The Reading / Listening - Level 5

Researchers predicted in a new report that by 2050, half of the world's population will be short-sighted. The medical name for this condition is myopia. It is also known as near-sightedness. It is when it becomes difficult to see things that are far away from us. Around 4.8 billion people will have myopia in 2050 – seven times more than in the year 2000. Sixty years ago, around 15 per cent of the Chinese population was short-sighted. Now, almost 90 per cent of young Chinese have trouble seeing faraway objects. Up to 95 per cent of teenagers in South Korea are near-sighted.



The researchers did not give definite reasons for this. They said it was a combination of factors. They said looking at computer screens and mobile phones could be a big cause. The sudden rise in myopia may be linked to "lifestyle changes resulting from a combination of decreased time outdoors". A science journalist said, "spending time outdoors, especially in early childhood, reduces the onset of myopia". A co-author of the report, gave some advice: "You could spend a long time [on] computers and screens, but also spend two hours outdoors."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Level 4 or  Level 6

Sources
  • http://www.sciencealert.com/half-the-world-s-population-will-be-short-sighted-by-2050
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myopia
  • http://www.treehugger.com/family/remarkable-reason-why-nearsightedness-has-more-doubled-50-years.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



The Activities

MATCHING

PARAGRAPH ONE:

1.

The medical name for this

a.

times more

2.

It is also known

b.

seeing faraway objects

3.

difficult to see things that are

c.

year 2000

4.

seven

d.

95% of teenagers

5.

in the

e.

as near-sightedness

6.

15 per cent of

f.

condition is myopia

7.

have trouble

g.

the Chinese population

8.

Up to

h.

far away from us



MY e-BOOK
See a sample

PARAGRAPH TWO:

1.

The researchers did not give definite

a.

be a big cause

2.

They said it was a combination

b.

author of the report

3.

mobile phones could

c.

childhood

4.

The sudden rise

d.

of factors

5.

decreased time

e.

time on computers

6.

especially in early

f.

outdoors

7.

A co-

g.

reasons for this

8.

spend a long

h.

in myopia

LISTEN AND FILL IN THE GAPS

Researchers predicted (1) ___________________ that by 2050, half of the world's population will be short-sighted. The medical name (2) ___________________ is myopia. It is also known as near-sightedness. It is when it becomes difficult to see things that (3) ___________________ us. Around (4) ___________________ will have myopia in 2050 – (5) ___________________ than in the year 2000. Sixty years ago, around 15 per cent of the Chinese population was short-sighted. Now, almost 90 per cent of young Chinese have trouble (6) ___________________. Up to 95 per cent of teenagers in South Korea are near-sighted.

The researchers did (7) ___________________ reasons for this. They said it was a (8) ___________________. They said looking at computer screens and mobile phones could be a big cause. (9) ___________________ myopia may be linked to "lifestyle changes (10) ___________________ combination of decreased time outdoors". A science journalist said, "spending time outdoors, especially in early childhood, (11) ___________________ of myopia". A (12) ___________________ report, gave some advice: "You could spend a long time [on] computers and screens, but also spend two hours outdoors."





SHORT-SIGHTEDNESS SURVEY

Write five GOOD questions about short-sightedness in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper.

When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

 

STUDENT 1

_____________

STUDENT 2

_____________

STUDENT 3

_____________

Q.1.

 

 

 

 

Q.2.

 

 

 

 

Q.3.

 

 

 

 

Q.4.

 

 

 

 

Q.5.

 

 

 

 

  • Now return to your original partner and share and talk about what you found out. Change partners often.
  • Make mini-presentations to other groups on your findings.

WRITE QUESTIONS & ASK YOUR PARTNER(S)

Student A: Do not show these to your speaking partner(s).

a)

________________________________________________________

b)

________________________________________________________

c)

________________________________________________________

d)

________________________________________________________

e)

________________________________________________________

f)

________________________________________________________

g)

________________________________________________________

h)

________________________________________________________

 



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Student B: Do not show these to your speaking partner(s).

a)

________________________________________________________

b)

________________________________________________________

c)

________________________________________________________

d)

________________________________________________________

e)

________________________________________________________

f)

________________________________________________________

g)

________________________________________________________

h)

________________________________________________________

FREE WRITING

Write about short-sightedness for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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