Word Pairs


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Not having a [regular / regularly] sleeping pattern could have an adverse [affect / effect] on our health. So says a study published in The European Journal of Nutrition this week. The study [suggestive / suggests] irregular sleeping patterns could increase the [abundance / abundant] of harmful species of bacteria in [a / the] gut. Altering the time we sleep on workdays and at weekends causes [a / the] shift in our internal body clock. Researchers call this "social jet lag". It leads to a poorer quality [dietician / diet] , with a higher consumption of sugary [snacks / snack] , and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables. Study author and [nutritious / nutrition] scientist Dr Kate Bermingham said: "Social jet lag can encourage bacteria species which have unfavourable associations [with / within] your health."

The effects of social jet lag are like [those / them] of jetlag we get after long airline flights. Jet lag is [extreme / extremely] tiredness and other physical effects [caused / causing] by flying across different time zones. After a long flight, sufferers often [option / opt] for unhealthy [comfort / comfortable] foods. Social jet lag can be more problematic, as it is ingrained [on / in] our daily routines. It can elevate the risk of diabetes, heart problems, and weight [again / gain] . The researchers say a 90-minute difference between sleeping and waking times can send the body's biological rhythms [onto / into] disarray. Another nutritionist said: "[Maintaining / Maintenance] regular sleep patterns…is an easily adjustable lifestyle behaviour we can all do, that may impact your health via your gut…for the [well / better] ."

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