The Reading / Listening - Dragon Man - Level 3

Researchers in China have shown an ancient skull to the world for the first time. The skull could belong to a completely new species of humans that lived in Asia over 146,000 years ago. It could be from a group of humans that are the closest relatives to us. The researchers have nicknamed the person the skull came from "Dragon Man". It was originally found in the city of Harbin in 1933 but was kept hidden. The Japanese army occupied the city at the time. The Chinese worker who found the skull decided to keep it safe. He hid it at the bottom of his family's well. It stayed there for nearly 90 years. The man recently told his family about the skull before he died. His family located it and gave it to scientists.

Scientists say Dragon Man could greatly change our understanding of human evolution. They say it belonged to "a large-brained male in his 50s with deep-set eyes and thick eyebrow ridges". He looked more like today's humans than any other extinct members of the human family tree. The species Dragon Man belonged to is probably closer to modern-day humans than Neanderthals were. Researcher Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London described Dragon Man's group. He said: "This population would have been hunter-gatherers, living off the land. From the winter temperatures in Harbin today, it looks like they were coping with even harsher cold than the Neanderthals."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Dragon Man - Level 0 Dragon Man - Level 1   or  Dragon Man - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-57432104
  • https://asiatimes.com/2021/06/dragon-man-skull-offers-clues-to-human-evolution/
  • https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-01738-w
  • https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-021-01738-w


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice activities, drag and drop activities, sentence jumbles, which word activities, text reconstructions, spelling, gap fills and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)





Warm-ups

1. ANCIENT HUMANS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about ancient humans. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       researchers / ancient / skull / species / Asia / relatives / dragon / safe / army / family
       change / understanding / evolution / eyes / eyebrow / extinct / population / winter
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. 146,000 YEARS AGO: Students A strongly believe life was better 146,000 years ago than it is today; Students B strongly believe the opposite. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. FAMILY TREE: Put members of your family tree in the table? What have you learnt from them? What is the best thing they have done? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.


Members

What I Have Learnt

The Best Thing They've Done

1. _____________

 

 

2. _____________

 

 

3. _____________

 

 

4. _____________

 

 

5. _____________

 

 

6. _____________

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. HUMAN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "human". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. ANCIENT TIMES: Rank these with your partner. Put the best things about life thousands of years ago at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Environment
  • Food
  • Sleep
  • Family
  • No stress
  • No technology
  • No pollution
  • Fitness

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. ancient a. From or in the beginning; at first.
      2. species b. A person connected to another person by blood or marriage.
      3. relative c. A group of living things of the same kind that can produce young or exchange genes.
      4. nicknamed d. Found out where something was.
      5. originally e. Very, very, very old.
      6. hid f. Given a different name to the one someone or something already has.
      7. located g. Put somewhere so no-one can find or see it.

    Paragraph 2

      8. evolution h. The area of hair growing above a person's eye.
      9. eyebrow i. A particular group of people living in an area or country.
      10. extinct j. Managing to make a problem smaller.
      11. described k. Of a group of animals, plants, etc. having no living members.
      12. population l. How hot or cold something or someone is.
      13. temperature m. Reported on what something or someone looks, smells, feels, etc. like.
      14. coping n. The process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have changed from earlier forms.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. An ancient skull has been shown to the world for only the second time.   T / F
  2. The skull is over 140,000 years old.     T / F
  3. The skull was first found almost 90 years ago.     T / F
  4. A man hid the skull in a well belonging to his family.     T / F
  5. The skull could change how we think we evolved.     T / F
  6. The skull is of a teenager who had no eyebrows.     T / F
  7. The Neanderthals are still the closest relatives to humans.     T / F
  8. The skull belonged to a man who lived in very hot climates.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. ancient
  2. completely
  3. relatives
  4. hidden
  5. died
  6. evolution
  7. extinct
  8. population
  9. coping
  10. harsher
  1. more severe
  2. relations
  3. development
  4. surviving
  5. very, very old
  6. passed away
  7. inhabitants
  8. totally
  9. vanished
  10. concealed

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. a completely new species
  2. The researchers have nicknamed
  3. The Japanese army occupied the
  4. He hid it at the bottom of
  5. His family located it and
  6. greatly change our understanding
  7. a large-brained male in his 50s with
  8. family
  9. hunter-
  10. coping with even harsher
  1. of human evolution
  2. tree
  3. his family's well
  4. cold
  5. the person
  6. of humans
  7. gatherers
  8. gave it to scientists
  9. deep-set eyes
  10. city at the time

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
relatives
keep
originally
ancient
located
recently
humans
hidden

Researchers in China have shown an (1) _____________________ skull to the world for the first time. The skull could belong to a completely new species of (2) _____________________ that lived in Asia over 146,000 years ago. It could be from a group of humans that are the closest (3) _____________________ to us. The researchers have nicknamed the person the skull came from "Dragon Man". It was (4) _____________________ found in the city of Harbin in 1933 but was kept (5) _____________________. The Japanese army occupied the city at the time. The Chinese worker who found the skull decided to (6) _____________________ it safe. He hid it at the bottom of his family's well. It stayed there for nearly 90 years. The man (7) _____________________ told his family about the skull before he died. His family (8) _____________________ it and gave it to scientists.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
eyes
closer
greatly
land
evolution
cold
tree
described

Scientists say Dragon Man could (9) _____________________ change our understanding of human (10) _____________________. They say it belonged to "a large-brained male in his 50s with deep-set (11) _____________________ and thick eyebrow ridges". He looked more like today's humans than any other extinct members of the human family (12) _____________________. The species Dragon Man belonged to is probably (13) _____________________ to modern-day humans than Neanderthals were. Researcher Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London (14) _____________________ Dragon Man's group. He said: "This population would have been hunter-gatherers, living off the (15) _____________________. From the winter temperatures in Harbin today, it looks like they were coping with even harsher (16) _____________________ than the Neanderthals."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) Researchers in China have shown an ancient skull to the world for ______
     a.  the fast time
     b.  the first time
     c.  the thirst time
     d.  the flights time
2)  The skull could belong to a completely new ______
     a.  species off humans
     b.  species of humane
     c.  species of humanise
     d.  species of humans
3)  It could be from a group of humans that are the closest ______
     a.  relative to us
     b.  relatives to us
     c.  relatives two us
     d.  relatives tours
4)  The Chinese worker who found the skull decided to ______
     a.  keep it safe
     b.  keep pit safe
     c.  key pit safe
     d.  key pit it safety
5)  His family located it and gave ______
     a.  it two scientists
     b.  it too scientists
     c.  it twos scientists
     d.  it to scientists

6)  Scientists say Dragon Man could greatly change our understanding ______
     a.  of humane evolution
     b.  of humanly evolution
     c.  of humans evolution
     d.  of human evolution
7)  a large-brained male in his 50s with deep-set eyes and ______
     a.  flick eyebrow ridges
     b.  tick eyebrow ridges
     c.  think eyebrow ridges
     d.  thick eyebrow ridges
8)  today's humans than any other extinct members of the ______
     a.  human family three
     b.  human family treat
     c.  human family tree
     d.  human family tee
9)  This population would have been hunter-gatherers, living ______
     a.  of the land
     b.  off the land
     c.  off a land
     d.  offer land
10)  in Harbin today, it looks like they were coping with ______
     a.  even harshly cold
     b.  even harsh a cold
     c.  even harsher cold
     d.  even harsh accord

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Researchers in China have (1) ____________________ skull to the world for the first time. The skull could belong to a completely (2) ____________________ humans that lived in Asia over 146,000 years ago. It could be from a group of humans that are the (3) ____________________ us. The researchers have nicknamed the person the skull came from "Dragon Man". It was originally found in the city of Harbin in 1933 but was kept hidden. The Japanese (4) ____________________ city at the time. The Chinese worker who found the skull decided to keep it safe. He (5) ____________________ the bottom of his family's well. It stayed there for nearly 90 years. The man recently told his family about the skull before he died. His family located it and gave (6) ____________________.

Scientists say Dragon Man (7) ____________________ our understanding of human evolution. They say it belonged to "a large-brained male in his 50s with deep-set (8) ____________________ eyebrow ridges". He looked more like today's humans than any other extinct members of the human family tree. The species Dragon Man (9) ____________________ probably closer to modern-day humans than Neanderthals were. Researcher Chris Stringer of the (10) ____________________ in London described Dragon Man's group. He said: "This population would have (11) ____________________, living off the land. From the winter temperatures in Harbin today, it looks like they were coping with (12) ____________________ than the Neanderthals."

Comprehension questions

  1. How old is the skull?
  2. What is the nickname given to the man from whom the skull came?
  3. When was the skull originally found?
  4. Where did a man hide the skull?
  5. Who did the man's family give the skull to?
  6. What could the skull change our understanding of?
  7. How old was the man when he died?
  8. Who is probably our closest living ancestors?
  9. What did Dragon Man live off?
  10. What was very harsh in the area Dragon Man lived?




Multiple choice quiz

1) How old is the skull?
a) exactly 146,000 years old
b) over 146,000 years old
c) around 146,000 years old
d) less than 146,000 years old
2) What is the nickname given to the man from whom the skull came?
a) Bob
b) Bone Man
c) Man Dragon
d) Dragon Man
3) When was the skull originally found?
a) 9 years ago
b) 190 years ago
c) almost 90 years old
d) 19 years ago
4) Where did a man hide the skull?
a) in a well
b) in an attic
c) in a field
d) in a car

5) Who did the man's family give the skull to?
a) the army
b) scientists
c) a museum
d) doctors

6) What could the skull change our understanding of?
a) human evolution
b) Earth
c) DNA
d) China
7) How old was the man when he died?
a) 18
b) 48
c) in his 50s
d) 36
8) Who is probably our closest living ancestors?
a) Dragon Man
b) Dryopithecus
c) Neanderthals
d) chimpanzees
9) What did Dragon Man live off?
a) beans
b) junk food
c) the state
d) the land
10) What was very harsh in the area Dragon Man lived?
a) leather
b) rules
c) the cold
d) illnesses

Role play

Role  A – Food
You think food is the best thing about life thousands of years ago. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as great. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): no technology, family or environment.

Role  B – No Technology
You think no technology is the best thing about life thousands of years ago. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as great. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): food, family or environment.

Role  C – Family
You think family is the best thing about life thousands of years ago. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as great. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): no technology, food or environment.

Role  D – Environment
You think environment is the best thing about life thousands of years ago. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as great. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): no technology, family or food.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'dragon'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'skull'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • ancient
    • ago
    • nicknamed
    • army
    • hid
    • located
    • change
    • eyes
    • tree
    • closer
    • land
    • cold

    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Dragon Man

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'dragon'?
    3. How interested are you in ancient humans?
    4. What do you know about early humans?
    5. In what ways might life 146,000 years ago be better than now?
    6. What do you think of the name Dragon Man?
    7. How important is the 146,000-year-old skull?
    8. Who were our ancestors?
    9. What might we look like in 146,000 years from now?
    10. Do you think scientists should recreate Dragon Man using DNA?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'human'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you think of evolution?
    5. How might Dragon Man change our understanding of evolution?
    6. How far back can you trace your family tree?
    7. What do you know about Neanderthals?
    8. Should we all go back to being hunter-gatherers?
    9. How did people survive the cold thousands of years ago?
    10. What questions would you like to ask Dragon Man?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________

    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Researchers in China have shown an (1) ____ skull to the world for the first time. The skull could belong to a completely new species of humans that lived in Asia (2) ____ 146,000 years ago. It could be from a group of humans that are the closest relatives to (3) ____. The researchers have nicknamed the person the skull came from "Dragon Man". It was originally found in the city of Harbin in 1933 but was (4) ____ hidden. The Japanese army occupied the city at the time. The Chinese worker who found the skull decided to keep it safe. He (5) ____ it at the bottom of his family's well. It stayed there for nearly 90 years. The man recently told his family about the skull before he died. His family (6) ____ it and gave it to scientists.

    Scientists say Dragon Man could greatly change our understanding of human evolution. They say it (7) ____ to "a large-brained male in his 50s with deep-set eyes and thick eyebrow ridges". He looked more like today's humans than any other (8) ____ members of the human family tree. The species Dragon Man belonged to is probably closer to modern-day humans then Neanderthals were. Researcher Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London (9) ____ Dragon Man's group. He said: "This population would have been hunter-gatherers, living (10) ____ the land. From the winter (11) ____ in Harbin today, it looks like they were coping with even (12) ____ cold than the Neanderthals."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    (a)     ardent     (b)     ancient     (c)     about     (d)     added    
    (a)     above     (b)     over     (c)     more     (d)     higher    
    (a)     they     (b)     we     (c)     them     (d)     us    
    (a)     wept     (b)     kept     (c)     did     (d)     go    
    (a)     bid     (b)     did     (c)     lid     (d)     hid    
    (a)     mapped     (b)     mopped     (c)     located     (d)     electrocuted    
    (a)     belonged     (b)     stuck     (c)     joined     (d)     combined    
    (a)     district     (b)     nervous     (c)     extinct     (d)     tallish    
    (a)     estimated     (b)     forecast     (c)     explained     (d)     described    
    (a)     off     (b)     up     (c)     in     (d)     down    
    (a)     temperatures     (b)     degrees     (c)     fever     (d)     amount    
    (a)     harsher     (b)     usher     (c)     brasher     (d)     posher

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. belong to a mlceotepyl new species
    2. the closest rveastlie to us
    3. the person the uksll came from
    4. The Japanese army epcduico the city
    5. The man crleetyn told his family
    6. His family loadtce it

    Paragraph 2

    1. change our understanding of human evountilo
    2. thick eobewyr ridges
    3. ctxneti members of the human family tree
    4. bplyraob closer to modern-day humans
    5. winter tpmereausetr
    6. coping with even arsehrh cold

    Put the text back together

    (...)  closer to modern-day humans than Neanderthals were. Researcher Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum
    (...)  of humans that are the closest relatives to us. The researchers have nicknamed the person the skull came
    (...)  like they were coping with even harsher cold than the Neanderthals."
    (...)  than any other extinct members of the human family tree. The species Dragon Man belonged to is probably
    (...)  in London described Dragon Man's group. He said: "This population would have been hunter-
    1  ) Researchers in China have shown an ancient skull to the world for the first time. The skull could belong
    (...)  Scientists say Dragon Man could greatly change our understanding of human evolution. They say it belonged to "a large-
    (...)  occupied the city at the time. The Chinese worker who found the skull decided to keep
    (...)  told his family about the skull before he died. His family located it and gave it to scientists.
    (...)  brained male in his 50s with deep-set eyes and thick eyebrow ridges". He looked more like today's humans
    (...)  gatherers, living off the land. From the winter temperatures in Harbin today, it looks
    (...)  it safe. He hid it at the bottom of his family's well. It stayed there for nearly 90 years. The man recently
    (...)  to a completely new species of humans that lived in Asia over 146,000 years ago. It could be from a group
    (...)  from "Dragon Man". It was originally found in the city of Harbin in 1933 but was kept hidden. The Japanese army

    Put the words in the right order

    1. a   to   belong   The   new   could   skull   species   .
    2. the   to   closest   that   Humans   us   .   relatives   are
    3. time   .   army   at   The   the   city   occupied   the
    4. nearly   there   stayed   years   .   It   90   for
    5. told   about   the   his   family   man   skull   .   The
    6. evolution   .   change   Greatly   of   understanding   our   human
    7. human   extinct   of   the   family   members   tree   .   Other
    8. to   were   .   humans   than   modern-day   Neanderthals   Closer
    9. been   said   have   He   would   hunter-gatherers   .   this   population
    10. even   coping   with   They   were   cold   .   harsher

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Researchers in China have shown an anchor / ancient skull to the world for the first time. The skull could belong / billing to a completely new species of humans that loved / lived in Asia over 146,000 years ago. It could be from a group of humans / humane that are the closest relatives to them / us. The researchers have nicknamed the person the skull went / came from "Dragon Man". It was originally found in the city of Harbin in 1933 but was kept / wept hidden. The Japanese army occupied the city at the time. The Chinese worker who found the skull derided / decided to keep it safe. He hid it at the bottom of his family's well. It stayed there for / at nearly 90 years. The man recently told his family about the skull before / afore he died. His family located it and gave it to scientists.

    Scientists say Dragon Man could great / greatly change our understanding of human evolution. They say it belonged to "a large-brained mail / male in his 50s with deep-set eyes and sick / thick eyebrow ridges". He looked more like today's humans than any other exact / extinct members of the human family tree. The species Dragon Man belonged to is probably closer of / to modern-day humans than Neanderthals be / were. Researcher Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London inscribed / described Dragon Man's group. He said: "This population would have been / being hunter-gatherers, living off the / a land. From the winter temperatures in Harbin today, it looks like they were coping / coped with even harsher cold than the Neanderthals."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    R_s__rch_rs  _n  Ch_n_  h_v_  sh_wn  _n  _nc__nt  sk_ll  t_  th_  w_rld  f_r  th_  f_rst  t_m_.  Th_  sk_ll  c__ld  b_l_ng  t_  _  c_mpl_t_ly  n_w  sp_c__s  _f  h_m_ns  th_t  l_v_d  _n  _s__  _v_r  146,000  y__rs  _g_.  _t  c__ld  b_  fr_m  _  gr__p  _f  h_m_ns  th_t  _r_  th_  cl_s_st  r_l_t_v_s  t_  _s.  Th_  r_s__rch_rs  h_v_  n_ckn_m_d  th_  p_rs_n  th_  sk_ll  c_m_  fr_m  "Dr_g_n  M_n".  _t  w_s  _r_g_n_lly  f__nd  _n  th_  c_ty  _f  H_rb_n  _n  1933  b_t  w_s  k_pt  h_dd_n.  Th_  J_p_n_s_  _rmy  _cc_p__d  th_  c_ty  _t  th_  t_m_.  Th_  Ch_n_s_  w_rk_r  wh_  f__nd  th_  sk_ll  d_c_d_d  t_  k__p  _t  s_f_.  H_  h_d  _t  _t  th_  b_tt_m  _f  h_s  f_m_ly's  w_ll.  _t  st_y_d  th_r_  f_r  n__rly  90  y__rs.  Th_  m_n  r_c_ntly  t_ld  h_s  f_m_ly  _b__t  th_  sk_ll  b_f_r_  h_  d__d.  H_s  f_m_ly  l_c_t_d  _t  _nd  g_v_  _t  t_  sc__nt_sts.

    Sc__nt_sts  s_y  Dr_g_n  M_n  c__ld  gr__tly  ch_ng_  __r  _nd_rst_nd_ng  _f  h_m_n  _v_l_t__n.  Th_y  s_y  _t  b_l_ng_d  t_  "_  l_rg_-br__n_d  m_l_  _n  h_s  50s  w_th  d__p-s_t  _y_s  _nd  th_ck  _y_br_w  r_dg_s".  H_  l__k_d  m_r_  l_k_  t_d_y's  h_m_ns  th_n  _ny  _th_r  _xt_nct  m_mb_rs  _f  th_  h_m_n  f_m_ly  tr__.  Th_  sp_c__s  Dr_g_n  M_n  b_l_ng_d  t_  _s  pr_b_bly  cl_s_r  t_  m_d_rn-d_y  h_m_ns  th_n  N__nd_rth_ls  w_r_.  R_s__rch_r  Chr_s  Str_ng_r  _f  th_  N_t_r_l  H_st_ry  M_s__m  _n  L_nd_n  d_scr_b_d  Dr_g_n  M_n's  gr__p.  H_  s__d:  "Th_s  p_p_l_t__n  w__ld  h_v_  b__n  h_nt_r-g_th_r_rs,  l_v_ng  _ff  th_  l_nd.  Fr_m  th_  w_nt_r  t_mp_r_t_r_s  _n  H_rb_n  t_d_y,  _t  l__ks  l_k_  th_y  w_r_  c_p_ng  w_th  _v_n  h_rsh_r  c_ld  th_n  th_  N__nd_rth_ls."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    researchers in china have shown an ancient skull to the world for the first time the skull could belong to a completely new species of humans that lived in asia over 146000 years ago it could be from a group of humans that are the closest relatives to us the researchers have nicknamed the person the skull came from dragon man it was originally found in the city of harbin in 1933 but was kept hidden the japanese army occupied the city at the time the chinese worker who found the skull decided to keep it safe he hid it at the bottom of his familys well it stayed there for nearly 90 years the man recently told his family about the skull before he died his family located it and gave it to scientists

    scientists say dragon man could greatly change our understanding of human evolution they say it belonged to a largebrained male in his 50s with deepset eyes and thick eyebrow ridges he looked more like todays humans than any other extinct members of the human family tree the species dragon man belonged to is probably closer to modernday humans than neanderthals were researcher chris stringer of the natural history museum in london described dragon mans group he said this population would have been huntergatherers living off the land from the winter temperatures in harbin today it looks like they were coping with even harsher cold than the neanderthals

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    ResearchersinChinahaveshownanancientskulltotheworldforthefirst
    time.Theskullcouldbelongtoacompletelynewspeciesofhumansthatli
    vedinAsiaover146,000yearsago.Itcouldbefromagroupofhumanstha
    taretheclosestrelativestous.Theresearchershavenicknamedthepers
    ontheskullcamefrom"DragonMan".ItwasoriginallyfoundinthecityofH
    arbinin1933butwaskepthidden.TheJapanesearmyoccupiedthecityat
    thetime.TheChineseworkerwhofoundtheskulldecidedtokeepitsafe.H
    ehiditatthebottomofhisfamily'swell.Itstayedtherefornearly90years.
    Themanrecentlytoldhisfamilyabouttheskullbeforehedied.Hisfamilyl
    ocateditandgaveittoscientists.ScientistssayDragonMancouldgreatly
    changeourunderstandingofhumanevolution.Theysayitbelongedto"a
    large-brainedmaleinhis50swithdeep-seteyesandthickeyebrowridge
    s".Helookedmoreliketoday'shumansthananyotherextinctmemberso
    fthehumanfamilytree.ThespeciesDragonManbelongedtoisprobablyc
    losertomodern-dayhumansthanNeanderthalswere.ResearcherChr
    isStringeroftheNaturalHistoryMuseuminLondondescribedDragonMa
    n'sgroup.Hesaid:"Thispopulationwouldhavebeenhunter-gathere
    rs,livingofftheland.FromthewintertemperaturesinHarbintoday,itloo
    ksliketheywerecopingwithevenharshercoldthantheNeanderthals."

    Free writing

    Write about Dragon Man for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    It is important we know where we came from. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. ANCIENT HUMANS: Make a poster about ancient humans. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. RESEARCH: Write a magazine article about spending more money on researching ancient humans. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on ancient humans. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on them. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.





    A Few Additional Activities for Students

    Ask your students what they have read, seen or heard about this news in their own language. Students are likely to / may have have encountered this news in their L1 and therefore bring a background knowledge to the classroom.

    Get students to role play different characters from this news story.

    Ask students to keep track of this news and revisit it to discuss in your next class.

    Ask students to male predictions of how this news might develop in the next few days or weeks, and then revisit and discuss in a future class.

    Ask students to write a follow-up story to this news.

    Students role play a journalist and someone who witnessed or was a part of this news. Perhaps they could make a video of the interview.

    Ask students to keep a news journal in English and add this story to their thoughts.

    Also...

    Buy my 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers eBook. It has hundreds of ideas, activity templates, reproducible activities for:

    • News
    • Warm ups
    • Pre-reading / Post-reading
    • Using headlines
    • Working with words
    • While-reading / While-listening
    • Moving from text to speech
    • Post-reading / Post-listening
    • Discussions
    • Using opinions
    • Plans
    • Language
    • Using lists
    • Using quotes
    • Task-based activities
    • Role plays
    • Using the central characters in the article
    • Using themes from the news
    • Homework

    Buy my book

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    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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