The Reading / Listening - Level 6

Voters in Switzerland have overwhelmingly rejected a proposal that would have meant introducing a guaranteed basic monthly income for all citizens. The referendum took place on Sunday and resulted in almost 77 per cent of voters opposing the plan. The idea was to provide a minimum salary to those who have been a citizen for at least five years, whether they worked or not. It was suggested the monthly amount could be around $2,500. The group behind the proposal argued that the initiative was necessary to overhaul Switzerland's social welfare system. A spokesperson said it would help fight poverty and inequality. He added that it would provide a top-up for people who earned less than the minimum wage.



Supporters of the plan argued that because work was becoming increasingly automated across Switzerland, there were fewer jobs available for workers. Che Wagner from the campaign group Basic Income Switzerland argued that the monthly income would not be money for nothing. He said: "In Switzerland, over 50 per cent of total work that is done is unpaid. It's care work. It's at home. It's in different communities, so that work would be more valued with a basic income." Opponents said it would cause the country many immigration problems. Luzi Stamm from the Swiss People's Party said: "You would have billions of people who would try to move into Switzerland."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Level 4  or  Level 5

Sources
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-36454060
  • http://money.cnn.com/2016/06/05/news/economy/switzerland-basic-income-referendum/
  • http://www.expatica.com/ch/news/Swiss-say-no-thanks-to-basic-income-for-all_696861.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. MONTHLY SALARY: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about monthly salary. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       voters / rejected / proposal / income / referendum / minimum / salary / welfare /
       supporters / automated / workers / Switzerland / communities / opponents / billions

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. EQUAL PAY: Students A strongly believe everyone should get the same salary; Students B strongly believe this would be stupid. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. MINIMUM: What should be the minimum that a country gives its citizens? Talk about these things with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

  • Salary
  • Unemployment benefit
  • Healthcare
  • Education
  • Housing
  • Business start-up help
MY e-BOOK
See a sample

5. VOTE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "vote". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. FREE: Rank these with your partner. Put the things a government should provide for free at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • housing for the homeless
  • bus passes for the elderly
  • water
  • Internet
  • healthcare
  • school milk
  • passports
  • university education

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Nearly 77% of Swiss voters voted no to a free salary for all.     T / F
  2. The scheme was only for Swiss people who are citizens by birth.     T / F
  3. The suggested free monthly salary was around $2,500.     T / F
  4. People who were already working would not get any of the salary.     T / F
  5. Supporters argued that automation meant a free salary was necessary.   T / F
  6. A campaign group said the money would not be for nothing.     T / F
  7. The group said 25% of all work done in Switzerland was unpaid.     T / F
  8. The Swiss People's Party said millions would move to Switzerland.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. rejected
  2. referendum
  3. initiative
  4. overhaul
  5. earned
  6. supporters
  7. increasingly
  8. unpaid
  9. communities
  10. problems
  1. revamp
  2. free
  3. was paid
  4. more and more
  5. plan
  6. neighbourhoods
  7. said no to
  8. complications
  9. public vote
  10. backers

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. overwhelmingly
  2. provide a minimum
  3. overhaul Switzerland's social
  4. help fight poverty
  5. a top-up for people who earned less than
  6. work was becoming increasingly
  7. money for
  8. It's care
  9. immigration
  10. billions
  1. welfare system
  2. the minimum wage
  3. problems
  4. of people
  5. salary
  6. rejected a proposal
  7. work
  8. automated
  9. nothing
  10. and inequality

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
citizen
poverty
proposal
opposing
earned
guaranteed
overhaul
behind

Voters in Switzerland have overwhelmingly rejected a (1) ____________ that would have meant introducing a (2) ____________ basic monthly income for all citizens. The referendum took place on Sunday and resulted in almost 77 per cent of voters (3) ____________ the plan. The idea was to provide a minimum salary to those who have been a (4) ____________ for at least five years, whether they worked or not. It was suggested the monthly amount could be around $2,500. The group (5) ____________ the proposal argued that the initiative was necessary to (6) ____________ Switzerland's social welfare system. A spokesperson said it would help fight (7) ____________ and inequality. He added that it would provide a top-up for people who (8) ____________ less than the minimum wage.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
unpaid
increasingly
valued
communities
nothing
immigration
campaign
billions

Supporters of the plan argued that because work was becoming (9) ____________ automated across Switzerland, there were fewer jobs available for workers. Che Wagner from the (10) ____________ group Basic Income Switzerland argued that the monthly income would not be money for (11) ____________. He said: "In Switzerland, over 50 per cent of total work that is done is (12) ____________. It's care work. It's at home. It's in different (13) ____________, so that work would be more (14) ____________ with a basic income." Opponents said it would cause the country many (15) ____________ problems. Luzi Stamm from the Swiss People's Party said: "You would have (16) ____________ of people who would try to move into Switzerland."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Voters in Switzerland have overwhelmingly _______
     a.  rejected the proposal
     b.  rejection a proposal
     c.  rejected a proposal
     d.  reject it a proposal

2) took place on Sunday and resulted in almost 77 per cent of voters ______
     a.  oppose in the plan
     b.  opposed in a plan
     c.  opposing a plan
     d.  opposing the plan

3)  those who have been a citizen for at least five years, whether they ______
     a.  worked or not
     b.  worked nor not
     c.  worked or not nor
     d.  worked or no

4)  the initiative was necessary to overhaul Switzerland's social ______
     a.  well fare system
     b.  welfare systems
     c.  welfare system
     d.  well fair systems

5)  it would provide a top-up for people who earned less than ______
     a.  the minimal wage
     b.  the minimum waged
     c.  a minimum wage
     d.  the minimum wage

6)  Supporters of the plan argued that because work was becoming ______
     a.  increasingly automated
     b.  increasingly automate it
     c.  increasing automated
     d.  increasingly automates it

7)  argued that the monthly income would not be ______
     a.  money for no thing
     b.  money for something
     c.  money for nothing
     d.  money for  some thing

8)  In Switzerland, over 50 per cent of total work that is ______
     a.  done is non-paid
     b.  done is unpaid
     c.  done was unpaid
     d.  done was non-paid

9)  It's in different communities, so that work would be more valued with ______
     a.  a basic income
     b.  a basics income
     c.  a basically income
     d.  a bay sick income

10)  You would have billions of people who would try to ______
     a.  move onto Switzerland
     b.  move unto Switzerland
     c.  moving to Switzerland
     d.  move into Switzerland

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Voters in Switzerland have overwhelmingly (1) ___________________ that would have meant introducing a (2) ___________________ monthly income for all citizens. The referendum took place on Sunday and resulted in almost 77 per cent (3) ___________________ the plan. The idea was to provide a minimum salary to those who have (4) ___________________ at least five years, whether they worked or not. It was suggested the monthly amount could be around $2,500. The group behind the proposal argued that the (5) ___________________ to overhaul Switzerland's social welfare system. A spokesperson said it would help fight poverty and inequality. He added that it would provide a top-up for people (6) ___________________ than the minimum wage.

Supporters of the plan argued that because work was becoming increasingly (7) ___________________ Switzerland, there were fewer jobs available for workers. Che Wagner from (8) ___________________ Basic Income Switzerland argued that the (9) ___________________ would not be money for nothing. He said: "In Switzerland, over 50 per cent of total work that is done is unpaid. It's care work. It's at home. It's in (10) ________________, so that work would be more valued with a basic income." Opponents said it would cause the country (11) ___________________ problems. Luzi Stamm from the Swiss People's Party said: "You would have (12) _______________ who would try to move into Switzerland."

Comprehension questions

  1. What did voters reject that was guaranteed every month?
  2. What percentage of voters opposed the plan?
  3. What was it suggested the monthly salary would be?
  4. What did someone say the plan was to overhaul in Switzerland?
  5. What did a supporter say the income would fight, besides inequality?
  6. What did supporters say was becoming increasingly automated?
  7. What did a campaign group say the money would not be for?
  8. How much work in Switzerland did a campaigner say was unpaid?
  9. What kind of problems did the Swiss People's Party predict?
  10. How many people did a party say would move to Switzerland?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What did voters reject that was guaranteed every month?
a) a referendum
b) monthly income
c) a vote
d) a job

2) What percentage of voters opposed the plan?
a) around 77%
b) just over 77%
c) exactly 77%
d) nearly 77%

3) What was it suggested the monthly salary would be?
a) about $2,500
b) just over $2,500
c) exactly $2,500
d) just under $2,500

4) What did someone say the plan was to overhaul in Switzerland?
a) basic income
b) all social problems
c) the social welfare system
d) unemployment

5) What did a supporter say the income would fight, besides inequality?
a) privacy
b) poverty
c) property
d) puberty

6) What did supporters say was becoming increasingly automated?
a) workers
b) campaigns
c) work
d) robots

7) What did a campaign group say the money would not be for?
a) home
b) care work
c) non-Swiss
d) nothing

8) How much work in Switzerland did a campaigner say was unpaid?
a) more than half
b) three-quarters
c) two-fifths
d) two-thirds

9) What kind of problems did the Swiss People's Party predict?
a) immigration problems
b) opponents' problems
c) financial problems
d) monthly problems

10) How many people did a party say would move to Switzerland?
a) millions
b) billions
c) trillions
d) quadrillions

Role play

Role A — Lunch for schookids

You think lunch for school kids is the most important thing governments should provide for free. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): healthcare, housing for the homeless or the Internet.

Role B — Healthcare

You think healthcare is the most important thing governments should provide for free. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): lunch for school kids, housing for the homeless or the Internet.

Role C — Housing for the homeless

You think housing for the homeless is the most important thing governments should provide for free. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): healthcare, lunch for school kids or the Internet.

Role D — The Internet

You think the Internet is the most important thing governments should provide for free. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them things that are wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): healthcare, housing for the homeless or lunch for school kids.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'monthly'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'income'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • across
    • group
    • nothing
    • total
    • cause
    • move
    • meant
    • resulted
    • those
    • around
    • system
    • less




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Swiss vote no to free monthly income for all

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What springs to mind when you hear the word 'salary'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Why do you think voters rejected the proposal?
    5. Is a guaranteed monthly state income a good idea?
    6. How happy would you be at getting a $2,500 monthly salary for free?
    7. Is it better to give people a salary or give them welfare payments?
    8. What are salaries like in your country?
    9. What's the best way to deal with income inequality?
    10. What advice do you have for supporters of this plan?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What problems does automating jobs create?
    3. What do you think of robots doing all the work and people getting paid?
    4. Should everyone get the same salary, whatever his/her job?
    5. Should people get paid for housework and looking after elderly parents?
    6. Is there such a thing as 'money for nothing'?
    7. What things should a basic income cover?
    8. Would Switzerland have immigration problems if it introduced the plan?
    9. How should governments help poorer-paid people?
    10. What questions would you like to ask those who said no?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Voters in Switzerland have (1) ____ rejected a proposal that would have meant introducing a guaranteed (2) ____ monthly income for all citizens. The referendum took place on Sunday and resulted in almost 77 per cent of voters opposing the plan. The idea was to provide a minimum salary to (3) ____ who have been a citizen for at least five years, whether they worked or not. It was suggested the monthly (4) ____ could be around $2,500. The group behind the proposal argued that the initiative was necessary to (5) ____ Switzerland's social welfare system. A spokesperson said it would help fight poverty and inequality. He added that it would provide a top-up for people who (6) ____ less than the minimum wage.

    Supporters of the plan argued that because work was becoming increasingly (7) ____ across Switzerland, there were fewer jobs available for workers. Che Wagner from the campaign group Basic Income Switzerland argued that the monthly income would not be money for (8) ____. He said: "In Switzerland, over 50 per cent of total work that is done is (9) ____. It's care work. It's at home. It's in different (10) ____, so that work would be more valued with a basic income." Opponents said it would (11) ____ the country many immigration problems. Luzi Stamm from the Swiss People's Party said: "You would have (12) ____ of people who would try to move into Switzerland."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     underwhelming     (b)     overwhelmingly     (c)     welcoming     (d)     overdone    
    2. (a)     basics     (b)     basic     (c)     basically     (d)     the basics    
    3. (a)     these     (b)     then     (c)     them     (d)     those    
    4. (a)     volume     (b)     amount     (c)     transaction     (d)     fee    
    5. (a)     over-rule     (b)     overcharge     (c)     overact     (d)     overhaul    
    6. (a)     burned     (b)     learned     (c)     earned     (d)     yearned    
    7. (a)     automated     (b)     automatic     (c)     automaton     (d)     autos    
    8. (a)     no thing     (b)     none thing     (c)     nothing     (d)     nonsense    
    9. (a)     replayed     (b)     plaid     (c)     repaid     (d)     unpaid    
    10. (a)     communities     (b)     communes     (c)     committees     (d)     combinations    
    11. (a)     cause     (b)     because     (c)     course     (d)     case    
    12. (a)     billions     (b)     quadrillions     (c)     trillions     (d)     millions

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. overwhelmingly jdcrteee
    2. a euaeatndrg basic monthly income
    3. The munederfer took place on Sunday
    4. 77 per cent of voters gisnoopp the plan
    5. The group behind the ropaoslp
    6. the ieitvnatii was necessary

    Paragraph 2

    1. work was becoming increasingly matuetado
    2. fewer jobs laalaivbe for workers
    3. the cmpaigan group
    4. It's in different ioimutmnsec
    5. many gmiormtiina problems
    6. blsliino of people

    Put the text back together

    (    )     of total work that is done is unpaid. It's care work. It's at home. It's in different communities, so that work would

    (    )     behind the proposal argued that the initiative was necessary to overhaul Switzerland's social welfare

    (    )     system. A spokesperson said it would help fight poverty and inequality. He added that it would

    (    )     provide a top-up for people who earned less than the minimum wage.

    (  1  )     Voters in Switzerland have overwhelmingly rejected a proposal that would have meant introducing a guaranteed

    (    )     income would not be money for nothing. He said: "In Switzerland, over 50 per cent

    (    )     jobs available for workers. Che Wagner from the campaign group Basic Income Switzerland argued that the monthly

    (    )     opposing the plan. The idea was to provide a minimum salary to those who have been a citizen for at least

    (    )     be more valued with a basic income." Opponents said it would cause the

    (    )     Supporters of the plan argued that because work was becoming increasingly automated across Switzerland, there were fewer

    (    )     five years, whether they worked or not. It was suggested the monthly amount could be around $2,500. The group

    (    )     have billions of people who would try to move into Switzerland."

    (    )     basic monthly income for all citizens. The referendum took place on Sunday and resulted in almost 77 per cent of voters

    (    )     country many immigration problems. Luzi Stamm from the Swiss People's Party said: "You would

    Put the words in the right order

    1. basic   guaranteed   A   citizens   all   for   income   monthly   .
    2. five   years   Those   who   have   been   a   citizen   for   at   least   .
    3. social   to   welfare   overhaul   system   Switzerland's   Necessary   .
    4. poverty   fight   help   would   it   said   spokesperson   A   .
    5. people  top-up  than  or A  less  for  wage  earned minimum  who  the  .
    6. there  jobs  workers  , fewer  for  Switzerland  were  available  Across  .
    7. is   done   is   that   work   total   of   cent   per   50   Over   unpaid   .
    8. more   income   valued   Work   with   would   a   be   basic   .
    9. many   country   the   cause   would   It   problems   immigration   .
    10. to   move   You   would   have  billions   of   people   who  would   try   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Voters in Switzerland have overwhelmingly / overwhelmed rejected a proposal that would have meant introducing a guaranteed basically / basic monthly income for all citizens. The referendum took place / placing on Sunday and resulted in almost 77 per cent of voters opposite / opposing the plan. The idea was to provide a minimum salary to them / those who have been a citizen for at least five years, whether they worked or working / not. It was suggested the monthly amount could be around $2,500. The group behind the proposal argued / argument that the initiative was necessary to overhaul Switzerland's social / socially welfare system. A spokesperson said it would help fight poverty and inequality / unequal. He added that it would provide a top-up for people who earned less than the minimum wage / wager.

    Supporters of the plan argued that because work was becoming increasingly automated / automation across Switzerland, there were less / fewer jobs available for workers. Che Wagner from the campaign / campaigner group Basic Income Switzerland argued that the monthly income would not be money for something / nothing. He said: "In Switzerland, over 50 per cent of total work that is doing / done is unpaid. It's care / cared work. It's at home. It's in different communities, so that work would be more value / valued with a basic income." Opponents said it would cause / create the country many immigration problem / problems. Luzi Stamm from the Swiss People's Party said: "You would have billions of people who would try to move onto / into Switzerland."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    V_t_rs _n Sw_tz_rl_nd h_v_ _v_rwh_lm_ngly r_j_ct_d _ pr_p_s_l th_t w__ld h_v_ m__nt _ntr_d_c_ng _ g__r_nt__d b_s_c m_nthly _nc_m_ f_r _ll c_t_z_ns. Th_ r_f_r_nd_m t__k pl_c_ _n S_nd_y _nd r_s_lt_d _n _lm_st 77 p_r c_nt _f v_t_rs _pp_s_ng th_ pl_n. Th_ _d__ w_s t_ pr_v_d_ _ m_n_m_m s_l_ry t_ th_s_ wh_ h_v_ b__n _ c_t_z_n f_r _t l__st f_v_ y__rs, wh_th_r th_y w_rk_d _r n_t. _t w_s s_gg_st_d th_ m_nthly _m__nt c__ld b_ _r__nd $2,500. Th_ gr__p b_h_nd th_ pr_p_s_l _rg__d th_t th_ _n_t__t_v_ w_s n_c_ss_ry t_ _v_rh__l Sw_tz_rl_nd's s_c__l w_lf_r_ syst_m. _ sp_k_sp_rs_n s__d _t w__ld h_lp f_ght p_v_rty _nd _n_q__l_ty. H_ _dd_d th_t _t w__ld pr_v_d_ _ t_p-_p f_r p__pl_ wh_ __rn_d l_ss th_n th_ m_n_m_m w_g_.

    S_pp_rt_rs _f th_ pl_n _rg__d th_t b_c__s_ w_rk w_s b_c_m_ng _ncr__s_ngly __t_m_t_d _cr_ss Sw_tz_rl_nd, th_r_ w_r_ f_w_r j_bs _v__l_bl_ f_r w_rk_rs. Ch_ W_gn_r fr_m th_ c_mp__gn gr__p B_s_c _nc_m_ Sw_tz_rl_nd _rg__d th_t th_ m_nthly _nc_m_ w__ld n_t b_ m_n_y f_r n_th_ng. H_ s__d: "_n Sw_tz_rl_nd, _v_r 50 p_r c_nt _f t_t_l w_rk th_t _s d_n_ _s _np__d. _t's c_r_ w_rk. _t's _t h_m_. _t's _n d_ff_r_nt c_mm_n_t__s, s_ th_t w_rk w__ld b_ m_r_ v_l__d w_th _ b_s_c _nc_m_." _pp_n_nts s__d _t w__ld c__s_ th_ c__ntry m_ny _mm_gr_t__n pr_bl_ms. L_z_ St_mm fr_m th_ Sw_ss P__pl_'s P_rty s__d: "Y__ w__ld h_v_ b_ll__ns _f p__pl_ wh_ w__ld try t_ m_v_ _nt_ Sw_tz_rl_nd."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    voters in switzerland have overwhelmingly rejected a proposal that would have meant introducing a guaranteed basic monthly income for all citizens the referendum took place on sunday and resulted in almost 77 per cent of voters opposing the plan the idea was to provide a minimum salary to those who have been a citizen for at least five years whether they worked or not it was suggested the monthly amount could be around $2500 the group behind the proposal argued that the initiative was necessary to overhaul switzerland's social welfare system a spokesperson said it would help fight poverty and inequality he added that it would provide a top-up for people who earned less than the minimum wage

    supporters of the plan argued that because work was becoming increasingly automated across switzerland there were fewer jobs available for workers che wagner from the campaign group basic income switzerland argued that the monthly income would not be money for nothing he said "in switzerland over 50 per cent of total work that is done is unpaid it's care work it's at home it's in different communities so that work would be more valued with a basic income" opponents said it would cause the country many immigration problems luzi stamm from the swiss people's party said "you would have billions of people who would try to move into switzerland"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    VotersinSwitzerlandhaveoverwhelminglyrejectedaproposalthatwou
    ldhavemeantintroducingaguaranteedbasicmonthlyincomeforallcitiz
    ens.ThereferendumtookplaceonSundayandresultedinalmost77perc
    entofvotersopposingtheplan.Theideawastoprovideaminimumsalary
    tothosewhohavebeenacitizenforatleastfiveyears,whethertheywork
    edornot.Itwassuggestedthemonthlyamountcouldbearound$2,500.
    Thegroupbehindtheproposalarguedthattheinitiativewasnecessaryt
    ooverhaulSwitzerland'ssocialwelfaresystem.Aspokespersonsaiditw
    ouldhelpfightpovertyandinequality.Headdedthatitwouldprovideato
    p-upforpeoplewhoearnedlessthantheminimumwage.Supporterso
    ftheplanarguedthatbecauseworkwasbecomingincreasinglyautomat
    edacrossSwitzerland,therewerefewerjobsavailableforworkers.Che
    WagnerfromthecampaigngroupBasicIncomeSwitzerlandarguedthat
    themonthlyincomewouldnotbemoneyfornothing.Hesaid:"InSwitzerl
    and,over50percentoftotalworkthatisdoneisunpaid.It'scarework.It's
    athome.It'sindifferentcommunities,sothatworkwouldbemorevalued
    withabasicincome."Opponentssaiditwouldcausethecountrymanyim
    migrationproblems.LuziStammfromtheSwissPeople'sPartysaid:"Yo
    uwouldhavebillionsofpeoplewhowouldtrytomoveintoSwitzerland."

    Free writing

    Write about basic income for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Academic writing

    For a fairer society, all salaries should be the same, regardless of the job. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about the Swiss referendum. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. WELFARE SYSTEMS: Make a poster about welfare systems around the world. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. SALARIES: Write a magazine article about all salaries in a country being the same, regardless of the job. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on salaries. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas to reduce income inequality. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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