytheyhavedevelopedavaccinethathasa90percent
    successrateinprotectingagainstCOVID-19.Theresearchersalsosayth
    evaccinedoesnotcauseserioussideeffects.Dr.AnthonyFauci,headoft
    heUSA'sNationalInstituteofAllergyandInfectiousDiseases,saidtheva
    ccinewaspositivenews.Hesaid:"Theresultsarereallyquitegood,Imea
    nextraordinary."Healthexpertssayitwillbemonthsbeforethevaccinei
    swidelyavailableforpeopletotake.Itneedstobestoredattemperatures
    of-80ºCelsius.However,PfizerCEODr.AlbertBourlawasupbeatabou
    thiscompany'sachievement.Hesaid:"Todayisagreatdayforsciencean
    dhumanity....Wearereachingthiscriticalmilestoneinourvaccinedevel
    opmentprogramatatimewhentheworldneedsitmost."Headded:"Infe
    ctionratesaresettingnewrecords,hospitalsarenearingover-capacit
    yandeconomiesarestrugglingtoreopen.Withtoday'snews,weareasig
    nificantstepclosertoprovidingpeoplearoundtheworldwithamuch-
    neededbreakthroughtohelpbringanendtothisglobalhealthcrisis."

    Free writing

    Write about COVID-19 vaccine for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    The world can get back to normal now there is a COVID-19 vaccine. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. COVID-19 VACCINE: Make a poster about COVID-19 vaccine. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. COMPULSORY VACCINE: Write a magazine article about making the COVID-19 vaccine compulsory - everyone must have it. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on COVID-19 vaccine. Ask him/her three questions about COVID-19 vaccine. Give him/her three of your ideas. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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