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Little is known about geology of very centre of Earth. It was believed our planet had just one core – scorching hot mass of molten rock and gas surrounded by solid, rock mantle. The mantle is ring between the earth's crust and core. The core is found 2,900 kilometres below Earth's surface. It has radius of around 3,485 kilometres. Scientists from the University of Chicago have discovered that there may be second core deep below our feet. Research has led geophysicist Dr Sunyoung Park to believe there is another core. She analyzed data from 560-km-deep earthquake. Her calculations showed possibility of a second core, consisting of layer of fluid rock, at the bottom of the mantle.

After Dr Park studied deep earthquake, she spoke about why she found Earth's core so intriguing. She said: "Even though the mantle makes up largest part of Earth, there's still lot we don't know about it." She added: "There's lot more we can learn by using deep earthquakes as way to probe these questions." Ms Park explained importance of understanding more about the centre of our planet. She said: "We want to know exactly how fast mantle flows because that influences the evolution of entire Earth. It affects how much heat planet retains for how long, and how the Earth's materials are cycled over time. Our current understanding is very limited and includes a lot of assumptions."

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