www.Breaking News English.com
ESL / EFL Lesson Plan on Rosa Parks

Home | About | Privacy Policy | Copyright | Links | Podcast | Donate

Civil rights icon Rosa Parks dies


 
    

Date: Oct 26, 2005
Level: Easier (Try the harder lesson.)
Downloads: Word Doc | PDF Doc | Listening
Audio: (1:36 - 188.2 KB - 16kbps)
 
1,000 IDEAS FOR ESL CLASSES: Breaking News English.com's e-Book

THE ARTICLE

Rosa Parks, the icon of the American civil rights movement, has died aged 92. Her refusal to give up her seat to a white man on an Alabama bus in 1955 started a revolution in the US civil rights movement. She was one of the first people to challenge America’s segregation laws. Ms Parks passed away in her sleep at her home in Detroit. She suffered from the effects of old age in recent years and was rarely seen in public. The mayor of Detroit praised her courage and strength. He said she was a symbol of the civil rights movement. He also said: “Just by a simple act of sitting down she stood up for so many people.”

Ms Parks is called the mother of America's civil rights movement. In 1955, she was a 42-year-old department store worker in Montgomery, Alabama. She caught a bus and sat down. Soon after, a white man got on and had to stand. The law required black passengers to make room for white passengers. Ms Parks refused to move, saying: “No. I'm tired of being treated like a second-class citizen.” She was arrested and fined $10. This incident sparked the famous bus boycott that lasted 381 days. It also led to the end of segregation laws throughout America’s South.

WARM-UPS

1. GREAT PERSON: Choose a great person in the world today. You are now that person. Walk around the class meeting the other “great people”. Introduce yourselves and chat about your lives, achievements and greatness. Which of you is greater?

2. FAMOUS AMERICANS: Below is a list of famous Americans. What do you know about them? Walk around the class and ask other students about them. After you have finished, sit down and share your findings. What interesting things did you find out?

  • Rosa Parks
  • Jesse Owens
  • Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Maya Angelou
  • Colin Powell
  • Michael Jackson
  • Malcolm X
  • Condoleezza Rice

3. CHAT: In pairs / groups, decide which of these topics or words are most interesting and which are most boring.

Icons / civil rights / white men / buses / revolutions / courts / old age / mothers / death / courage / strength / second-class citizens / boycotts / freedom

Have a chat about the topics you liked. For more conversation, change topics and partners frequently.

4. CIVIL RIGHTS: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with civil rights. Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

5. DISCRIMINATION: Have you ever been discriminated against? In pairs / groups, talk about how you would feel about suffering from the following forms of discrimination. How do you think each type of discrimination affects people’s feelings and lives?

  • Racism
  • Religious discrimination
  • Sexism
  • Sexual orientation discrimination
  • Ageism
  • Size, weigh and looks discrimination
  • Disability discrimination
  • Pregnancy discrimination

6. PREJUDICE: Does prejudice exist in your country? Describe it to your partner(s). In pairs / groups, talk about the kinds of prejudice you know about or have heard about around the world. Here are some countries you might want to talk about: Great Britain, America, Japan, China, France, Australia, India, South Africa, Brazil, Sudan...


 
 

BEFORE READING / LISTENING

1. TRUE / FALSE: Look at the article’s headline and guess whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F):

a.

Rosa Parks was an icon of America’s rights and wrongs movement.

T / F

b.

She was one of the first people to challenge segregation in the 1950s.

T / F

c.

She recently made many public appearances.

T / F

d.

Her simple act of standing up helped many people to sit down.

T / F

e.

She asked a white man on a bus if she could sit on his seat.

T / F

f.

U.S. law required black passengers to give their seats to white people.

T / F

g.

She was arrested and sent to prison for 381 days.

T / F

h.

Laws were changed in South America.

T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article:

a.

icon

sparked

b.

movement

space

c.

started

got on

d.

passed away

resulted in

e.

praised

died

f.

caught

shortly

g.

soon

campaign

h.

room

continued for

i.

lasted

symbol

j.

led to

hailed

3. PHRASE MATCH: Match the following phrases from the article (sometimes more than one combination is possible):

a.

American civil

and sat down

b.

give up

for so many people

c.

one of the

of old age

d.

she suffered from the effects

fined $10

e.

she stood up

her seat

f.

She caught a bus

a second-class citizen

g.

The law required black passengers

rights movement

h.

I'm tired of being treated like

to make room for white passengers

i.

She was arrested and

that lasted 381 days

j.

the famous bus boycott

first people


 
 

AFTER READING / LISTENING

ODD WORD OUT: Strike through the incorrect choice in each group of three italicized words.

Civil rights icon Rosa Parks dies

Rosa Parks, the icon / logo / symbol of the American civil rights movement, has died aged 92. Her refusal to give up her seat to a white man on an Alabama bus in 1955 sparked / started / finished a revolution in the US civil rights movie / campaign / movement. She was one of the first people to challenge America’s segregation laws. Ms Parks passed away / passed / died in her sleep at her home in Detroit. She suffered from the effects of old age in recent years and was rarely / hardly ever / really seen in public. The mayor of Detroit praised her courage and strength. He said she was a symbol of the civil rights movement. He also said: “Just by a simple act / action / acting of sitting down she stood up for so many people.”

Ms Parks is called / known as / highlighted the mother of America's civil rights movement. In 1955, she was a 42-year-old department store worker in Montgomery, Alabama. She caught / got on / crashed into a bus and sat down. Soon after, a white man got on and had to stand. The law required black passengers to make space / room / lounge for white passengers. Ms Parks refused to move, saying: “No. I'm tired of / fed up with / over the moon about being treated like a second-class citizen.” She was arrested and fined $10. This bus / incident / event sparked the famous bus boycott that lasted 381 days. It also resulted in / added up / led to the end of segregation laws throughout America’s South.

LISTENING

Listen and fill in the spaces.

Civil rights icon Rosa Parks dies

Rosa Parks, the icon of the American ______ rights movement, has died aged 92. Her refusal to give up her seat to a white man on an Alabama bus in 1955 started a revolution in the US civil ______ movement. She was one of the first people to __________ America’s segregation laws. Ms Parks passed away in her sleep at her home in Detroit. She suffered from the ________ of old age in recent years and was rarely seen in public. The mayor of Detroit praised her courage and strength. He said she was a ________ of the civil rights movement. He also said: “Just by a simple act of sitting down she _______ ___ _____ so many people.”

Ms Parks is called the mother of America's civil rights _________. In 1955, she was a 42-year-old department store worker in Montgomery, Alabama. She __________ __ ____ and sat down. Soon after, a white man got on and had to stand. The law required black passengers to _______ ________ for white passengers. Ms Parks refused to move, saying: “No. I'm tired of being _________ like a second-class citizen.” She was arrested and _______ $10. This incident sparked the famous bus boycott that lasted 381 days. It also led to the end of segregation _______ throughout America’s South.

AFTER READING / LISTENING

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionaries / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words ‘civil’ and ‘rights’.

  • Share your findings with your partners.
  • Make questions using the words you found.
  • Ask your partner / group your questions.

2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

  • Share your questions with other classmates / groups.
  • Ask your partner / group your questions.

3. ODD WORD OUT: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

5. STUDENT “CIVIL RIGHTS” SURVEY: In pairs / groups, write down questions about Rosa Parks and civil rights.

  • Ask other classmates your questions and note down their answers.
  • Go back to your original partner / group and compare your findings.
  • Make mini-presentations to other groups on your findings.

6. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall exactly how these were used in the text:

  • icon
  • refusal
  • challenge
  • suffered
  • strength
  • simple
  • mother
  • caught
  • stand
  • move
  • sparked
  • led to

DISCUSSION

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

  1. Did the headline make you want to read the article?
  2. What do you know about Rosa Parks?
  3. What do you think about her action in 1955?
  4. Which people stood up for others in your country?
  5. What do you know about America’s civil rights movement?
  6. Does everyone have equal civil rights in your country?
  7. Does you country have a civil rights movement?
  8. What does Rosa Parks’ example teach us?
  9. Do you think America should have a special Rosa Parks Day holiday?
  10. Have you ever stood up for your rights?

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

  1. Did you like reading this article?
  2. What do you think about what you read?
  3. What kinds of prejudice exist in your country?
  4. Do you totally believe that everyone is the same, whatever the color of their skin?
  5. Have you ever felt like a second-class citizen?
  6. Do you have any experiences of racism?
  7. What are the good and bad things that different races have done throughout history, or are doing now?
  8. What question would you like to have asked Rosa Parks?
  9. What do you think her reply would have been?
  10. Did you like this discussion?

AFTER DISCUSSION: Join another partner / group and tell them what you talked about.

  1. What question would you like to ask about this topic?
  2. What was the most interesting thing you heard?
  3. Was there a question you didn’t like?
  4. Was there something you totally disagreed with?
  5. What did you like talking about?
  6. Do you want to know how anyone else answered the questions?
  7. Which was the most difficult question?

SPEAKING

DISCRIMINATION: Your job is to educate the people in your country about discrimination and to help make it disappear. Write different examples of discrimination in the middle column and solutions to make these examples disappear in the right hand column.

EXAMPLES

SOLUTIONS

Racism

 

 

Sexism

 

 

Ageism

 

 

Disability discrimination

 

 

Religious discrimination

 

 

Sexual orientation discrimination

 

 

Change partners and discuss what you talked about earlier. Compare your ideas.

Decide together on the points that you think would be most effective in reducing discrimination in your society.

Give a presentation on your points to the rest of the class. Vote on the best one.

HOMEWORK

1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find more information on Rosa Parks. Share your findings with your class in the next lesson.

3. INEQUALITY: Make a poster describing the inequality in your country. Describe the actions your government must take to reduce inequality. Show your posters to your classmates in your next lesson. Did you all write similar things?

4. ANOTHER RACE: Write an essay describing the great things done by a race that is different from your own. Show what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all write about similar things?

ANSWERS

TRUE / FALSE:

a. F

b. T

c. F

d. F

e. F

f. T

g. F

h. F

SYNONYM MATCH:

a.

icon

symbol

b.

movement

campaign

c.

started

sparked

d.

passed away

died

e.

praised

hailed

f.

caught

got on

g.

soon

shortly

h.

room

space

i.

lasted

continued for

j.

led to

resulted in

PHRASE MATCH:

a.

American civil

rights movement

b.

give up

her seat

c.

one of the

first people

d.

she suffered from the effects

of old age

e.

she stood up

for so many people

f.

She caught a bus

and sat down

g.

The law required black passengers

to make room for white passengers

h.

I'm tired of being treated like

a second-class citizen

i.

She was arrested and

fined $10

j.

the famous bus boycott

that lasted 381 days

ODD WORD OUT:

Civil rights icon Rosa Parks dies

Rosa Parks, the icon / logo / symbol of the American civil rights movement, has died aged 92. Her refusal to give up her seat to a white man on an Alabama bus in 1955 sparked / started / finished a revolution in the US civil rights movie / campaign / movement. She was one of the first people to challenge America’s segregation laws. Ms Parks passed away / passed / died in her sleep at her home in Detroit. She suffered from the effects of old age in recent years and was rarely / hardly ever / really seen in public. The mayor of Detroit praised her courage and strength. He said she was a symbol of the civil rights movement. He also said: “Just by a simple act / action / acting of sitting down she stood up for so many people.”

Ms Parks is called / known as / highlighted the mother of America's civil rights movement. In 1955, she was a 42-year-old department store worker in Montgomery, Alabama. She caught / got on / crashed into a bus and sat down. Soon after, a white man got on and had to stand. The law required black passengers to make space / room / lounge for white passengers. Ms Parks refused to move, saying: “No. I'm tired of / fed up with / over the moon about being treated like a second-class citizen.” She was arrested and fined $10. This bus / incident / event sparked the famous bus boycott that lasted 381 days. It also resulted in / added up / led to the end of segregation laws throughout America’s South.

TOP



Copyright © 2005 by Sean Banville