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ESL / EFL Lesson Plan on Hangovers

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Hangover cures do not work


Date: Dec 25, 2005
Level: Harder (Try the easier lesson.)
Downloads: Word Doc | PDF Doc | Listening
Audio: (1:52 - 219.8 KB - 16kbps)
 
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THE ARTICLE

In what will come as a shock to party revelers the world over, a study in the British Medical Journal reports there is no cure for hangovers. The only effective way of avoiding the pounding headache and nausea is to practice abstinence or drink in moderation, researchers claim. Research leader Max Pittler of Exeter University in the U.K. found a lack of conclusive research into hangovers. He wrote: “The paucity of randomized controlled trials is in stark contrast to the plethora of ‘hangover cures’ marketed on the Internet.” His conclusion was plain and simple and perhaps little consolation for those feeling like death warmed up: “No compelling evidence exists to suggest that any conventional or complementary intervention is effective for preventing or treating alcohol hangover.”

Hangovers are costly to many businesses worldwide. They account for nearly $3.5 billion in lost wages every year in the UK alone. Unfortunately for hangover sufferers, the self-inflicted nature of symptoms brought on by excessive imbibing in alcohol are not accepted by employers as a legitimate ill. Workers are expected to nurse their headaches and soldier on through their day. Of even greater concern is the number of fatalities attributed to alcoholic poisoning. The researchers observed that the number of deaths caused by excessive drinking rises by 0.4 percent for every one percent increase in liquor sales. Aside from the magical hangover cure, researchers need to ascertain why the debilitating effects of hangovers do not deter further over-drinking.

WARM-UPS

1. DRUNKS: What do you think of drunks? Do you think being drunk is acceptable social behavior? Why is drunkenness accepted in some countries but not others? How would you explain alcohol and drunkenness to an alien?

2. CURES: What do you do / suggest for a hangover? With your partner(s), talk about the “cures” below. Are they effective? Why do people recommend them?

  • Abstinence
  • Sleep
  • Headache pills
  • Lots of water
  • Coffee
  • Hair of the dog (more alcohol)
  • Multivitamins
  • Shower

3. CHAT: In pairs / groups, decide which of these topics or words are most interesting and which are most boring.

Shocks / party revelers / hangover cures / pounding headaches / nausea / abstinence / sick days / alcoholic poisoning / nurses / excessive drinking / magic

Have a chat about the topics you liked. For more conversation, change topics and partners frequently.

4. EFFECTS: A hangover is just one of the effects or consequences of over-drinking. Talk about these other effects. Are they good reasons to ban alcohol as a dangerous drug? What can be done to limit the damage caused by alcohol?

  1. Drunk drivers kill millions of people around the world every year.
  2. Alcohol-related illnesses are a massive drain on public health services.
  3. Domestic violence increases because of alcohol.
  4. Soccer hooliganism stems from alcohol.
  5. Reduced worker productivity from hangovers dampens productivity.
  6. Underage drinking is on the increase.
  7. Women who drink while pregnant damage their unborn baby’s health.

5. ALCOHOL OPINIONS: How far do you agree with these opinions?

  1. Alcohol should be classified as a dangerous drug.
  2. The fact that drunkenness is socially acceptable reflects badly on society.
  3. It is sad that people need to drink to have a good time.
  4. Drunks are obnoxious.
  5. People have no right to abuse their bodies by drinking alcohol.
  6. If a worker cannot work well due to a hangover, he/she should lose pay.
  7. It’s strange that alcohol is legal but marijuana is illegal.
  8. Alcohol increases sexual promiscuity, STDs and unwanted pregnancies.

6. HANGOVER: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word “hangover”. Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.


 
 

BEFORE READING / LISTENING

1. TRUE / FALSE: Look at the article’s headline and guess whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F):

a.

The Weekly Hangover Journal said there are no cures for hangovers.

T / F

b.

Abstinence or moderation are the only ways of staying hangover-free.

T / F

c.

There is a plethora of hangover “cures” on the Internet.

T / F

d.

A lot of compelling evidence exists to suggest we can treat hangovers.

T / F

e.

Workers with hangovers lose businesses billions of dollars each year.

T / F

f.

Most employers will turn a blind eye to workers with a hangover.

T / F

g.

Soldiers can go to a special hangover nurse when they over-imbibe.

T / F

h.

A hangover is the most effective deterrent to prevent over-drinking.

T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article:

a.

party revelers

avoidance

b.

pounding

incapacitating

c.

abstinence

dearth

d.

paucity

care for

e.

stark

party animals

f.

plethora

avert

g.

imbibing

drinking

h.

nurse

thumping

i.

debilitating

absolute

j.

deter

profusion

3. PHRASE MATCH: Match the following phrases from the article (sometimes more than one combination is possible):

a.

come as a shock to party revelers

abstinence or drink in moderation

b.

avoiding the pounding

nature of symptoms

c.

practice

like death warmed up

d.

in stark contrast to the

headache and nausea

e.

little consolation for those feeling

effects of hangovers

f.

the self-inflicted

further over-drinking

g.

nurse their headaches and soldier

the world over

h.

the number of fatalities attributed

on through their day

i.

the debilitating

plethora of ‘hangover cures’

j.

hangovers do not deter

to alcoholic poisoning

WHILE READING / LISTENING

GAP FILL: Put the words in the column on the right into the gaps in the text.

Hangover cures do not work

In what will come as a ________ to party revelers the world ________, a study in the British Medical Journal reports there is no cure for hangovers. The only ________ way of avoiding the pounding headache and ________ is to practice abstinence or drink in moderation, researchers claim. Research leader Max Pittler of Exeter University in the U.K. found a lack of conclusive research into hangovers. He wrote: “The ________ of randomized controlled trials is in stark contrast to the ________ of ‘hangover cures’ marketed on the Internet.” His conclusion was plain and simple and perhaps little consolation for those feeling like ________ warmed up: “No ________ evidence exists to suggest that any conventional or complementary intervention is effective for preventing or treating alcohol hangover.”

 

 

paucity
over
nausea
compelling
shock
death
effective
plethora

Hangovers are ________ to many businesses worldwide. They account for nearly $3.5 billion in lost wages every year in the UK ________. Unfortunately for hangover sufferers, the self-________ nature of symptoms brought on by excessive imbibing in alcohol are not accepted by employers as a ________ ill. Workers are expected to nurse their headaches and ________ on through their day. Of even greater concern is the number of fatalities attributed to alcoholic ________. The researchers observed that the number of deaths caused by excessive drinking rises by 0.4 percent for every one percent increase in liquor sales. Aside from the ________ hangover cure, researchers need to ascertain why the debilitating effects of hangovers do not ________ further over-drinking.

 

 

poisoning
legitimate
alone
deter
costly
magical
inflicted
soldier

LISTENING

Listen and fill in the spaces.

Hangover cures do not work

In what will come as a shock to party __________ the world over, a study in the British Medical Journal reports there is no cure for hangovers. The only effective way of avoiding the __________ headache and nausea is to practice __________ or drink in moderation, researchers claim. Research leader Max Pittler of Exeter University in the U.K. found a lack of conclusive research into hangovers. He wrote: “The __________ of randomized controlled trials is in stark contrast to the __________ of ‘hangover cures’ marketed on the Internet.” His conclusion was plain and simple and perhaps little consolation for those feeling like death _______ ___: “No compelling evidence exists to suggest that any conventional or complementary intervention is ___________ for preventing or treating alcohol hangover.”

Hangovers are costly to many businesses worldwide. They ___________ for nearly $3.5 billion in lost wages every year in the UK alone. Unfortunately for hangover sufferers, the self-___________ nature of symptoms brought on by excessive imbibing in alcohol are not accepted by employers as a ___________ ill. Workers are expected to nurse their headaches and ________ ___ through their day. Of even greater concern is the number of fatalities attributed to alcoholic ___________. The researchers observed that the number of deaths caused by ___________ drinking rises by 0.4 percent for every one percent increase in liquor sales. Aside from the magical hangover cure, researchers need to ascertain why the ___________ effects of hangovers do not deter further over-drinking.


 
 

AFTER READING / LISTENING

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionaries / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words ‘hang’ and ‘over’.

  • Share your findings with your partners.
  • Make questions using the words you found.
  • Ask your partner / group your questions.

2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

  • Share your questions with other classmates / groups.
  • Ask your partner / group your questions.

3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

5. STUDENT “HANGOVER” SURVEY: In pairs / groups, write down questions about alcohol, drinking, drunkenness and hangovers.

  • Ask other classmates your questions and note down their answers.
  • Go back to your original partner / group and compare your findings.
  • Make mini-presentations to other groups on your findings.

6. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall exactly how these were used in the text:

  • shock
  • avoiding
  • lack
  • stark
  • death
  • compelling
  • costly
  • alone
  • ill
  • soldier
  • 0.4 percent
  • debilitating

DISCUSSION

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

  1. Did the headline make you want to read the article?
  2. What do you know about hangovers?
  3. Why do you think scientists know so little about hangovers?
  4. Do you need alcohol or any other drug to help you have a good time at a party?
  5. Why do you think many societies accept alcohol when it causes so much social harm?
  6. Do you think workers should lose pay if their performance decreases because of a hangover?
  7. Why do you think people keep suggesting “cures” for hangovers when none of them works?
  8. Do you ever get bad headaches?
  9. Do you think people who drink regularly should pay more for medical insurance?
  10. Whose fault is it that underage drinking is on the increase?

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

  1. Did you like reading this article?
  2. What do you think about what you read?
  3. What do you think of people who complain about having a hangover?
  4. What do you think of drunk people?
  5. Do you think alcohol should be banned?
  6. Have you ever felt like death warmed up?
  7. What do you think the penalty should be for drunk driving?
  8. Do you think alcohol is a more or less dangerous drug than marijuana?
  9. Why do you think that having pounding headaches and nausea does not deter people from repeatedly over-drinking?
  10. Did you like this discussion?

AFTER DISCUSSION: Join another partner / group and tell them what you talked about.

  1. What was the most interesting thing you heard?
  2. Was there a question you didn’t like?
  3. Was there something you totally disagreed with?
  4. What did you like talking about?
  5. Which was the most difficult question?

SPEAKING

DRUNK CRIMES: In pairs / groups, decide on the appropriate penalty for the “drunk crimes” in the table:

 

“DRUNK CRIME”

PENALTY
 

1.

Having a hangover that slows you down at work or in school

 

2.

Singing loudly in a built-up area

 

3.

Peeing or vomiting in the street

 

4.

Drunk driving

 

5.

Having unprotected sex with a stranger

 

6.

Domestic violence

 

7.

Having smelly breath the next day

 

8.

Hooliganism or vandalism

 

9.

Sleeping in the park or on the beach

 

10.

Asking people who don’t drink to have a drink

 

Change partners and tell you new partner(s) the penalties you decided with your old partner(s).

Combine your penalties to ones you both / all agree on.

HOMEWORK

1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find more information on cures for hangovers. Share your findings with your class in the next lesson. Did you all find out similar things?

3. HEADACHE HISTORY: Write about the most memorable headaches you’ve had – alcohol induced or otherwise. What did you do to relieve the pain? Show what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar ideas for cures?

4. MY CULTURE: Write a short essay on the part alcohol plays in your culture. Do you think this is a good or bad thing? Show what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Did everyone write about similar things?

ANSWERS

TRUE / FALSE:

a. F

b. T

c. T

d. F

e. T

f. F

g. F

h. F

SYNONYM MATCH:

a.

pounding

thumping

b.

abstinence

avoidance

c.

paucity

dearth

d.

stark

absolute

e.

plethora

profusion

f.

imbibing

drinking

g.

nurse

care for

h.

soldier on

persevere

i.

debilitating

incapacitating

j.

deter

avert

PHRASE MATCH:

a.

come as a shock to party revelers

the world over

b.

avoiding the pounding

headache and nausea

c.

practice

abstinence or drink in moderation

d.

in stark contrast to the

plethora of ‘hangover cures’

e.

little consolation for those feeling

like death warmed up

f.

the self-inflicted

nature of symptoms

g.

nurse their headaches and soldier

on through their day

h.

the number of fatalities attributed

to alcoholic poisoning

i.

the debilitating

effects of hangovers

j.

hangovers do not deter

further over-drinking

GAP FILL:

Hangover cures do not work

In what will come as a shock to party revelers the world over, a study in the British Medical Journal reports there is no cure for hangovers. The only effective way of avoiding the pounding headache and nausea is to practice abstinence or drink in moderation, researchers claim. Research leader Max Pittler of Exeter University in the U.K. found a lack of conclusive research into hangovers. He wrote: “The paucity of randomized controlled trials is in stark contrast to the plethora of ‘hangover cures’ marketed on the Internet.” His conclusion was plain and simple and perhaps little consolation for those feeling like death warmed up: “No compelling evidence exists to suggest that any conventional or complementary intervention is effective for preventing or treating alcohol hangover.”

Hangovers are costly to many businesses worldwide. They account for nearly $3.5 billion in lost wages every year in the UK alone. Unfortunately for hangover sufferers, the self-inflicted nature of symptoms brought on by excessive imbibing in alcohol are not accepted by employers as a legitimate ill. Workers are expected to nurse their headaches and soldier on through their day. Of even greater concern is the number of fatalities attributed to alcoholic poisoning. The researchers observed that the number of deaths caused by excessive drinking rises by 0.4 percent for every one percent increase in liquor sales. Aside from the magical hangover cure, researchers need to ascertain why the debilitating effects of hangovers do not deter further over-drinking.

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Copyright © 2005 by Sean Banville